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have been given to the emperor's brother Jérôme; 1806. þut the latter was to have been attended by two intelligent officers, one belonging to each service, to prevent him from committing blunders.

On bis first cruising ground M. L'Hermitte took and destroyed several british slave-ships and merchant vessels, and was fortunate enough, on the 6th Capof January, to capture the british 18-gun ship-sloop britisha Favourite, captain John Davie. The french commodore manned the latter as a cruiser, and, it is be- Favou

sloop lieved, sent home the Surveillant. According to a loose statement in the french newspapers, this brig afterwards attacked a large english letter-of-marque veilship, and was sunk by her.

After committing sad depredations on the african coast, the squadron proceeded to the Brazils to refit, M. L'Hermitte again put to sea, and cruised a short time in the West Indies; when, on the 20th of Au- L'Hergust, being in latitude 22° 26' north and longitude 55° west, on his return to Europe, he was overtaken, and mainhis ships dispersed by, the hurricane which proved so ships destructive in all parts of the Atlantic. The frigate disCybèle, having lost her topmasts, steered for the persed United States, and on the 1st of September anchored in Hampton roads; but the Régulus and

Cybèle Présidente, being so fortunate as to retain their arrives masts, were enabled to steer for France.

On the 27th of September, at 3 h. 30 m. A. M., States. having separated from her companion, and got as near home as latitude 47° 17' north, longitude 6o 52 dente west, the Presidente fell in with a british squadron falls in of six sail of the line, under rear-admiral şir Thomas Louis, in the Canopus. Chase was immediately dron of given by the squadron; and the 18-gun brig-sloop Louis. Despatch, (sixteen 32-pounder carronades and two long sixes, captain Edward Hawkins, soon became the leading vessel in the pursuit. By 4 P. M. the Despatch had got within three miles of the Prési- Is endente, and was gaining fast upon her. At 5 h. 30 m. gaged P. M. the brig shortened sail, and at 6 h. 45 m. spatch.


in the United




1806. commenced firing her bow guns at the frigate; who

returned the fire with her stern-chasers. A runSept.

ning fight between the Despatch and Présidente was thus maintained until about 7 h. 45 m. P. M.; when the latter bore up and stood towards the

british squadron, the nearest ship of which, the 38dente gun frigate Blanche, captain sir Thomas Lavie, was

about three miles astern of the brig. The Canopus shortly afterwards fired a distant shot at the french frigate, who thereupon hauled down her colours, and was taken possession of by the brig. So says the log of the Despatch ; also that the Présidente bad previously struck to her. The letter of rear-admiral Louis contains no particulars; although it would have been but fair to have given the brig the credit which was due to her, that of having, when no ship was at hand to assist her, so boldly engaged a heavy french frigate.

The Despatch had her rigging much cut by the fire of the Presidente, and received one shot in her larboard bow between wind and water, but fortunately had not a man hurt. The french frigate mounted 44 guns, long 18 and 8 pounders, with 36-pounder carronades, and had a crew of 330 men, She did not, as far as appears, sustain any damage or loss from the fire of her tiny antagonist The Présidente measured 1148 tons, was a remarkably fine frigate, and became a great acquisition to the british navy: The Seringapatam, and several of the large class of 18-pounder frigates still building, are from the draught of this french frigate, which, in the year

1815, was named Piémontaise. Régu The two remaining ships of M. L'Hermitte's squalus and dron subsequently arrived safe in France; the Ré

gulus, on the 5th of October, at Brest, and the Cybèle, in the course of the following year, at Rochefort or Lorient.

On the 18th of October, in the morning, as the

british 18-pounder 36-gun frigate Caroline, captain Zeerop Peter Rainier, was taking possession of the dutch

Caroline captures


Chases two



Attacks and

14-gun brig Zeerop, captain Groot, at anchor be- 1806. tween Middleby and Amsterdam islands, off the coast of Java, the dutch 36-gun frigate Phønix was seen to slip from Onroost, and run for Batavia road; where also was lying, as communicated by the offi- dutch cers of the Zeerop, the dutch 36-gun frigate Maria- frigates Riggersbergen, captain Jager. The Caroline in- Discostantly pròceeded in chase, and soon discovered the vers Maria-Riggersbergen, in company with the 14-gun and ship-corvette William and brig Zee-Ploeg, and the ves dutch company's armed ship Patriot, of 18 guns. at anNot at all dismayed by a force apparently so formidable, captain Rainier, placing springs on both his cables, ran straight for the Maria; who, on the arrival of the Caroline within gun-shot, opened her fire. No return, however, was made, until the Caroline had got as close as the wind would permit capher, which was within half pistol-shot. The latter Mariathen opened her fire, and, in half an hour, compelled Rigthe Maria, although partially assisted by the three bergen. vessels already named and some gun-boats, to strike her colours. Thirty other gun-boats lay in-shore, but did not attempt to come out.

