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firmness with rectitude, he would government.

It has of late been a neither have deserted nis honour and favourite idea, borrowed from one of his people, nor they perhaps have if their fatiriits, that a Frenchman is appointed hiin! Interefied and feroci- like an animal begotten between a ous parties would in vain have tried to monkey and a tyger. If this illiberal turn the popular tide against hin, had reflection were just, could it be exhe not, at so critical a period, been pected that such an animal, having induced, by evil counsellors, to for: been long chained up, goaded, and feit the confidence of his subjects, and half-itarved, should not be a little unseparate their intere:t from his own. ruly when he had broke from his conBut how dearly has he paid for the finement? Nor would the goaders deguilt and folly of others ! Hiuw de rly ferve a great deal of pity if they felt has the partner of his fate paid or her his fangs. His wounds indeed are faults, let them have been what they dreadful, and no wonder honeft Joho would! May the error of thi: ino:t Bu'l is easily made to believe him a wretched princess be remembered only bad as a fiery dragon, and to brandith as a warning; and may her suffering his horns a liitle in his own defence; have corrected and atoned for them! but when he thall find this monitor Of her political faults, during her keeps at home, and has perhaps chaprosperity, I presume not to form an fed and fretted himself a-ileep, or, idea; for who could dive into the which is rather to he hoped, has lain intricacies of one of the most intrigu- down quietly, defiring only to eat ing of all courts? Her subsequent and drink in peace without a chain, conduct, her plots as they are called, his own generous nature will surely her treason agaiiit her oppresso: s, not grudge such comfor:s, even to his none that can put themielves in her pretended natural enemy,' but will fituation will wonder at or blame. rather regret that the poor animal has Her private faults I will not palliate. found himleif obliged to take so much They were but too well known when trouble to obtain them, He may also she was in a situation that might be thankfully learn from this example, to supposed out of the reach of all jutice, eat his own grass in quiet, without except the divine; but they will not ruang at any body that does not o fail now to be blackened, no doubt, find him, but to beware of a chain, where that can be done. Let it how- even though it were of filk or gold. ever be remembered, that the itate To drop allegory, let us, as I have prisons revealed no secrets to the dif- unawares been led so far into this subhonour of this unfortunate Queen, no jedi, conlider a little the applications victims of her jealoufy or retentment, to be made from it. I have always though they were often filled with wondered at those who made the case those of the worthless mistresses of for- of the French so much our own, whemer kings. The canting ivladame ther they thought our government Maintenon spared no pains to entrap wanted a reform, or not. It seems and to confine for life a Duch book more peculiarly injudicious in the lacseller who had exposed her character; ter class to have done fo, as the nebut Marie Antoinette took not the ceflity for the French to amend their least vengeance of the mort abusive condition was undoubted, and we had things written and published by per- long held them in contempt for not fons within her own power.

attempting it. Exclamations of danThe French appear to have a great ger to ourselves from their attempt many faults of their own to purge off (fo long as they kept to their own afbefore they are capable of setting in- fairs) implied therefore a conscious to a well-regulated Itate - faults which weakness and error at home. On the I am reaiy to allow in a great mea- contrary, I believe some of the first lure originated from their former bad Englishmen who exulted with manly

openness at the beginning of the latter might have been originally; French revolution, never thought of they had long lost all beneficial powa any dangerous application bere till it ers and privileges, for which the had been made for them; and when court had compenfared them, at the that application was made, all the expence of the nation, by allowing really turbulent and designing spirits them all manner of noxious one, were glad to helter themfelves under such as no manly rational people such respectable banners, while the ought to bear. On this subject I cantruly good and honest bore all the not refer to better authority than Mr. odium, and their enemies gladly took Arthur Young's Travels, to prove advan:age of it.. A bellua multorum the mischief of these privileges relacafitum, a' swinish multitude of all tive to the important article of agriranks, is always ready at hand to be culture. directed by one party or another, now As to the order of nobility, in ito against Catholics, now against Dis- self abstractedly considered, much may senters, according as it may happen be said for and against it. When it to suit the politics of the day. has no pernicious powers, independent

