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imagination wild, the memory confused, pendent on it.-What is the degree of and the reafuning principle itself dito heir connection ? A curious and inte. turbed. We in general find, too, that resting theme! which I leave, with my as the body finks ben-ath the infirmities best benedictions, to abler fpeculators.

age, and all the organs of perception I thought, indeed, to have said much and of action languish, that the powers more upon the fubject myself than ! of the mind experience a correspondent find I have done ; but the diffeuitics and proportionate ducay ; a hope'cis have thickened upon me as I have ftupor gradually creeps upon the most advanced. My pains, hoverer, will vigorous intellects; anii we view, with not hare been entirely mifemployed if I a mixture of cominiferation and horror, have proved, what I think I have done, the cruel debility of fecond childhood that tivo fers of men who apparently and a driveling douage fucceed to fa differ in toro, in reality differ not at all. culties which, in their meridian 1plendor, Upon che faćts it is impossible they expanded the empire of reaton, and im thuaid diligree; and every conclusion prelied the contemporary world with from thofe facts is involved in such ob. attonishnient and awe.

{curity that it cannot afford a subjc&t for The powers of the mind, then, are not contention, forally independent of the body ; they

GX are not on the other hand entirely de.

ments.

On the NATURE and PROPERTIES of AIR, and the REFLECTIONS

the ADVANTAGES.we derive from it ought to lead us to make. THERE is nothing more worthy of that it is likewise elastic, may be dethe rcfcuralies

human naturi, montrated by innumerable experie than in exțloring the works of the Creator. ilerc we noie frequently Such are the nature and properties and more minutely to investigate the rf air ; let us now briefly state the usc various means he has utéct to provide and neceflity of it. for our happiocí, our comfort, and the Air in, as I bcforc observed, that ele. enjoyinone of our lives, we thould be ment to which this world owes its life moe ftrongly impreted with those and prefervation. All the changes, we emotions of gratitude which the Divine observe in the different beings our globe Providence is entitled to. And of the contains, depend on air. It is abfolutely various means he has taken to render neceilary for the preservation of every wirlines luppy, there is none that more fpecies of animals, whicther they inhabit efentially promotes this end, and with the earth, water, or clouds. Man, out which indeed we could not actually when deprived of this element but for hve, than the air, the fuljcê now un a few minutes, gradually loses his der confideration. The air, then, is itrength, and, unicís Thorily relieved generally defined to be that fubile fuid with a freth supply, expires. Let us and elattic body which furrounds our but take it away from any dumb aniglobe, and is ikut clement to which the mal, and they all, though Ionie fuppors wirle animal world entirely owes its life, existence under fo preiling a want longer fubfilience, and prefervation. Though than others, will shortly die. The birds, Is dines furround our whole globe, and in order to fly, must bc fupported by is to near is that we dirc&tly experience the air ; for which reason their langs is e Es, vet we are nor however cer. have openings through which the air trued reinceting its rool mature. We they breathe passes through the whole know that it is a buely in which are cavity of their bodies. Plants even, ia cuurbined the properties of Audviye order to venerate and gr », require air, gravity, an elafticity. That it is and are therefore furnished with a mulHaid, and cnntis of separate parts of titude of little reflels which ferve to facutir forms, which pais over one draw it in, and by means of which the arber, and yield to the flight in minutefi particles of thein are provided preifion with it any apparent attrac. with all the necefiary juices. tio: between them, is evident fron that li is manifest from this, then, that facility with which animals breathe this thesir is the grand aid and support, cui clement, and fais through it witho'rt oy vi the human, but brace and ver a refiance or interrup:10. That the table race. It is of use to the life and air ave's gravitate on inicrior bodies, and breath of losing animals, to the motione

a

of

of winged animals, and those which blessed by the Divine Providence with swim in the waters; to the vegetation of fo inestimable a treasure, we ought to plants, to the propagation of lounds; to be imprcfled with the deepest tense of hold the earth in equilibrium with the gratitude and admiration. It is very orber globes; and, lastly, to the forma- evident that we do enjoy to great a tion of vapours, rain, and wind. blefling, and it is therefore our duty to

Such are the bleflings we derive from be thankful for a blessing without whicla this valuable and necessary element ! we could not breathe or exift. We fee in it the source of all the hap

