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miles to-leeward, when the Implacable compelled the 1808. russian 74 to make the signal of surrender.

The loss incurred by the Implacable in this short Loss to but smart engagement consisted of six seamen and the Immarines killed, one master's mate, (Thomas Picker- ble and well,) the captain's clerk, (Nicholas Drew,) and 24 Sewoseamen and marines wounded. The first lieutenant of the Implacable, and of whom captain Martin speaks in the highest terms, was Augustus Baldwin. The loss which the Sewolod sustained, as admitted by her captain, amounted to 48 officers, seamen, and marines killed, and 80 wounded; a sufficient proof that the guns of the Implacable had been both quickly fired and well directed.

Admiral Hanickoff sent a frigate to tow the Sewolod, whose rigging and sails were in a terribly shattered state, and then again hauled his wind. About this time, the Implacable having repaired the slight damage done to her rigging, the two british ships again made sail in chase, and soon obliged the andImrussian frigate to cast off her tow, and the russian placafleet a second time to bear, up in support of their again friend. It not, however, being the intention of the russian admiral to bring on a general engagement, he, at about 9 A. M., availed himself of a favourable change of wind to the north-east, and stood for the Rusport of Rogerswick; leaving the Sewolod, who had grounded on a shoal not far from the entrance of the enters harbour, to take care of herself, although the swedish wick. fleet, except the Tapperheten and frigates, was still nearly three leagues to-leeward.

At about noon the russian fleet came to an anchor Sewoin Rogerswick roads, and the Sewolod soon after- outside wards got afloat and rode at her anchors. The wind moderating in the afternoon, the russian admiral sent out a division of boats to tow the disabled 74 into the road. The Centaur, followed by the Im- Lacked placable, immediately bore up, to endeavour to cut by Cenoff the ship before the boats could effect their object. By great activity and perseverance on the part of her

in chase.

sian fleet


1808. officers and crew, the Centaur, at 8 P. M., just as the
Aug. Sewolod, towed by the russian boats, was about to

enter the port, ran her on board. Tlie starboard fore
rigging of the Centaur was caught, and partly carried
away, by the Sewolod's bowsprit; and the latter's
starboard bow gradually swept along the Centaur's
starboard side, the guns of which, as the Sewolod's
bow successively pressed against the muzzles, dis-
charged their contents with destructive effect. As
soon as the bowsprit, in its course astern, had reached
the Centaur's mizen rigging, it was there lashed, by
the joint exertions of captain Webley, first lieutenant
Paul Lawless, and Mr. Edward Strode the master,
and under a very heavy fire from the russian musketry,
which wounded, among others, lieutenant Lawless
severely. The two ships being in six fathoms' water,
sir Samuel had hopes that he should have been able
to tow off the Sewolod while lashed to her; but the
Sewolod had previously let go an anchor, which held

her fast. Much valour was here displayed on both Implá- sides, and each ship tried in vain to board the other, cable At 8 h. 30 m. P. M. the Implacable arrived up, and angets up. chored at the distance of about 300 yards from her

consort; and in another ten minutes, after affording finally a proof of courage and perseverance highly cresurren- ditable to her officers and crew, the Sewolod bauled

down her colours.

The Centaur had three seamen and marines killed, her first lieutenant, (already named,) boatswain,

(Mr. Morton,) and 25 seamen and marines wounded. ditional The Sewolod, whose original complement was 600

men, but to whom the russian admiral had sent 100
sailors and soldiers to supply the place of those killed
or wounded in her action with the Implacable, had 180
killed, wounded, or missing, in her action with the
Centaur; making the total loss of the russian ship,
in killed, wounded, and missing, 303, and the total
killed and wounded of the two british ships 62.

Both the Centaur and Sewolod took the ground tempt soon after the latter's surrender. This being ob

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served by the russian admiral, two ships of his fleet 1809. were detached to attempt to recover the Sewolod and capture the Centaur; but, owing to the prompt to reexertions of the Implacable, the Centaur was soon takesehove into deep water, and the russian ships returned to their anchorage. No efforts on the part of the British being able to get the prize afloat, the Sewolod, Her dein the course of the ensuing night, after the prisoners tion. and the wounded had all been removed, was set fire to and destroyed.

On the 30th, while still blockading the port of Sir Rogerswick, the anglo-swedish fleet was joined by Saumavice-admiral sir James Saumarez, with the Victory, Mars, Goliath, and Africa. In the mean time the Swerussian admiral, well aware of the enterprising character of the British, was employing himself in mooring his fleet and fortifying his position. The ships Ruswere secured by cables to the shore, and strong miral batteries were erected at Baltic-Port and at the fortiisland of East Raga, the latter of which completely himself commands the entrance to the harbour.

