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War

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ton's shame

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1815. numerous friends, this brave and amiable young

man (or what captain Warrington had left him)

survived. Capt. Of course, the american captain, who had himself

escaped unhurt, the moment he was informed of ring

the casualties on board his prize, either visited, or thi he sent a condoling message to, her dreadfully manbàvi- gled commander? Reader, he did neither. Captain wards* Warrington, in the words of the poor sufferer, in him in his memorial to the court of directors, “proved himdread- self totally destitute of fellow-feeling and commisefully ration; for, during the time he retained possession of

the Nautilus,” which was until 2 P. M. on the 1st of state. July, "he was not once moved to make a common

place inquiry after the memorialist, in his then
deplorable condition.” No wonder, that, throughout
civilized India, the perpetrator of this atrocious act
is looked upon as a barbarian : let but the requisite
publicity be given to the case of the Nautilus and
Peacock, and the name of Warrington will be
held in equal detestation throughout the civilized
world,

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STATE OF THE BRITISH NAVY,

pavy.

The totals, in the two “ordinary' columns of the 1816. present abstract, decisively show the peaceable state of the navy at the beginning of the year 1816 ;* and the totals, generally, differ but slightly from those of the abstract for the year in which the war had commenced.t The number of commissioned Oficers officers and masters, belonging to the british navy of the at the beginning of the present year, was, Admirals

67 Vice-admirals

68
Rear-admirals

75
superannuated 32
Post-captains

851

36 Commanders or sloop captains 812

superannuated 80 Lieutenants.

4064 Masters

693 And the number of seamen and marines, voted for the service of the same year, was 33000.I

Having brought to a close the wars of civilized Amenations, we have now to record the particulars of a expedishort but decisive war carried on against barbarians. tion to Partly to settle some differences with the regencies of Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli, and partly, no doubt, to astonish Europe with the extent of their naval force, the United States, the moment peace with England permitted them, sent forth, in separate divisions, as fast as the ships could be got ready, nearly the whole of their Atlantic or sea navy. On

* See Appendix, Annual Abstract No. 24.

+ For the lists of casualties usually introduced in this place, see Appendix Nos. 14, 15, 16, and 17.

# See Appendix, No. 18.

« The high

American

with

&c.

1816. the 17th of June, off Cape de Gatte, the first divi

sion, consisting of three frigates and three smaller
vessels, under commodore Decatur, in the new 32-
pounder 44-gun frigate Guerrière, after a running
fight, by one account, of 25 minutes, and by another
account, of nearly two hours, captured the algerine
18-pounder 40-gun frigate Mezoura. Mr. Madison,
in his speech to congress delivered on the 5th of
December, when' referring to this “demonstration
of american skill and prowess," says,
character of the american commander was brilliantly
sustained on the occasion." With examples of this
sort from the head of the government, no wonder
that the people of the United States are such
unconscionable braggarts.

The american squadron also drove on shore near treaty St.-Xavier a small frigate or corvette. On the 30th

commodore Decatur concluded a treaty with the Algiers

dey of Algiers; by which all prisoners made on either side were to be restored, and all property given up, and no more tribute was to be demanded from the United States. The algerine prisoners on board the squadron of commodore Decatur amounted to 501), and the natives of the United States in the hands of the dey did not exceed 10: consequently his highness did not, in that respect, make a bad bargain. The american commodore afterwards sailed for Tunis and Tripoli, and obtained from those regencies payment of the few thousand dollars in dispute between the latter and some american citizens. In the case of Tripoli, 10 danish and neapolitan captives were given up by the bey, in lieu of a portion of the stipulated sum. In his letter to the american secretary of state, commodore Decatur had the modesty to say, that the treaty he had concluded "placed the United States on higher ground than any other nation.”* One of the officers of his squadron concludes a letter to a friend with the

* Naval Monument, p. 299.

following piece of pleasantry: “You have no idea 1816. of the respect which the american character has July: gained by our late wars. The Spaniards, especially, think we are devils incarnate: as we beat the English who beat the French, who beat them, whom nobody ever beat before ; and the Algerines, whom the devil himself could not beat."*

On the 23d of May, at Bona, near Algiers, the crews of between 300 and 400 small vessels engaged in the coral-fishery, while on their way to celebrate mass, (it being Ascension day,) were barbarously massacred by a band of 2000 turkish, levantine, and moorish troops. These atrocities committed on defenceless Christians having at length roused the vengeance of Britain, an expedition, of a British suitable magnitude, was prepared to act against the tion to forts and shipping of Algiers, and the command was Algiers intrusted to a most able officer, admiral lord Exmouth; who had already, a short time before, compelled the dey of Tunis to sign a treaty for the abolition of christian slavery, and to restore 1792 slaves to freedom.

On the 28th of July, at noon, a fleet, consisting of the following 19 men of war, also a naval transport, a sloop with ordnance stores, and a despatch-vessel, weighed from Plymouth Sound with a fine northerly wind:

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Fleet sails from Falmouth and arrives at Gib

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1816. gun-b.-slp. Heron

captain George Bentham. Aug.

18
Mutine..

James Mould.
Britomart.

Robert Riddell.
10 Cordelia

William Sargent.
Jasper

Thomas Carew.
Belzebub

William Kempthorne.
Fury

Constantine R. Moorsom.
Bb.
Hecla

William Popham.
Infernal

hon. Geo. Jas, Perceval.
At 5 P. M., when the fleet was off Falmouth, cap.
tain Paterson was ordered to hasten on to Gibraltar,
to have every thing in readiness against the arrival of
the expedition. On the 9th of August, at 2 P. M., lord

Exmouth anchored with his feet in Gibraltar bay, raltar. and found lying there, along with the Minden, which

had arrived only on the preceding night at 11, the
following dutch squadron :
gun-frig.

vice-adm. baron T. Van De Cappellen.
Melampus

captain Antony-Willem De-Man.
403 Frederica ..

Jakob-Adrian Van-der-Straaten.
Diana

Petrus Zievogel.
Amstel

Willem-Augustus Vanderhart.
30 Dageraad ..

Johannes-Martinus Polders.
ĝun-corv.
18 Eendragt

Johan.-Fred.-Chr. Wardenburg.
Dutch

Immediately on being apprized of the object of

the expedition, vice-admiral Van de Cappellen solijoins cited and obtained leave to cooperate in the attack expedi- with his frigate-squadron. No time was lost by

lord Exmouth in sending on shore all articles of use-
less lumber and in getting on board fresh supplies of
provisions and ordnance stores, it being the admiral's
intention to sail on the 12th. On the 11th, however,
a strong levanter set in; and, continuing over the
12th, kept the fleet from moving.

Owing to the highly commendable regulations put mouth's in force by lord Exmouth, an unusual proportion of beach powder and shot had been expended by the fleet ing his since its departure from England. Every Tuesday

and Friday the signal was made for the fleet to pre-
pare for action; when each ship, according to

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admiral

tion.

Lord
Ex-

men gubne

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