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the enemy, and many others, similarly situated, used their pistols as fast as they could load them.

Young Mr. Baylor placed himself a little in front of the line and fought bravely during the action. Lieutenant Warren's and cornet Lee's detachments behaved with great firmness and used their pistols and carabines to the best advantage. Cornet Grear (of Warren's) was wounded in the arm, but remained some time afterwards in the line. Captain Markle's troop, as I have before stated, was situated upon the left of the squadron and most sorely galled. Lieutenant Waltz fell most gallantly. There never were men who sustained so heavy an action with more firmness; but one sentiment pervaded the whole, and victory or death was most obstinately determined upon. Colonel Simral's regiment, although not engaged, with the exception of Trotter's troop, were all ready and panting to engage. The colonel deserves the highest applause for his excellent disposition during the action, and for his cool, firm, and deliberate conduct. To major Ball the greatest praise is due for his bravery and activity during the action. No man could have done more. He informs he was greatly aided throughout the progress of the action by the exertions of lieutenant and adjutant Fullerton, and serjeant major Edwards. I must now.. mention in the highest terms of approbation, lieutenant Payne, of the Kentucky light dragoons, who acted as my adjutant on the expedition, for his great activity, attention to duty, and gallantry during the action. He rendered the most essential services. My extra adjutant, captain Hite, was very active and as brave as a lion. I always found him ready for any service I had for him to perform. Captain

of the Ohio volunteers, marched with me from this place as a private in the ranks, and in the action killed an Indian. He deserves my particular notice. Captain Alexander, with his riflemen, were on the left of the front line, and not engaged, but were all ready if an opportunity, had offered. Beverly Brown and Thomas Bedford, of captain Garrard's troop, and Francis Lousong, of the blues, were killed fighting bravely in exposed situations. I have now, my dear sir, detailed to you the particulars of an engagement bravely fought, and victory gloriously won, after contending most warmly for at least an hour. From the length of our line simultaneously attacked by them, I am persuaded there could not have been less than 300 of the enemy. They fought most bravely. My strength on the morning of the action was about 590 rank and file, a consis derable proportion of whom, amounting to at least forty or fifty, were almost rendered unfit for duty by the severity of the weather: Some were so badly frost-bitten as to be scarcely able to walk: There never was severer service performed by any troops, and yet there is not a murmur. Reports made to me yesterday morning informs of 303, who are so severely frost-bitten as to be entirely unfit for duty. On my march back I was compelled to move slowly on account of the wounded, 17 of whom we had to

carry on litters. I kept the troops always ready to meet ag attack which I daily and nightly expected, until I reached this place. I fortified my camp every night by a breast work, which kept us very busily engaged. The scarcity of axes was now most sensibly felt. I have informed you how I advanced into the enemy's country. My return was much in the same manner. I determined to be always ready, to avoid surprises and falling into ambuscades. I assure you the responsibility attached to this command I most seriously felt. Being young in service and inexperienced I felt great diffidence in accepting this command. I however hope my conduct will meet your approbation. I shall hasten to join you, but it will take the troops some time to recruit and heal. Some will lose their toes; others' feet are so swollen as not to be able to put on their shoes. The night march was most severe upon them.

I met major Adams with 95 men on my return, about forty miles from this place, with a supply of provisions. This came most seasonably. Some companies were entirely without. Hopkins's had eat nothing for three days. That night I should have ordered a horse to be killed. The greatest praise is due major Adams for his promptitude in relieving us. My express arrived here on Saturday evening, and he started on Sunday morning. The next day I met colonel Holt, from Dayton, with additional supplies. Through the whole of this expedition we were certainly favoured by Divine Providence. The weather, though severe, was favourable to the enterprize. The snow enabled us to ascertain whether we were discovered. The moon gave light all the night, and on our return the water courses were blocked up by ice; there was not a drop of rain. Such a concatination of favourable circumstances rarely happens. The Indian prisoners I will send off to-morrow to Piqua to the care of Mr. Johnson, escorted by an officer and 20 troops from this place. The few lines I wrote you from the battle ground I find in some particulars to be incorrect, not having at that time full reports of the wounded. My prisoners are also more than I then represented. I think, sir, that you may assure the government that the battle of Mississineway was not badly fought, and that the enemy suffered severely. That the troops deserve well of their country, and their losses ought to be compensated. The number of horses killed were considerable, and I have no doubt they saved the lives of a great many men. I hope to overtake you before Malden falls.

I have learned since my return that general Hopkins had returned to Vincennes after burning some Indian villages, and driving them, supposed to be 300 in number, up the Wabash. This still made my situation more perilous, and I shall not be surprised to learn that Tecumseh commanded in the action against me. Let him be who he may he was a gallant fellow, and manouvered well. Conner thinks it was Little Thunder (nephew to the Little Turtle) from his Joud voice, which he knew. He heard him

ordering his men in the Miami language to rush on, that they would soon retreat. I think, sir, the Kentucky cavalry will scarcely be in a situation to render you much more service. Their losses in horses are considerable, and one hundred and thirty-eight frost bitten severely. They are fine fellows with a few exceptions, and as brave as any men in the world. Captain Prince is here very sick, and was unable to get on with us ; this was to me a great loss.

I am, sir, very respectfully, &c.


Lieut. Col. 19th U. S. regiment. His Excellency Gen. William Henry Harrison,

Commander in chief N. W. army.

In the battle of the 18th, and skirmish of the 17th, were killed 10,vounded 48.


