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EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

AND

L ON D O N R E VI E W,

For JUNE 1794.

T

head;

EDWARD JERNINGHAM, ESQ.

(WITH A PURTRAIT.) HIS Gentleman is descended the names of Chesterfield, Lyttelton,

from an ancient fainily in the Melcombe, Marchmont, Mansfield, county of Norfolk, and is brother to Bolingbroke, &c. and he has mentionthe present Baronct. He received the ed to me, with a recollective complafirst elements of education at the En- cency, his having basked (to use his glith Coliege at Douay, and completed own exprellion) in the lunlet of those his ftudies at Paris. The writer of eminent personages. ! this narrative commenced an acquaint The following lines, by Mr. Jer. ance with this gentleman when he re- ningham, were written at this period; turned to England in the year 1762.- and the writer of the present narrative His first attempt in poetry was an is surprised niot to find them interted in Imitation of Gray's Elegy, in a poem the Collection of his Poems. called The Nunnery.--The eftablishmuit of the Magdalen Charity next TO THE RIGHT HOX, LADY HERVEY. engaged his attention: the poem en Late in the Graces' annals have I read gitled The Magdalens 'met with gene

2 he myrtle wreath adornd your youthful ral approbation. The late Mr. Jonas Hanway (one of the first promoters

That you imrivally trod th'Idalian green, of the Magdalen Charity) affured me

And that the Loves elected you their that the diffusion and popularity of

queen) that little pathetic Elegy was of service Of jealous Time despise the trivial harm; 20 the institution, which, as Mr. Han,

Suill by your wit you conquer, reign, and way observed, was then Qruggling ina

charms to favour. This poem was inscribed The learn'd throughout the realm your to Lady Hervey, "the mother to the

genius own, Earl of Bristol.' This lady was diftin.

And Hervey only has exchang'd her guilhed for her erudition, a sefined

throne 1 taste, and an unesring judgntent in works of literature. In the early part

The next publication was the Elegy of her life the lived two years amid the entitled The Nun. This poem has spendor of the Court of Verfailles, perhaps obtained more celebrity than as the guest and intimate friend of the any of his other poctical effusions, celebrated Mademoiselle Charolais, who though it is not equal to the Il Latte, was allied to the rogal family. Lady which displays, on a fubjcct entirely Hervey's house was the receptacle of New, an original and inventive mind. every thing that was elegant and re The three volumes now in the posfernowned, and was a kind of paliport to fion of the public (of which the last fame.

ha , latciy appeare') cortain a!i his Qur author was fortunate in so early Pms, except The Siege of Berwick, an introduction to a lady; on' whore to hich he is adding a fish act. In La of acquaintance were found a general survey of this gentleman's

works,

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works, they appear to be the result by Mr. Moulds, and Matilda by Mr, of a feeling heart instigating an ele. Condel. Nor has, music only paid its gant mind.

It has been frequently compliment to Mr. Jerningham's poe. observed, that a something (not easily try. A beautiful engraving of the defined) pervades his compolitions, Soldier's Farewell was published by which is at once foothing, conciliating, Smith; the fine picture of the Alle and aifoeling:

cient English Wake, by Hamilton, in Several of the leffer poems have Macklin's Gallery is well known; a been lict to mulic. The Subtirr's Fare- highly-finished engraving of The Nam, teell has employed the harmonic pow: hy Cheeseman, from a sketch of Weftal; ers of Mr. Billington and Mr. Carter. is just published. Toe Dijitor hias bein fet to inusic

DEAR SIR,

ON JOHN DENNIS,

TO ISAAC REED, ESQ. Eman. Coil. Camb. the fact is absolutely inconsistent with jan. 28, 1794:

his being a member of the Univerfity

for more than seven years, and then B BEFORE I had the favour of your quitting it with a Master's degree."

letter by Mr. P13h, I had accident You say, truly, that I am answer. ally fallen upon the Life of Forn Dennis able for this story of Expulfion; for, in the new volume of the Biographia; from my Pamphlet you had it! In. and smiled a little at the pallage where deed, I wonder that the Doctor did not the ruibor (1 fuppofe Dr. Kippis) has rather fall on the original inventor, as he argued us 10 triumphantly out of a quotes me foon afterwards, even fome7!!er of fuit.-Let him speak for what to the disparagement of the old hinicif.

