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NEW STATES :

Admitted into
the Union, A.D.

1791
1792
1796
1802
1812
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1836
1837
1845
1845
1846
1848
1850

14. Vermont 15. Kentucky 16. Tennessee 17. Ohio 18. Louisiana 19. Indiana 20. Mississippi 21. Illinois 22. Alabama 23. Maine 24. Missouri 25. Arkansas 26. Michigan 27. Florida 28. Texas 29. Iowa 30. Wisconsin 31. California

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Population

in 1850. 313,611 982,405 1,002,625 1,977,031

500,763 988,734 592,853 858,298 771,671 583,088 682,043 209,639 397,654

87,387 187,403 192,214 304,226

200,000 R

TERRITORIES >

Admitted into Population

the Union, A.D. in 1850. Oregon

1848

20,000 Minesota

1849

6,192 Utah (Mormon Valley)

1850 25,000 New Mexico

1850 Nebrasca (about to be organised) 1854 No return District of Columbia

1791

48,000

Total Population

23,269,498

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AN ACT TO PREVENT FRAUDS UPON THE

TREASURY OF THE UNITED STATES.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all transfers and assignments hereafter made of any claim

upon the United States, or any part or share thereof, or interest therein, whether absolute or conditional, and whatever

may be the consideration therefore; and all powers of attorney, orders, or other authorities for receiving payment of

any such claim, or any part or share thereof, shall be absolutely null and void, unless the same shall be freely made and executed in the presence of at least two attesting witnesses, after the allowance of such claim, the ascertainment of the amount due, and the issuing of a warrant for the payment thereof. SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That

any

officer of the United States, or person holding any place of trust or profit, or discharging any official function under or in connection with any executive department of the Government of the United States, or under the Senate or House of Representatives of the United States, who, after the passage of this Act, shall act as an agent or attorney for pro:

secuting any claim against the United States, or shall in any manner, or by any means otherwise than in the discharge of his proper official duties, aid or assist in the prosecution or support of any such claim or claims, or shall receive any gratuity, or any share of or interest in any claim, from any claimant against the United States, with intent to aid or assist, or in consideration of having aided or assisted in the prosecution of such claim, shall be liable to indictment as for a misdemeanor in any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, and, on conviction, shall pay a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or suffer imprisonment in the penitentiary not exceeding one year, or both, as the court in its discretion shall adjudge.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That any senator or representative in Congress who, after the passage of this Act, shall, for compensation paid or to be paid, certain or contingent, act as agent or attorney for prosecuting any claim or claims against the United States, or shall in any manner, or by any means, for such compensation, aid or assist in the prosecution or support of any such claim or claims, or shall receive any gratuity or any share of or interest in any claim, from any claimant against the United States, with intent to aid or assist, or in consideration of having aided or assisted, in the prosecution of said claim, shall be liable to indictment as for a misdemeanor in any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, and, on conviction, sball pay a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or suffer imprisonment in the penitentiary not exceeding one year, or both, as the court in its discretion shall adjudge.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That any person who shall wilfully and knowingly destroy, or attempt to destroy,

or, with intent to steal or destroy, shall take and carry away any record, paper, or proceeding of a court of justice, filed or deposited with any clerk or officer of such court, or any paper or document or record filed or deposited in any public office, or with any judicial or public officer, shall, without reference to the value of the record, paper, document, or proceeding so taken, be deemed guilty of felony, and, on conviction in any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, shall pay a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars, or suffer imprisonment in a penitentiary not exceeding three years, or both, as the court in its discretion shall adjudge.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That any officer having the custody of any record, document, paper, or proceeding specified in the last preceding section of this Act, who shall fraudulently take away, or withdraw, or destroy any such record, document, paper, or proceeding filed in his office, or deposited with him, or in his custody, shall be deemed guilty of felony in any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, and, on conviction, shall pay a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars, or suffer imprisonment in a penitentiary not exceeding three years, or both, as the court in its discretion shall adjudge, and shall forfeit his office, and be for ever afterwards disqualified from holding any office under the Government of the United States.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That if any person or persons shall, directly or indirectly, promise, offer, or give, or cause or procure to be promised, offered, or given, any money, goods, right in action, bribe, present, or reward, or any promise, contract, undertaking, obligation, or security for the payment or delivery of any money, goods, right in action, bribe, present, or reward, or any other valuable

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