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merits of the corps and officers that were engaged. Resting or the field of battle, they retired in perfect order on the next morning to these lines, destined to become the scene of future victories, which they were to share with the rest of you, my brave companions in arms. Scarcely were your lines a protection against musket shot, when, on the 28th, a disposition was made to attack them with all the pomp and parade of military tactics, as improved by those veterans of the Spanish war.
Their batteries of heavy cannon kept up an incessant fire; their rockets illumined the air, and under their cover two strong columns threatened our flanks. The foe insolently thought that this spectacle was too imposing to be resisted, and in the intoxication of his pride he already saw our lines abandoned without a contest—how were those menacing appearances pet? By shouts of defiance, by a manly countenance not to be shaken by the roar of his cannon, by the glare of his fire work rockets; by an artıllery served with superior skill and with deadly effect. Never, my brave friends, can your general forget the testimonials of attachment to our glorious cause, of indignant hatred to our foe, of affectionate confidence in your chief, that resounded from every rank as he passed along your line. This animated and unexpected scene damped the courage of the enemy; he dropped his scaling ladders and fascines, and the threatened attack dwindled into a demonstration, which served only to show the emptiness of his parade, and to inspire you with a just confidence in yourselves.
The new year was ushered in with the most tremendous fire his whole artillery could produce; a few hours only, however, were necessary for the brave and skilful men who directed our own, to dismount his cannon, destroy his batteries, and effectively silence his fire. Hitherto, my brave friends, in the contests on our lines, your courage had been passive only; you stood with coolness, a fire that would have tried the firmness of a veteran, and you anticipated a nearer contest with an eagerness which was soon to be gratified.
On the 8th of January, the final effort was made. At the dawn of day the batteries opened, and the columns advanced. Knowing that the volunteers from Tennessee and the militia from Kentucky were stationed on your left, it was there they directed their chiet attack,
Reasoning always from false principles, they expected no opposition from men whose officers even were not in uniform, who were ignorant of the rules and dress, and who had never been caned into discipline-fatal mistake! a fire incessantly kept up, directed with calmness and with unerring aim, strewed the field with the bravest officers and men of the column which slowly advanced, according to the most approved rules of European tactics, and was cut down by the untutored courage of American militia. Unable to sustain this galling and unceasing fire, some hundreds nearest the entrenchments, called for quarter, which
was granted ; the rest retreating, were rallied at some distance, but only to make them a surer mark for the grape and canister shot of our artillery, which, without exaggeration, mowed down whole ranks at every discharge; and at length they precipitately retired from the field.
Our right had only a short contest to sustain with a few rash men, who, fatally for themselves, forced their entrance into the unfinished redoubt on the river. They were quickly dispossessed, and this glorious day terminated with the loss to the enemy of their commander in chief and one major general killed, another major general wounded, the most experienced and bravest of their officers, and more than three thousand men, killed, wounded and missing ; while our ranks, my friends, were thinned only by the loss of six of our brave companions killed, and seven disabled by wounds-wonderful interposition of heaven! unexampled event in the history of war!
Let us be grateful to the God of battles who has directed the arrows of indignation against our invaders, while he covered with his protecting shield the brave defenders of their country.
After this unsuccessful and disastrous attempt, their spirits were broken, their force was destroyed, and their whole attention was employed in providing the means of escape. This they have effected, leaving their heavy artillery in our power, and many of their wounded to our clemency. The consequences of this short but decisive campaign, are incalculably important. The pride of our arrogant enemy humbled, his forces broken, his leaders killed, his insolent hopes of our disunion frustrated, his expectation of rioting in our spoils and wasting our country changed into ignominious defeat, shameful flight, and reluctant acknowledge ment of the humanity and kindness of those whom he had doomed to all the horrors and humiliation of a conquered state.