I conceive the public mind might of thole great laus of a fiate, by have been with more certainty kept which even sovereigns are bound, it quiet from the beginning by tempe. has many advantages. It is an ecorate intelligible publications, con- nomical way of rewarding merit, and mending the zeal of our neighbours its very existence as a thing of value for liberty, and encouraging the hope depends o. on its not being made that by their obtaining a rational go- cheap. It is at its own peril too that 'vernment like ours, instead of the ey- it debases itself by any means, and rannical and intriguing one they had the main interest of the whole order before, a lasting alliance might origi- jointly and separately confifts in its nate between us, without fear of those members not disgracing their rank. I bloody wars, in which so many hu- speak of nobility now as a thing whose man beings have been facrificed at fole value depends on opinion, as the whim of a favourite or a courte. mere titles. . When exemptions from zan, and without the bulk of either law are connected with these, the nation knowing why they were under- case becomes different. taken. If alarms had arisen at home, Disputes about forms of governit might have been suggested that we ment too are endless. Some are unhad already gone through what the doubtedly bad, as an absolute monarFrench wanted, a revolution in go- chy; but that a limited one should vernment and a reformation in reli- therefore be bad, is very far from the gion; and whether we had reached truth. At first fight an hereditary perfection or not, prudence required monarchy of any kind appears ineliwaiting at least till our neighbour ex- gible, and perhaps so much fo, that celled us.

When that vigorous ftep human realon might never have con· was set, of abolishing all nobility, in- trived it. On this ground it has been stead of childish declamation and la. cavilled at, and the cavillers answermentations, it would have been more ed over and over again; for it is a to the purpose to have thewn what sufficient answer that this plan is found the French nobility as a body really to be attended with fewer inconvenis were, how infinitely numerous, how ences in practice, than many others absurdly privileged, how proud, idle, more fpecious in appearance. Upon and dissipated ; surely it was a great these subjects thinking men may specuinjustice to our own nobility, who are late, and their discussions be as free as legilators, or a determinate part of air, that the world may profit, as it althe government, to confound them ways must, by the exercise of reafon. It with those of France ! Whatever the ill becomes those who differ in opinic.i

Oo

to descend to the illiberality of fanatics, poling the rage of party against party, and call one another names. Neither and fect againit seat, which have to is it adviseable for them to force their often been tried with such very bad experiments upon mankind. Ration- and even fatal success. And well they al beings should be guided by reafor. may, for they are only making use of When a new government is recom- the fillies of mankind. What a remended, or an old one defended, proach is it upon our species that we let the arguments be laid down lo often address ourselves to these fol. plainly and fairly, void of all decla- lies, rather than to our nobler facul. mation, fatire, or wit. The one ties and principles ! fcheme is not to be tried because it I little thought I should ever have is new, nor the other retained be- written so much upon any political cause it is old; but if the former be subject ; for the small benefit I have evidently much better than the exist- always perceived to be derived to the ing state of things, and therefore would wisdom, happiness, or honesty, of compensate for the great difficulty and thole who interest themselves much in trouble of a change, then alone could these matters, has rather deterred me it deserve any attention ; or if, on from the study of partial politics. The the contrary, the old establishment general great interests of truth and huthould appear to answer its purpose manity are indeed a worthy and exwell

, or to be capable of amending it- aking enquiry. History, as it ferves fe'f, the hazard of supplanting it by to devolpe these, is a noble Audy: another is by no means adviseable. and a good man may in some measure

A few plain sober considerations of be indemnified for fullying his mind *the above complexion, free from all with the contemplation of court in. political cant, luperstition, party ag- trigues, and wearying his patience with gravations, and interested deceptions, the squabbles of heroes, to learn why would, I am persuaded, have kept all his fellow creatures are noc happy, old England perfe&tly safe from the and how they may have a chance of

beginning, without having recourse becoming so, even in spite of their "to dangerous palliatives, such as rai- own miltaken endeavours. sing a horror of innovation, and op

AFFAIRS OF FRANCE,

Continued from Page 234. AT the dining of Sunday, Feb. 23, a medy to the imprisonment of persons who lingular incident occurred :

call ihemselves patriots. A young female citizen, who firved in In the course of a very eloquent speech the army, demanded to return, and join St. Just met with many tokens of applaule

