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there was one leading principle which had been allowed even by the right hon. characterised the whole of the arguments gentleman himself, that the pressure which of the gentlemen on the opposite side of affected manufacturers and the lower order the house. The principle he meant was, of the people had not proceeded from this that we had voluntarily entered into this country engaging in the war, but from war, and conld conclude it whenever we the existence of the continental war, and thought proper. But the fact notorioully would have happened whether we had was, that it was a war of aggression, and taken any share in it or not. And it unremitred provocation, on the part of our ought to be recollected, that in proportion enemies. This he thought unnecessary to as the power of France on their prelire enter into long details to prove, because system was extended, the liberty and the he had the honour of feeling that a great commerce of all European nations must majority of the house thought with him be endangered, two bielings of which upon that fubie&t. The real question was, 'Great Britain of all others poffeffed by far whether they had fufficiently attained those the largest Mare. He next allucled to the points which they had deemed neceffary to thock which commercial credit hai fuitaine peace, even at the hazard and expence of ed last year, and its being in a degree to a war. Considering the circumstances, he temporary gave one of the greatest proofs thought we had made as much progress of the relources of the country. We had as could be expected; but even if that had seen that it cea ed in a few months; and not been the case, the present conteit was he thought on the whole, that in the cir. of that magnitude, and involved so many cumitances of the last year, though they of our dearest rights, that our best exer were not equal to the splendid prosperity tions as men were due to secure our pro- of the preceding years, nothing had bappoled obje&t. If we did not succeed, our pened that ought to induce us 10 yield, lives, liberties, and property were all in
while we contider ourtelves engaged in a secure. Here was the fundamental differ- worthy cause ; on the contrary, every apence between them and the gentlemen on pearance afforded the greatest encouragethe opposite side : if they thought the war ment to proceed. It Teenied to be che was not a war of neceility, they might with of those who were ene' nies to the war propofe measures of peace, confiftent e from the first, to bring over to their way nough with their sentiments; but until he of thinking the friends to it; and they was convinced there exifted some better se left nothing intrieu. They had argued curity for its observance than at present, the probability of our pot fucceeding he would continue to oppose then. They finally againít France, ind the destruction, migit argne, that the French were wiiling even if we did fucceed, froin the certainty to treat, and would religioudly observe of tuinre wars, so burtful to us and to their contracts; and that, consequently, all Europe; an argument which he thouglit we might safely throw down the barrier was noi tenable upon any rational grounds. erected by our treaties. Yet the house He replied to Mr. Fox’s allution to the would not readily trust thoseenemies, whom Jalt campaign, and the comparative fituathey had already seen endeavouring to de. tions of this country and France in the itroy the social order of all Europe. He month of August last, and at the moment did not think it was just to draw inter they were fpeaking. He denied that this ences, of its being the intensions of our country, though she do not interfere with allies to proceed to such lengths as bad framing an internal government for France, been itated, or that they had any unjust was bound to accept as a government the motives for waging war against France, pretent anarchy of France, merely because from a few particular acts.