On the other side, unanimity established, disaffection crushed, confidence restored, your country saved from conquest, your property from pillage, your wives and daughters from insult and violation, the union preserved from dismemberment, and perhaps a period put by this decisive stroke to a bloody and savage war. These,
my brave friends, are the consequences of the efforts you have made, and the success with which they have been crowned by heaven.
These important results have been effected by the united courage and perseverance of the army; which the different corps, as well as the individuals that compose it, have vied with each other in their exertions to produce. The share they have respectively had will be pointed out in the general order accompanying this address. But the gratitude, the admiration of their country, offers a fairer reward than that which any praise of the general can bestow, and the best is that of which they can never be deprived, the consciousness of having done their duty, and of meriting the applause they will receive.
HEAD QUARTERS, 7th MILITARY DISTRICT, Camp before New Orleans, Adj. General's Office, January 21st, 1815. Before the camp at these memorable lines shall be broken up, the general thinks it a duty to the brave army which has defended them, publicly to notice the conduct of the different corps which compose it. The behaviour of the regular troops, consisting of parts of the 7th and 44th regiments of infantry, and the corps of marines, all commanded by colonel Ross, has been such as to merit his warm approbation. The 7th regiment was led by major Peyre, and the 44th by captain Baker, in the action of the 23d, in a manner that does those officers the highest honour. They have continued through the campaign to do their duty with the same zeal and ability with which it was commenced. On that occasion the country lost a valuable officer in the death of lieutenant McClellan, of the 7th infantry, who fell while bravely leading his company, Lieutenant Dupuy, of the 44th, although severely wounded in this action, returned in time to take a share in all the subsequent attacks.
To the Tennessee mounted gun men, to their gallant leader, brigadier general Coffee, the general presents his warmest thanks, not only for their uniformly good conduct in action, but for the wonderful patience with which they have borne the fatigue, and the perseverance with which they surmounted the difficulties of a most painful march, in order to meet the enemy-a diligence and zeal to which we probably owe the salvation of the country. Ordinary activity would have brought them too late to act tħe brilliant part they have performed in the defeat ef our invaders. All the officers of that corps have distinguished themselves; but the general cannot avoid mentioning the name of lieutenant colonel Lauderdale, who fell on the night of the 23d, and those of colonels Dyer, Gibson, and Elliott, who were wounded, but, disdaining personal considerations, remained firm to their duty,
The cavalry from the Mississippi territory, under their enter. prising leader, major Hinds, , was always ready to perform every service, which the nature of the country enabled them to execute. The daring manner in which they reconnoitred the enemy on his lines, excited the admiration of one army and the astonishment of the other.
Major general Carroll, commanding the detachment of West Tennessee militia, has shown the greatest zeal for the service; a strict attention to duty, and an ability and courage that will always recommend him to the gratitude of his country. His troops have, since the lines were formed, occupied and defended the weakest part of them, and borne, without a murmur, an encampment on a marshy and unhealthy soil. In the memorable action of the 8th of January, the chief effort of the enemy was directed against them, but their valor, and that of the brave men who sup
ported them (general Coffee's brigade on the left, and a part of the Kentucky troops on the right,) soon made it clear that a rampart of high-minded men is a better defence than the most regular fortification.
General Adair, who, owing to the indisposition of general Thomas, brought up the Kentucky militia, has shown that troops will always be valiant when their leaders are so. No men erer displayed a more gallant spirit than they did under that most valuable officer. His country is under obligations to him.
The general would be ungrateful or insensible to merit if he did not particularly notice the conduct of the officers and men who so bravely supported, and so skilfully directed, his artillery. Colonel McRea, in the action of the 23d, showed as he always does, great conrage. Lieutenant Spotts, under whose immediate direction our artillery had been placed, led it to action with a daring courage worthy of admiration. Captain Humphreys com. manded the first battery on our right. The service is greatly indebted to that officer, not only for the able and gallant manner in which he directed his fire, but for the general activity he dis played in his department.
