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ing or drinking. This observation is importance of a healthful fare of the not confined to literary men, nor to foblach in the animal aconomy, and women only, in whom longevity with thereby to add to our knowledge in the mut much exercise of body has been fre- prognosis of discales, and in the chances quently observed. I met with one in- of human life. liance of a weaver, a second of a silver. 8. I have not found the loss of teeth smith, and a third of a fhoemaker, to affcét the duration of human life, lo among the number of old people whose much as might be expected. Edward hiftories have suggested these observa. Drinker, who lived to be one hundred cions.
and three years old, loft liis teeth thirty 7. I have not found that acute, nor years before he dicd from drawing the that all chronic diseases shorten life. hot sinoke of tobacco into his mouth Dr. Franklin had two fuccellive vomicas through a short pipe. in his lungs before he was forty ycars of Dr. Sayre, of New Jersey, to whom age *. I met with one man beyond I am indebted for several very valuable cighty, who had survived a most violent histories of old persons, mentions one attack of the yellow fever ; a second man aged 81, whole tieth began to de, who had several of his bones fractured cay at 10, and another of go, who loft by falls, and in frays; and many who his teeth thir:y ycars before he saw him. had frequently been affected by inter. The gums, by becoming hard, perform mittents. I met with one map of 86, in part the office of teeth. But may not who had all his life been subject to fyn- thc gastric juice of the stomach, like cope ; another who had been for fifty the tears and urinc, become acrid by years occasionally affected by a cough ti age, and thereby supply, by a more dií, and two instances of men who had been solving power, the defect of matticaaffected for forty years witlt obftinate. tion frein the loss of tecth? Analogies head-achs 1. I met with only one per might casily be adduced from several fon beyond eighty who had ever been operations of nature that go forward in affected by a disorder in the stomach ; the animal aconomy, which render this and in him it arose from an occasional fuppofition highly probable. rupture. Mr. John Strangeways Huta 9. I have not observed baldness, or ton, of Philadelphia, who died laft grey hairs, occurring in early or inid, year in the 100th year of his age, in. dlc life, to present old age. formed me that he had never puked in his In one of the hiftorics furnished me by life. This circumstance is the more re Dr. Sayre, I find an account of a man markable, as he passed several years it cf so whose hair began toaffunie a filver sca when a young man g. Tl.cfc facts colour when he was only cleven years may serve to extend our ideas of the of age.
Dr. Franklin, who died in his E4th year, was descended from jong-lived parents, His father died at 89, and bis inoiber at 87. His father bad leveuteep childien by two wives. The Doctor informed me that he once sat down as one of eleven admit lons and daughters at his father's table. In an excursion he cnce made to that part of England from which his family migrated to America, he discovered in a grave-yard the comb.itunes of several persons of his came who had lived to be very cld. I hele persons be supposed in have been his ancestors.
+ This man's only remedy for bis cough was the fine powder of dıy Indian turnip and honey.
# Dr. Thiery says, he did not find the itch, or 0.ghe degrees of the leprosy, to prevenc Jongevity. “ Observations de Physque et de Medicine faites en differens Licux de L'Espagne," Vol. II. page 171.
The venerable old man whose history firit suggested this remark, was born in New York in the year 168.1.-His grandfailer lived to be 101, but was unable to walk for thirty years before he died, from an exccfive quapry of lat. His mother died at 91. His conftant drink was water, beer, and cyder, he had a fixed dio ke to spirits ci all kinds. His appetite was good, and he ate plentifully during the latl years of his :ife. lle feldom drank any thing between his meals. He was intoxicated but twice in his life, and Bhat was when a boy, and at sea, where he remembers perfectly to have celebrated by a feu
the birth-day of Queen Anne. He was formerly Mided with the lead ach and giddiness, but never had a fever, except from the small-pox, in the course of his live, His pulle was now but regular. He had been twice narried. By his first wife he had eight, and by his second seventeen children. One of them lived to eighty.ibiee years of age. He was about five feel ninę inches in heighi, ví a Nender make, and carnicu ao erect head to the jaft year of his šife,
Thall conclude this head by the fol. from premature deftruction ; for among lowing remark.