S. paels we enjoy. If, then, we are

ACCOUNT OF N E L L W Y N N. (F201 THS NOTES TO THE NEW TRANSLATION OF “ GRAN MOST'S

MEMOIRS.") of the early part of Nell's life little 200 pounds a-year, and the king re

is known but what may be collected fufed it. But when he told me this, from the lampoons of the times; in about four years after, he said she had which it is said, that she was born in a got of the king above fixty thousand nighe cellar, sold fith about the streets, pounds. She acted ail persons in fur rambled from tavern to tavern, enter- lively a manner, a'id was such a containing the company after dinner and stant diversion to the king, that even a fupper with fongs (her voice being very new mistress could not drive her away, agreeable); was next taken into the but after all, he never treated for rith house of Madame Ross, a noted cour

the decencies of a mistress.” Hiftory tezan, and was afterwards admitted into of his Own Times, vol. 1. p. 369. The the theatre, where she became the mi fame author notices the king's attention tress of both Hart and Lacey, the cele. to her on his death-led. Ciboer, wlio brated actors. Other accounts say the wis disatisfied with the bishop's acwas born in a cellar in the Coal-yard in' count of Neil, says, “If we consid-r Drury-lane, and that she was first taken her in all the ditadvantages of her notice of when felling oranges in the rank and education, the does not appear play-house. She belonged to the king's to have had any criminal crrors inore company at Drury-lane; and, accor remarkable than her sex's frailty, 10 ding to Downes, was received as an ac autiver for; and if the fame author, in tress a few years after that house was his litterend of that prince's life, secms opened, in 1663. The first notice i to reproach his memory with too wind. find of her is in the year 1668, when a concern for her lupport, we may the performed in Dryden's play of Se. allow, it becomes a bishop to have had cret Love; after which, the may be no eyes or taste for the frivolous charms traced every year until 1672, when I or playful bacinage of a king's mistress; conjecture the quitted the stage. Her - yet if the coinmou fame of her may be forte appears to have been comedy. In believed, which in ny memory was not an epilogue to Tyrannic Love, spoken", doubted, the led leis to be laid to her by her, The says,

charge than any other of shofe laidie's

who were in the same fate of prefera -{walk, because I die

mcat: ne nerer incidled in inarters Out of my calling in a tragedy. of serious moment, o was the tool of And from the same authority it niay be working politicians; never broke into collected that her person was small, and those amorous infidelities which others he was negligent in her dress. Herfon, in that grave author are accused of ; the Duke of St. Alban's, was bern be. but was as viibly diftingutshed by her fore the left the stage, viz. May 8, particular personal inclination to the 1670. Bishop Burnet speaks of her in king, as hier rivals were by their titics these terms: "Gwynn, the indifcrcetest and mandeur."-Cibber's ápology, 8vo. and wildest creature that ever was in a P. 450.

One of Malate Sevigne's court, continued to the end of the king's letters exhibi:s no bad portrait of Mrs. life in great favour, and was maintained Gwynn.--. Madainoiselle de Kat a vait exrence. The Duke of Buck (Kerouaille, afterwards Duchefi of ingham told me, that when she was Portmouth) has not been disappointed firkt hrought to the king, lhe asked only in any thing the proposed. She desired

to

to be mistress to the king, and she is so: apper hand, and discountenances and he lodges with her almost every night, embarrasses the duchess extremely."in the face of all the court : the has had Letter 92. Mr. Pennant fays, "the a son, who has been acknowledged and refided at her house, in what was then presented with two duchies : the amasses called Pall-Mall. It is the first good treasure; and makes herself feared and one on the left hand of St. James'srespected by as many as she can. But fquare, as we enter from Pall-Mall. The did not foresee that the should find The back room on the ground-floor a young aétress in her way, whom the was (within memory) entirely of look. king dotes on; and the has it not in her ing-glass, as was said to have been the power to withdraw him from her. He ceiling. Over the chimney was her divides his care, his time, and his health, picture ; and that of her lifter was in a betwecn these two. The actress is as Third room."-London, p. 101. At this haughey as Mademoiselle; the insults house the died, in the year 1691, and her, the makes grimaces at her, she at was pompoully interred in the parish. tacks her, the frequently steals the king church of St. Martin's in the Fields, from her, and boasts whenever he gives Dr. Tennison, then vicar, and afterher the preference. She is young, in wards archbishop of Canterbury, preach. discreet, confident, wild, and of an ing her funeral sermon. This fermon, agreeable humour ; the fings, the dan we learn, was thortly afterwards brought ces, the acts her part with a good grace. forward at court by Lord Jersey to imShe has a fon by the king, and hopes pede the doctor's preferment; bat to have him acknowledged

