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Timidity of Guilt.
Though that my death were adjunct to King John. Come hither, Hubert. O By heaven, I would do it. my gentle Hubeit,
King John. Do not I know, thou We owe thee much ; within this wall of
Good Hubert, Hubert, Hubert, throw
That he hall not offend your majesty. King John. Good friend, thou hast no King John. Death. cause to say that yet :
Hubert. My lord ?
Hubert. He shall not live.
Well, I Il not say what I intend for thee
made them extremely beneficial when If this fame were a churchyard where we
moderate, intended undoubtedly that tand,
they should be subjected to the goAnd thou posleffed with a thousand vernment of reason and conscience. wrongs ;
It is therefore against the order of naOr if that forly spirit, Melancholy, Jure, that paflion in any case hould Had bak'd thy blood, and made it beavy, take the lead in contradiciion to reathick;
fon and conlcience: such a state of (Which, elle, runs tickling up and down mind is a sort of anarchy, which every
one is alhamed of, and endeavours to
hide or diffemble. Hence a capital eyes, And train thcir checks to idle merriment rule in the representation of immodeA passion hateful to my purposes) rate paflions, that they ought to be Or if that thou couii'it tee me without hid or disembled as much as possible. eyes,
And this holds, in an efpecial manner, Hear me without thine ears, and make with respect to criminal pallions : one
reply Without a tongue, using conceit (concep- crime in plain terms: guilt must not
never counk is the commission of a ticil] alone, Without eyes, ears, and harmful found appear in its native colours, even in of words ;
thought the proposal muit be made Then, in despight of brooded watchful by hints, and by representing the acday,
tion in some favourable light. There I would into thy bosom pour my thoughts; never was drawn a more complete But, alı, I will not.—Yer Í love thee picture of this kind, than the above
of king John foliciting Hubert to
murder the young prince Arthur ; me well. Hubert. So well, that what
and, in the Tempest, Shakspeare has
you undertake, given another beautiful example of it,
and the gen
in a speech of Anthonio, the ufurping afflicted mind to other objects; while duke of Milan, advising Sebastian to piety and good sense in the sufferer murder his brother, the king of Na- will at latt intervene, till the healing ples:
balm of time can work with more What might,
powerful efficacy, and the violence of Worthy Sebastian ?-0, what might?
the first emotions subtide gradually into No more :
the tenderness of regret And yet, methinks, I see it in thy face, tleness of resignation. Still, however, What thou should it be: the occasion the first violent emotions produce the speaks thee; and
effects which our author has so judiciMy strong imagination fees a crown
ouily put into the mouth of ConDropping upon thy head.
The lines in Italic contain a sentiMaternal Grief
ment which great forrow always dicPandulpb. You hold too heinous a re tates. Whoever cannot help himself, spect of grief.
calls his eyes on others for allistance, Confiance. He talks to me, that never and often mistakes their inability for
had a lon.
coldness. Of the last three lines les as of your child,
every mother judge.
Hubert. My lord, they say, five moons
were leen to-night :
King Jobn. Five moons ?
Hubert. Old men, and beldams, in the
Do prophely upon it dangerously :
Young Arthur's death is common in their
mouths : (Tearing off ber heoil dress. And when they talk of him, they make When there is such diorder in my
wit. o lord! my boy, my Arthur, my fair And whilper one another in the ear;
their heads, fon ! My life, my joy, ny food, my all the And he, that Ipeaks, dotlı gripe the hear
er's wriii; world!
Whilst he, that hears, makes fearful acMy widow comfort, and my forrows'
With wrinkled brows, with nods, with Lord Kames having observed, that rolling eyes. imagery and figurative expreffion are I saw a imith itand with his hammer, thus, diicordant, in the highest degree, The whilst his iron did on the anvil cool, with the agony of a mother deprived
mouth (wallowing a tailor's of her son, quotes the first fix lines of Constance's ipeech as an example, in who, with his hears and measure in his course, in a bad taste. But is not this Standing on flippers (which his nimble an hypercriticism? How natural is it halte for the mind to be inc: fiantly con Had fallely thrust upon contrary feet) templating the beloved object ii has Told of a many thousand warlike French, loft; to recall it to mind in every
That were embattled and rank'd in Kent : place, in every action, in every por- Another lean unwalı'd artificer lible ideal form; till imagination, if
Cu off his tale, and talks of Arthur's
death, left to itself, would scarce fee any other object, and would become lite In the beginning of this speech, rally fond of grief?' The tender Shakspeare finely satirizes the fearful ofices of friendihip should indeed be apprehension of prodigies that was employed, after a time, to divert the common in his time. In the latter
part is an admirable picture, the re- And, consequently, thy rude hand to at semblance of which, in real life, will The deed, which both our tongues held be found in every age.
vile to name.