the French people willed it. The current The righi hon. gentlemian had asked, if of no war had ever been unifosm; buc last year was included in this statement of comparing our situation at the beginning the great prosperity of the county ? He of it, with the present moment, he alt would say that no one felt more for the it to be very encouraging, and agired distresses which war occafioned than he with the sentiments expressed in the did, but considering minutely the circum- king's speech on this point, from a conAtances that had occurred last year, he aderation of the politive circunstancesthought they gave the strongest and moit the fortreiles gained, and the barriers passed unexampled proofs of the great resources by the combined powers, with our allik. of this country: no one that knew that to ance. We certainly had seen, and were he the case, could argrie that we were un now seeing, very great preparations in equal to carry on the war ; beütles, it France, but we likewile saw that they are
not made with ease, nor were even the re- which the French system threatened all the sult of natural causes, prosperity, or in- world ? He next as gued, that it was un. ternal wealth : in proof of this, he referred neceliary to ask questions about the partito their mode of railing, recruiting, and cular views of contederate powers, but conveying their military force, their re- disclaimed tvery intention to impose the venue, their finance, and their expendi- ancient system of deipotilin as a governture ; all of which exhibited no relource, ment for France. He concluded, thai by but extortion keeping pace with prodiga- taking a general view of the fixtuation of lity. Compare their coits in the prelent Europe now, and comparing it to what it war with those of our allies and ourlelves, was in the beginning of the war, we might and any one must be led to think that fairly augur luccels to our endeavours. there was much more probability that He detended the alliances, by oblerving, France would fink under the pressure of that as we were driven into the war, we had the war, than the combined powers. He just right to avail ourselves of the affifilamented as much as any man the fufferings ance of those power's whoni we found alof La Fayette, but never could allow that ready engaged as opponents to our evehis fate was at the disposal of this country. mies. With regard to Poland, he completely After a few words, in reply, from Mr. disapproved of the lystem pursued by Russia Whitbread, the boule diviled, for the adand Pruffia; but while they admitted in- drels 26; againit it 138; majority 112. justice in particular inítanas, would they not advert to that universal injustice with
[ To be continued. ]
From the London Gazette, April 3. from count Walmoden, that the enemy, Whitehall, March 4.
having fucceeded in surprising the Hellian Letter, of which the following is an
polts at Tenbreuil, berween Werwick and A right hon. Henry Dundás, his majesty's having arrived from Menin, the enemy extract, was yesterday received by the Ypres, got behind the Hanoverian pickets
and cut them off. Succour, however, principal secretary of state for the home department, from his royal highness the
, were diiven back, and forced to re-crols duke of York, dated St. Amand, the hit the Lys, and to destroy the bridge which of April 1794:
they had made. Our loss was one man On Saturday inorning, the enemy at
killed, one officer and seven men wound. tacked the advanced poits of the prince of ed, and three officers and 143 men taken Cobourg's army, near Cateati, in con
prsioners. Giderable force. At firit they obliged the Austrians to retire, and to abandon three villages in their front; but upon the bat- From the London Gazette Extraordinary, talions appointed for the support of the
April 17. out-poits moving forward, the enemy Whitehall, April 16. A letter,
of were beat back, with the loss of upward which the following is a copy, was this of soo men killed, and fixty pritoners, day received by the right hon. Henry with five pieces of canron. The lots of Dundas, his majesty's principal decretary the Austrians, in killed and wounded, of state for the home department, from amounted to about 120 men. Since this general fir Charles Grey, K. B. dared e,ery thing has been quiet.'
from Martinico, the 16th of March 1794.
Camp before Fort Bourhon, Idand of From the London Gazette, April 12.
Martinico, March 16, 1794.
Sir, Whitehall, April 12. A letter, of In my dispatch of the 2d ultimo, I which the following is an extract, was had the honour to acquaint you, that the yesterday received from his royal highness force, destined for the expedition, the duke of York, by the right hon. then embarked, in Carline Bay, Henry Dundas, his majesty's principal badoes ; and, having failed very early in secretary of state for the home department. the morning of the 3d, I have now the dated si. Amand, the 8th of April 1994: fatisfaction to add, that we are in poslef
“I have received this morning, a report ton of the whole ihand of Martinico,
cepring Forts Bourbon and Royal, which night (among whom was captain Mac
hold completely and closely beseged; kewen, of the 38th grenadiers, an office of the latter being, however, entirely in our much merit) by B llegarde and a coniia. power to destroy at pleasue.
