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I withdrew. When Mr. Brazier and I consulted together on the subject, we were fully persuaded, from the countenances and behaviour of the coloured people, that the Redeemer's kingdom might be enlarged by preaching the gospel to them, and that we ought not by any means to give up the point. Before bed-time, two gentlemen came to me at my lodging, and offered me their halls to preach in; but, alas ! when I called on them the next morning, they had been frightened by their friends, and both of them retracted their
engagements. We were then determined to move on the true gospel plan, from the least to the greatest.' Accordingly, we hired a poor cheap house (if it may be called by so lofty a name), in the outskirts of the town, of a Mulatto, from month to month. Here I preached in the evening to a considerable number of the people of colour; and, notwithstanding the poverty of the place, some of the bucks attended, and were ruder, if possible, than the night before. During the height of the noise, I felt a spirit which I think I never felt before, at least in the same degree — I believe it was a spark of the proper spirit of martyrdom. At the conclusion, therefore, of a pointed though short address to the rioters, I told them I was willing, yea, desirous, if the kingdom of Jesus could be promoted thereby, to suffer martyrdom; and my words seemed to have a considerable effect on their minds.”
A few days afterwards, Dr. Coke preached at Port Royal, in the house of Mr. Fishley. “ There had been some persecution in this place, many of the outrageous in Kingston having agreed to assassinate Mr. Hammett here; but the magistrates behaved with such spirit and intrepidity, that the persecutors were glad to hide their heads."
Dr. Coke sailed in a few days for South Carolina, leaving 234 in the society of Methodists in the whole circuit, which was an increase of eighty-four since the last accounts were made up.
From Easter 1791 to Easter 1792, 640 Negroes were baptized in Antigua by the Moravian missionaries.
In 1792, upon the average of four years, Antigua produced and exported only 3900 hhds. of sugar.
The national assembly of France passed a decree of thanks to the King of Great Britain, to the English nation, and to Lord Effingham, the governor of Jamaica, for his generous conduct, in relieving the planters of St. Domingo from the horrors of famine, and in furnishing them with arms and military stores against the rebel Negroes.
The West India merchants voted £500 to Captain Bligh, of the navy,
for his services while on the West India station. In February, Flora Gale, aged 120 years, died at Savannah-laMer, in Jamaica: she retained all her faculties till within three
Coke's West Indies, vol. i. p. 425.; vol. ii. p. 426.
days of her death. There was not a house in that town when she
General Mathews, the governor of Grenada, conceived so fa-
The Moravian missionaries report, that “ their chapel was well
This year, the Moravian missionaries at St. Christopher's added
* St. Kitt's, April 11, 1792.
“ Ever since Palm Sunday, we have had at times smart showers
" As I went to our burying-ground, I perceived that about fifty feet in length of the wall, from the corner below the gate, was washed away, the planks of the remaining part torn off, and the strong cedar posts bending towards the street. The ground within the wall, to the depth of five or six feet, was washed out, and carried away. It was now between eleven and twelve o'clock at night, and I went in to inform the sisters how things appeared; we
Coke's West Indies, vol. ii. pp. 72. 133.; vol. iii. pp. 51. 54.
ben prayed to our Heavenly Father to help us in our distress. We soon felt comforted; and presently after, the violence of the raia abated. At six in the morning, a few people who had escaped the danger came to our church, to pray the Easter litany. Having sung a hymn, we kneeled down, thanked our merciful Saviour for baring protected and preserved us, prayed for the island and its inhabitants, read the history of our Lord's resurrection, and then prayed the litany in the church.
- We were soon afterwards informed of the great damage done in the town.
On L.'s plantation, two women, one of whom was a candidate for baptism, with two children, were lost. A woman from WP's estate, who had put up on L.'s for that night, with four children, her husband, and a blind woman, were all in great danger. As they stood in the water, the children cried, “Dear Father! dear Saviour! hear the cry of us poor children, and help us and our mother.' God heard their cries, and preserved them.
In College-street, the torrent carried away all the fences, walls, and steps, and in some places tore down the houses — some falling upon the inhabitants, and some being carried away with them. The water also broke into the house of one of our communicants, gained vent, and swept away two adjoining houses into the sea.
In one of these was a communicant sister and her son. The parish house was broken down. The English church and the Methodist chapel were filled with mud and water. Several houses were carried into the sea, with all their furniture, and dashed to pieces. Most of the merchant's cellars were filled with water, mud, and sand; and great quantities of provisions were spoiled.
“ A Mrs. T., with her house and family, was carried into the sea : she cried out, · Lord have mercy upon me, and help me.' A Mulatto hearing her cries, ventured out, and swimming after her, caught her hair, and saved her, though she was almost dead. Her daughter's dead corpse swam by her side: her son was saved, but two of the inhabitants were lost.