Out of my light, and never see me more ! A guilty Mind reproaching its Inftru • There are many touches of nament.
ture, says Dr. Johnson, in this conKing John. Why seek'st thou to possess ference of John with Hubert. me with these fears ?
man engaged in wickedness would Why urgest thou so oft young Arthur's keep the profit to himself, and transfer death?
the guilt to his accomplice. These Thy hand hath murdered him : I had a reproaches vented against Hubert, are mighty cause
not the words of art or policy, but To wish him dead, but thou hadît none the eruptions of a mind swelling with
to kill him. Hubert. Had none, my lord! why,
the consciousness of a crime, and disdid you not provoke me? charging its misery on another. King Jobn. It is the curse of kings, to : This account of the timidity of be attended
guilt, “ hadit thou but shook thy By Naves, that take their humours for a head," &c. is drawn ab ipfis recisibus
mentis, from an intimate knowledge To break within the bloody house of life: of mankind; particularly that line in And, on the winking of authority, To underaan:1 a law ; to know the mean- tell his tale in express words, would
which he says, that to have “bid him ing Of dangerous majesty, when, perchance, have struck him dumb." Nothing is it frowns
more certain, than that bad men ufe More ipon humour than advised respect. all the arts of fallacy upon themselves, Hubert. Here is your hand and seal for palliate their actions to their own what I did.
minds by gentle terms, and hide King John. O, when the last account themselves from their own detection
'twixt heiven and earth Is to be made, then shall this hand and feal in ambiguities and fubterfuges.' Witness against us to damnation !
England invincible, if unanimous. How oft the light of means to do ill deeds,
Bastard. England never did, nor ever Makes deeds ill done! Hadft thou not
Mall, been by,
Lie at the proud foot of a conqueror, A fellow by the hand of Nature mark d, Quoted (distinguished) and sign'd, to do Now these her princes are come home again, .
But when it first did help to wound itself. a deed of Thame, This murder had not come into my mind : Come the three corners of the world in But, taking note of thy abhorr'd aspect,
And we shall lock them : nought shall Finding thee fit for bloody villainy,
make us rue, Apt, liable, to be employ'd in danger, I faintly broke with thee of Arthur's If England to itself do rest buộ true. death;
Here the play closes with one truth And thou, to be endeared to a king, in fact, and, as every true EnglishMade it no conscience to destroy a prince. man will hope, with another in proHubert. My lord
phecy. King John. 'Hadst thou hut hook thy
head, or made a pause, When I s ake darkly what I purposed;
• The tragedy of King John,' says Or turn'd an eye of doubt upon my face, Dr. Johnson, : though not written And bid me tell my tale in express words; with the utmost power of Shakspeare, Peep shame had struck me dumb, made is varied with a very pleating inter
me break off, And those thy fears might have wrought The lady's grief is very affecting ;
change of incidents and characters. fears in me : But thou didit understand me by my signs, and the character of the Bastard conAnd didit in signs again parley with fin;
tains that mixture of greatness and Yea, without stop, didit let thiy heart con- levity which this author delighted to fent,
GL E A N IN GS.
SPARSA COLLEGI. ENEC A says, that a virtuous persons assembled produce a disagree
man struggling with adversity is able odour; if obliged to live togea fight worthy of the divinity. Ano- ther, they agree to use strong perther sight, not less sublime, is a vir- fumes. This is a part of politenesstuous king combating the seductions and no bad defence of perfumery! which are ftudiously multiplied around Custom regulates our ideas of shame. him; hutting his ears against the In China, the emperor orders the voice of Aattery, and incessantly dif- bastinado to be given to a minister or fipating the obscurity with which a mandarin; and afterward these pertruth is continually enveloped.
fons continue in their employments, And such kings there have been. without thinking themselves difhoMuch vulgar abuse has been poured noured or degraded. They are like upon kings and courts, generally by scholars who return to their places those who never faw the one, nor after having been whipped. entered the other. A king is fre The idea of virtue is become so efquently the best man in his court. If faced, that scarcely do we hear the he be otherwise, it is more his misfor- name of it pronounced. The usual tune than his fault. Kings have too expression now is, an honest man, which much responsibility;
contains but negative qualities; or Posterity, like societies, seems to sometimes qualities are mentioned, as have ics infatuation. There are men bravery, fidelity, &c. but a collective who have given the greatest splendour word which expresses them all is felto the age in which they lived, whose dom made use of. merits are depreciated according to Amiability is the safest and moft the opinion of the fucceeding age, and advantageous quality to carry into the syitems which writers, who have society. It is too dangerous to let an influence upon pablic judgment, any thing appear which characterizes form to themselves.
