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1809. gun-ship rAjax...
captain Jean-Nicolas Petit. Oct. Génois
L.-C.-A. La Marre-la-Meillerie.
C.-J.-César Chaunay Duclos. Lord Having received information that M. Ganteaume, Col with his 15 sail of the line and frigates, meant to lingwood make the attempt, vice-admiral lord Collingwood cruises retired from his station off Cape Sicie, and, with 15 Sebas- sail of the line and five or six frigates and sloops,
proceeded off Cape San-Sebastian; between which and Barcelona he established his cruising-ground, in the full expectation of intercepting the french admiral on his way to the latter port. In the mean time lord Collingwood had not neglected the usual precaution of stationing frigates off the port of Toulon to watch the movements of the french fleet. The 38-gun frigates Pomone, captain Robert Barrie, and Alceste, captain Murray Maxwell, from the tried zeal and activity of their commanders, were
well calculated for such a service. French On the 21st, in the morning, rear-admiral Baudin, squa- with the Robuste, Borée, and Lion, the two 40-gun
frigates Pauline and Pomone, and a fleet of armed convoy store-ships and transports, sailed from Toulon, with
an easterly wind, bound to Barcelona. At noon the british frigate Pomone descried the enemy, and made sail to the west-south-west. On the next morning captain Barrie spoke the Alceste, and at 9 P. M. fell in with lord Collingwood, then, with 15 sail of the line, three frigates, and a ship-sloop, cruising off the coast of Catalonia, between Cape San-Sebastian and Barcelona.
Judging that, as the squadron, or fleet, for captain Barrie did not know but that the whole french force might be coming out, had sailed with the first of an
sail from Toulon
easterly wind, it was bound to the westward, the 1809. british admiral prepared his fleet for battle, and stationed his frigates to-windward, to give notice of Disthe enemy's approach. On the 23d, at 8 A. M., the cover38-gun frigate Volontaire, captain Charles Bullen, hritish made the signal for a fleet to the eastward. As the fleet. vessels of it continued to come down before the wind, lord Collingwood made no alteration in the fleet, beyond advancing two fast-sailing ships, the Tigre and Bulwark. At 10 A. M. the english Pomone made the signal that the enemy, now seen to consist of three ships of the line instead of seven as had at first been signalled, had hauled to the wind. Immediately rear-admiral Martin, with eight of the best-sailing ships, was ordered to chase in the French east-north-east. At 3 P. M. the three french line- and of-battle ships and two frigates separated from the cepxog convoy; the latter steering north-north-west, in great rate. confusion, and the former east-south-east, with the Powind at north-east. The english Pomone, being well to-windward, got hold of a part of the convoy, tures two brigs, two bombards, and a ketch, and in the part of evening destroyed them; but the remainder of the convoy and the five men of war were shortly afterwards lost sight of by the british fleet.
At 8 P. M. rear-admiral Martin, judging that the Force French would push for their own coast, tacked to
r.-adm. the northward, the wind then about east. Shortly Martin, afterwards two of the chasing ships accidentally parted company, leaving the rear-admiral with the following six sail of the line : gun-ship 80 Canopus
rear-adm. (r.) George Martin.
captain Charles Inglis.
Philip Charles Durham.
Benjamin Hallowell. 74 Sultan
hon. Philip Wodehouse. The ships continued under a press of sail all night of the 23d, but saw nothing of the enemy until 5 P. M. on the 24th; when the Tigre, the headmost ship,
run on shore.
1809. made the signal for four sail in the north-north-east.
These were the Robuste, Borée, Lion, and Pauline;
the Pomone having previously parted company and He pur- steered for Marseille. Every stitch of canvass was french now set by the british ships, in the hope to bring squa- their opponents to an action before dark. But this
could not be accomplished; and at dark rearadmiral Martin, owing to the proximity of the land, the shoalness of the water, and the circumstance of the wind blowing directly on the shore, was obliged to haul off for the night.
On the 25th, at 7 A. M., the french ships again discovered themselves in the north, running alongshore with a fresh breeze from the south-east. Instantly all sail was again set in chase; and the
british ships, nearing the land as well as the enemy, Procof prepared for anchoring with springs. At 11 h. 45 m. ships A. M. the Robuste and Lion, putting their helms up,
ran themselves on shore, within pistol-shot of each other, at a spot about six miles north-east of the
harbour of Cette, and near to the village of FronTwo tignan. The Borée and Pauline, closely pressed by others the Tigre and Leviathan, and the first fired at by Cette. the Tigre, succeeded in reaching Cette harbour;
but which scarcely contained depth enough to float them. Owing to the shoalness of the water upon the .coast, and the intricacy of the navigation, the british ships, some of which had already got into seven and others into five fathoms, hauled their wind and stood off.