An attempt to burn the russian fleet was intended Sir to be made; and the 18-gun ship-sloop Erebus and medi14-gun cutter Baltic (late russian cutter Apith) burning were prepared as fire-ships by the British, and four russian fire-vessels were sent from Carlscrona by the Swedes. As a preliminary measure, the port was reconnoitred, first by the british 18-pounder 36-gun frigate Salsette, (late Pitt,) captain Walter Bathurst, and then by the swedish 44-gun frigate Camilla, captain Trolle. It was now discovered that an extensive boom had been run out from the front of the russian ships, calculated, in all respects, to prevent the approach of fire-ships.

The attempt to destroy the fleet by vessels of this it imdescription being, in consequence, deemed impracti- peaceticable, the Erebus and Baltic fire-vessels were disman-raises tled and restored to their former state, and the four swedish fire-vessels were sent back to Carlscrona. The advanced season of the year rendering the situ- wick.



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1808. ation of the blockading fleet extremely critical, sir

James Saumarez and the swedish admiral, early in OcRus- tober, retired from before the harbour of Rogerswick,

leaving only a small reconnoitring force. Soon af

terwards the russian fleet also made sail, and reached Cron- Cronstadt in safety.

Before taking our leave of the Baltic, we have to
nishpa- give some account of the successful operations of
triots the british fleet in aiding a band of spanish patriots
land. found in this quarter. Desirous to assist Spain in

every way that would be most beneficial to the cause
of the patriots, England turned her attention to the
spanish troops, which Napoléon, under the false
pretence of securing Hanover, had drawn from their
country, to the northern parts of Germany, and after-
wards to the danish islands in the Baltic. It was
known that the troops were anxious to join their
countrymen, and assist in overthrowing the tyrant
to whom they owed their banishment. The Spa-
niards in Zealand no sooner learnt the atrocious
aggression which their native land was suffering,
than they instantly formed a circle round their co-
lours, and swore on their knees to be faithful to their
country. Men possessed of such feelings, and in-
spired with such a determination to act up to them,
were well worthy of all the assistance which England,
with her immense naval means, could afford. It for-
tunately happened, where so much depended upon

zeal and ardour in the cause, that the british comSqua- manding officer in the immediate vicinity of the spadron of nish troops was rear-admiral Keats. Besides his own Keats. ship, the Superb, the rear-admiral had under his

orders the Brunswick and Edgar of the same force,
captains Thomas Graves and James Macnamnara, and

five or six smaller vessels.
Spa According to a plan concerted between the rear-

adıniral and the marquis de la Romana, the commanfort of der in chief of the spanish forces in Denmark, the borg. latter, on the 9th of August, with nearly 6000 men,

took possession of the fort and town of Nyborg, in

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the island of Funen. Immediately afterwards rear- 1808. admiral Keats addressed a letter to the danish gover- Aug. nor, promising to abstain from any hostile or offensive act, so long as similar treatment was experienced by the Spaniards from the troops of Denmark and France; but declaring that, if any opposition should be offered to the embarkation of the spanish troops, measures would be taken, that might eventually lead to the destruction of the town of Nyborg.

The danish garrison prudently yielded to circumstances; but a danish man-of-war brig, the Fama, of 18 guns, and a cutter of 12, the Salorman, moored themselves across the harbour near the town, and Two rejected all remonstrances and offers of security. vessels The reduction of these vessels being absolutely ne- of war cessary, and the spanish general being unwilling to and are act hostilely against Denmark, such small vessels and capboats as could be collected were put under the by the command of captain Macnamara; and the latter and his party attacked and captured both the brig and cutter, with a loss to the British of one lieutenant (Robert Harvey, of the Superb) killed and two seamen wounded, and to the Danes of seven killed and 13 wounded. It should be mentioned, that the spanish troops, irritated at the opposition which their friends experienced in giving them aid, departed in some measure from the general's intention, and fired from the fort several shot at the danish vessels before the latter struck.

Expedition being now of the greatest consequence, Spaand none of the ships of the line, from circumstances of weather, being able to be brought near, the rear- and admiral shifted his flag to the Hound bomb-vessel, captain Nicholas Lockyer, in the harbour. Fifty-ed

from seven sloops or doggers, found in the port, were borg: fitted by the seamen of the squadron, under the direction of captain Macnamara; and in the course of the same night and of the following day, the 10th, a great part of the artillery, baggage, and stores belonging to the Spaniards was embarked, and

nish artillery

stores y remov

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