Adalberto Ortiz: From Margin to Center
Rowman & Littlefield, Feb 14, 2014 - 170 páginas
Pablo Adalberto Ortiz Quiñones (1914–2002) was one of the most gifted writers in Ecuador and all of Latin America. Yet outside of Ecuador and amongst Afro-Hispanic literature scholars in the United States, little critical attention has been given to this pioneer whose multi-genre contributions spanned decades. In his writings, Ortiz explores some of the defining social issues in the Americas since the African and European encounters with the New World, including the notion of “race.” He articulates a complex process of affirming the ethnic while not denying the national. Consequently, miscegenation—a biological process—as well as acculturation are motifs in his writings, which explore the essence of what it means to be Ecuadorian. Ortiz does not dwell upon the so-called “race” question, the issue that causes such anxiety and hostility, overtly and covertly, in the United States. Rather, he explores, in depth, ethnicity, class, and caste in his earlier writings and evolves into an international writer while maintaining a strong black awareness. Adalberto Ortiz’s transcendence of victimization to a broader view of the world is indicative of the title of Marvin A. Lewis’ analysis —from margin to center—and reflective of the approach taken by many Afro-Hispanic writers. The dialectical nature of Ortiz’s writings makes his work particularly interesting and rewarding, as revealed in Adalberto Ortiz: From Margin to Center.
In this book, Lewis examines the form and content relationships between works published during different literary periods and movements. Emphasis is placed on Ortiz’s transition from the local to the international in each genre, and the theoretical approach is “eclectic,” depending upon the exigencies of the texts. Ecocriticism, post-colonialism, post-modernism, and other methodologies addressing the environment, place/displacement, identity, and historiographic metafiction are fundamental to the Lewis’ readings of Ortiz’s prose and poetry.
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Adalberto Ortiz African diaspora Afro-Ecuadorian Afro-Hispanic Afrocentric agua Alcívar Americas amor anaphora años Antonio Ascensión Bewitched black experience Black Songs blanco Calderón camino Carlos Concha Casa color culture death destiny día Don Clemente Dream Earth Ecuadorian environment Esmeraldas Esmeraldeño espejo ethnic Evil Eye final gran gringo Guayaquil había hijo hombre human identity Illuminated Fog Joaquín Gallegos Lara jungle Juyungo Lastre Latin American Letras del Ecuador literary mala Mangana maracumbo María marimba Mauro memory Mirror Mongo John motifs muerte mujer Mulatto narrator narrator’s nature negra negrista Negritud negro Nicolás Guillén noche novel Numancia ofhis Ortiz’s Pepepán perspective physical Pío Quinto Plúas poem poesía poetic Port of Anguish protagonist quiero Quito raza relationship Road and Port short stories slave Smugglers social society sólo Song and Drum soul speaker stanza sueño surreal tambor thematic tiempo tierra tion Tunda Unburied Watchman verses viento voice woman Wrapping writer