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inhabitants, it is essential to their security that some regulations should be established for their government, while the American army has the power of enforcing them. The general regrets to say that illegal, unauthorized, and forbidden pillage has been committed by a few, who are lost to all honour, and insensible of the obligations of a soldier. To arrest such practices, to afford all the protection in his power, and to ensure safety to the property and persons of the inhabitants, who are now under his controul, the general has issued this address.
The employment of the Indians has been a source of extreme regret to the general. But finding them called out by the government of the United States, and expecting to attack an army who had long employed them in scenes of atrocity and outrage, at which humanity shudders, he was driven to the only alternative left him, of using the same weapon against our eneinies which they had used against ourselves; that the British ariny
had abandoned their encampments and fled before the American force, does not weaken the necessity which he was under of employing the Indians before he knew the enemy had absconded. At the same time, it is due to them to say, that the Indians have con · ducted themselves far better than could have been expected, if the example of British officers and British savages be a criterion. Not a single individual has been scalped or tomahawked by them, no prisoner of war has been burnt, the dead have not been thrown into the public highways, women and children have not been massacred, nor has private property been destroyed, except in cases where the former conduct of the owners required exemplary retaliation. The property which they have plundered, has, in cases where it was possible, been restored by the inhabitants of the United States; and when the necessity for their employment ceased to exist, the Indians were sent to the American side of the river, beyond the reach of temptation, to wait until circumstances justified another call upon them. The relation of these facts is due to the honour of our government, to the reputation of the general, and to the merits of the Indians. From it, also, the inhabitants of Canada may learn what they may expect from American forbearance and clemency.
To insure that forbearance, the inhabitants have an easy duty to perform; let them be perfectly neutral, let them abstain from communications with the British army and remain at home, quietly pursuing their avocations. Those who conduct differently will incur the penalties of rigorous martial law. The character of our free republican government, and the nature of our institutions, will justify your expectation of security and protection. All civil magistrates will continue to exercise the functions of their offices merely as conservators of the peace. As far as they are able, they will preserve order and quiet among the inhabitants. The existing laws of the province, so far as they regard the public peace, and not interfering with the regulations of the army, will
be considered in force until other measures are taken. gistrates are particularly required to give information at head quarters of all violence committed by American troops on citizens, unless they are authorized by a written order. The general enjoins the inhabitants to submit to their magistrates, and those who refuse obedience must be reported to head quarters. The brigadier general invites all the inhabitants who are disposed to be peaceable, orderly, and neutral, to return to their homes and their business. He cannot promise complete security, but he engages, as far as his power extends, to protect the innocent, the unfortunate and the distressed.
Commanding Niagara Frontier. HEAD QUARTERS, Fort GEORGE, Oct. 16th, 1813.
A PROCLAMATION BY GENERAL HARRISON.
An armistice having been concluded between the United States and the tribes of Indians called Miamies, Pattawatamies, Eel River, Veas, Ottoways, Chippeways and Wyandots, to continue until the pleasure of the government of the former shall be known-1 do hereby make known the same to all whom it ,may concern.
This armistice is preparatory to a general council to be held with these different tribes, and until its termination they have been permitted to retire to their hunting grounds, and there to remain unmolested, if they behave themselves peaceably.
They have surrendered into our hands hostages from each tribe, and have agreed immediately to restore all our prisoners in their possession, and to unite with us in the chastisement of any Indians, who may commit any aggression upon our frontiers. Under these circumstances, I exhort all citizens living upon the frontiers to respect the terms of said armistice, and neither to engage in nor countenance any expedition against their persons or property: leaving to the government, with whom the consultation has left it, to pursue such course, with respect to the Indians, as they may think most compatible with sound policy and the best interests of the country Done at Detroit, this 16th October, 1813.
WILLIAM H. HARRISON.
October 18th, 1813. SIR.
The fortune of war having placed the private property of the officers and several families of the right division of the British army in Upper Canada, in your power; as also letters, papers
and vouchers of the greatest consequence to individuals, without being of any to the cause of the captors; I do myself the honour of applying to you in their behalf, hoping that agreeably to the custom of war, you will avail yourself of this favourable opportunity to alleviate private feelings, by causing the said property and documents to be restored. I must also intreat that every consideration in your power be shown for private families, not of the army. I trust that with the same view you will permit the bearer hereof to ascertain the fate of individuals, and that you will facilitate the retreat of any families that may unfortunately have been interrupted in the attempt.
I have the honour to be, &c.
Maj. gen. in his B. Majesty's service. Maj. Gen. W. H. Harrison,
commanding U. S. Army.
Extracts of a letter from general Wilkinson to the Secretary of
"GRENADIER ISLAND, October 28th, 1813. “I send you this by an extra aid-de-camp, captain Nourse, to relieve the anxiety to which you must be subject, in the impending eventful moment.”