Critie himself * Art. JOHN DENNIS.-BIOGR. BR. But let us see whether the story be, BY DR. KIPPIS.

as the Docior says, entirely bejitale of “In the 18th year of his age he foundation. was renoved from Ilarrow School to I might plead, in the first place, the University of Canvriege, where that were it not true, ! gave

it only te was entered of Cuties on the 13th of as I received it froin the late Maiter January 1675. At this college Mr. of the College, Sir James Burrough, Drunis continued till he took his Ba. to whose accuracy in a thousand anecchelor's degree, which was in 1679 ; dotes, every one who knew him wil atter which he becaine a member of be a willing witness; and I add to Trinity Hall, where, in 1683, he was testimony of Dr. Smith, the prejent admitted to the desrce of Master of Mafter, wlio declares it to hare been Arts. It is related by the author of a well-remembered tradition lien he ilie Biograpbia Dramailean, that he was first knew the college abovc fixty years expelled from College, for literally at ago. tempting to stab a person in the dark ; So far well. But ;o" porf hefi. tut this we cannot help regarding as a tate, and juftly think it ftrange, that forventirely deftitute of foundation; for our Critic should be afterwards adnot to mention that we have met with mitted into another college, and become no traces of it in ail the levere things a Mafier of Arts; and that possibly he We have read concerning Mr. Dennis, has been confounded in the Lift of

* I do noe feel myself much lionoured by this preference. Dennis indeed argued agairīt the learning of Shakspeare, but entirely upon falle principles, and he at lait ad. mits 2 fun, which totally ruins his argument.

** f he was familiarly conversant with the Grecian and Roman authors, how comes it to pass ihat he wants ari ? How comes he to have introduced some characters into his plays so unlike what they are to be found in history. Menenius was an eloquent pofas, Sakspeare has made bim a downright buffoon. Had he read either Sally or Citeren how could he have made so very little of the first and greateft of men, Cejar? How comes it that he liss given us no proofs of his familiar acquaintance with the ancients but an imitation of the Menecimi, and * version of two epililes of Ovidl?" Bot enough of such criticism. However, to do him justice, he afterwards supposes it not improbable that a Translation of the Nenechmi might be extant in the sime of Sta speare ; which pas lince proved to be the case,

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Graduates with some other person of scholaris infra gradum magiftri in ar. the same name.

tibus tranftulerit fe ab alio collegio in Had you turned, however, to Giles Ja- aliud, nisi prius impetratis literis fub cob's Lives, you would have seen, that chirographo magistri collegii, decani Dennis expressly says (for it appears et prælectoris, teftantibus de honestą in the Supplement that the account fua et laudabili conversatione, perfolwas sent by tbe GENTLEMAN himself,) vere teneatur quinque libras collegio à “ he renoved from Harrotu to Caius quo fecesserit, et quinque libras comCollege in Cambridge, where he took muni ciftae academia. the Degrees of Bachelor and Master of Arts.' He does not mention his second

Yet we have not proved that Denso college, and I suspect him to be pur nis was expelled from Caius, his origiposely ambiguous. The truth is, it ral College; but this matter is loon was formerly by no means uncommon

settled; though the tradition more ful. for a man, after the severelt censures ly expresses the cause of it. On turn. of his own college (were he not ac. ing to cheir Gefla Book, under the tually cxpelled the University), to gain bead Sir Dennis sent away," appears adimillion into another, from intereit or this entry : from party, or perhaps sometimes " Mar. 4, 1680. At a meeting of from the little emoluments he brought the Master and Fellows, Sir Dennis to his new society. This at length muleted £3. his scholarship taken a. produced the grace of the Senate in way, and he sent out of College, for 5732, which put an end to this infa- assaulting and wounding Sir Glenbam mous traffick :

with a sword.”

I

am, dear Sir, De migrantibus ab uno collegia in aliud.

Your's, &c. PLACEAT vobis, ut fi quifquam

R. FARMER, AN ACCOUNT OF MRS. MARY FITZHENRY, FORMERLY MRS.

GREGORY, THE CELEBRATED ACTRESS. DISTINGUISHED public talents dent unaffected} manners, her industry,

