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Labour, Productivity of, in Great Britain and United States com-
pared.

235 ff
Lincoln, President, and Civil War

351, 353 f, 356, 365 ff
Autocratic power of

391 f
Character of

365 f, 391
introduces conscription

.374 ff
Lord Bryce on

391
on advantage of one-man Executive .

365
on bitter need of troops

395
on New York draft riots .

385 f
Speech on the fallen

397
Suspends Habeas Corpus

. 367 f
was elected by a minority

351
Lowell, Professor, on Cabinet Government

339

.

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Machiavelli on advantages of Dictatorship

344 f
on Democracy and Government

300
Machinery, in Great Britain and United States compared .235 ff
Madison, President, and Monroe Doctrine

408
Magyars, how distributed in Hungary

. 134 f
monopolise Civil Service, Parliament, &c.

.135 ff
Racial tyranny of .

.134 ff
Relations between Austrians and

116, 117, 119 fi
Small number of

111, 134
Mahan, Admiral, on Anglo-American reunion 416 ff, 423 f, 425
on importance of Persian Gulf

94 f
Malta and revolutionary France

21
Manufacturing industries See Industries.
Maria Theresa and partition of Poland

159
Marmont on strategical value of Constantinople

51
Mazzini on Constantinople

52
Mecca and Medina

63, 101
Mesopotamia, England's claims to

94 ff
Former prosperity of

95 ff
Possibilities of irrigation in

98 ff
Metternich, Prince, on Holy Alliance

39 f
Mexico, Napoleon III's designs on

410 ff
Troubles of, in 1861

410
Mohammadanism, Position and possibilities of

62 ff
Monroe Doctrine, Bismarck on the

413
Danger of the, to the United States

.420 ff
Genesis of.

.403 ff
has consistently been defended by England .413 ff
Homer Lea, on .

421
how regarded on the Continent

421
President Jefferson and

407 f
President Madison and

408

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Napoleon I, Achievements of, as an organiser

.322 ff
A advocates invasion of India

: 22 i, 31 fif
advocates reconciliation with Russia

26
I and Alexander I conclude Peace and Treaty of Tilsit 26 ff
and Alexander I meet on the Niemen

26
and Constantinople

16 ff
and Peter the Great's Political Testament

19
'desires Russia's alliance against England

24 ff
Eastern policy of

25 ff
Instructions of, regarding Turkey

86 f
on strategical value of Egypt and Suez Canal 20 ff, 49 f
Policy of, regarding Egypt

20 ff
proposes partition of Turkey

25 ff
! proposes that Russia should have Constantinople 25 ff
tried to dupe Alexander I at Tilsit

26 ff
wished to push Russia back into Asia

35
Napoleon III's designs on Mexico in 1861

.410 ff
National Debt-See Debt, National.
Nesselrode, Count, and Crimean War

91 ff
on neutrality of Switzerland

73 f
Policy of, regarding Turkey

40
New York draft riots

385 f
Nicholas 1, Policy of, regarding Turkey

40 ff
Nicholas II, quoted

44

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Palestine-See Holy Places.
Palmerston, Policy of, towards Turkey.

. 88 ff
Panama Canal, Vulnerability of

422
Panslavism, unjustified fear of

142 f
Paul I of Russia and invasion of India

.22 f
Peace Congress, The, and After

1 ff
Peace is responsible for England's industrial backwardness

234, 280 f
Pericles, Character of

298, 299
Persian Gulf, Strategical importance of

94 f, 100
Peter the Great, Political Testament of

. 17 ff
proposes partition of Poland

152
Peter III, "Secret Polish treaty with Frederick the Great

.149 ff
Pitt, the Elder, and Cabinet Government

338 f
Poland and Congress of Vienna

.166 ff
Bismarck's policy towards

172 ff, 180, 188

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Poland British diplomatic reports on

154, 156, 157, 173, 175, 176, 177, 178
First partition of, Catherine the Great and

.152 ff
Frederick the Great and

.148 ff
Lord Salisbury on

161, 184, 185
Maria Theresa and

159
Peter III and

.149 ff
Stanislaus Augustus’ appeal to Catherine
the Great

157
Great past of

151
independent, value of, as a buffer State

181
Partition of, England's remonstrance against

166 ff, 178 ff
Henry Wheaton and Koch on.

. 146 f
Lord Castiereagh’s protest against 36, 167 ff
Peter the Great and

152
proposed in 1700 .