the old people whom I exarnincd, I Notwithitanding there appears in the scarcely met with one who had not loft human body a certain capacity of long brothers or sisters in early and middle life, which seems to dispose it to pre- life, and who were born under circumferve its existence in every fituation ; yet stances equally favourable to longevity this capacity does not always protect it with themselves.
For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.
THOUGHTS ON POETRY.
Of all the sciences which afford matter heard the morning's dawn ushered in
of fpeculation to the mind of man, with the orifons of birds, and the even. there is something in Poetry that not ing warbled down with notes of thanks only difinguithies it from every other and gratitude ; when all nature exulted species of knowledge, but that bears in praise of the omnipotent Creator ; about it the marks of divinity and infpi- when the morning fars fang togeiber, tation. The poffeffion of this talent is and all the Sons of God houted jor joyi i sked upon, even in these days of de- that spirit of devotion which seemed to generacy, as an emanation of the divine brcathe through the universe, inspired Sirit; and it is well known that the the human heart, and these happy obBards and Minstrels of antiquity were jeets of divinc love venerated by thc Pagans with a fentiment of adoration, that bore all the
join'd their vocal worship to the
choir marks of that 2021 which diftinguishes the Chriftian world in their revererice of Of creatures wanting voice. their Prophets and their Saints.
Enraptured thus with the love of The aniriquity of Poetry is unfØersal. God, and filled with an awful idea ly allowed, but the origin of it is vari- of his power, glory, and goodness, the ouffy accounted for. Mr. Pope coin. foul, incapable of finding words in comcides with the opinion of Scaliger and mon language suitable to its lofty conFontenelle, and lays it down as arising çeptions, and disdaining every thing in the calm sccupations of rural lifc, low and prosaic, was obliged to invent and celebrating in paftorals the happi. a language of its own. Tropes and nuls and tranquillity of a thepherd's figures were called in to express its fendays. But it is more natural and more timents, and the diction was dignified rational to suppose, that the first poems and embellished with metaphors, beauwere hymns or odes made in praise of tiful descriptions, lively images, fimilies, ihe Deity, who by the Royal Poet and whatever elfe could help to express, commanded his people to praise him in with force and grandeur, its paflion de cimbals and dances. And this con and conception : Dildaining all comjetture seems to be strongly favoured by mon thoughts and trivial expreffions, it those beautifulfragmeuts that are scatter- foars, like a being of superior faculties, ed thro’the sacred writings, and elpe. into a diftant region, and aspires at all cially the songs of Moses, wliich are the that is sublime and beautiful, in order very foul of grandeur and sublimity. to approach perfc&tion and beatitude,
There can be no doubt but' that Nor was this sufficient:--the inind difPoetry, in its infant state, was the lan. fatified with culling only the most noble guage of devotion and of love. It was the thoughts arrayed in forcible and luxu, voice and exprcílios of the heart of riant terms, and perceiving the sweet. Dad, when ravished and transported nefs which arose from the melody of with a view of :he numberlefs bleilings birds, called in music to its aid; when that perpetually flowed froin God, the these illustrious thoughts, dignified and fuuntain of all goodness. When the dressed with pomp and splendor, were firft-created pair found themselves in fo placed az io produce harmony : the the garden of Paradise, amidlt an infi- long and short, the smooth and rough five number of creatures, to fearfully syllables were varioully combined to and wonderfully made; when they faw"' recommend the fenfe by the found, and every herb, plant, and flower rise up for elevation and cadence cinployed to inake their use and pleasure, and every crea- the whole more inufically expreffive. ture fubmit to their will; when they Hence Poetry became the parent of
music, and indeed of dancing; for the nic laws; the main graces, and the care method of measuring the time of their dinal beauties, as they are somewhere' verses por Arfin et Thelin, and of beat- ftyled, of this charning art, are too reing the bars or divisions of mulic, gave tired within the bosom of nature, and rife, we may suppose, to this art, and are of too fine and subtile an essence, taught the poet also to exprets the tran to fall under the discussion of pedants sports of the soul *. And this will in and commentators. These beauties, in come measure account, not only for the thort, are rather to be felt than describ. great antiquiry of dancing, but for its ed. By what precepts Thail a writer be application to religious ceremonies even taught only to think poetically, or to in the first ages of the worldt. Poc tracc out, among the various powers of try, music, and dancing, were all used thought, that particular vein or feaby the Israelites of old in their worship, ture of it which poetry loves; and to and are thus employed by many of the distinguish between the good sense castern uations, and by the Indians of which may have its weight and justness America to this day.
