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but his relations were so powerful, intention of offence, in the heat of
. he does not
pistol, or other instrument of death, be
but the fear of infamy can support : of Shrewsbury, and publishing hier for I am persuaded, that no being, fame, took all opportunities of procapable of reflection, would prosecute voking the earl to fingle combat, the trade of asiastination at the risque hoping he should have an aly conof his own life, if this hazard was at quett, his lordship being a puny little the same time reinforced by the cer- creature, quiet, inoffentive, and every tain prospect of infamy and ruin. way unfit for such personal conteits. Every person of sentiment would in He ridiculed him on all occasions, and that case allow, that an officer, who, at lait declared in public company, in a duel, robs a deserving woman of that there was no glory in cuckolding her husband, a number of children of Shrewsbury, who had not spirit to retheir father, a family of its fupport, fent the injury. This was an infult and the community of a fellow citi- which could not be overlooked. The zen, has as little merit to plead from earl sent him a challenge; and they exposing his own person, as a high- agreed to fight, at Barn-elms, in wayman, or housebreaker, who every pretence of two geütlemen, whom day risques his life to rob or plunder they chose for their feconds. All the that which is not of half the import- four engaged at the same time: the ance to society. I think it was from firit thruit was fatal to the earl of the Buccaneers of America, that the Shrewsbury; and his friend killed the English have learned to abolith one duke's second at the fame instant. solecism in the practice of duelling : Buckingham, elated with his exploit, those adventurers decided their per- set out immediately for the earl's seat fonal quarrels with pistols ; and this at Cliefden, where he lay with his improvement has been adopted in wife, after having boasted of the murGreat Britain with good success ; der of her husband, whole blood he though in France, and other parts of thewed her upon his sword, as a trothe continent, it is looked upon as a pliy of his prowess. But this very proof of their barbarity. It is, how. duke of Buckingham was little better ever, the only circumstance of duel- than a poltroon at bottom. When ling, which favours of common sense, the gallant earl of Offory challenged as it puts all mankind upon a level, him to fight in Chelsea fields, he croiled the old with the young, the weak with the water to Battersea, where he prethe strong, the unwieldy with the tended to wait for his lordship, and nimble, and the man who knows not then complained to the house of lords, how to hold a sword, with the spa- that Oliory had given him the rendezdassin, who has practised fencing from vous, and did not keep his appointthe cradle. What glory is there in a ment. He knew the house would in. man's vanquishing an adversary over terpore in the quarrel, and he was whom he has a manifest advantage? not disappointed. Their lordships To abide the issue of a combat in this obliged them both to give their word case, does not even require that mo. of honour, that their quarrel should derate share of resolution which na- have no other consequence. ture has indulged to her common chil There is, I am persuaded, much dren. Accordingly, we have feen cowardice at the bottom of modern many initances of a coward's provok. duels ; but yet the question recurs, ing a man of honour to batile. In • How can an officer of the army or the reign of our second Charles, when navy refuse a challenge?' An attempt duels Hourished in all their absurdity, tu discuss this point will form che and the seconds fought while their subject of my next letter. principals were engaged, Villiers,
I am, fir, yours, duke of Buckingham, not content with having debauched the countess
An Account of DoveBRIDGE, in Derbyshire : With a beautiful Per
fpective Viezu of DOVEBRIDGE HALL, the Seat of the Right Honourable Sir Henry Cavendish, Baronet.
Ovebridge, Doveridge, or Du- Henry Cavendish, baronet, à privy
written, is a village of Derbyshire, the Irish parliament, who is supposed, delightfully situated on the banks of by Mr. Filkington, to be descended the river Dove, in the hundred of from an illegitimate branch of the faAppletree, about halfway between mily of Cavendish duke of DevonSudbury and Urtoxeter. At the time · fhire. The situation of this seat is of the Norman survey, there was here excellent: it tands upon a rising a church, with a priest. The I ving ground, and commands a view of the is a vicarage. The church is dedi- town of Utroxeter in Staffordshire, of cated to St. Cuthbert, and was given the river Dove, the rich pastures by Henry, earl Ferrers, to the priory which extend along its banks, and of of Tutbury in Staffordshire. The a range of distant hills on the opposite duke of Devonshire is the patron : its side of the valley. The house is movalue in the king's books is 121. 2s. Id. dern and handsome. The foundations and the yearly tenths are 1l. 45. 2 d. of it were laid on the 6th of July
Dovebridge was held, at the time 1769. of the Norman conqueft, by Edwine, In this parish also, in the liberty of the ninth and last earl of Mercia. But Eaton Dovedale, is Eaton Hall, which this nobleman having been betrayed was the relidence of fir Thomas Miland flain, it was given to the foresaid ward, knight, chief justice of Chester, Henry earl Ferrers, whose wife Berta, who entertained king Charles the first. according to the superstition of that This houfo is now in ruins. Over age, had founded the priory of Tet- the door is placed the following inbury, and endowed it with the lands scription : • V. T. placet Deo fic of considerable value in Dovebridge. omnia fiunt, anno Domini 1576, When this religious house was dif- Junii 12. solved in the time of Edward the fixth, The river Dove, on which this these lands were granted to fir Wil. village is ficuated, is dillinguished by liam Cavendish, knight.
a great variety of the moi beautiful In the year 1695, the number of scenery; particularly, by Dove Dale, the inhabitants of Dovebridge amounts which is justly celebrated for its wild ed to five hundred and fix, as appears and fantastic appearance, and is fituated from a poll-tax book. But, in the about three miles from A'nborne, and year 1783, this parish contained one one from the road leading thence to hundred and forty-five separate dwell. Buxton. The files of this valley are, ings, and feven hundred and ofty in- almost in every part, steep and craggy; habitants. Of this number were three However, there is a tolerably good hundred and seven heads of families, defcent into it, near a high hil, called fifty two men servants, and forty-five Thorpe-cloud. When the traveller women servants; one hundred and arrives at the bottom, he finds himfifty-fix male, and one hundred and self inclosed in a very narrow and fixty-nine female children, and eleven deep dale. Raising his eye up, he boarders : fo that population has in- ohferves, on the right hand, many creased here two hundred and forry- craggy rocks, placed one above anofour persons in the space of eighty- this to a vast heisht, and on the lefi, eight years.
a teep and almost perpendicular alIn this parish is Dovebridge Hall, cent, 'finely covered with wood and the seat of the right honourable fir herbage.