the great man. Egotifin reigns particularly in dif Commerce reconciles all nations ; courie; personality has more influence they all in the end, become enlighten
The Egotist conti- ed by the sciences; and the mental nually boaits of himself, and for the communications these establish bemost part speaks in the first person. tween men tends to destroy national The personal man artfully seeks that prejudices. Commercial and thinkwhich may but serve his interests, and ing men have the universe for their flatter his self-love. The former often country. speaks of himself, and the latter strives In the number of extravagant ideas to turn every thing to his personal ad- with which the heads of madmen are vantage.
filled, it feldom happens that they Extreme vivacity or indolence pre- have one which inclines them to be. vents a man from being polite. Per- lieve they are in a subordinate state. fons of a very lively difpofition, are Visit all the madhouses, and you will led away by their ardour, and are fre- find the insane inhabitants either quently wanting in attention to others; princes, kings, emperors, or gods. the idle are really so from an unwil. If they are in love, it is with a prinlingness to give themselves trouble. cess or a queen. In general, they Many very sensible men think the speak of nothing but grandeur; a forms of politeness beneath them. sensible proof that vanity, above every Learned men are seldom polite. thing, reigns in the human mind. A lively Frenchman says; several A great man, who has not bis in
feriors at command, has but a shallow fortune is equal to his desires and capacity, considering their inclination fituation, who passes his life with his 10 admire men in elevated stations, relations and friends, and dies in their and the impression which their moit arms without remorse, fear, or pain, trifting expressions make upon them. is a happy man.
We are insusceptible of virtue, un Time seems to be abridged by the less there be something we value more epochas and divisions, which give us than life. Let this be confidered by an idea of it. The uniformity of situathose who approve of throwing off tions, when they are not too much what they are pleased to term, re- agitated, increases the idea of its duligious thackles or prejudices. ration. The traveller, who crosies
It is not for his own pleasure that a great plains, is more impatient than rich man gives great suppers, that he would be upon a road, varied by another affembles half the town at his woods, mountains, and habitatio.is. balls, or has pictures by eminent When love and its pleasures have masters, or a closet of natural history; entirely filled up the space of youth, it is to add to his consequence. The the following epocha of life has ncihouse and gardens form for the pro- ther tastes nor desires. The enervated prietor a fituation in the world; he mind has no longer sufficient strength poflefles them as he would perform to enjoy pleasures, disengaged from the functions of a place at court, or the senses; it remained without food those of a great employment in the and exercise, and the senses are now city.
entirely benumbed. It is most disagreeable to be re There are people, whose conversaproached with thar, which makes tion or presence always excites lanothers withdraw themselves from our guor in others; these are men who, society. A man may pardon the by the void in their minds, commugreatest injury, but he will not forgive. nic te wearinels; or who are fatiguanother, who reproaches him with be- ing by a superabundance of upinteresting tiresome.
ing converíation; thus want and suThe prejudice of birth is one of perfuity are sources of languor. the most predominant in the minds of The tears we ftrive to hide are the men of every class and country. The moit affecting. The violence we thus calls of the Indians do not associate do ourselves ibows both courage and with their inferiors, and there are le- fenfibility. In like manner, iaughter veral grooms to Nabobs, who would is never more strong than when we think themselves dishonoured by eat- endeavour to suppress it. Every opa ing with their maiters. The advan. position strengthens desire: the wave tage of high birth, chiefly conlists in which meets with obstacles foams, bemaking merit less necessary.
comes impetuous, or riles into the None but men of middling rank air. are capable of being dishonoured.
Liberty was given to mạn that he Obscure names, when they become might have a claim to the uterit of famous by crimes or scandal, call virtue. nothing to recollection but the event A portion of pride sufficient to rewhich covered them with shame. mind is of what we owe to ourselves, They are like trees, which are judged and sensibility enough to prevent our of by the only fruit they have ever forgetting what we owe to others, borne.
will produce much of what is called There are happy days, but no happy virtue in modern times. lives; this would be an enchanting Friendihip is to love, what an endream, without once awakening to graving is to a painting. Sorrow.
Friends frequently become insupHe whose passions are mild, whose portable in adversity; they abound