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AN ACT, Declaring War between the United Kingdom of Great Britain

and Ireland and the dependencies thereof, and the United States of America and their territories.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That War be, and the same is hereby declared to exist between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the dependencies thereof, and the United States of America and their territories; and that the President of the United States be, and he is hereby authorized to use the whole land and naval force of the United States to carry the same into effect, and to issue to private armed vessels of the United States commissions or letters of marque and general reprisal, in such form as he shall think proper, and under the seal of the United States, against the vessels, goods and effects of the government of the same United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the subjects thereof. June 18, 1812.

APPROVED,

JAMES MADISON.

on the passage of the preceding Act, the vote, in the House of

Representatives was as follows, viz.

IN THE AFFIRMATIVE. New Hampshire-Samuel Dinsmoor, Virginia-Burwell Bassett, William Obed Hall, John A. Harper, 3. A. Burwell, John Clopton, John

Massachusetts-Francis Carr, Isaiah Dawson, Thomas Gholson, Peterson L. Green, William M. Richardson, Eb- Goodwyn, Aylett Hawes, William enezer Seaver, Charles Turner, jun. M'Coy, Hugh Nelson, Thomas NewWilliam Widgery, 6. ·

ton, James Pleasants, jr. John Roane, Rhode-Island-None.

John Smith, John Taliaferro, 14. Connecticut-None.

North-Carolina-Willis Alston, jr. Vermont-James Fisk, Saml. Shaw, William Blackledge, James Cochran, William Strong, 3.

William R. King, Nathaniel Macon, New-York-Daniel Avery, Benja- Israel Pickens, 6. min Pond, Ebenezer Sage, 3.

South Carolina-Wm. Butler, John New-Jersey-Lewis Condict, James C. Calhoun, Langdon Cheves, Elias Morgan, 2.

Earle, William Lowndes, Thomas Pennsylvania,William Anderson, Moore, David R. Williams, Richard David Bard, Robert Brown, William Winn, 8. Crawford, Roger Davis, William Find Georgia—William W. Bibb, Bol. ley, John M. Hyneman, Abner La- ling Hall, George M. Troup, 3. cock, Joseph Lefevre, Aaron Lyle, Kentucky Joseph Desha, Richard William Piper, Jonathan Roberts, M. Johnson, Samuel M-Kee, Anthony Adam Seybert, John Smilie, George New, Stephen Ormsby, 5. Smith, Robert Whitehill, 16.

Tennessee-Felix Grundy, John Rhea, Delaware-None.

John Sevier, 3.
Maryland-Stevenson Archer, Jo Ohio-Jeremiah Morrow, 1.
seph Kent, Peter Little, Alexr. M'Kim,
Saml. Ringgold, Robt. Wright, 6.

YgAs, 79,

IN THE NEGATIVE. New Hampshire-Josiah Bartlett, Pennsylvania-James Milnor, Wil. George Sullivan, 2

liam Rodman, 2. Massachusetts-Elijah Brigham, Wm. Delaware-Henry M. Ridgely, 1. Ely, Josiah Quincy, -Reed, Samuel Maryland-Charles Goldsborough, Taggart, Peleg Tallman, Laban Whea- Philip B. Key, Philip Stuart, 3. ton, Leonard White, 8.

Virginia,John Baker, James BreckRhode Island-Richard Jackson, jr. enridge, Joseph Lewis, jr. John RanElisha R. Potter, 2.

dolph, Thomas Wilson, 5. Connecticut-Epaphroditus Cham North Carolina-Archibald M-Bride, pion, John Davenport, jr. Lyman Law, Joseph Pearson, Richard Stanford, 3. Jonathan 0. Moseley, Timothy Pitkin, South Carolina None. Lewis B. Sturges, Benjamin Tall Georgia-None. madge, 7.

Kentucky-None.
Vermont-Martin Chittenden, 1. Tennessee-None.