derable number of the enemy; bui, on Having made dispositions for three sepa- being charget with bayone's hi the grenarate landings, distant from each other, not diers of the sth regiment, headed by lieuonly for the purpose of dividing the ene- tenant colonel Craddock, they were totally my's force and attention, but to alarm repulled. Colonel Campbell being rein. him in every quarter at the same time, I forced at Colon on the isih by lieutenant have the pleature to fay they all fucceeded, colonel Coote and four companies of lighe viz. at La Trinité, by a division under infantry, he took poffeffion of the strong major general Dundas, and commodore post of Lennaitre, leaving the 65th regiThompson, on the sth and 6th of Febru- ment at Colon, which was three times at. äry; at Caise de Navire, to leeward, by tacked during that night, and repulled the another, under colonel fir Charles Gor- enemy with great ipirit. don, aslifted by colonel Myers, and cap. That part of the army which landed tain Rogers of the navy, on the 8th fol. with me near Trois Rivieres the 6th of lowing; and near Trois Rivieres, Stó February, proceeded the same evening to Luce, Cul de Sac Marin, where lieute- Riviere Salée, getting the troops under nant general Prescot and I were. All cover in the village of that name at leven these services were executed with great spi: o'clock the same evening, having detached rit and ability by the officers, who feve- brigadier general Whyte, on this day's rally commanded, and were well support- march, with the ad battalion of light ined by the troops:
fantry, commar.ded by lieutenant colonel . Major general Dundas immediately ad. Close, and two Amuzeties, to force the vanced, with colonel Campbell of the 9th batteries of Cape Solomon and Bourges, foot, lieutenant colonel Coote of the goth, in order to get potlesion of Pigeon Inand, and the est batta!ion of light infantry, and as our shipping could not goinio the harcarried Morne Le Brun, under a heavy bour of Port Royal, which was even danfire of musquetry, on the 6th; and in- gerous for the boats in supplying the army ftantly detaching lieutenant colonel (rad al Saléc with provisions, till that might be dock with the ad hat alion of grenadiers, accomplished. The following day, the and major Evart with ihree companies of 7th of Feb. he took two (mall pieces of light infantry to attack Trinité Fort, the cannon, loaded, at a village in the bay of enerny Hell, and our troops got poilullion d'Arler, 150 mulattoes having fled at his of it, with the cannon, itores, &c. Du- approach ; and marching to the attack of ring the fahe night, Bellegarde, the po- the two batteries abovementioned, they pular leader of the mulatroes and blacks, furrendered at discretion, not having the evacuated the fort bearing his name, and, means to etcape. In the mean time I had leaving his ar illery, &c. fet fire to the received inte!ligence of the enemy's landing town of Trinité; great part of which was, troops, and taking polt on Morne Pied, however, faved by the activity of captain to cut off the cominunication between briSalisbury and the famen Proceeding gadier general Whyte and head-quarters, to the Gros Mörne, he gained that poit at Saléc, and ordered the oth reg'ment, by twelve o'clock at night of the 9th, with two howitzers. to march the time major Skerrer: being left to command at night and dislodge ther, which was fixaTrinité Fort. Potla ng forward again, cuted with great Ipirit, and the port taken he feized Moine Bruneau at noon of the posicition of ewly in the morning of the 9th, the enemy n treating at his approach; 9th, under the gol conduct of the ad. and detaching lieutenant colonel Craddock, jutant general col. Dundas, the zo biewith three companies of grenadiers, he giment being commanded by lieutenant took poilellion of Fort Matille, which co colonel Johnion, and the enery completevered a good landing within two miles of ly defeated at the fift charge. Brigadier his left. The roth following, he de general Whyte, being reintorced with a tached colonel Campbell, with five com dc aciment of the royal artillery, forne
panes of light infantry, who seized Colon ordnance, moriais, &c. colonel Symes, . during the night. Lieutenant colonel and two coinpanies of the 15th gimix,
Ciaduock being reinforced the fame even - 200 lcamen arıned wiih pikes and guitais ing at the post of Mailde, with the 33d from the dmiral, alce: deu 'he higti s un conpany of grenadiers, was, however, at the grb, and, aided by the unequalled exfacked, and lultained some loss during that ertions of the seamen under lieuten siis