“The extent of the injuries to our craft, the clothing and arms of the men, and to our provisions on the passage from Sackett's Harbor to this place, greatly exceeded our apprehensions, and has subjected us to the necessity of furnishing a supply of clothing, and of making repairs and equipments to our Hotilla generally. In fact, all our hopes have been very nearly blasted; but thanks to the same Providence which placed us in jeopardy, we are surmounting our difficulties, and, God willing, I shall pass Prescott on the night of the 1st or ad proximo, if some unforeseen obstacle does not present to forbid me. I shall expect to hear from you at Morrisville, where colonel Swift is to meet me, and to guard against chance shots, I wish wagons would be held in readiness to receive our powder aud field ammunition, at a suitable distance above Prescott."
“I keep up the delusion here; and the enemy, about sixteen hundred strong, exclusive of five hundred militia, are in daily expectation of a visit at Kingston, yet they have taken post, I understand, at Cornwall and the Coteau de Lac. No matter : once passed Prescott, and our bayonets and sabres shall reinove all impediments." * The inexorable winds and rains continue to
and embarrass our movements; but I am seizing on every moment's interval to slip into the St. Lawrence corps and detachments, as
they can be got ready. Our rendezvous will be in Bush creek, about twenty miles below, and nearly opposite to Gananoqui, which position menaces a descent on the opposite shore. I shall sail from that position at 4 o'clock of the morning, and will pass Prescott about the same time the ensuing morning.”
“We have had such a fluctuation of sick and well, between this place and Sackett's Harbor, that it is impossible to say in what force we shall move ; but I calculate on 6000 combatants, exclusive of Scott and Randolph,* neither of whom will, I fear, be up in season, notwithstanding all my arrangements and exertions to accelerate their march: they are both under provisional orders from Ogdensburg."
WAR DEPARTMENT, DENMARK,
October 30th, 9 o'clock P. M. DEAR GENERAL,
I this moment received your despatch by captain Nourse. I rejoice that
your difficulties are so far surmounted, as to enable you to say, with assurance, when you will pass Prescott. I should have met you there; but bad roads, worse weather, and a considerable degree of illness, admonished me against receding further from a point where my engagements call me, about the 1st proximo. The resolution of treading back my steps, was taken at Antwerp, and communicated in a letter from that place, by major Lush. I wrote a single line to you to-day, giving the fortunate issue of Harrison's business, and his arrival at Fort George with M'Arthur's brigade. If Vincent be within the peninsula, Harrison will root him out. It remains with you to sweep the rest of the line before you. Montreal taken, what are Prescott and Kingston? Give Hampton timely notice of your approach, and of the place and hour of junction.
JOHN ARMSTRONG. Major General Wilkinson.
Extracts of a letter from general Wilkinson to the Secretary of
“GRENADIER ISLAND, November 1st, 1813. * “ You will perceive from the duplicate under cover letter of the 28th of October) what were my calculations four days since: but the winds, and waves, and rains, still prevail, and we have made several fruitless attempts to turn "Stony Point, one of them at great peril to 3,000 men, whom I seasonably remanded to the harbor, without the loss of a life. Our sick, one hundred and ninety-six in number, have not fared as well: they were embarked in stout, comfortable vessels, and sailed, the day before
* Scott and Randolpb both joined.
yesterday morning, for Sackett's Harbor, but they were driven on shore by a storm, which continued with unremitting violence all night; and as no exertion could relieve them, I anticipated the loss of the whole ; but the tempest having abated, and the wind shifting from south-west to north-east, boats were sent out yesterday morning, and doctor Bull reports the loss of three men only. Other means of transport will be provided to-morrow, and these unfortunate men will be sent to the hospital at Sackett's Harbor.”
“ Brigadier Brown, with his brigade, the light artillery, the riflemen, the volunteers, the gunboats, Bissel's regiment, and a part of M'Comb's, are, I expect, safe at French creek, with the artillery and ordnance stores. These corps have made the traverse of the arms of the lake under circumstances of great danger, though fortunately without the loss of a life, but at the expense of some boats."
“I shall wait one day longer, and if the passage should still continue impracticable to the troops I will land them on the opposite shore, march them across the country to the St. Lawrence, and send the empty boats round to a given rendezvous.”
“As major general Hampton is under your orders, permit me to suggest to you what is worthy of reflection : whether he should take a position, and wait the arrival of my command near the confluence of the St. Lawrence and Grand river, or whether he should move down the St. Lawrence, and menace Chambly? If he is strong enough to meet sir George, the latter will be the preferable plan, because it will have the effect to divide the enemy's force ; otherwise he should adopt the first idea, hazard nothing, and strengthen my hands."
“ The enclosed copy of a memorandum from colonel Swift will show you what he is about, I flatter myself, to your satisfaction, The sole unpleasant circumstance before me, is our total ignorance of the preparations of sir George, and what we may expect to meet on the island. I fear no consequences ; but it must be painful to lead more than six thousand men to battle hoodwinked ; and yet all my efforts to procure intelligence from Montreal have proved fruitless."
H. Q. FOUR CORNERS, November 1st, 1813. SIR,
On the morning of the 21st ultimo the army commenced its movement down the Chateaugay, for the purpose of placing itself in a situation which would enable it to fulfil its part of the proposed combined operations on the St. Lawrence.
An extensive wood of eleven or twelve miles in front, block. aded up with felled timber, and covered by the Indians and light troops of the enemy, was a serious impediment to the arduous task of opening a road for the artillery and stores. Brigadier gen