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July. diagram at
to board Sea
1808. distant a little before her larboard beam. See the
88. Makes As soon as she had run far enough to-leeward for a vain the Alis-Fezan to join her in the cannonade, the tempt Badere-Zaffer put her helm hard a-port, with the
intention of laying the british frigate on board; but
the Seahorse, whose comparatively small crew such horse. a mode of contest would never have suited, suddenly
hauled close to the wind, (see diagram, pos. 1,) and
At 10 P. M., just as the Seahorse was about to
the Alis-Fezan interposed. Heaving the wind out attack- of her main and mizen topsails, the Seahorse sheared ed by towards this new antagonist; and, pouring in her drives starboard broadside, at the distance of not more than away 200 yards, made a dreadful havoc on board. After Fezan. a continuance of the fire until 10 h. 15 m. P. M., there
was a great explosion on board the Alis-Fezan near
Not long after the abandonment of the action by
the Alis-Fezan, or at about 10 h. 35 m. P. M., the action Seahorse, favoured by a freshening of the breeze, Badere overtook, and, furling her topgallantsails, renewed
the engagement with, the Badere-Zaffer; who
received the starboard broadside of the Seahorse, 1808, and returned the fire from her larboard
July. ships going before the wind. At ll P. M. the Turks made a second attempt to get on board the british frigate; but the latter was too vigilant, as well as too expert,to be caught. Shooting ahead, the Seahorse passed clear, the Badere-Zaffer's jib-boom and bowsprit carrying away the former's starboard mizen topgallant back-stays and gaff-vangs. At this moment the bowsprit and forecastle of the BadereZaffer were crowded with men; but a discharge of grape from the stern-chase guns of the Seahorse, as the latter ranged ahead, killed or disabled the greater part of them.
Crossing over, the Seahorse recommenced the șiaction with her larboard guns. About this time the Badere-Zaffer lost her mizen topmast. The two ponent frigates continued engaging, broadside to broadside, hauls until the Badere-Zaffer became completely silenced. off. The Seahorse now repeatedly hailed, to know if she would surrender, but no answer was returned. The Seahorse then passed under the stern of the BadereZaffer, (see diagram, pos. 2,) whose fore and main topmasts had by this time fallen, and again hailed. In reply to which, as the Seahorse ranged up on her larboard quarter, the Badere-Zaffer fired a few of her aftermost guns. The british frigate instantly discharged her starboard broadside. It was now 1 h. 15 m. A. M. on the 6th; and captain Stewart, finding that his shattered antagonist would neither answer nor fire, very prudently, and very humanely too, hauled off; and, after standing on a little further, brought to on the starboard tack to wait for daylight. The Badere-Zaffer soon afterwards did the
See pos. 3. The british crew now took some rest; and at day, the light the Seahorse filled and made sail towards the anti turkish frigate, then about a mile distant, steering com. before the wind under her shreds of courses. The deres Seahorse soon came up with the Badere-Zaffer, and, Zaffer hauling athwart the latter's stern, (see pos. 4,) poured render.
remed quere TSO SD)
form deliver 2. , whe mmand
1808, in her broadside. At this time, regardless of the
Scandril was sitting in a chair on the awning, or
The following diagram will illustrate the various
Seahorse takes pos
Lieutenant George Downie, first of the Seahorse,
accompanied by lieutenant of marines John Cook, session. went in the four-oared boat and took possession of
the prize. Upon the arrival of the turkish captain 1808. on board the Seahorse, he was sullen and sad, and July. seemed all amazement to think that he had been conquered, and his consort defeated or destroyed, by so small a ship. Unacquainted, apparently, with the forms of civilized warfare, Scandril had no idea of delivering up his sword in token of submission; and, when told that he must do so, the mahometan commander complied with great reluctance, observing, as his eyes bent upon the forfeited weapon, that it was a Damascus blade of great value.
Out of her 251 men and boys, the Seahorse had Loss, only five men killed and 10 wounded. A 24-pound each shot through the middle of her mizenmast, and a few cut shrouds and holes in her sails, comprised all the damage which the british frigate received. The Badere-Zaffer had been very differently treated. Her mizenmast and fore and main topmasts, as we have seen, were entirely shot away : her mainmast had been struck by more than 20, and her foremast by 14, large shot; and, to support either mast, very few shrouds were left. Besides this state of her masts and rigging, the turkish frigate was so cut up in her hull, as with difficulty to be kept afloat. Her loss of men bore a full proportion to her damage, amounting to no less a number than 170 killed, and 200 wounded, many of them mortally.
Captain Stewart evinced no small share of gal- Relantry in proceeding to attack a force, which, in number and strength, had been magnified at every action. island at which he had touched in his way up; and his officers and men, on their part, gave unequivocal proofs of a high degree of skill and steadiness, in the manner in which the Seahorse tore to pieces two opponents, possessing so great a numerical superiority. Nor did the Turks behave amiss : their want of skill may well be attributed to their want of practice; but the obstinacy of the BadereZaffer, in protracting the defence until her masts were cut away, her hull reduced to a sinking state,
marks on the
blow up the
1808. and nearly three fourths of her crew swept from
their quarters, was truly characteristic of that des
Taking her shattered prize in tow, the Seahorse
stood with her to the southward. Scandril, at bis
to the Badere-Zaffer ; but, before he had been
Miconi. Here it took the Seahorse three days to
place her prize in a seaworthy state. That done,
captain Stewart gave the surviving Turks their Bendisi liberty; sending them to Constantinople and Smyrna soners on board greek vessels, and supplying them with Stalin provisions for the voyage. The Seahorse, then, nople. taking her prize again in tow, proceeded with her
to Malta. The Badere-Zaffer" was a remarkably
in which she had been put together, the prize was not Arrives purchased for the use of the british navy. Some at Mal, merchants of Malta, however, bought the Badere
Zaffer, and sent her to England with a cargo of cotton. prize. The ship afterwards made one voyage to the Brazils,
and was then broken up at Deptford.
The first lieutenant of the Seahorse, as was most justly his due, became promoted to the rank of commander. The two remaining lieutenants were Thomas Bennett and Richard Glyn Vallack; and the master was Thomas Curtis, the same officer who served in a similar capacity on board the Wilhelmina when she beat off the Psyché.*
After the business of the Badere-Zaffer, a fresh attempt was made to negotiate a peace; and for
ta with his
* See vol. iii. p. 387.