Rogers and Rutherford, got poffesfion of the first ravines, were abandoned by the Mount Mathurine, which commando Pi- enemy, of which he took posteffion, while geon illand, at the distance of about 400 colonel Myers, with five companies of yards, where he erected batteries, affifted grenadiers, and the 43d regiment, crossed by the zeal and activity of colonel Symes. four rasines higher up, leizing all the batThe two si inch howitzers, brought by teries 'hat defended them; which move, the 7oth regiment trom head-quarters, ment was completely successfuil, the enemy being now placed on the battery, so as to flying on every lide, and our troops were take the island in reverte, under the die foon in posletion of the five batteries beTeet on of captain de Rouligne of the royal tween Calle de Navie and Fort Royal, artillery, whole conduct was con picuouf. He then proceeded, and occupied the polts ly meritorious; and colonel Durnford, of Genully, La Colte, ana L'Arcb-t. chief engineer, having allo joined with a The good abilities and conduct of colonel company of artificers, the batteries were fir Charles Gordon and colonel Myers are comple ed during the night of the soth, eininently manifetted throughout this dif. and opened in the morning of the uth, ficult service, and all she troops of that under the conduct of an excellent officer, divifion have performed their duty most captain Manlev, who kept up lo incessant meritoriously, and well-directed a fire,' as to force the As the bay and barbour of Port Royal garrison to strike their colours, and fur. had been coinpletely opened to our ship. render at discretion in little more than two ping by the c pture of Pigeon Itiand, I hours, 15 being killed and 25 wounded, moved forward with the troops froin Ri. and having conlilled of 203 when our bat- viere Salée, to the post of Biuneau, and teries opened. The highest er comiums joined lieutenant general Picciot the 14th; are due to all the officers, foldiers and and having previously concerted the atrack feamen of this divilion, particularly to of the town of St. Pierre with major genebrigadier general Whyte and colonel ral Dundas, be marched the fame evening Symes, whose good conduct and exertions on that enterprize with the second battacould not be excelled.
lion of grenadieis, the 330 and 4 oth light The 15th regiment, led by mayor companies, and the 65th regiment, to Lyon, and commanded by captain Pau- Gros Morne, from wbence he detached mier, surprised several hundred of the ene- colonel Campbell, through the woods by my, very strongly posted on the heights Bois le Buc, with the two light companies of Le Giand Bouclain, the 12th follow- and 6th regiment, to reach Mootigne on ing, killing several, and taking all their the morning of the 16th, proceeding him. aims, ammunition, cattle, &c.
self toward the heights of Capot and CaI have mentioned before that colonel fir labafle: they were evacuated by the eneCharles Gordon, affitted by colonel My. my; and, from the latter, he saw coloers and captain Rogers of the navy, had nei Campbell at Port au Pin, half a mile Janded to Iceward, on the side of Caile de short of Montigne, attacked in great force, Navire, on the 8th. The enemy being and, under a bravy fire, from five or fix mailer of the Great Road and the heights hundred of the eneiny strongly potted ; the above it, he made a movement toward the major general puhed forward is advanced -mountains, and turning thein, unper- guard, confitting of 63 men, under comceived, with part of his force, gained the mand of the hon. captain Ramsay, of the most commanding point in that part of the queen who, gaining the summit by excountry, by day-break of the grh. Co- traordinary exertions, fied on the enemy lonel Myers descending the heights, took who were engaged with colonel Campbell
, poffeffion of La Chapelle, and a post etta and filenced the r fire; and, when joined blished by the enemy above it, and re by the 2d battalion of grenadiers, the deturning to the column, it proceeded through tachment of the queen's took posfellion of the molt d.ficult ground to the heights of Montigne, where it was reinforced with -Beine,, above Hince La Haye, the enemy two companies of grenadiers, taking post abandoning the barteres of Cayman, and himselt on Morne Rouge; and then visite setting fire to the village, keepmg a con- ing colonel Campbell's column, found he Niant fire on him from the battery of St. had been attacked at half past nine o'clock Catharine's, · He then took a position, in the morning, and the enemy being which gave him an easy communication within twenty yards of the 40th light with the transports, wlien, on the 12th, company, had charged them with bayonets he observed the battery and works at St. at the hiad of it, when he was killed; and Catharine's, and the polls which gua.ded in hon his majesty's lervice loses a most