“ One of our people, a Mulatto woman, said, “ It is of my Saviour's mercy that my life is preserved:' and indeed the Divine mercy was signal in her behalf; for her neighbour's house was swept away, while her's was left standing, though so filled with mud and water, that her goods were spoiled.
“ The strongest walls were unable to withstand the vehemence of the main current; and the oldest inhabitants cannot remember so formidable and destructive an inundation, whereby so many lives were lost. « In the forenoon, brother Reichel returned from a visit
upon Burt's plantations, after a very dangerous journey.
“ In our church alone divine service could be performed, and but few attended, both in the fore and afternoon. We were thankful
that we had so good a wall to defend our premises, otherwise w must have been overflowed, and both the house and the churcl would have been in danger, because the floods used generally to break in at the corner of our burying ground. We have certainly sustained some damage, but nothing in comparison with the rest o the inhabitants : however, we feel it much.
“ In the town of Old Road, some houses have been washed- into the sea, and on the north side much injury has been done.
“ You will undoubtedly join us in thanking our gracious Lord, that our dear Negroes in the town have been so mercifully preserved - only Henrietta, a communicant, and a candidate for baptism on L.'s estate, have lost their lives. Had poor Henrietta staid in her own house, she would in all probability have been safe, for that was left standing.
“ On Good Friday, previous to the calamity, our church was filled with Negroes from the country: these were very attentive, and shed many tears during the prayer with which the meeting closed. Thanks be to God! we are at present well in health, and recommend ourselves to your prayers and remembrance before the Lord.
66 G. C. SCHNELLER.”
Some rum caught fire in the carenage at Grenada, by which accident the most valuable third of the town was destroyed.
In April, the King George, slave ship, was wrecked to windward of Barbadoes. Two hundred and eighty-one slaves were drowned between decks: they were in irons, and the gratings locked. The captain and crew were saved — eighty-seven women, and a man and a boy, swam on shore, and were sold.
Upon the ist of August, several plantations at Antigua were destroyed by a hurricane - most of the other islands also suffered.
Upon the 17th of November, Ninian Hume, Esq. was appointed lieutenant-governor of Grenada.
Sugar and coffee, the produce of foreign plantations, were permitted by the English to be imported into certain of the Bahama islands, in foreign vessels, subject to regulations, by the acts 27. and 30. of the King.
The British parliament voted, that the slave trade should cease upon the 1st of January, 1796.
Fifty-five Moravians (some of whom were women) were stationed in different islands in the West Indies. Three men and their wives resided in Jamaica.
The number of slaves in Barbadoes was estimated at 65,074. Depon says, that the Spaniards are litigious, “one would hardly
Annual Register, 1792, pp. 29. 31. 48. — - 1796, p. 181.
Colquhoun's British Empire, p. 373.
Depon's South America, vol. i. p. 142.
hink it credible,” he says, “ that in the city of Havaña alone, where there was no court of appeal, there were computed to be, in 1792, seventy-two advocates, besides 34 in the other cities and Tages, making 106 advocates, to a population of 254,821 souls ; and the territorial exports did not amount to the value of five milSons of dollars. Whilst St. Domingo, with a population of 600,060 soals, and produce to the value of twenty-seven millions of dollars, nad in the two councils, and over the whole colony, but thirty-six advocates.
['pon the 21st of January, 1793, the French republicans decapitated their monarch, Louis XVI. The English government immediately dismissed the French ambassador, and commenced that long and arduous contest which terminated in the destruction of the most appalling and flagitious tyranny that ever afflicted Europe.
Upon the 1st of February, the French convention decreed a declaration of war against His Britannic Majesty and the Stadtholder of the United Provinces.
C'pon the 12th of January, M. de Rochambeau was appointed general of Martinico, and quitted St. Domingo soon afterwards. M. Laveaux became general of the troops, and received fresh orders from Santhonax, to renew the general attack against the Blacks. This officer commenced his operations by attacking Morne Pélé, and the post of the Tannerie. During thirty days his success was greater than was expected. The Blacks were driven to the woods ; and about the middle of February, the hopes of the Whites were raised to anticipate their complete subjugation ; when an order from Santhonax to suspend their operations, and march no further, zave rise to various conjectures: his partisans attributed the cessation to the refusal of the citizens of the cape to finish the campaign, They were, however, too few to have stopped a general attack by near 12,000 troops.
The release of 500 Blacks from the prisons of the cape - the order to pull down all the gibbets — to keep only upon the defensive - the proclamation declaring that one-third of the vacancies for officers should be filled up with people of colour – the banishment of those Whites who most strenuously urged the accomplishment of the decree of the 4th of April, and the liberation of the curés of Dondon and Grande Riviere, open abettors of the revolt of the Negroes, and taken among them: all these facts made the Whites conclude that the commissioners were hostile to them, and seeking adherents among the people of colour, who were now the only per
Soirées Bermudiennes, p. 184.
Barlow's History of England, vol. v, p. 383.