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then prayed to our Heavenly Father to help us in our distress. We soon felt comforted; and presently after, the violence of the rain abated. At six in the morning, a few people who had escaped the danger came to our church, to pray the Easter litany. Having sung a hymn, we kneeled down, thanked our merciful Saviour for having protected and preserved us, prayed for the island and its inhabitants, read the history of our Lord's resurrection, and then prayed the litany in the church.
“ We were soon afterwards informed of the great damage done in the town. On L.'s plantation, two women, one of whom was a candidate for baptism, with two children, were lost. A woman from W.'s estate, who had put up on L.'s for that night, with four children, her husband, and a blind woman, were all in great danger. As they stood in the water, the children cried, “Dear Father! dear Saviour! hear the cry of us poor children, and help us and our mother.' God heard their cries, and preserved them.
“ In College-street, the torrent carried away all the fences, walls, and steps, and in some places tore down the houses some falling upon the inhabitants, and some being carried away with them. The water also broke into the house of one of our communicants, gained vent, and swept away two adjoining houses into the sea. In one of these was a communicant sister and her son. The parish house was broken down. The English church and the Methodist chapel were filled with mud and water. Several houses were carried into the sea, with all their furniture, and dashed to pieces. Most of the merchant's cellars were filled with water, mud, and sand; and great quantities of provisions were spoiled.
" A Mrs. T., with her house and family, was carried into the sea: she cried out, Lord have mercy upon me, and help me. A Mulatto hearing her cries, ventured out, and swimming after her, caught her hair, and saved her, though she was almost dead. Her daughter's dead corpse swam by her side: her son was saved, but two of the inhabitants were lost.
“One of our people, a Mulatto woman, said, “ It is of my Saviour's mercy that my life is preserved :' and indeed the Divine mercy was signal in her behalf; for her neighbour's house was swept away, while her's was left standing, though so filled with mud and water, that her goods were spoiled.
“ The strongest walls were unable to withstand the vehemence of the main current; and the oldest inhabitants cannot remember so formidable and destructive an inundation, whereby so many lives were lost.
" In the forenoon, brother Reichel returned from a visit upon Burt's plantations, after a very dangerous journey.
- In our church alone divine service could be performed, and but few attended, both in the fore and afternoon. We were thankful
that we had so good a wall to defend our premises, otherwise we must have been overflowed, and both the house and the church would have been in danger, because the floods used generally to break in at the corner of our burying ground. We have certainly sustained some damage, but nothing in comparison with the rest of the inhabitants : however, we feel it much.
- In the town of Old Road, some houses have been washed into the sea,
and the north side much injury has been done. “ You will undoubtedly join us in thanking our gracious Lord, that our dear Negroes in the town have been so mercifully preserved — only Henrietta, a communicant, and a candidate for baptism on L.'s estate, have lost their lives. Had poor Henrietta staid in her own house, she would in all probability have been safe, for that was left standing.
“ On Good Friday, previous to the calamity, our church was filled with Negroes from the country: these were very attentive, and shed many tears during the prayer with which the meeting closed. Thanks be to God! we are at present well in health, and recommend ourselves to your prayers and remembrance before the Lord.
“ G. C. SCHNELLER."
Some rum caught fire in the carenage at Grenada, by which accident the most valuable third of the town was destroyed.
In April, the King George, slave ship, was wrecked to windward of Barbadoes. Two hundred and eighty-one slaves were drowned between decks: they were in irons, and the gratings locked. The captain and crew were saved - eighty-seven women, and a man and a boy, swam on shore, and were sold.
Upon the 1st of August, several plantations at Antigua were destroyed by a hurricane — most of the other islands also suffered.
Upon the 17th of November, Ninian Hume, Esq. was appointed lieutenant-governor of Grenada.
Sugar and coffee, the produce of foreign plantations, were permitted by the English to be imported into certain of the Bahama islands, in foreign vessels, subject to regulations, by the acts 27. and 30. of the King.
The British parliament voted, that the slave trade should cease upon the 1st of January, 1796.
Fifty-five Moravians (some of whom were women) were stationed in different islands in the West Indies. Three men and their wives resided in Jamaica.
The number of slaves in Barbadoes was estimated at 65,074. Depon says, that the Spaniards are litigious, “one would hardly
Annual Register, 1792, pp. 29. 31. 48. — 1796, p. 181.
Colquhoun's British Empire, p. 373.
think it credible,” he says, “that in the city of Havafia alone, where there was no court of appeal, there were computed to be, in 1792, seventy-two advocates, besides 34 in the other cities and villages, making 106 advocates, to a population of 254,821 souls; and the territorial exports did not amount to the value of five millions of dollars. Whilst St. Domingo, with a population of 600,060 souls, and produce to the value of twenty-seven millions of dollars, had in the two councils, and over the whole colony, but thirty-six advocates.
Upon the 21st of January, 1793, the French republicans decapitated their monarch, Louis XVI. The o government immediately dismissed the French ambassador, and commenced that long and arduous contest which terminated in the destruction of the most appalling and flagitious tyranny that ever afflicted Europe.
Upon the 1st of February, the French convention decreed a declaration of war against His Britannic Majesty and the Stadtholder of the United Provinces. Upon the 12th of January, M. de Rochambeau was appointed general of Martinico, and quitted St. Domingo soon afterwards. M. Laveaux became general of the troops, and received fresh orders from Santhonax, to renew the general attack against the Blacks. This officer commenced his operations by attacking Morne Pélé, and the post of the Tannerie. During thirty days i. success Was
ter than was expected. The j. were driven to the woods;
and about the middle of February, the hopes of the Whites were raised to anticipate their complete subjugation ; when an order from Santhonax to suspend their operations, and march no further, gave rise to various conjectures: his partisans attributed the cessation to the refusal of the citizens of the cape to finish the campaign. They were, however, too few to have stopped a general attack by near 12,000 troops.
