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THOUGHTS on the ASTRONOMICAL DISCOVERIES of the ANCIENTS :
Concluded from Page 9.
WE are now to consider the senti- the several motions, orbits, and staments of the Ancients respectirg Co- tions of the planets ; adding also, that mets. There is no extravagance of they could foretell earthquakes, infancy, how wild loever, but what has undations, and the return of comets. been hazarded in different ages, to Aristotle, in laying down the opiaccount for the nature of these ftu- nions of Anaxagoras and Democritus, pendous bodies, and the irregularity says of the first, that he apprehended of their excurtions. Even in the last comets to be an assemblage of many ages, Kepler and Hevelius advanced wandering stars, which, by their apconjectures absciutely extravagant re- proximation, and the mutual blending specting the caue of these phænomena. of their rays were rendered visible to M. Callini, and after him fir Isaac us. This notion was far from being Newton, have at length given cer- philosophical ; yet was it preferable tainty to the opinions of the philoso- to that of some great moderns, who phers in this respect, by their very would have it that they were formed accurate observations and calculations ; out of air, as fishes are out of water. or, to speak with more propriety, by Pythagoras, who approached very recalling and fixing our attention upon near to the times of Anaxagoras, what had formerly been advanced by taught, according to Aristotle's acthe Chaldeans and Egyptians, by count, an opinion worthy of the most Anaxagoras, Democritus, Pythagoras, enlightened age; for • he considered Hippocrates of Chios, Seneca, Apol- comets as stars, which circulated reJonius Myndius, and Artemidorus : gularly, though elliptically, round the for, in treating of the nature of these fun, and which appeared to us only in fars, the definitions of Callini and particular parts of their orbit, and at Newton, the reasons they assign for considerable distances of time.' Arithe rareness of their appearance, and stoile relates also the testimonies of the apologies they make for not hav- Hippocrates of Chios, and Æschylus, ing yet formed a more exact theory, in confirmation of this opinion. are all in the very terms that Seneca Stobæus presents us with the sentihad already used. • Their appear. ments of Pythagoras almost in the ances,' he observes, are so very rare, very terms of Aristotle, though somethat there had not been an opportuni; of what more clearly. 'He imagined making a number of objervations, io the comets,' says he, to be wanderdetermine whether their course cras re- ing planets, which appeared only at gular or not; but that the Greeks, certain times during their course.' who had some time before obierved Upon the whole, Seneca, more than this, were applying themielves to re- any other, has discussed this su ject searches of this kind.'
like a true philofopher. In his seventh Seneca acquaints us, in the sume book of Natural Questions, he relates place, that the Chaldeans contidered all the different cpinions respecting comets as planetary bodies; and Dio- comets, and leeins to prefer that of dorus Siculus, in his hiftory, giving Artemidorus, who imagined, that an account of the extent of knowledge there was an immense number of among the Egyptians, praises them them, but that their orbits were so for the application with which they fituated, that, fo far from being always studied the stars and their courses; within view, they could only be seen where he remarks, that they had col- at one of the extremities.' He after lecied very ancient and very exact ward reasons upon this with equal eleobservations, fully informing them of gance and folidity: 'Why should we
be astonished,' says he, that comets, In a word, notwithstanding all the which are so rare a spectacle in the advantages which the Moderns enjoy world, have not yet been reduced to 'over the Ancients, from the prodigious certain rules; or that we have not accumulation of observations and calbeen hitherto able to determine, where culations, and, particularly, from the begins or ends the course of planets, invetion of the telescope, the latter
will as ancient as the universe, and whose ever hold an exalted rank in the history returns are at such distant intervals ? of Astronomy; and to them, as philofo. The time will come,' he continues, prers also, we may apply the beauti'when posterity will be amazed at ful praise, which, as poets, has been things fo very evident; for what now beitowed upon them by Pope : appears obscure to us, will, one day or other, in the course of ages, and still green with bays each ancient altar through the induftry of our descend
stands, ants, become manifestly clear; but a Above the reach of sacrilegious hands; small number of years, paffed between Secure from flames, from Envy's fiercer tudy and the indulgence of passion,
See, from each clime the learn'd their in. will not avail for such important re cense bring ! searches as those which propose the llear, in all tongues confenting pæans comprehension of natures To remote.'
ring! Upon a review of the several paf- In praise fo just let every voice be join'd, fages which we have cited, it must be And fill the general chorus of mankind. admitted, that the Moderns have said Sages triumphant ! born in distant days; ncthing folid with regard to comets, Immortal heirs of universal praise !
ages grow, but what is to be found in the writ. Whose honours with increase of
As streams roll down, expanding as they ings of the Ancients; except
flow; later observations have furnished them Nations unborn your mighty names shall with, which Seneca judged to be so found, necessary, and which can be the effect And worlds applaud that must not yet be only of a long fuccellion of ages.
