Biodiversity and Human Health

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Francesca Grifo, Joshua Rosenthal
Island Press, 1997 - 379 páginas
The implications of biodiversity loss for the global environment have been widely discussed, but only recently has attention been paid to its direct and serious effects on human health. Biodiversity loss affects the spread of human diseases, causes a loss of medical models, diminishes the supplies of raw materials for drug discovery and biotechnology, and threatens food production and water quality.Biodiversity and Human Health brings together leading thinkers on the global environment and biomedicine to explore the human health consequences of the loss of biological diversity. Based on a two-day conference sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Smithsonian Institution, the book opens a dialogue among experts from the fields of public health, biology, epidemiology, botany, ecology, demography, and pharmacology on this vital but often neglected concern.Contributors discuss the uses and significance of biodiversity to the practice of medicine today, and develop strategies for conservation of these critical resources. Topics examined include: the causes and consequences of biodiversity loss emerging infectious diseases and the loss of biodiversity the significance and use of both prescription and herbal biodiversity-derived remedies indigenous and local peoples and their health care systems sustainable use of biodiversity for medicine an agenda for the future In addition to the editors, contributors include Anthony Artuso, Byron Bailey, Jensa Bell, Bhaswati Bhattacharya, Michael Boyd, Mary S. Campbell, Eric Chivian, Paul Cox, Gordon Cragg, Andrew Dobson, Kate Duffy-Mazan, Robert Engelman, Paul Epstein, Alexandra S. Fairfield, John Grupenhoff, Daniel Janzen, Catherine A. Laughin, Katy Moran, Robert McCaleb, Thomas Mays, David Newman, Charles Peters, Walter Reid, and John Vandermeer.The book provides a common framework for physicians and biomedical researchers who wish to learn more about environmental concerns, and for members of the environmental community who desire a greater understanding of biomedical issues.
 

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Contenido

Global Environmental Degradation and Biodiversity Loss Implications for Human Health
7
Earthly Dominion Population Growth Biodiversity and Health
39
Biodiversity and Emerging Infectious Diseases Integrating Health and Ecosystem Monitoring
60
Fatal Synergisms Interactions between Infectious Diseases Human Population Growth and Loss of Biodiversity
87
Biodiversity Loss in and around Agroecosystems
111
Drug Discovery from Biological Diversity
129
The Origins of Prescription Drugs
131
Natural Products for the Treatment of Infectious Diseases
164
Returning Benefits from Ethnobotanical Drug Discovery to Native Communities
243
An Agenda for the Future Conserving Biodiversity and Human Health
265
A Paradigm for the Equitable Sharing of Benefits Resulting from Biodiversity Research and Development
267
Integrating Drug Discovery Biodiversity Conservation and Economic Development Early Lessons from the International Cooperative Biodiversity Gr...
281
Causes and Consequences of Biodiversity Loss Liquidation of Natural Capital and Biodiversity Resource Development in Costa Rica
302
Sustainable Use of Biodiversity Myths Realities and Potential
312
Opportunities for Collaboration between the Biomedical and Conservation Communities
334
A Proposal for a National Council on Biodiversity and Human Health
353

Capturing the Chemical Value of Biodiversity Economic Perspectives and Policy Prescriptions
184
Biodiversity and Traditional Health Systems
205
Indigenous Peoples and Conservation
207
Medicinal Plants for Healing the Planet Biodiversity and Environmental Health Care
221
Contributors
357
Index
361
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Acerca del autor (1997)

Francesca Grifo is director of the Center for Biodiversity and Conservation at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. Joshua Rosenthal is director of biodiversity programs at the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland.

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