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ries of articles, or conditions, to ed as the rebel admiral of the fleet, which they peremptorily demand. marched at the head of these proed compliance, as the only terms ceffions, which were accompanied upon which they would return to with music and Aags, and had a obedience ; several of those articles triumphal appearance, calculated to were regarded as entirely incompa- make new converts to their illicit tible with the discipline of the navy, proceedings. The delegates and while fome others, such as a more committee-men went on thore and equal division of prize money, were returned on board as they pleased. represented by fome, as no more This indulgence however was soon than reasonable additions v the put an end to by the arrival of conceffions to which government lord Keith and fir Charles Grey, had agreed at Portsmouth.

who had been sent down to superThe adherents of administration intend the naval and military pro. contended, that confidering what ceedings in that quarter. had already been done for the sea The mutiny having now risen to men in general, nothing thort of the most alarmning height, a depuunconditionalsubmiffion ought to be tation of the lords of the admiralty, accepted by government from such at the head of whom was earl Spendaring mutineers and rebels; while cer, proceeded to Sheerness, but some of the adverse party conceived, they had no conference with the that by moderate and modified con delegates, as they demanded unconceflion, the love and fidelity of the ditional submission as a neceffary navy would be more affe&ually fe- preliminary to any intercourte whatcured, than by adopting harsh and ever. Finding the failors rather coercive measures.' The mutineers rising in insolence and disobedience at the Nore, on the 23d of May, than inclining to submillion, the struck the flag of admiral Buckner, deputation from the admiralty deon board the Sandwich, and hoisted parted from Sheerness, after hava red flag, the fymbol of mutiny, ing fignified to the seamen, that in its ftead. They compelled all they were to expect no concessions the thips which lay near Sheerness whatever, further than what had to drop down to the Great Nore, in been already made by the legislaorder to concentrate the scene of ture, the benefit of which they their operations; amongst which might yet enjoy on returning to their was the St. Fiorenzo, which had duty. been fitted up to carry the princess The seamen now began to perof Wirtemburg to Germany. Each ceive their desperate fituation, and man-of-war sent two delegates; and proceeded to take measures which befides these, there was in every indicated a design, either to secure ship a committee, confifting of 12 'their present situation or to feek men, who determined, not only all safety by flight; some of the most affairs relative to the internal ma- desperate among them, suggested nagement of the vessel, but decided the idea of carrying the ships to the upon the merits of the respective enemy, but the majority revolted at delegates. At the commencement so treacherous a proceeding, though of the mutiny," the delegates came even adopted to save their lives, every day to Sheerness, where they alleging ihat a redress of their held conferences, and paraded the grievances was their primary, and ftreets and ramparts of the garrison. ihould be their ultimate, object. Richard Parker, who was confider- With a view of extorting complia


ance with their demands, they pro- and the articles of war, the deport. ceeded to block up the Thames, by ment of the seamen to their supe. refusing a free passage up and down riors during the fufpenfion of their the river to the London trade.. command was, with some excep

The thips of neutral nations, tions, respectful. All communicahowever, colliers, and a few small tions 'being stopped with the fhore, craft were suffered to pass, having the mutiveers supplied themselves first received a patiport, figned by with water and provisions from the Richard Parker, as president of the ships which they detained ; and a delegates. In order to concentrate party of seamen landed in the ille their force, all the ships which lay of Grain, and carried off a number near Sheerness, dropt down to the of sheep and other provisions, givGreat Nore. The line-of-battle ing in return, it is said, bills drawn thips were drawn up in a line, at by the delegates on the commiffionabout half a mile distant from each ers of the admiralty. During the other, and moored with their broad-mutiny, there were some exaggefides abreast. In the space between rated reports of their plundering difthe line-of-baitle thips, the detained ferent trading vessels; the chief act merchantmen and other vessels were which they perpetrated of this kind, moored. On the 4th of June, the however, appears to have been that whole ficet evinced its loyal difpofi- of robbing a velfel of 300 facks of tion by a general salute, which was flour, of which they found themfired from all the lips at the Nore, selves in need, and which were in compliment to his majesty's birth- distributed throughout the fieet. day, and the ships were decorated After the departure of the depuin the fame manner as is practised on tation of the admiralty from Sheerrejoicing days; the red fag, how, ness, a proclamation was issued, ever, being kept flying at the main offering his majesty's pardon to all topmast of the Sandwich. On the 6th such of the mutineers as thould imof June, in the morning, the Aga- mediately return to their duty; inmemnon, Lecpard, Ardent, and I listimating at the same time, that admen-of-war, and the Ranger floop, miral Buckner was the proper perjoined the mutinous fhips at the son to be applied to on such an oce Nore, having deserted from the casion. fleet of admiral Duncan, then in An act of parliament was speadily Yarmouth roads. The force of the passed, for the more effectual re. mutineers, at its greatest bright, con- itraining the intercourse from the fifted of eleven fhips of the line, ex shore with the crews of the thips in clusive of frigates, in all, twenty- a state of mutiny; and still more four fail. The appearance of such active measures were taken to coma multitude of shipping, the Lon- pel the feamen to return to their don trade included, under the com- duty. All the buoys were removed mand of a set of common failors in froin the mouth of the Thames, and a state of mutiny, formed a singular the neighbouring coast, by the order and awful spectacle. Several of the of government; a precaution which, officers were sent on thore, but the above every other that could be emgreater part of them were deprived ployed, perplexed the mutineers, as of their command, and confined on any large thips which might atboard their own veffels. Notwith- tempt to fail away, were in danger Standing the enormity of their of- of running a-ground. Great prepafence against the laws of discipline rations were also made at Slicerness,


