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the Honourable East India Company Behauder, and the late Rajah of Cochin, by which that Rajah was to be put in possession of and to hold on specific conditions, as a Tributary of the Honourable Company, certain Districts therein enumerated : And whereas the Stipula. tions of that Treaty having been found insufficient, and the late occurrences in the Cochin Territory having rendered it expedient that new Engagements should be concluded, which shall be calculated to prevent the authority and resources of the Cochin Country from being employed in designs hostile to the British interests, and which shall be conducive to the advancement of the prosperity and welfare of both the States; wherefore, the following Articles of a new Treaty between the Honourable Company and the Rajah of Cochin have been agreed upon and settled by the Resident at Travancore, Lieutenant Colonel Macaulay, being duly vested with authority thereto by the Honourable Sir George Hilaro Barlow, Baronet, Knight of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Governor in Council of Fort St. George, on the part of the Honourable East India Company; and by the Rajah of Cochin, for himself and successors; to be binding upon the Contracting Parties, as long as the Sun and Moon shall endure.

Art. I. The Friends and Enemies of either of the Contracting Parties shall be considered as the Friends and Enemies of both; the Honourable East India Company Behauder engaging to defend and protect the Territories of the Rajah of Cochin against all Enemies whomsoever.

JI. In consideration of the Stipulations in the preceding Article, the Rajah of Cochin agrees to pay annually to the said Honourable Company, in addition to the usual Subsidy of l lack (1,00,000) of rupees, a sum equal to the expense of 1 Battalion of Native Infantry, or Arcot rupees, 1,76,037, making an aggregate annual payment of 2,76,037, the amount to be payable in 6 equal kists, and the payment to commence from the 1st May, 1809. And it is agreed that the disposal of the said amount, with the distribution of the Force to be maintained by it, whether stationed within the 'Territories of the Rajah of Cochin, or of the Honourable Company, shall be left entirely to the Company

III. Should it become necessary to employ a larger Force for the defence and protection of the Cochin Territories against foreign invasion, than is stipulated for by the preceding Article, the Rajah of Cochin agrees to contribute towards the discharge of the increased expense thereby incurred, such a sum as shall appear to the Governor in Council of Fort St. George, on an attentive consideration of the means of the said Rajah, to bear a just and reasonable proportion to the actual net Revenues of the said Rajalı.

IV. And whereas it is indispensably necessary that effectual and lasting security should be provided against any failure in the Funds destined to defray, either the expences of the permanent Military Force in time of Peace, or the extraordinary expences described in the IlIrd Article of the present Treaty; it is hereby stipulated and agreed between the Contracting Parties, that whenever the Governor in Council of Fort St. George shall have reason to apprehend such failure in the Funds so destined, the said Governor in Council shall be at liberty, and shall have full power and right, either to introduce such Regulations and Ordinances as he shall deem expedient for the internal management and collection of the Revenues, or for the better ordering of any other Branch or Department of the Rajah of Cochin, or to assume and bring under the direct management of the Servants of the said Company Behauder, such part or parts of the Territorial Possessions of the Rajah of Cochin as shall appear to him, the said Governor in Council, necessary to render the Funds efficient and available, either in time of Peace or War.