united with privare worth deferve and her many engaging qualities, was to be commemorated, and when the captivated with her, and offered her his latter is displayed in fituations of hand. With the consent of her father danger and difficulty, it becomes a the accepted him, and their union duty to point out the possessors to the seemed to promise that degree of hapnotice and imitation of the world.- piness which her irreproachable conMrs. FITZHENRY's maiden name was duct deserved. Providence, however, FLANAGAN, the daughter of mine hoft reserved her for a severe disappoint: of the Old Férry-boat, at the lower end ment in this refpect, for she had not of Abbey-street, near the fire of the New been long married before her husband Custom House, in Dublin, but after. was unfortunately drowned. About wards removed to the Batchelor's Walk. the same period she also lost her father. She was born about the year 1732, and Being therefore left to the exertion of Telided with her father, employing her her own talents for support, the fortu. deif in the business of einbroidery, ró nately determined on the stage; and which the had been regularly bred. In being known to Mr. Luke Sparks, in this' situation the would frequently London, she wrote to acquaint him amuse her mind, at intervals, with a with her resolution to try her fate play-book, a constant companion, as the before the public, deliring him at fat at her frame working for her sup- the famie tiine to prepare the way port, and contributing, with laudable for her appearance with the Mana. attention, to that of her aged father. ger of the theatre he was engaged The house being contiguous to the in. “ But," says Mr. Victor, whose river, the Captains and Officers of the words we now quote," so many unsuc. thips lying in the vicinity made it cessful attempts having been made their place of rendezvous, and tome of within these few years past, it seemed them occasionally lodged and boarded irrational to encourage a woman to unavith the good landlord of old Ferry- dertake so long and expensive a voyage. boat. One of them was Caprain Gre- and journey, without any other hope of @nry, then in the Bourdeaux trade, who fuccess than her own inclination, whichi coloring her filial attention, her pru. is too often mistaken for genius. Her

rance,

friend in London, therefore, advised her her clocurion was perfectly natural, and to procure the opinion of some person in the exertions of her powers in some Dublin, whose judgment could be de- passages thew what she is capable of pended on; and unfortunately (as I when her fears have sublided. (Gray's ihen thought it), that choice fell upon Inn Yournal, No. 16.) Another (if me; because no task can be more disa. another) periodical Writer, in a paper greeable than that of being obliged to en:i:led, The Gray's Inn Journal

, e tell people unwelcome truths, and the Craftsman, No. 1265, spoke of her in odds were greatly on that side of the the following terms: “A modeft proquestion. This office was presled upon logue, pertinent to the occasion, which me by a person I could not refuse, who Mr. Smith spoke with great happiness

, carried me one morning to the Music was all the information the Town recei. Hall, where the Lady and her friends ved of this Lady defore her appearan were waiting, with Mr. Bardin, lately 'The first night of her performing the an A&tor, who was provided to rehearse panic which so numerous an audience ihe scenes of Hastings and Alicia. At as appeared upon the occasion struck the introduction I remember I too ho. in his, prevented her for some time nestly confessed my disposition of mind, from exerting her powers; but as soon almost to a breach of good-manners, as the got the better of this tremor, her When the rehearsal began, Mrs. Gre- auditor's were agreeably surprized with gory had not spoke above three or four a performer that did not only promise {peeches, before I left my feat and stopt an equal with any upon the Englig them, by saying, “ Madam, the best Theatre, but really was competitor with apology I can make you for what I the most celebrated that now treads ebe have already said is, by this early decla. stage. ration of my opinion, that you have it in **The majesty of her person is ça. your power to be an Actress of consce doubtedly far íuperior to that of any quence : now, Madam, proceed as long modern actress : 'the propriety of her as you please, I thall attend with plea- action is moft happily adapted to the sure.” When the rehearsal was over sentiment the expresses ; her voice, I confirmed my opinion in the strongest which is clear, diftinct, and harmoni

. terms, but that was not fufficient, I was ous, the makes use of to great ad. requested to give it in a letter to Mr. vantage by never misapplying an en. Sparks in London, which I wrote as phasis : She treads the Itage with that soon as I returned home; on which the particular eale which few attain to after was sent for to Covent-Garden."

many years practice." Her first appearance on the stage Mr. Murphy's fayourable opinion of was Thursday, January soth, 1754, our actress's powers continued beyond in the character of Hermione in the the first notice of them. On the fucDiftreft Mother, and her reception was cccding Saturday, 19th January, be inequal to the warmest expectations of her ferted the following in The Gray's Inn friends. Mr. Murphy, who then wrote Journal: “Mrs. Gregory, who apThe Gray's Inn Journal, gave the fole peared here in the character of Here lowing account of her performance. inione, continues to rise in reputation « On Thursday last the audience was every night, and never fails to draw a greatly furprized at the appearance of numerous audience.. I look upon it to a new actress on this stage (Covent. be a peculiar degree of merit tu advenGarden) in the character of Hermione, ture on the fage, unheard of and un. and it was universally agreed that it known, without friends, and without was the best first attempt they had ever any kind of party in her favour: with known. This actress came on without these disadvantages, to extort the genes any previous puifs to prejudice the ral applause, and be in every scene the Town in her favour ; a model prologue most conspicuous figure, though per was fpoke on the occasion, in which the forming with practiled and experienced only begs to be endured, though she players, is the mark of an uncommon ge. convinced every body that the poffeffes nius. She is perfectly mistress of grace: all the materials to form a great ful deportiment, natural and lentide actress, her person being tall and grace. elocution, and a conformity to nature ful, her features wel! disposed, without without any trick or affectation. Every any disproportion, and her voice clear, cast of her eye, every attitude, and full, and harmonious. She had not the every motion of her arms throughout pitiful anbision to overdo her part, but her part, are all in chiaratter, and ebera