An dccount of Loughton, in Effex: With a Perspective View of
Queen ELISABETH'S LODGE in that Parish. LOUGHTON is a pleasant vil
. tation into which the kingdom was lage in Eflex, fituated on the thrown by the miguided conduct of kirts of Epping Foreft, about eleven her father, in his attempts to intromiles from London. This, and some duce popery and arbitrary power; of the neighbouring parishes, may be and soon after, with her royal confort, called the Garden of Efiex, from the prince George, the went over to her pleasing variety of hills and vales, the brother-in-law, the prince of Orange. fertility of the foil, the number of Golden Hill commands an exceedingly villas intersperfed, and the variety of rich and extensive prospect, in which beautiful prospects. Of the villas in the greatct part of the metropolis is this parish, the principal are Lough- included. In this parish also is an anciton Hall the feat of miss Whitaker, ent building, which is very interefling and Golden Hill, the seat of Mrs. to be antiquary. It is called Queen Clay. The former, chough not a re- Elifabeth's Lodge, and is situated on gular building, is large and hardsome, Epping Forest, not far from Woodand is surrouided by delightful views. fod. According to the tradition of In 1638, according to Mr. Morart, this part of the country, it was a the princess Anne of Denmark resided hunting lodge of that illuftrious prine bere, foi fome time, during the agi- cefs; and it is faid that the used to
ride up and down the stairs. This, Elisabeth. This house was afterward on the firit intimation of the circum- inhabited by the family of Devereux, stance, appears improbable, but, upon viscount Hereford. Indeed, this adexamination, is found not to be to: jacent forelt was much frequented by for every Itep of this staircase is very royal visitors at that period. In parlow; to every two steps is a landing ticular, near Hereford house, is Hearts, place ; at the top is every appearance the ancient and venerable seat of Jerof a horseblock; and the timbers are voise Clerke Jervoise, esq. where king of surprising magnitude. The fur- James the firit often breakfalled in his rounding grounds appear from the hunting excursions from his palace at regularity of the trees, to have been Theobalds to Enfield Chase and Eponce a park; and when the late cap- ping Foreit. Queen Elisabeth's Lodge tain Boothby resided in the Lodge, is now the property of William Heaththere was a choice, though small col- cote, esq. and the residence of his lection of pictures. What renders the game-keeper. In the Itaircase, the traditional history of this building the curious vititor is shown a hole made more probable, is, that not far from by a bullet, of which the history is, this place, at the corner of Snake- that the famous highwayman, Turpin, lane, in the parish of Woodford, who many years ago used to rob on ftands Hereford House, which, upon the 'Efping road, having a quarrel the same authority, is stated to have with the late game-keeper, in rebeen the residence of Robert Devereux, venge fired into the Lodge. earl of Essex, the great favourite of
THE GUARDIAN ANGEL.
To the GUARDIAN ANGEL. and extremely delighted in attending Celestial Spirit,
to a lively conversation, when on a Have been particularly pleased thocking figures imagination can
sudden I perceived one of the most I with observing, that you have
frame, advancing toward me. She voted some of your late lucubrations
was drest in black, her skin was conto conliderations of the excellence of tracted into a thousand wrinkles, her that pure and rational religion which is exhibited by genuine Chriftianity, eyes deep-funk in her head, and her and how effentially different from complexion pale and livid as the
countenance of death. Her looks it is that fyftem, which, in many
were filled with terror and unrelentcountries, has affumed the name of Christianity, while, in reality, it has ing severity, and her hands armed
with whips and scorpions. As soon proved the most productive lource of infidelity, and its moit common con- and a voice tvat chilled ny very blood,
as the came near, with a horrid frown, comitants, vice and infelicity: As a the bid me follow her. I obeyed, and farther illustration of your labours in the led me through rugged paths, bethis respect, I have taken the liberty set with briars and thorns, into a deep to send you a beautiful Vision, written
solitary valley. Wherever the passed, many years ago by miss Carter, and the fading verdure withered beneath I shall be happy if it contributes, in ber Reps; ber pestilential breath inthe least degree, to second your be- fected the air with malignant vapours, nevolent views in favour of us mor- obscured the lustre of the sun, and tals.
involved the fair face of heaven in
universal gloom. Dismal howlings METHOUGHT I was in the midit resounded through the forest; from of a very entertaining set of company, every baleful tree, the night-raven