in prose, and that which is of the naWhat has been said of the origin of ture of verse? What instruction thall Poetry will account for the necessity convey to him that fame which can there is for that enthusiasın, that ferti- alone animate a work, and give it the lity of invention, those sallies of the glow of Poetry? And how, and by imagination, lofty ideas, noble fenti. what industry thall be learned, among ments, bold and figurative expressions, a thousand other charms, that delicate harmony of numbers, and indeed that contexture ir writing, by which the natural love of the grand, sublime and colours, as in the rainbow, grow out of marvellous, which are the effential cha one another, and every beauty owes its racteristics of a good Poet. The Poet, not lustre to a former, and gives being to a satisfied with exploring all nature for succeeding one? Could certain methods subjects, wantons in the fields of fancy, be laid down for obtaining these exceland creates beings of his own. He raises lencies, every one that pleased might floating islands, dreary, desarts, and in- be a poet, as every one that pleases may chanted castles, which he peoples by be a geometrician, if he will but have the magic of his imagination with Satyrs, due patience and attention. Many of Sylphs, and Fairies ; and, as Shake. the graces in Poetry may be talked of 1peare says,
in very intelligible language, but intel. -as imagination bodies forth
ligible only to those who have a natural The fornis of things unknown, the talte for it, or are born with a talent Poet's pen
of judging. To have what we call Turns them to shape, and gives to airy fenfe or faculty luperadded to the ordi
Talte, is having, one may fay, a new nothing A local habitation and a name.
nary ones of the soul, the prerogative of
fine spirits ! and to go about to pedaThis is what is called the inspiration gugue a man into this sort of knowof Poetry, and what can never be either ledge, who has not the seeds of it in conveyed by precept or obtained by himself, is the same thing as if one study. It is something of too fine a íkould teach, an art of seeing without nature to come within the power of de- eyes. True conceptions of Poetry can finition; and all the rulcs and differta- no more be communicated to one born tions of all the critics in the world, can without taste, thar adequate ideas of conever supply the place of genius, or lours can be given to one born without brighten an imagination that is obscurc light; all which is saying no more than by nature. Receipts for poetical com- it would be to say, that to judge finely politions, like the Pope's anathemas, of music, it is requisite to have natu? begin to lofc thcir virtue, and be uni- rally a good car for it.-Those celestial verbally defpifed. The truth is, they bodies, which through their distance couch only on the externals or form of cannot appear to us but by the help of the thing, without entering, into the glafics, do yet as truly exist as if they spirit of it; they play about the surface could be seen by the naked cye : so are of Poetry, but never dive into its depth. the graces of poetry, though they come The secret, tre soul of good writing is within the reach but of few, as ‘rcal as not to be come at through such mecha- if they were perceptible alike to all.
Dacunt chorios et carmina dicunt.