againft an attack from the mutinous them with any expectation of sucthips, which had manifested some cess." They , persited that the ftroag indications of bombarding whole must be complied with, or that place; and furnaces and red hot they would immediately put tht ileet balls were kept ready.

to lea. Parker then di'ivered to his The last attempt at a reconciliation lordship a paper, in the follo:ving by treaty with the mutineers was words, by way of ratifying his crethrough the medium of the earl of dentials. Northetk, who was a favourite with " Sandwich, June 6, 3 P.M. the seamen on board the whole fleet. “ To Captain Lord Northesk. On the oth of June, the two delegates " You are hereby authorised and of the Monmouth were rowed on ordered to wait upon the ki: 5, board that thip, and informed his wherever he may be, with the relordship, that it was the pleasure of solutions of the committee of delethe committee, that he thould imme- gates, and are directed to return . diately accompany them on board back with an answer within fiftythe flag-ship, as they had proposals four hours from the date hereof. to make, leading to an accommoda

"R. PARKER, president." tion; his lordship complied, and Lord Northelk proceeded to Lon. went attended by one officer : he don with this diiparch; and after found the convention in the state stopping for a short time at the adcabin, consisting of fixty delegates, miralty, he attended earl Spencer ta with Parker fitting at their head. the king; and a privy council was Before they entered upon business, said to be held the next day upon the prefident demanded of the per- the subject, when it was thought son accompanying lord Northcik, proper to reject the demards of the who he was? The answer was, “ An seamen, as exorbitant and unreasonofficer of the Monmouth, who ac- able. Captain Knight, of the Incompanied the captain as secretary.” flexible, carried down the refusal Parker then said, “ that the com- of the lords of the admiralty. mittee, with one voice, had come to All hopes of accommodation bei a declaration of the terms on which ing now given up, measures were alone, without the smallest altera- taken by lord Keith and fir C. Grey, tion, they would give up the ships; to attack the fleet from the works and that they had sent for him, as at Sheerness, with gun-boats, &c. one who was known to be the sea- the defection, however, of the Remen's friend, to be charged with pulie, Leopard, and Ardent, on the them to the king; from whom he night of the gth of June, with other must pledge his honour to return on symptoms of difunion among the board with a clear and positive mutineers, rendered the application answer within fifty-four hours." of force unnecessary.

Parker then read the letter, which On the next day, several other of is said to have contained some compli- the mutinous fhips pulled down the ments to his majefty's virtues, and red flag, as a signal for the mermany severe strictures on the demerits chantmen to proceed up the river, of his ministers. His lordshipinform- and the store and viêtualling-trips ed the delegates that, “ he would to remain behind: all of these, certainly bear the letter as defired, however, profited by the opportus but he could not, from the unrea. nity to make their escape, after fonableness of the demands, flatter having been fired at by some of the 1797,