As to

Queen Mary, having heard the ob. Mademoiselle, the reasons thus : This jection, anlivered, «« What thou?" duchess, says she, pretends to be a per- in a sort of discomposure to which the Son of quality : the says she is related was but little subject, “ I have heard to the best families in France; when as much : this is a sign that that poor ever any person of diftin&tion dies, the unfortunate woman died penitent: for puts herself in mourning: if she be a if I can read a man's heart through his lady of such quality, why does the de-' looks, had not the made a pious and mean herself to be a courtezan ? the chriftian end, the doctor could never ought to die with fame. As for me, have been induced to speak well of it is my profesion: I do not pretend her."-Life of Dr. Thomas Tennison, to any thing better. He has a fon by

Cibber also says, he had been me: 'I pretend that he ought to ac unquestionably informed, that our fair knowledge him; and I am well assured offender's repentance appeared in all the he will; for he loves me as well as contrite symptoms of a Christian sinceMademoiselle. This creature gets the rity.-Cibber's Apology, p. 451.

P. 20.

ANECDOTE OF CHARLES TOWNSEND AND ALDERMAN BAKER. MR. TOWNSEND, being offended ment as any man of the age, got up as

with the Duke of Newcastle, foon as Mr. Townfend had finished his thought fit to thew his ill-humour_by Philippic, and told the House he had but making an attack upon Alderman Ba two words to say by way of answer 10 ker's contract, and he played off all all the Gentleman's fine speech againft the lightning of his cloquence upon the him --" Prove it;" and lat down under occasion. The Alderman, who was no a roar of applausc from all parts of time. orator, but possessed as found a judg. Houfc.

AN EFFECTUAL METHOD OF CURING THE SCAB IN SHEEP.

BY SIR JOSEPH BANKS, BART. F. R. S.

TAKE one pound of quicksilver, other ingredients ; for the proper mode

half a pound of Venice turpentine, of doing which it may be nece:sary to haif a pint of oil of turpentine, four take the advice of some apothecary, or pounds of hogs' lard :- Let thein be

other person used to make such misrubbed in a mortar till the quicksilver is thoroughly incorporated with the

tures.

TABLE

T A BL E T A L K;

OR,

con.

CHARACTERS, ANECDOTES, &c. of ILLUSTRIOUS AND CELEBRATED BRITISH CHARACTERS, DURING THE LAST Fifty YEARS, (MOST OF THEM NEVER BEFORE PUBLISHED.)

[ Continued from Page 184. ] HENRY JONES.

Pope, which, as one of the earliest pro. THIS author ftands in the line of ce ductions of our author, we insert.

lebrity from his talents rising above the obscurity of his original, and the ON MR. POPE's death. lowness of his education. Like Ben

THESE lines to Pope for ever sacred live, Jonson he was bred a bricklayer, and The belt a grateful mourning Muse can give; like him he foon relinquished the drud. To him now number'd with ch' immortal gery of a mechanical profession for the

dead, Lervice of the Muses. Jonson how. This verse infeign'd with Aowing eyes de ever, having a great superiority of edu.

read, cation, laid the basis of that fame

O thou ! applauded by the wise and great, " Which left like Egypt's kings a Nor worth or genius could pottpone thy fate ; lafting tomb :"

Too long an exile from the worlds of bliss, whill Jones, not having exertion enough Thy strains íeraphic ball their Anthems raise,

By envying Angels (natch'd too soon from this, to improve his education, nor duct fufficient to render himself deferv. Give Heaveti new harmony and God new

praisc. ing of patronage or public countenance, ftunted the growth of his natural ta These poems so recommended him to lens, and in the end fell a sacrifice to the favour of the Corporation of Broghis diffipations.

heda, and other Gentlemen of the town, Henry Jones was born at Bewley near and in particular to Lord Chief Justice Drogheda, in the North of Ireland, Singleton, who lived at Bcwley where about twenty-five miles from Dublin, Jones was born, that they paid him in the year 1121.. His family in all pro- every kind of civility, and constantly bability were in low circumstances, as' made him one of their convivial parties. he was bred a bricklayer. He, howe In the latter part of life Jones would ever, had a good English school educa. have fattened upon this kind of pa. tion previous to his apprenticeship, and tronage, and yieiding to the pleasures fhewed such a desire to improve that of a Corporation table, would have little, that in the course of learning his thought his time happily filled; but trade, he made himself acquainted with youth is the reason of Ipirit and adven." some of our best authors, and with many cure, and an opportunity suon offered of translations from the Greek and Latin calling out our young poet to greater Poets. This course of study in time scenes, and more independent prospects. induced him to try his hand át versifi The Parliament House in Dublin be., cation, and whilft he seemed to mix un- ing about to be repaired at this time, a noticed in the common herd of mecha- number of workmen in all branches nics, Jones at once surprized the Core were in inuch requeft; and Jones living poration of Drogheda with a compii- but twenty-five miles from the capital, mentary copy of verses, with some hints thought this would be a lucky opporo towards the further improvement of tunity to try his forcunc. His line. their town, trade, &c. &c. There and rule were his inmediate pretensions; Verses, which were never printed, and but his Muse was the mistress he secretly of which the author kepe no copy, were