The difference is, the telescope, which pare them. The plays, indeed, and the brings the one toʻour view, is artihcial; flights of fancy do not submit to chat that which ihews us the other is na- fort of discullion which moral or phycura!: In short, the fame arguments fical propositions are capable of,' but that will convince a fightless man of the must, ncvertheless, to please, have justa reality of lighi,-and another who has nets and natural truth. The care to be po idea but of noise, of the reality of had in judging of things of this nature, harmony,- will as conclusively prove to is to try them by those tests that are one wholly void of tafte, the existence proper to themselves, and not by fuch of poetical excellences. Some of these, as are proper only to other points of it is allowed, may be discoursed of with knowledge. Thus Poctry is not an iraccuracy and clearnefs enough; that is rational art, but as closely linked with to say, io as to be understood by those reason, exerted in a right way, as any who understand them already; but other knowledge; whar it differs in, as there are others of that exquisite nicety, a science of reason, from other fciences, that they will not fall under any dc- is, that it does not, equally with them, scription, nor yield to the torture of ex lie open to all capacities ; that a man, planation. We are irresistibly capti- rightly to perceive the reason and truth vated by them wherever we find them of ir, mast be born with taste, or a fain good authors, without being able to culty of judging; and that it cannot be say precisely what that power is that cap- reduced to a formal science, or taugir tivates us; as when one views a very beau- by any determined precepts. In moit. tiful woman, one is immediately affected other arts, care and application are with her beauty, tho' we cannot mecha- chiefly required, which is not sufinically explain the cause that has that cient in Poetry. A Poet often oives force over us; we feel the inchantment, more to his good fortune than to his in. and the eye strikes it into the hear:, but dustry, and this is what is usually called are at a loss for the fclutions and reasons the félicity of a writer ; that is, when in of it ; we know we are filently struck by the warmth of his imagination he lights the power of a certain proportion or sym- upon any conception, an image, or metry, but do not strictly know the mea- way of curning a thought or phrase fure of that symmetry, and the positive with a beauty which he could not have laws by which it is governed. Poetry, in attained by any ftudy, and which ne this particular view of it, as Dryden rules could have led him to; and this observes, may be said to Aow from a happinefs it is, which, in honour to great Source, which, like the Nile, it con- Poets, is called or believed to be inspiKals; the stream is rich and transpa- ration. But the mind requires to be rent, while the fountain is hid. Here wonderfully filled and clevated with then, at least, rules are impracticable; the contemplation of its subject before but it must not be understood by this it hits upon those sublimities of thought affertion, that the talent of avriting in and felicities of expresiion, and to be verse is a lawless mystery, a wild un entirely undisturbed by all forcign para governed province, where reason has fions that might either call :p unpleanothing to do.
fant fenfations, or divert it froin its ob. It is certain that every thing depends je&t. Nothing requires so much chear. on reason, and must be gaided by it ; but fulness and serenity of spirit: It mut it is certain, that realon operates dif. not be either overwhelmed, says Cowfcrently when it has different things for ley, speaking on the same subject, with its object. Poetical reason is not the the cares of life, or overcast with the fame as mathematical reason, there is clouds of melancholy and forrow, or in good poetry as rigid eruth as there is fhaken and disturbed with the storms of in a queition of algebra, but that truth injurious fortune ; it must, like the is not to be proved by the same process or halcyon, have fair weather to breed in. way of working. Pocery depends much The foul must be filled with bright and more on imagination than other arts, but beautiful ideas, when it undertakes to is not, on that account, less reasonable communicate delight to cshers, which is than they ; for imagination is as much the principal end of all poesy. One a part of reason as memory or judgment may see through the file of 'Ovid de is, or rather a more bright emanation Trifl. the humble and dejected condition from it, as to paint and throw light of spirit with which he wrote it; there upon ideas is a finer act of the under. scarce remain
any feotsteps of that genius, Standing than simply to separate or com Quem 766 Joris ira, no
7:6 igues, &c.
fome years ago.