excellent officer and a valuable man, juft- ift and 2d battalions of light infantry unly lamented by the whole ariny and navy. der lieutenant colonels Coote and BlunMajor general Dundas now observed large dell, who attacked his camp upon the lett, bodies of the enemy moving toward his in such a superior file of lpirit and impefront at Morne Rouge, and forming un- tuosity, as to prove irresistible; and I got der a small redoubt near that polt ; he poffeffion of it and his cannon, with in. therefore hastened back, and was initanuly contiderable loss; which might have proved attacked by five or fix hundred men, very different if my attack had not taken which lasted about twenty minutes, when place till one o'clock the next morning, as the fire cealed, and the enemy abandoned was previously concerted, and if it had the redoubt in front during the night, been properly defended by him, being leaving two field pieces, &c. At day. there in such force with cannon and numbreak, the 17th, thele two columns ad- bers, and the situation fo eminently trong vanced, the right to Le Jeune, the left to and difficult. My admiration of the gala the colonial redoubt, and on the mach he lantıy of those corps who performed this received a letter from the commandant of service, and the officers who commanded St. Pierre, to which he returned an w- them, is inexpressible, and their conduct swer by a flag, but the commandant was is above praile; nor did I ever feel more not to be found; in the mean time, colo. highly satisfied with the success of any ennel Symes had landed, and was already in terprize in which I have been concern.d. the town, who, agreeable to the plan I had Immediately after forcing Bellegarde, originally concerted for the co-operation and getting posseífion of this post of Sourwith major general Dundas, had embark. riere, on the 18th of February, I held Foit ed with three light companies, and major Bourbon besieged; but making a new Maitland, with a detachment of the 58th road, getting up cannon, moriars, &c. and segiment, to land north of the towr. ; five making barreries, took up the time till the companies of the itt battalion of grena- 7th wit. when the batteries of my first
padiers, and five companies of the 3. batta- rallel opened. lion of light infantry, under colonel My On the sight of the 28th ult. Bellegarde, ers, having also marched from Camp La the great and popular leader of the mulate Cofte for the same purpole of co-operating toes and blacks, with his second, Pelocquey with major general Dundas; which gene- and 300 of their followers, finding their ral's ability, good conduct, and activity, fituation too perilous outside of their forts, firit in penetrating through so difficult a and expored to our attacks, surrende.ed; country froin La Trinité to Bruneau, and the two former being sent to Bolton, on afterward to the capture of St. Kerre, do condition of never carrying arms against him the highest honour, and merit his ma- his majesty's forces; and their followers, jelly's notice in an eminent degree. as pritoners of war, are sent on board his
As Fort Bourbon, where Rochainbeau majetty's ships. commands, could not be closely invested, Major-general prince Edward joined this without the poffeffion of those heights of army the 4th init. and command, at Camp Sourriere, and this post was still occupied La Corte, with great spirit and activity. by Bellegarde, with a considerable nu:nber I have erected the barteries of my lé. of mulattoes and blacks, I had fixed one cond parallel, at the distance of 4 or 500 o'clock in the morning of the 19th of Fe. yards, which I expect will be completed, bruary to force him with the bayonet from and ready to open by the 20th instant, ala my camp at Bruneau ; but at noon the though the late rains retarded our progrels, preceding day (February 18th) a molt for- and are unusual at this time of the year. iunate event anticipated my wishes and his It is just five weeks fince the lait divifion ruin. Bellegarde, with part of his troops, of this army landed, under colonel lis descending the heights, attacked my left, Charles Goidon ; and I hope it will aptoward ttie laoding-place in a very daring pear to his majesty there is no realon to Be and spirited manner; to which part liv. dilfatisfied with the progress we have made, tenani general Prescot led a reinforcement in that short space of time, with inconfide. with great judgment, and in good time, rable lofs. checking and charging the enemy
The spirit, unanimity, and perseverance vailing myself of this favourable moment, of the army and navy, never were more when Bellegarde's camp was weakened, conspicuous, nor has mure o dial co-opeI ordered from my right the 3d batialion ratin ever been manifelted between his of grenadiers, comma.ded by lieutenant majesty's naval and land forces. In a colonel Buckeridge, and supported by the word, the general, and all the field officers