1

Thou'd,

is no reason to doubt but the will be now had an opportunity of fhewing it a very considerable addition to the to an amiable lon and daughter, to theatre.”

whom she proved an admirable mother, The success of Mrs. Gregory occa and prudently continuing her profioned a report that Ms. Barry, appre- fessional exertions, realized for them a hending the would interfere with Miss very ample fortune. Actuated by moa Noslitcr, had refused to perform Orefa tives of parental regard, the retired from tes; and this report gained such the theatre some years before her death, credit, that he judged it necessary to which, to the infinite regret of her nu. publish a contradiction in all the papers. merous friends, happened at Bath in During the remainder of the season autumn 1790. Mrs. Gregory only performed one new The following Character of her is character, viz. Alicia. At the close of extracted from a Poem entitled The the season the was engaged by Mr. THEATRE, by Mr. WHYTE, of Victor for the Dublin Theatre, to which Dublin, she became the principal support for several years.

NOT warp'd by spleen, or causeless In the winter of 1756-7 the returned

prone to blame,

[thy name, again to Corent-Garden, and perform. What Muse, FITZHENRY, could forget ed a few nights on Thares, to her own By virtue dignified, and dear to fame ? and the Manager's emolument; and in A tender mother, and a faithful wife, Clife ; the summer of 1757 the united herself She grac'd the scene, and trude the stage of in marriage with Mr. Fitzhenry, a Taught her lov'd offspring, as a parent young Lawyer of family and abilities, whose progress in his profeffion was The noblest leffon, that of being good; threatened to be impeded by his marriage. Their guide and pattern ; in the paths of truth We are perfuaded it will refcet no cre She traind their childhood, and confirm'd dit on the liberality of the then Gentle. their youth; men of the long robe, that they demur. And, oh! that many such the stage supply'd, red to his appearance amongst them at She liv'd like Pritchard, and like Pritchard the bar on account of the profession of his wife. Had she been his mistress, the Rest, gentle pair ! a pair so well approv'dy objection would not have occurred; and In death lamented, as in life belov'd, that such an objection should be started, How rare to meet !---yet humble was their seems very much to impeach the deli state, cacy and morality of the Irish bar. Till genius and their virtues prov'd them great,

In the year 1765 Mrs. Fitzhenry No Bilken robes around their footsteps dow'd, again returned to London, and was en No gems seductive on their bosoms glow'd; gaged at Drury-Lane, in the opinion of Dormant their hopes as well as talents lay, many, as a curb on Mrs. Yates. In Till adverfe trials forc'd them into day; consequence a violent opposition took Success, far seated on a mountain's brow, place, and Mrs. Fitzhenry (notwith. They faw, but dimly, from the Thade below.' standing her good character, and great And now with hope, half-kindling, half re. abilities) was severely and cruelly press'd, treated. This had nearly proved of To gain the summit they their steps address'd; fatal consequence to her fame as an Rough was the way, and steep was the ascent, actrels in Dublin, the ill report being Yet on, scarce dreaming to what end, they trebled to greet her return. But real worth, and the high esteem she was Great was the toil, and greatly they endur'd; held in by the worthy, baffled her ene On those sole terms is eminence procur’d; mies. She was soon reinstated in her The empty pastime for an empty king, former situation of public applause and Aptly devis’d, beneath their roofs cou'd bring private esteem, and for years her pro. No formal parties, went to reimburse fessional emoluments were large enough The claims of fashion from their neighbour's to enable her to secure a state of indc. purse. pendence for herself and family. With Macadors, Pont, Basto, and Spadille,

She loft her husband some years Be. Their precious hours let poring dotards kill; fore her own death, and was a second Heedless how trumps were play'd, or hos time left a widow. This was an affli&t. nours dealt, ing Aroke, a: he well deserved fer af. The tragic page they tasted and they felt, fečtions. She was remarkable in the And as around the inendly hearth they read, expreffion of maternal tenderness, and Olt fent their bearers weeping to their bed.

dy'd.

went.

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