At 1 P. M., finding it impossible to save his ships, M. Baudin began dismantling them and landing the crews; and at 4 P. M. the mizenmasts of both ships went by the board. At dark the british ships stood to the southward, and in the night tacked, with the
intention of being close in with the wrecks by dayral de- light on the 26th; hut, the wind falling, they did not Ktoys regain a sight of them until evening. At 7'h. 30 m.
P. M. both french ships, now with only a foremast Lion. between them, were set on fire by their crews. At
8 P. M.' the Robuste and Lion were in flames fore 1809. and aft, and at 10 h. 30 m. P. M. blew up with a Oct. tremendous explosion; the british squadron then lying nearly becalmed about seven miles from the spot.
Having thus, by his energy and perseverance, R.-adm caused the entire loss to France of a new 80 and a
rejoins fine 74 gun ship, and having left in jeopardy a new lord 74 and å fine large frigate, rear-admiral Martin, with Col his six sail of the line, stood away to the southward ; wood, and on the 30th, in the morning, rejoined lord Collingwood, then, with 10 sail of the line, (the Conqueror having recently joined,) cruising off Cape San-Sebastian. Lord Collingwood soon ascertained that the five ships of war, the failure of whose mission we have just done recording, were the whole that had sailed out of Toulon, the blockade of which port his lordship resumed. It appears,
however, that both the Borée and Pauline afterwards and managed to get into the road from their insecure reenter anchorage at Cette.
After the capture of the five vessels of M. Baudin's Capt. convoy by the british frigate Pomone, the remainder, consisting of seven merchant vessels, in charge of the armed store-ship Lamproie, of 16 long rea 8-pounders and 116 men, commanded by lieutenant mainde vaisseau Jacques-Marie Bertaud-la-Bretèche, two french armed bombards, the Victoire and Grondeur, and convoy the armed xebec Normande, put into the bay of Rosas, and anchored under the protection of the castle of that name, of Fort-Trinidad, and of other strong batteries in the neighbourhood. Resolving to attempt the capture or destruction of these vessels, lord Collingwood detached captain Hallowell, with the Tigre, Cumberland, and Volontaire, also the frigates Apollo and Topaze, captains Bridges Watkinson Taylor, and Henry Hope, and brig-sloops Philomel, Scout, and Tuscan, captains George Crawley, William Raitt, and John Wilson.
On the evening of the 31st of October, after dark,
1809, the squadron bore up, with a fresh south-east sind,
for the bay of Rosas; and soon afterwards the five Sends ships came to an anchor about five miles from the
town of Rosas; but the brigs, as had been ordered, of the remained under way. The boats of the squadron
were then armed and manned ; and, owing to the into the care that, in this instance, has been taken to insert bay of the names of the officers in the London Gazette, we
are enabled also to give them. Names Boats of the Tigre: lieutenants John Tailour, officers Augustus Wm. Jas. Clifford, Edward Boxer, William
Waterface, William Hamilton, and John Brulton; ployed.
master's mates James Caldwell and Joshua Kynson; midshipmen Day Richard Syer, honourable Robert Spencer, Henry Fawcett, George Francis Bridges, George Sandys, James Athill, honourable George James Percival, James Montagu, and Frederick Noel; and assistant surgeon Alexander Hosack. Cumberland : lieutenants John Murray, Richard Stuart, and William Bradley, captain of marines Edward Bailie, master's mate John Webster, and midshipmen Charles Robert Milbourne, Henry Wise, William Hollinshed Brady, and Annesley Blackmore. Apollo: lieutenants James Begbie, Robert Cutts Barton, and John Forster; master's mates Henry William de Chair and William Plant; midshipmen James Dunderdale and Henry Lancaster, and captain's clerk John Oliver French. Topaze : lieutenants Charles Hammond, James Dunn, William Rawlins, and David lord Balgonie ; (Ville-de-Paris ;) lieutenant of marines William Halsted, master's mate Alexander Boyter, carpenter Thomas Canty, and midshipmen Joseph Hume, Hungerford Luthill, and Harry Nicholas. "Volontaire: lieutenants Dalhousie Tait, Samuel Sison, and honourable J. A. Maude; (Ville-de-Paris ;) lieutenants of marines William Burton and Duncan Campbell, master's mates John Bannatyne and Thomas Randall, midshipmen Richard Stephen Harness, Henry John Leeke, and John Armstead, (Ville-de-Paris ;) and carpenter William