V. And it is hereby further agreed, that whenever the said Governor in Council shall signify to the said Rajah of Cochin, that it is become necessary to carry into effect the provisions of the IVth Article, the said Rajab shall immediately issue Orders to his Kariacars, or other Officers, either for carrying into effect the said Regulations and Ordi. pances according to the tenour of the IVth Article, or for placing the Territories required, under the exclusive authority and control of the English Company Behauder; and in case the said Rajah shall not issue such Orders within 10 days from the time when the application shall have been formally made to him, then the said Governor in Coun. cil shall be at liberty to issue Orders by his own authority, either for carrying into effect the said Regulations and Ordinances, or for assuming the management and collection of the Revenues of the said Territories, as he shall judge most expedient, for the purpose of securing the efficiency of the said Military Funds, and for providing for the effectual protection of the Country, and the welfare of the People. Provided always, that whenever and so long as any part or parts of the said Rajah's Territories shall be placed, and shall remain, under the exclusive authority and control of the said East India Company, the Governor in Council shall render to the Rajah a true and faithful account of the Revenues and produce of the Territories so assumed. Provided also, that in no case whatever shall the said Rajah's actual receipt of annual income, arising out of his Territorial Revenue, be less than the sum of 35,000 rupees, together with 1-5th part of the net Revenues of the whole of his Territories; which sum of 35,000 rupees, together with the amount of 1-5th of the said net Revenues, the East India Company engages at all times, and in every possible case, to secure and cause to be paid for the use of the said Rajah.

VI. The Rajah of Cochin engages, that he will be guided by a sincere and cordial attention to the relations of Peace and Amity established between the English Company Behauder and their Allies; and that he will carefully abstain from any interference in the affairs of any State in alliance with the said English Company Behauder, or of any State whatever. And for securing the object of this Stipulationi, it is further stipulated and agreed, that no communication or correspondence with any Foreign State whatever shall be holden by the said Rajah, without the previous knowledge and sanction of the said English Company Behauder.

VII. The Rajah of Cochin stipulates and agrees, that he will not admit any European Foreigners into his service, without the concurrence of the English Company Behauder; and that he will apprehend and deliver to the Company's Government all Europeans, of whatever description, who shall be found within the Territories of the said Rajah without regular Passports from the English Government; it being the said Rajah's determined resolution not to suffer, even for a day, any European Foreigners to remain within the Territories now subjected to his authority, unless by consent of the said Company.

VIII. Whereas the complete protection of the said Rajah’s Territories may require that such Fortresses as are situated within the said Territories should be dismantled or garrisoned, as well in time of Peace as of War, by British Troops and Officers; the said Rajah hereby engages, that the said English Company Behauder shall, at all times, be at liberty to dismantle or garrison, in whatever manner they may judge proper, such Fortresses and strong Places within the Territories of the said Rajah, as it shall appear to them advisable to take charge of.

ix. The Rajah of Cochin hereby promises to pay at all times the utmost attention to such advice as the English Company shall occasionally judge it necessary to offer to him, with a view to the economy of his Finances, the better collection of his Revenues, the administration of Justice, the extension of Commerce, the encouragement of Trade, Agriculture and Industry, or any other objects connected with the advancement of the Interests of the said Rajah, the happivess of his People, and the mutual welfare of both States.

X. This Treaty, consisting of 10 Articles, being this day, the 6th day of May, 1809, settled and concluded at the Palace of Anjekanall, near Cochin, by Lieutenant Colonel Colin Macaulay, Resident at Travancore, on the one part, on behalf and in the name of the Honourable Sir George Hilaro Barlow, Baronet, and Knight of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Governor in Council of Fort St. George, on the part of the Honourable East India Company; and, on the other part, by the Rajah of Cochin, for himself and Successors. The Lieutenant Colonel aforesaid has delivered to the said Rajah 1 Copy of the same in English and Tamul, signed and sealed by him ; and the said Rajah has delivered to the Lieutenant Colonel aforesaid another Copy, also in Tamul and English, bearing his Seal and Signature. And the aforesaid Lieutenant Colonel has engaged to procure and deliver to the said Rajah, without delay, a Copy of the same, under the Seal and Signature of the Honourable the Governor in Council; on the receipt of which


by the said Rajah, the present Treaty shall be deemed complete and
binding on the Honourable the English East India Company, and on
the Rajah of Cochin; and the Copy of it now delivered to the said
Rajah shall be returned.



No. 22.-TREATY with the King of Caubul.-17th June, 1809.

