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War troops of England were then in the Baltic or in the
inlets to it. No sooner had admiral Gambier and
season become so far advanced as to prevent the
Alexander spoke aloud the language of defiance.
As the firm ally of England, Sweden necessarily
and some armed indiamen, brigs of war, and gun-
- కారు ముందు తలు
The swedish feet consisted of 11 or 12 sail of the line and six or seven frigates; not more than half the former in an effective state. The following account of the recommended, if not of the actual, gun
* See the New Annual Register for the year 1807, p. 298.
force of swedish ships of war, is extracted from the 1808. work of the celebrated naval architect Chapman :
Ships of the line.
Guns.Pdrs. Guns.Pdrs. Guns.Pdrs. Guns.Pdrs./Guns.Pdrs. First deck
30 48* 30 42 30 42 28 36 26 36 Second deck
32 36 32 30 32 24 | 30 24 28 24 Third deck ...
30 24 32 18 Qr.deck and forecastle 18 12
18 12 16 12 12 12
Guins.Pdrs. Guns.Pdrs. Guns.Pdrs. Guns.Pdrs. Guns.Pdrs. Main deck ..... 26 30 | 26 24 24 18 24 12 22 12 Qr.deck and forecastle 18 12 14 8 12 6 8 6 6 4
Towards the middle or latter end of May the british naval force assembled in the Sound, Great Belt, and Baltic, and which was under the command of vice-admiral sir James Saumarez, consisted of the gun-ship
vice-adm. (b.) sir Jas. Saumarez, bt. K. B. 100 Victory
captain George Hope.
rear-adm. (w.) sir Samuel Hood, K. B. r Centaur
captain William Henry Webley.
rear-adm. (b.) Rich. Goodwin Keats. Superb
captain Samuel Jackson.
Thomas Byam Martin.
sir Arch. Collingwood Dickson.
John Barrett. Frigates, Africaine, Euryalus, Salsette, Tribune, and Tartar; besides sloops, gun-brigs, &c.
Upwards of 200 sail of transports, having on board Rusabout 14000 troops under sir John Moore for the feet assistance of the Swedes, had accompanied the fleet;
sails but, owing to some misunderstanding between the Cronking of Sweden and the general, relative to the stadt. particular service allotted to these troops, they were
* For the english caliber of the swedish pounder see vol. i. p.59. VOL. V.
5 died da
Ma rer emad. lands a feet
wast, a rich.
1808. suffered to return to England without being employed
Early in August the russian fleet, consisting, be-
74 St.-Anna. 118 Gabriel.
On the 20th of August rear-admiral sir Samuel
Hood, with the Centaur and Implacable, arrived and joins anchored in company with the swedish fleet. On the
same afternoon the Russians made their appearance
Jungfur sound, and joined their companions in Oro Sickly road. Although the force of the swedish admiral of swe-was thus augmented to 11 sail of the line, five
frigates, and one brig, yet upwards of a third of
Sir Sam. Hood
* The first is according to sir Samuel Hood's letter in the London Gazette, the second actording to a translation of the russian admiral's letter in the Moniteur.
the crews were ill in bed with the scurvy, of which 1808. many died daily.
Aug. On the 23d, in the afternoon, the russian fleet, making a very formidable appearance, stood close in to Oro road, with a fine west-south-west wind; then tacked, and stood off. On the 25th, at 6 A. M., the swedish fleet, accompanied by the Centaur and Im- Sweplacable, got under way, with a fresh breeze at fleet north-east, and made sail in pursuit of the russian sails in fleet; which, at 9 a. M., to the number of 23 sail, of ruswas seen in the south-east, off Hango-Udd. At sian about noon, as had been previously arranged, the swedish 70-gun ship Frederic-Adolph, with a great proportion of the sick on board, parted company from the fleet, and steered for Carlscrona. This left with the swedish admiral the gun-ship
rear-adm. Nauckhoff. 78 Gustav-IV.-Adolph..
Krusenstjerna. 76 Uladislaffe
commodore Jagerfelt. Adolph-Fredric
captain count Wrangel. Aran....
Jagerschold 74 Dristigheten
Nordenankar. 66 Forsigtigheten. .
baron Cederstrom. Tapperheten
Fiscerstroud. Frigates, Euridice 46, Chapman 44, Camilla and Bellona 42, and Janamas 34, and cutter-brig Dolphin.
The anglo-swedish fleet now consisted of 12 sail Relaof the line and five frigates, mounting 1156 guns; force of while the russian fleet, of nine sail of the line, three the two 50s, and eight frigates and corvettes, (not reckoning the two brigs,) mounted 1118. guns. Here was no great disparity, especially considering the ineffective state of the swedish ships; but the russian admiral, not knowing this, or considering the two ships with british ensigns flying, and who soon became the most conspicuous objects, as a host in themselves, made all sail to get away. A windward chase was
1808, not the thing for wooden-bottomed ships; nor, where
weak and inexperienced crews. Hence the Centaur
The night's chase increased that distance to nearly
At 4 h. 30 m. A. M. the Implacable, then on the larboard tack, observed a russian two-decker considerably to-leeward of her fleet. At 5h. 30 m. A. M. the latter, which was the 74-gun ship Sewolod, captain Rudnew, or Roodneff,
being on the starboard tack, passed the bow of the Impla- Implacable, who immediately tacked after her. At cable 6 h. 30 m. A. M. the Sewolod tacked. In about a gages quarter of an hour the two ships again crossed each Sewo- other; when the russian 74 opened her fire, which
was quickly returned by the Implacable. The latter
action with the utmost vigour, and with such decided lod effect, that in less than half an hour the Sewolod, strikes. whose colours had been shot away early in the
combat, ceased firing and hauled down her pendant. sian ad. At this moment, observing that the russian admiral,
who with his fleet had bore up since the commencek closing.
ment of the close action, was within two miles of the Impla- Implacable, sir Samuel threw out the signal of recall.
The Implacable thereupon made sail to close the