The release of 500 Blacks from the prisons of the cape — the order to pull down all the gibbets—to keep only upon the defensive —the proclamation declaring that one-third of the vacancies for officers should be filled up with people of colour — the banishment of those Whites who most strenuously urged the accomplishment of the decree of the 4th of April, and the liberation of the curés of Dondon and Grande Riviere, open abettors of the revolt of the Negroes, and taken among them; all these facts made the Whites conclude that the commissioners were hostile to them, and seekin adherents among the people of colour, who were now the only per:
Barlow's History of England, vol. v. p. 383. Soirées Bermudienne, p. 184,
sons admitted to their table, and who were appointed to all the civil and military situations, as they became vacant. M. Therou, commandant at Jacquesy, was ordered to quit the colony in twenty-four hours, for sending a letter to Candi, the Mulatto chief at Trou, declaring, that notwithstanding the new law, there never would exist any equality of rank between the Whites and them. “To Candy the commissioners granted, by the treaty of union, permission to descend into the plain, and to occupy with his troops the village of Trou — to form a camp, and to fortify it: they were to be supplied with provisions and ammunition, and to remain independent of all other authority than that of their chiefs. As the Mulattoes were never called upon to act against the Blacks, the Whites felt that they were protected for the purpose of being o against them. convention was also entered into with the Blacks, who were stated to be about to surrender themselves, and therefore not to be irritated by further hostilities. Santhonax proceeded to punish the agitators, aristocrats, counterrevolutionists, and friends of the English. Upon the 4th of March, he sailed in the America, seventy-four, accompanied by two frigates, and a vessel armée-en-flüte, with troopson board, and anchored in the road of St. Marc, where he ordered the Mulattoes to seize a great number of the Whites, permitted them to plunder the houses, and banished such of the Whites as he chose. The inhabitants of Portau-Prince saw that the storm was approaching them; for, in addition to the troops which Santhonax brought, he ordered the people of colour of the fourteen adjoining parishes to invest the city by land — at the same time he attacked it by sea. The Blacks were also again in arms, and infested the plain of the Cul de Sac. The inhabitants of Port-au-Prince sent two deputies, the one white, the other a man of colour, to the commissioners, to request that they would enter their town without the troops. The man of colour only was admitted to an interview. The overtures were rejected; and a second embassy shared the same fate. Upon the 5th of April, the vessels anchored before Port-auPrince. For a week the inhabitants tried to mitigate the rigour of the commissioners, who insisted upon an unconditional surrender. Upon the 12th, the town, attacked by sea and land, was obliged to surrender at five o'clock, in the evening, after having had several men killed and houses beaten down. The next day the military executions commenced. Five hundred Whites were sent on board the ships in irons, and the town was condemned to pay 450,000 livres within three days. M. Borel, who was particularly the object of their hatred, escaped from the town, with 200 Whites and 300
Negroes. -*Soirées Bermudiennes, pp. 201, 204.
A considerable horde of Negroes, under the command of Pierrot, a man of colour, occupied a part of the promontory of Cape François, called the Morne Rouge, and extended their position almost to the Bay of L'Acul. From these points they commanded the town, intercepted the convoys of provisions, harassed the outposts, and kept up a correspondence with the slaves in the city. Fatigued by the perpetual alarms at the out-posts, the inhabitants of the Cape prevailed upon the “commission intermediaire” to permit a general attack to be made upon the Blacks at Morne Rouge.
Notwithstanding the orders of Santhonax, who from Port-auPrince continued to forbid Laveaux to act offensively, Laveaux commanded this sortie, which was repulsed with loss: he blamed the militia of the town they blamed the national guards, who refused to advance during the action, complaining that they were dying of hunger, and that for the last eight months they had been without pay. The militia under Dubisson had gained some advantages in the front: but seeing the inaction of the centre under Laveaux, they regarded themselves as betrayed, and cried, “ Sauve qui peut.” Lieutenant-Colonel Desprez, commander of the column of mutineers, seeing the situation of the troops, blew his own brains out, exclaiming at the same time to his serjeant-major, “ My friend, we are betrayed and lost !" Each party, the colonists and republicans, accused the other of
With such a mutual want of confidence, they were not likely to act in concert. Soon afterwards, their mutual hatred produced more fatal effects.
Monsieur Galband was appointed to succeed M. Desparbes as governor of St. Domingo; he landed at Cape François on the 7th of May, at the time the commissioners were endeavouring to quell the insurrection in the western province. He was received with great acclamations, and entered on his government without opposition, declaring that he was not dependent on the commissioners, or bound to execute their proclamations. A quick interchange of letters took place between the new governor and the commissioners, He desired them to repair to the Cape, that he might communicate the instructions he had received from the executive council to them. They replied, that he was an entire stranger to them; that they had not seen any decree by which they were superseded ; and that, being vested with authority to suspend or appoint a governor as they might think proper, he could only be an agent subordinate to themselves. On the 10th of June, having reduced Port-auPrince and Jacmel, they arrived at the Cape, and were received by Galband with respect. A serious altercation, however, immediately took place : by an unrepealed act of the old government, no proprietor of an estate in the West Indies could be governor, and M. Galbaud was possessed of a coffee plantation in St. Domingo.
Soirées Bermudiennes, pp. 207, 208.
Edwards, vol. iii. pp. 121, 122.