152
Prussia's policy towards, was part of her Russian policy 148 ff, 170 ff
Record of co-operative societies in

123 f, 183
Recreation of, independent, consequences of, to Russia and
Germany

.171 ff
Rising of, in 1863

.175 ff
British diplomatic reports on

173, 175, 176, 177
Earl Russell's despatch on

.178 ff
Second partition of

.162 ff
should preserve connection with Russia

8 f, 183 ff
The problem of

8 f, 146 ff
Third partition of

165
Weakness of Government of

151 f
Poles, Denationalisation of, England's attitude towards 166 ff, 178 ff
Grand Duke Nicholas' appeal to

. 121 f
Numbers of

183
Position of, in Austria-Hungary

.120 ff
Prussia's treatment of the

. 169 f
Russia's policy towards the

i22 ff, 146 ff
Polybius on Democracy and Government

298
Prague, National position in

126 f
President, American, is Commander-in-Chief of Army and Navy

. 364 f
Power of the

326 f, 359 ff, 391
Privy Council, Advantages of efficient

329 ff, 332, 337, 346 f
Production, British and American, per worker compared

.235 ff
British, per worker has doubled during War

.282 ff
Protectorate, French, over Eastern Christians

. 78 fi
Prussia-See also Germany.
Appeals to Czechs against Austria in 1866

. 125 i
Greatness of, established by three great rulers

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316
Land purchase policy of, in Polish districts

183
Polish policy of

148 ff, 170 ff, 186 f
Polish newspapers on Government of :

· 186 1

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R
Reunion, an Anglo-American
Richelieu, on Cabinet Government
Rumanians, Ill-treatment of, in Hungary

13, 398 ff

.310 ff
.140 ff

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S
St. Louis, Letter of, to Maronites

78 f
Salisbury, Lord, on Crimean War

45
on Poland

161, 184, 185
Savings Banks Deposits, in England, Germany, and United States 251
Serbia, Ill-treatment of, by Austria, since 1690

115 f, 134
Position of

3, 4, 48, 51, 52, 53, 133 f
Serbians, Number of

134
Slavonic Congress of 1908

142
Smith, Sydney, on British taxation

224 f
Spanish-American War, England's attitude during .

412
Statesmanship, Study of, neglected in England

. 349 f
Suez Canal, Bismarck on strategical value of

49 f
Construction of, ordered by revolutionary France

20
Great increase in traffic of

67
Importance of

100
Napoleon on strategical value of

49 f
Sumter, Bombardment of Fort

351
Switzerland, why neutralised at Congress of Vienna

72 ff
Syria, French claims to

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. 87 ff

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T
Talleyrand, diplomatic activities of

on strategical value of Constantinople .
Taxation, British, in 1792 and 1815 compared

in 1815, details of
Increase of, during Napoleonic War

Sydney Smith on
high, benefit of

reformed British industry
Tax-collector is the greatest civilising factor
Telephones in United States and Great Britain compared
Thucydides on Democracy and Government
Tilsit, Peace and Treaty of
Trade unions, British, most dangerous feature of
Trentino
Trieste

21 f, 27 f

51
.226 ff
.225 ff
.219 ff

224
10 ff, 232 f
232 ff

232

259
295, 298, 299

26 ff
247

130
130, 133

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PAGE
. 40 ff

Turkey and Russia in Crimean War

Asiatic--See Asiatic Turkey.
Frederick the Great's Policy towards
History of Capitulations.
Napoleon I's instructions regarding
Partition of, proposed by Catherine the Great

by Napoleon I
Tyrol

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U
Ukrainian movement

. 124 f
United Kingdom-See England.
United States-See also Lincoln, Monroe Doctrine, Hamilton, &c.

Advantages of Constitution of : 12 f, 325 ff, 357 ff, 366 ff
and England, England has been consistently friendly
towards former

414 ff, 425 ff
how kept estranged

414 ff,
and Germany

419 f, 422 f, 424

i
and Japan

420, 423
Army, desertions from

372, 384
strength of, in 1861

. 351 f
Civil War, Confusion during

. 355 f
Cost of

.262 ff
could have been avoided

13, 390 f
created industrial supremacy of

. 280 f
defective armaments
Effect of, upon agriculture 263, 268, 269
fiscal policy

272
industrial organisation 277
Machinery

.268, 275 ff
, manufacturing industries

266 ff, 271 f, 273 ff
National Debt and taxa-
tion.

263 f
Population and wealth :264 ff
railway development

.269 ff
Habeas Corpus suspended

.366 ff
Losses during

. 389 f
Number of soldiers raised during . 388 f.
Outbreak of

.350 ff
President Lincoln's difficulties during .351 ff
Treason during

. 355 f
Coal production in Great Britain and, compared .239 ff
Engine-power

.235 ff
Importance of conservation movement in

289
Geological Survey in

289
Inter-State Commerce Commission in 289
Military achievements of, in Civil War

13, 349 ff
Unpreparedness of, in Civil War · 13, 351 ff
Population and wealth of, before Civil War . 387 f
Potentialities of British Empire and, compared

. 260
President, Powers of

359 ff
Production per worker in Great Britain and, com-
pared

235 ff

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