Whereas, in consequence of the Confederacy with the State of Persia, projected by the French, for the purpose of invading the Dominion of His Majesty the King of the Dooraunees, and ultimately those of the British Government in India, the Honourable Mountstuart Elphinstone was dispatched to the Court of His Majesty, in quality of Envoy Plenipotentiary, on the part of the Right Honourable Lord Minto, Governor-General, exercising the supreme authority over all Affairs, civil, political and military, in the British Possessions in the East Indies, for the purpose of concerting with His Majesty's Ministers the means of mutual defence against the expected invasion of the French and Persians: And whereas the said Ambassador having had the honour of being presented to His Majesty, and of explaining the friendly and beneficial object of his Mission, His Majesty, sensible of the advantages of alliance and co-operation between the 2 States, for the purpose above described, directed his Ministers to confer with the Honourable Mr. Elphinstone, and, consulting the welfare of both States, to conclude a friendly Alliance: And certain Articles of Treaty having accordingly been agreed to between His Majesty's Ministers and the British Ambassador, and, confirmed by the Royal Signet, a Copy of the Treaty so framed has been transmitted by the Ambassador, for the Ratification of the Governor-General, who, consenting to the Stipulations therein contained, without variation, a Copy of these Articles, as hereunder written, is now returned, duly ratified by the Seal and Signature of the Governor-General, and the Signatures of the Members of the British Government in India, and the obligations upon both Governments, both now and for ever, shall be exclusively regulated and determined by the tenour of those Articles, which are as follows:

Art. I. As the French and Persians have entered into a Confederacy against the State of Caubul, if they should wish to pass through the King's Dominions, the Servants of the Heavenly Throne shall prevent their passage; and, exerting themselves to the extent of their power in making War on them and repelling them, shall not permit them to cross into British India.

II. If the French and Persians, in pursuance of their Confederacy, should advance towards the King of Caubul's Country in a hostile manner, the British State, endeavouring heartily to repel them, shall hold theinselves liable to afford the expenses necessary for the abovementioned service, to the extent of their ability. While the Confede

. racy between the French and Persians continues in force, these Arti. cles shall be in force, and be acted on by both Parties.

III. Friendship and union shall continue for ever between these 2 States; the veil of separation shall be lifted up from between them, and they shall in no manner interfere in each other's Countries; and the King of Caubul shall permit no Individual of the French to enter his Territories.

The faithful Servants of both States having agreed to this Treaty, the conditions of confirmation and ratification have been perforined, and this Document has been sealed and signed by the Right Honourable the Governor-General, and the Honourable the Members of the Supreme British Government in India, this 17th day of June, 1809, answering to 1224 of the Higera.

No. 23.-TREATY with the Ameers of Scind.Hyderabad, 22d

August, 1809.

Treaty of Friendship between the Honourable English East India

Company and the Government of Scind. Art. I. There shall be eternal Friendship between the British Government and that of Scind, namely, Meer Ghalam Allee, Meer Kurreem Allee, and Meer Moorad Allee.

II. Enmity shall never appear between the 2 States.

III. The mutual dispatch of the Vakeels of both Governments, namely, the British Government and Scindian Government, shall always continue.

IV. The Government of Scind will not allow the establishment of the Tribe of the French in Scind.

Written on the 10th of the month of Rujubool Morijub, in the year of the Hijree 1226, corresponding with the 22nd of August, 1809

Camp near Hyderabad, 22nd of August, 1809.

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No. 24.–AGREEMENT with Futteh Mahomed of Cutch.


Articles of Agreement between the Honourable East India Company,

entered into by Captain Samuel Adam Greenwood, under the orders of Lieutenant-Colonel Walker, Resident with the Vizurat Jemadar Futteh Mahomed, and his Son Notiar Hussain Meeja, on behalf of the Maha Row Shree Raidhunjee; viz.

ART. I. As Friendship exists between the Government of the Honourable Company, and the Government of the Maha Rajalı Anund

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