New York-Hermanus Bleeker, Ohio-None.
Thomas B. Cooke, James Emot, Asa
Fitch, Thomas R. Gold, Arunah Met YEAS,

79 calf, Samuel L. Mitchell, Thomas Sam Nays,

49
mons, Silas Stow, Uriah Tracy, Pierre
Van Cortlandt, jr. 11.

Majority for War, 30
New Jersey-Adam Boyd, Jacob
Hufty, George C. Maxwell, Thomas
Newbold, 4.

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IN THE SENATE.
YEAS.

NAYS.
New Hampshire-Charles Cutts, New Hampshire Nicholas Gilman,
Massachusetts-Joseph B. Varnum, Massachusetts James Lloyd,
Vermont-Jonathan Robinson,

Connecticut - Saml. W. Dana, ChaunNew York.John Smith,

cey Goodrich, New Jersey-John Condit,

Rhode Island Jeremiah B. Howell, Pennsylvania-Andrew Gregg, Mi William Hunter, chael Leib,

New York-Obadiah German, Maryland—Samuel Smith,

New Jersey John Lambert, Virginia–Richard Brent, William B. Delaware-James A. Bayard, OuterGiles,

bridge Horsey, North Carolina-Jesse Franklin, Maryland-Philip Reed, James Turner,

Kentucky-John Pope,
South Carolna—John Gaillard, John Ohio, Thomas Worthington.

Taylor,
Georgian Wm. H. Crawford, Charles

YEAS,

19 Nays,

13 Kentucky-George M. Bibb, Tennessee-Joseph Anderson, George Majority for War, 6

W. Campbell.

Tait,

DECLARATION OF WAR ANNOUNCED.

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

A PROCLAMATION.

WHEREAS the Congress of the United States, by virtue of the constituted authority vested in them, have decided by their act, bearing date the eighteenth day of the present month, that war exists between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the dependencies thereof, and the United States of America and their territories: Now therefore, I, JAMES Madison, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim the same to all whom it may concern; and I do especially enjoin on all persons holding offices, civil or military, under the authority of the United States, that they be vigilant and zealous in discharging the duties respectively incident thereto; and I do moreover exhort all the good people of the United States, as they love their country; as they value the precious heritage derived from the virtue and valor of their fathers; as they feel the wrongs which have forced on them the last resort of injured nations; and as they consult the best means, under the blessings of Divine Providence, of abridging its calamities; that they exert themselves in preserving order, in promoting concord, in maintaining the authority and the efficacy of the laws, and in supporting and invigorating all the measures which may be adopted by the constituted authorities, for obtaining a speedy, a just, and an honour

able peace.

SEAL.

IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my

hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed to these presents. Done at the city of Washington, the nineteenth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twelve, and of the Independence of the United States the thirtysixth

JAMES MADISON. By the President,

JAMES MONROE,

Secretary of State,

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OFFICIAL

MILITARY AND NAVAL

LETTERS, &c.

BLACK ROCK, June 28, 1812. SIR,

THERE is every reason to believe that the British meditate an attack on Fort Niagara, and that it may be attempted within twenty-four hours from this time. If they once pass the river it is impossible to say how far they may proceed." Under these very urgent circumstances, I despatch an express to request that you will immediately march the men under your command to our assistance. Although you may not have received orders authorizing you to comply with this request, I am persuaded the occasion will justify you, as your men can be of no possible use at Canandaigua, or any other place along the south shore of the lake, and are undoubtedly intended, ultimately, for this place. Bring with you all the arms and ammunition in the Canandaigua arsenal.

In great haste, yours respectfully,

PETER B. PORTER, Q. M. G.

of the State of New-York.

Maj. Mullany, commanding at Canandaigua.

(Major General Hall addressed Major Mullany by the same conveyance, and equally urgent, with an assurance that the people would bear him harmless in the event of his being censured by the ernment for marching for their protection, &c. &c.]

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