Lieutenant Norris, of the navy, with Mr. Walkers Martin, and a detachment of seamen, was stationed at the 2d battery, and lieutenant Crawley, with Mr. W. Livingston, master's mate, with a similar detachment, were stationed at a 32 pounder, which was remarkably well directed. They performed their duty with the zeal and bravery, which has always characterized the navy of the United States. Captains Dominique and Belluche, lately commanding privateers at Barataria, with part of their former crew and many brave citizens of New Orleans, were stationed at numbers 3 and 4. The general cannot avoid giving his warm approbation of the manner in which these gentlemen have uniformly conducted themselves while under his command, and of the gal. lantry with which they have redeemed the pledge they gave at the opening of the campaign to defend the country. The brothers Lafitte have exhibited the same courage and fidelity, and the general promises that the government shall be duly apprized of their conduct. Colonel Perry, deputy quarter master general, volunteered his services at number 6. He was ably aided by lieutenant Kerr, of the artillery. His battery was well served, bravely supported, and greatly annoyed the enemy. Numbers 8 and 9 were directed by lieutenant Spotts with his usual skill and bravery, assisted by Mr. Cheaveau.
The general takes the highest pleasure in noticing the conduct of general Garrique de Flaujac, commanding one of the brigades of militia of this state, and member of the Senate. His brigade not being in the field, as soon as the invasion was known be repaired to the camp and offered himself as a volunteer for the service of a piece of artillery, which he directed with the skill which was to be expected from an experienced artillery officer.
Disdaining the exemption afforded by his seat in the Senate, he continued in this subordinate but honourable station; and by his example as well as his exertion has rendered essential services to his country. Mr. Sebastian Hiriart, of the same body, set the same example, served a considerable time in the ranks of the volunteer battalion, and afterwards as adjutant of the colored troops. Major Planche's battalion of volunteers, though deprived of the valuable services of major Carmac, who commanded them, by a wound which that officer received in the attack of the 28th of December, have realized all the anticipations which the general had forined of their conduct. Major Planche and major St. Jame, of that corps, have distinguished themselves by their activity, their courage, and their zeal; and the whole corps have greatly contributed to enable the general to redeem the pledge he gave, when at the opening of the campaign he promised the country not only safety, but a splendid triumph over its insolent invaders. The two corps of colored volunteers, have not disappointed the hopes that were formed of their courage and perseverance in the performance of their duty. Majors Lacoste and Daquin, who commanded them, have deserved well of their country. Captain Savary's conduct has been noticed in the account rendered of the battle of the 230 ; and that officer has since continued to merit the highest praise. Captain Beale's company of the city riflemen has sustained, by its subsequent conduct, ihe reputation it acquired in the action of the 23d. Colonel de la Ronde, of the Louisiana militia, has been extremely serviceable by his exertions, and has shown great courage, and an uniform attachment to the cause of the country. General Humbert, who offered his services as a volunteer, has continually exposed himself to the greatest dangers, with his characteristic bravery, as has also the Mexican field marshal don Juan de Anayer, who acted in the same capacity.
The general acknowledges the important assistance he has received from commodore Patterson, as well by his professional exertion, as the zealous co-operation of his department during the whole course of the campaign. Captain Henley, on board the Caroline, and afterwards in directing the erection of several batteries at the Bayou and on the right bank of the river, was of great utility to the army. Lieutenant Alexis, of the navy, stationed in the navy arsenal, was indefatigable in exertions to forward to the army every thing which could facilitate its operations--his zeal and activity deserve the notice of government. Major Nicks, who by an accidental wound was deprived of the pleasure of commanding the 7th regiment during the campaign, was continually employed in the fort, and furnished the ammunition and the artillery that was wanted, with the greatest activity and promptitude. To the volunteers of the Mississippi territory, and to the militia of the remoter parts of this state, who have arrived since the decisive action of the 8th, the general tenders his thanks, and is convinced that nothing but opportunity was wanting to entitle