DAYTON, January 1st, 1813. MY DEAR SIR,

In my report to you of the 25th ultimo, from fort Greenville, I omitted to notice some circumstances and individuals, inadvertantly, which and who are as highly worthy of notice, as most of those I have already detailed. I must, therefore, in the most special manner, mention Mr. James Bradshaw, captain Lewis Híte, and Mr. Silas M‘Cullough, who tendered their services to me on the battle ground, to carry intelligence to Greenville of our situation, and request a reinforcement of men, and a supply of provisions. This dangerous and fatiguing service they performed in the most prompt and expeditious manner. In twenty-two hours they travelled upwards of eighty miles without resting, except a few minutes, twice to feed their horses, and reached Greenville worn down with fatigue. At Greenville, in assisting to forward supplies, their conduct

merits the highest praise. I must also mention by name, lieutenants Magee and Irvin, of the Pittsburg blues, whose cool deliberate bravery was observed amidst the hottest fire of the enemy, and I regret extremely that those young gentlemen who highly merited distinction, should have been pretermitted in my first report.

I made a mistake in stating that captain was abandoned by half his guard; only one or two went in for part of their arms, whilst the rest remained with their companions, and upon enquiry, were found to have behaved well. Captain Smith was aided in his excellent disposition at the redoubt he commanded, by lieutenants Adams and Fishel, whose names bravery are synonimous terms. Adjutant Guy and quarter master Hite, of the Kentucky light.

dragoons, are two fine young men, and were actually employed on the morning of the battle.

I am, sir, with great respect, yours, &c.


Lieut. Col. 19th U. S. regiment. His excellency Gen. Harrison.


St. Salvador, January 3d, 1813. SIR,

I have the honour to inform you, that on the 29th ultimo, at 2 P. M. in south latitude 13,06, and west longitude 38, 10 leagues distance from the coast of Brazils, I fell in with and captured his Britannic majesty's frigate Java, of 49 guns, and upwards of 400 men, commanded by captain Lambert, a very distinguished officer. The action lasted one hour and fifty-five minutes, in which time the enemy was completely dismasted, not having a spar of

any kind standing. The loss on board the Constitution, was nine killed and 25 wounded, as per enclosed list. The enemy

had 60 killed and 101 wounded, certainly, (among the latter-captain Lambert, mortally) but by the enclosed letter, written on board the ship, (by one of the officers of the Java) and accidentally found, it is evident that the enemy's wounded must have been much greater than as above stated, and who must have died of their wounds previously to their being removed. The letter states 60 killed and 170 wounded.

For further details of the action, I beg leave to refer you to the enclosed extracts from my journal. The Java had in addition to her own crew upwards of one hundred supernumerary officers and seamen, to join the British ships of war in the East Indies : also, lieutenant general Hislop, appointed to the command of Bombay, major Walker and captain Wood, of his staff, and captain Marshall, master and commander in the British navy, going to the East Indies to take command of a sloop of war there.

Should I attempt to do justice, by representation, to the brave and good conduct of all my officers and crew, during the action, I should fail in the attempt ; therefore, suflice it to say, that the whole of their conduct was such as to merit my highest encomiums. I beg leave to recommend the officers particularly to the notice of government, as also the unfortunate seamen who were wounded, and the families of those men who fell in the action. The

great distance from our own coast, and the perfect wreck we made the enemy's frigate, forbid every idea of attempting to take her to the United States; and not considering it prudent to trust her into a port of Brazils, particularly St. Salvador, as you will perceive by the enclosed letters, No. 1, 2 and 3, I had no alternative but burning her, which I did on the 31st ultimo, after

receiving all the prisoners and their baggage, which was very tedious work, only having one boat left (out of eight) and not one left on board the Java. On blowing up,

the frigate Java, I proceeded to this place, where I have landed all the prisoners on their parole, to return to Eng. land, and there remain until regularly exchanged, and not serve in their professional capacities in any place or in any manner whatever, against the United States of America, until the exchange shall be effected.

I have the honour to be, &c.

W. BAINBRIDGE. The Secretary of the Navy.


ALBANY, January 5th, 1813. ESTEEMED SIR,

I deem it a duty I owe to you and to myself, to state in detail the conduct of my command in the expedition against Queenstown, Upper Canada, on the 13th of October last, which I now readily embrace, having been informed last evening that I was exchanged.

I arrived at the old encampment, Lew'stown, on the morning of the 13th of October, between 4 and 5 o'clock from fort Niagara, withCaptains Machesny and Nelson, Lieutenants Wendell and Buck,

6th reg. Infantry. Captain Morris, Lieutenants Turner and Phelps, 13th do. Lieutenants Clark, M Carty and Whiting, 23d do. Lieutenant Bayly, of the 3d regiment United States' artillery, acting adjutant, and 250 non-commissioned officers and privates, all in high spirits and anxious for the field. I reported and received orders to repair to the old French ferry, and was there informed that there were no boats. Lieutenant colonels Fenwick and Chris. tie had a short conversation at the ferry, and I was ordered by the former to “countermarch my men.” At this time, firing commenced at Queenstown, and a cry of help! help! reinforcement! reinforcement! was heard from our advanced party. I was at this moment informed that there were a few boats, but neither boatmen nor pilots. I immediately repaired to the river, and in marching towards the shore, one of my best officers, captain Nelson, received a musket ball, at the head of his company, in the abdomen, whicb caused his death. The enemy directed an incessant and heavy fire of grape and canister from their batteries, and a steady street firing from their muskets towards the ferry, to prevent our embarkation ; notwithstanding, I persisted, followed by my brave men, under the most discouraging auspices. Three boats were immediately filled; colonel Fenwick gallantly embarked in the third boat. On finding the enemy's fire extremely galling, I commenced

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