The Caroline mounted altogether 42 guns, with a complement, deducting 57 men that were absent, of 204 men and boys. Of these she had three seamen, and four dutch prisoners who were in the hold, killed, a lieutenant of marines, (Zachary Williams, loss, mortally,) 16 seamen, and one marine wounded. Not &c. a spar was shot away, and very little damage done either to masts, rigging, or hull. The Maria-Riggersbergen was a frigate similar in size and force to the Pallas, * and therefore mounted 12, and not “ 18 pounders," as stated by mistake in the official account. The dutch frigate had commenced the action with 270 men and boys; of whom she lost, as represented by her officers, 50 in killed and wounded. Her foretopsail yard was shot in two, and


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1806, her rigging, masts, and hull, more or less injured Oct. by the Caroline's heavy broadsides.

It is reasonable to suppose that, had the MariaRiggersbergen’s consorts, admitting them to have

been in a situation to do so, cooperated more effectuGal- ally, the Caroline would have found greater difficulty lantry in capturing the dutch frigate. This by no means

detracts from the merit of captain Rainier, his nier. officers, and men ; who deserve every credit for

having ventured to attack a force of such apparent superiority, as well as for bringing the combat, by the vigorous means they employed, to so speedy a termination.

The Maria-Riggersbergen was purchased into the service by rear-admiral sir Edward Pellew, the british commander in chief on the East-India station, and named the Java, but, in a very few months afterwards, became the grave of her officers and crew.

On the 27th of November rear-admiral Pellew

arrived off the road of Batavia with the following at Ba- squadron:

Sir Edw.' arrives



rear-adm. (r.) sir Edward Pellew, bt.

captain Christopher Cole.

Robert Plampin.

Thomas Gordon Caulfield, 64 Belliqueux

George Byng.
Frigates, Sir-Francis-Drake and Terpsichore, brig Seaflower.

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Enters the road.

Directing the two frigates and brig to enter the road between the island of Onroost and Java, sir Edward, with the line-of-battle ships, on account of the shoalness of the water, took a circuitous route. As soon as they observed the approach of the british squadron, the dutch frigate Phoenix, the two brigcorvettes Aventurier and Zee-Ploeg, two armed ships and two armed brigs belonging to the dutch india-company, and several merchant.vessels ran themselves on shore. The William corvette would have done the same, but had hauled down her colours to the Terpsichore as the latter passed Onroost.


The shoal water preventing the british ships from 1806. anchoring near enough to fire with effect upon the batteries or ships lying on shore, the rear-admiral Dedetached, for the purpose of destroying the latter, stroys the boats of the squadron under the orders of cap- nix fritain Fleetwood Pellew, assisted by lieutenant Wil-gate, liam Fitzwilliam Owen, of the Sea-flower, and lieutenant Thomas Groule, first of the Culloden. The Sir-Francis-Drake and Terpsichore, meanwhile, had stationed themselves in the best manner to support the boats in their advance. On seeing the boats approach, the crew of the Phænix scuttled and abandoned their ship; and all the British could do on boarding her was to turn her guns upon the remaining vessels. These at length, together with the Phoenix herself, were set on fire and destroyed; and the boats got back to their ships with so slight a loss, notwithstanding the heavy fire opened upon them by the batteries, as one marine killed, and one marine and three seamen wounded.

The William corvette was found to be in so unseaworthy a state, that she also was destroyed. The two dutch 68-gun ships Pluto and Revolutie, which sir Edward had expected to find in Batavia road, had previously retired, for greater safety, to the fortified harbour of Gressie at the eastern extremity of the island.

On the 23d of October, in the evening, as the british 12-gun schooner Pitt, (ten 18-pounder carronades and two sixes,) lieutenant Michael Fitton, was lying at an anchor in the mole of Cape St.-Nicolas, island of St.-Domingo, the man looking out at the mast-head reported two sail in the offing, over the neck of land to the northward, one apparently in chase of the other. The Pitt instantly got under way, and, it being a stark calm, swept herself out of Pitt the mole. In the course of the night she was occasionally assisted by a light land wind, and on the schoo24th, at daybreak, descried three schooners, the largest evidently a privateer of force. Towards

chases three


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