relied With this hope he left Teckoned so good thai they were for Drogheda about the beginning of the some time thought to be above the fight year 1945, much against the inclination of a bricklayer, but Jones foon identi- of his friends, but with that confidenca fied his claim to the Muses by other in his own powers which, generally productions, and particularly by some speaking, if properly founded, and dislines occafioned by the death of Mr. ligently pursued, seldom mil.ads us. VOL. XXV.

Ld

Had

on.

Had his prudence been equal to this On his arrival here, which was in the resolution, it was the luckiest measure year 1748, he collected some of the bett he poslibly could have adopted. He had of the poems he had written at difan opportunity of living in the capital ferent times before his introduction to of his country upon berter terms than Lord Chefterfield, and added others in his own native place ; he had the upon a variety of occasional subjects means of iin proving himself both in the which he took some pains to polish and line of his profeifion, and as a Poet; refine. With these hi: Lordhhip seemed and above all, perhaps, he might then highly pleased. He thought he faw have the Aattering hope (which after something in this mechanic muse which wards came to be verified) of his Mufe in time might do credit to his patronage reaching the car of a Mæcenas *, who and the republic of letters ; he therehad taste and liberality to encourage and fore not only received him at his house reward his labours.

wi'h kindness and hospitality, but reThe following circumstance foon commended him to several Noblemen brought him to this last point of success. and Literati, by whose affittance he pub. -Lord Chesterfield, who had been lished his Poems by subscription, and some time before appointed Lord Lieu was liberally rewarded. tenant of Ireland, just landed in Dub. With the little poetical freight which lin. Jones thought this a good oppor. Jones brought with him from Ireland, tunity to come forward. Hc accordingly he likewise brought the sketch of a Tra. addressed his Excellency in a copy of gedy entitled " The Earl of Essex.” verses on his arrival; wherein he not Having now leisure to correct it, and only panegyrizes with some force and money fufficient to keep him from the delicacy, but towards the close thus art. drudgery of other pursuits, he fat down fully infinuates his own humble occu to this tragedy, and finished it about the pation.

latter end of the season of 1752. It was

highly approved of by Lord Chester“ Nor you, great Sir, on these weak num. field, and warmly recommended by him bers frown,

to Colley Cibber, who not only introWhich mourn a Swift, and fing thy just re duced him to ihe Manager of Coventnown;

Garden Theatre, but continued his reSuch strains, alas ! as my unleller'd hand, gards for him through life by a thousand Trembling would reach thee on the crowded acts of friendship and humanity, and ftrand ;

even made strong efforts by his interett Bet bronging thousands intercept my way, at Court to have Tecured to him the suc. And deafening 10's drown my feeble lay; cellion of the laurel after his death. Yet if a moment from the toils of Itale, It was rather rimarkable, that on the And all the burthen of a kingdom's weighit, very day that Jones sent the manuscript Some little leisure to the Muse you lend, tragedy of “ The Earl of Effex" to the (Each leisure moment is the Muse's friend), Nianager of Covent Garden Theatre, Permit, my Lord, that my unpoiish'd lays the late Dr. P. Francis sent his May hope for pardon, thoʻthey fail to please." tragedy of “ Conftantinc." This ra

ther embarrassed the Manager which he · Jones had the good fortune to have should bring out firft. Jones's friends these lines presented by his constant (and they were powerful in point of friend through life, Lord Chief Justice rank and numbers) pleaded the origi, Singleton; and he had till the better nality of his genius, and the pressure of tortune to see his Puem take effect. his circumstances; but Francis disre. Lord Chesterfield was pleated with it, garded these particulars, and infifted and enquiring into the origin and cha- upon the justice of an equal claim. The raiter of the author, sent for him, li- Manager fele this, and after ruminating berally rewarded him, and took him for some time to do justice to both, pro. into his immediate protection.

posed toiling up for the priority. The What pecuniary reward our author parties agreed, and whilft the thilling received is now uncertain ; but whatever was fpinning in the air, Jones, with the it was, “the bricklayer's frock went coarsenets of his original education, on no more.” He cominenced author at

“ Woman" by the groffeft large, and toon after, by his Lordship's namic he could make use of. He was encrise, followed him to England, successful, and the Doctor turned away

The late Earl of Chesterfield, the Lord Lieutenans of Irelando

cried out,

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