. her colours. The pretident answered, He dwelt with particular force on the la• Be a wife and a mochevi'

inentations of the arittocrats, who cry out On Wednesday, Feb. 26, appeared be- piteously at the punishment of their rela. fore the convention, the crew and officers iions, while the death of patriots is a

of the frigate la Surveillante, who teitified matter of perfect indifference to them. · their approbation of the decree which con. • There are, faid be, in Europe four

dimns to death every commander of a thip millions of prisoners, of whom you do not of war who shall surrender his vessel io hear a word; and we leave at liberty qur the enemy. They livore that their trigate mot determined enemies. Louis XVI, should never enter an English port, wlule caused to perish, in 1787, at Paris, in the they should be stationed on board her. Atreets St. Hypolite and Melce, inore than

The same day, St. Jult, in the name eight thousand Frenchimen, and the calaof the committer's of public safety and ge- mily was scarcely mentioned. Under the neral welfare, made a report on the means monarchy 400,000 men were takep up adopted by the two coiniuittees, as a re- every year, and 1930 fmugglers were

hanged.

hanged. Under that odious govern. of March, the crimes imputed to Chahot ment each successive year law about 3000 and his colleagues are more explicitly men broken upon the wheel ; and the re- ftated : volutionary tribunal is calumniated for 1. The national convention having having condemred to death, in the course heard the report of its committees of pubą of one year, 300 miscreants.

lic welfare and general safety, accuses • Those who are for the liberty of arifto- Chabot, Delauny of Angers, Julien of crats are against the republic. We are Toulouse, and Fabre d'Eglantine, its called upon to be indulgent, and we con. members, of having fold their opinions, of duct ourselves as if we had never been be being the authors and accomplices of the trayed.

fuppreffion and falftication of the deares Our object should be to prevent any of the 8th of O&ober latt, respecting the perfon from ill treatment, and every pas companies of financiers, and of having ériot throughout the whole republic, from substituted in its place a falle decree, bear persecution.

ing the fame date, which has been deAfter this preamble, St. Junt, in the posited with the committee of the Bule name of the two committees, proposed, le:ins. and the convention decreed, as fallows : 2. The national convention accuses

1. The committee of gener al safety is Bazire of having been privy to the fyltene invested with the power of letting at' li. of corruption, of which Chabot, Julica berty arrested patriots.

of Toulouse, Fabre d'Eglancine, and De2. All who require to be fit at liberty launy of Angers, became the tools, and shall be obliged to give an account of their of having allo become their accomplices, conduct since 1789.

by not revealing it. 3. The property of patriots is facred 3. • The national convention decrees, and inviolable.

that all those individuals who have been 4 The gools of those who shall be mentioned in the two preceding articles of found enemies to the republic: shall be le. this decree, be arraigned before the revoquestrated for the use of lhe republic; lutionary tribunal, to be judged by due their persons shall be detaired till the end course of law.' of the war, and then they shall be banish After this decree had palled, Couthon ed for ever.

thus addressed the convention : 1 an. As the proceedings of the convention nounce to you a fact which may now be are not always of equal y nportance, many revealed without danger, as inoft of the fucceflive days will often contain nothing confpirators are in irons. The latter atfufficiently interesting fior narration. But tempted to convey to the son of Capet, in ahout the middle of March, all Paris was the Temple, a letter, containing fifry alarme:l with the rumours of a conspiracy lovis d'ors, to enable him to make his to effect a counter-revolution. Hebert, escape; for it was the intention of those Ronzin, Vincent, Mɔmoro, and others, villains to give a new matter to France, all heretofore dihingihed as popular chać and to proclaim king the last male offracters, were suddenly arretted by order spring of the latt of our tyrants.' of the committees of public safety and ge On Wednesday, March 19, the comneral welfare, on a harge of being con. mons of Paris appeared at the bar of the cerned in this confpaçy. The revolu. convention, and their president read the tionary tribunal was likewise ordered to following address : proceed immediately to the trial of Bazire, Chabot, Julien of Touloufe, Fabre d'E

• Legilators! lantine, ani Delauny of Angers, arrestert • A horrible conspiracy existed its some time hætore, on the charge of bavim branches extended from one end of the preferred their private interije to the food republic to the other : a part of the conneral welfare oj the repubisi'. Nuthing itiiuted authorities, according to the recan be more indefinire than this charge port of your committee of public safety and there are numerous courtiers and le:.a- was infifted with it. We thought it our tors, no doubt, in every country, who duty to remain at our port, and to wait would tremble, if, on such a sharge, they till the accomplices in this infernal pios were liable to be exputed to the very fers- were discovered. Now that we are conous consequences which artend fuck, an vinces that the conspirators are arrested, acculatio in France.