The cold of the country had penetrated Fingent Æolio carmine nobilem. all his faculties, and benumbed the very Romæ principis urbiuin fcet of his verses. He is himself, me Dignatur foboles inter amabiles thinks, like one of the stories of his own Vatum ponere me choros ; Metamorphoses ; and though there re Er jain dente minus mordeor invido. inain fome weak resenıblance of Ovid Ó testudinis aurcae at Rome, it is but, as he lays of Niobe, Dulcem quæ ftrepitum. Picri, teinó In oułtu color eft fine sanguine, lumixa
O muris quoquc piscibus mæfiis
Donatura cyeni, fi libcat, fonum! Stant inimota genis; nibil eft in imagine Totum muneris hoc tui eít, vivum,
Quod monitror digito prætercuntium, Flet tamen.
Romanæ fidicen lyre :
Quod spiro, et placeo, fi placeo, tuum The truth is, for a man to write well, it is necessary to be in a good humour; The commendation given by Scaliger neither is wit less eclipsed with the to this Ode is so extraordinary, that it is inquietness of the mind, than beauty known almost to every body, vil. Tinat be with the indifjrtion of the body; so bad raiber have been the criter of it than tha it is almosi as difficult a thing to be King of Arragon. The following is a a Poet in spite of fortune as it is in spite Translation of it by a Poet that flourished of nature. U;on the whole, orc may fafely pronounce, that the qualifications of a Poet are the peculiar gifts of Hea. HOR. ODE III. Lib. iv. ven, and promoted and embellished by a happy concurrence of evenis. Porry WHOM thou, o daughter chafte of is not the province of art; and I think Jove, what Valerius Maxins bas affirmed Didt, at his birth, with eyes of love concerning virtue, may, with equal, or Behold; in lithmian games, ncr hc better rcaron, be applied to general
Fam'd for thc wrestler's wreath fhall maxims and rules in Poetry.dict be, enim do&trina propicil? U: P1117, 110N
Mor his latest lineage grace, zł mieliora fian! ingenia; quoi!.02Funciem B; conquering in the chariot-race : pola virtus nefiitur magis quum ringitar. Now him the toils to warriors known, Some of these maximus may puricijerve
A laureli'd chicf! thall lead along ; 19 pulito a genius, but carros make it But fruitul Tibur's winding floods, better than mature made it; as d rough And the silent gloomy woods, diainond is not heightened in valuc, but To render famous Mali conspire, only prepared to be set in vitw by the For the poein of the lyre. hand of the lapidary.
Imperial Roine, the nurse of faine, liutended io have said a few words kindly does enroll my naine here on the utility of Poetry, but as this Among the Pocts charning choir, paper already exceeds my original de. Aod Envy now ahates her ire. lyn, I fall only insert the Third Ode Goddess! who the notes doit twell of the Fourth Book of Horacc, to how So sweetly on my golden ihell; the enthufiaftic notions that writer had. Who caust žive, if such thy choice, of the efficacy of genius and nature in To filh's mute ine cygnet's voice, Poetry, and how fruitless he judged all 'Tis to thee I wholly owc other aids to be without them.
Whispers flying where I go,
That to the pretting throng I'm show'd, QUEM tu, Melpomene, fome!
Inventor of the Roman Odc!
Mon?. Dacier has some very pretty obClarabit pugilcm; non cquus impiger servations on this Ode, and with them I Curru durer Achaico
shall beg leave to conclude this paper. Victorem; neque res bellica Deliis “Horace," says he," in this poem, thanks Ornatum foliis ducem,
the Mules for the favourable or propiQuod regum tumidas contuderit tious
сус which they cast upon him in minas,
the hour of his nativity; he acknowOftendit Capitolio :
ledges, it was at that first inftant of his Sed quæTibar aquæ fertile perfiuuni, being that he received from them whatE(pilæ ncmorum comæ,
ever distinguishes him; and by this aca