and their accomplices placed in .ccurity, In the following decree, however, which we present ourfelves before you to con. the convention pailed on Sunday, the alib gratulare you upon the activ: vizite

employed

employed by you to unveil the manquvres eternal attachment to it, and promised that of the enemies of the public weal. Re- the arms, placed in their hands, should main firm at your polt: all the authori- never be used by them, but for the defence ties of Paris conjure you to do so, in the of the republican government. They of. name of the public safety, in the name offered as a gift one day's pay. the country, in the naine of liberty. With The fame morning, at nine o'clock, in respect to the commune, it again swears consequence of the verdiet of the revolunever to abandon you, and to Thed the-lalt tionary tribunal given yesterday, the fol. drop of blood for liberty and equality.' lowing persons were brought from the - The president answered, that for the prifon of the Conciergerie to the Place de last three days the hall of the convention la Revolution, where they suffered under had refounded with the congratulations of the axe of the guillotine, viz. Hebert, the good people of Paris and the neigh- Ronzin, Momoro, Vincent, Du Croquet, bourhood.

Kocq a Dutchman, colonel Laumur, BourThe national convention,' said Dan. geois, Mazuel, La Boureau, Ancard, ton, being supported by the people, will Le Clerc, Proly, Deffieux, Anacharsis counteract every plot. The last has been Cloots, Pereira, Florent, Armand, Del. completely averted; and the convention coinbes, and Dubuion, convicted of be. and the people will take care that all con- ing the autfiors and accomplices of a conspirators be brought to punishment. Fear {piracy, which exitted against the liberty nothing, Frenchmen ; never was the re- and safety (f the people, and againit the public so great and glorious. This is the exercile of the lawful authority, tending time appointed for its triumph. Men to trouble the staie by a civil war, by armwill now judge for what they are made : ing the citizens against each other, the obdistinctions will no longer impole upon jedt of which was to dissolve the national them. I am convinced, that the great representation, to assassinate its members majority of the members who compose the and the patriots, to destroy the republican council general of the commons of Paris government, to seize upon the sovereignty are ardent patriots. They have my of the people, and to give a tyrant to the esteem.

state. Hebert, had been procureur ge, : I demand that all citizens who have neral of the conmune of Paris, and had any thing to disclose, and propose relative been extremely active against the late un. to the new conspiracy, do concert with fortune queen ; Ronzin was general of the committees of public safety and gene- the revolutionary army; and Anacharsis ral welfare, who will give an account Cloots was a Prossian Baron, a kind of thereof as soon as possible. I myself, a. madman, who called himself the orator gainst whom aristocracy and moderatifin of the human race, and who had been exbave made such malignant efforts, will pelled from the convention with Mr. exert my utmost ; -1, who proffered to Thomas Paine, on the same account, that you the revolutionary government which of being a foreigner: - Aç the trial of the you adopted, and which adds to all the conspirators, one only, was acquitted. promptitude of other governments, the As foon as he was liberated, the prefident irankness of liberty. But let us leek to of the tribunal embraced him, and placed serve the republic. I demand that every him at his side, while the hall resounded ching be referred to the committees of with applauses. Those who suffered dispublic safety and general welfare

played each a different character. Hebert On Friday, March 21, leveral of the evinced much weak pels; Monmoro was fections, together with the companies of frm; Ronzin insolent ; Ancard impetų. îniners and gunners of Paris, congratu. ous; and Vincent calm and religncd. Jated ihe convention on the discovery of They denounced Pache, the ci-devant the conspiracy. The cannoneers of Paris mayor; Henriot, the commandant-gethen filed through the hall, congratulated neral; and Chaumetre, the procuraior he convention on its vigilance, sworę fyndic. Lullicr, the procurator-general

: One of the Paris papers has the following remarkable paragraph: Robespierre and the coinmnitrees of public safety and welfare carry all their mealures in triumph; and Danton, in the convention, aserts, that the people ought to have full confidence in them, as the only ineans of faving the republic. They have hitherto succeeded io she utniol of their expectations.' -- Who could imagine that the triumph of Dantor (the person of most conlcquence in the convention, next to Robespierre) Mould have fuch a melancholy termination as will appear in the feque??

of

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