AND fleet. On the 11th, the Neptune, greatly accelerated by the arrival on of 98 guns, manned with prcss- board of lieutenant Mott, with the gangs, volunteers, &c, fir E. Gow- proclamations, acts of parliament, er, commander, fell down to Long- &c. of which the men complained reach, with a view to act oflenfively they had been kept in ignorance till against the mutineers: the Lancas- that period. In the course of the ter, which had also been in a state evening the men refolved to lubrnit of mutiny near that place, but had to the king's mcrcy, conceiving that surrendered iwo or three days be- it would no doubt be extended to fore, accompanied him, with the those who had not known to what Agincourt, and a number of gun- extent they had offended. In this boats. But the firmness of the mu- state of the crew the Sandwich went tinous feamen being alrcady thaken under the guns of the fort at Sheerby the formidable preparations of nets the next morning; upon wbich government, and by the want of admiral Buckner's boat, with a fresh provisions and water, it was piquet-guard of soldiers, went to evident that the combination was the fip to arrest l'arker, and bring falling to pieces. On the 12th, him on shore: as soon as he heard most of the thips ftruck the red fag, that a boat had arrived for him, he and hoisted the union, to fignify surrendered himself to four of the their desire of returning to obe- hip's crew, to protect him from the dience: only seven had then the outrages of the rest of the teamen, red flag flying. On the next morn- whose vengeance he feared : upon ing the Agamemnon, the Standard, this, the oiħcers of the Sandwich the Nassau, the Iris, and the Vestal, surrendered Parker, and a delegate ran away from the other thips, and of the name of Davies, who had went under the protection of the acted as captain under him, to the guns at the fort of Sheerness. The foldiers, with about thirty other crews, however, of these veficls delegates: these were conmitted to were very far from being unani- the black hole in the garrison at mous, as several men were wounded Sheerneís. On the first appearance and killed in the struggles which of the soldiers, one of the delegates

, took place on board them, between Wallace, of the Standard, mot him. the partizans of the officers and self dead, and was afterwards buried those of the teamen. This defec- in the highway. Parker was setion of their comrades appears to cured in Maidstone goal. Al rehave excited the utmost de!pair in fittance to the authoriiy of the offiParker and the cthier leaders of the cers now ceated on board the ships, mutiny; for, from the return of a and the mutiny was in effect termipart of the ihips to their duty, their nated. Language becaire leis intemperate, The trial of Parker commenced their conduct lets harsh, and their the 22d of June, on board the Nepo appearance clouded with a melen- tune, off Greenhilhe, before a courtcholy gloom. On the 17th the martial, confitting of captains in the crews of all the thips intimpied 11 1:17, of which fir T. Paisley was inclination to submit, provideda gre president. The charge was read by Deral pardon 1:ould be granted. İMr. Benfield: it accused the prie The crew of the Salid was par- foner of various alts of mutiny comticularly defirous, and Parker did mitted on board his majetiy's fleet not oppose this fpirit; - a spirit at the Nore; of ditobedience of cr


ders, and of contempt of the au- ftration had a&ed improperly in thority of his officers. Captain stopping the provisions for the men, Moss of the Sandwich, attended and that the foolish proclamation as profecritor on the part of the was calculated to infiame the minds CO Adniral Buckner was the of honuft nie!!" fort witneis called; ani depofed, Lieutenant Juftice, of the Sandthat he saw the prisoner Parker pa- wich, depoied, that at the comrade about the town of Sheernets mencement of the mutiny he reabout the 12th of May, with an ceived an official paper, while he atl-mblage of people, with a red was on boardy sent by admiral flag displayed: at that time he went Buckner, refpecting the vote of the on board the Sandwich, for the house of conmons, granting the purpose of making known to the sum of 372,0001. to answer the Teamen of that thip, and others, his expences incurred by a compliance majesty's proclamation of pardon, with the requisitions of the feamen provided they returned immediately at Portimouth; and that be read it to their duty, on the same terms as to the crew, who received the inthose granted to their brethren at telligence with three cheers. Spithert. On his going on board The next mrterial evidence which he faw no mark of reipect what. affected the prisoner was given by ever thewn him: the officers were captain Wood of the Hound. When thea without their fide-arms, and that thip arrived at the Nore, on were deprived of the command of the 2d of June, Parker came on the thip. Finding all his endea- bord, and told him, that he (the vours to bring the crew to their prisoner) had the honour of repredaty fruitless, he returned on shore. fenting the whole Alzet: he advised On the 23d his flag on board the him not to be fo violent to some of Sandwich was ftruck, without his the delegates as he had been. The orders. On the evening of that prisoner told capt. Wood that he day, as he was examining the com- did not like his ship's company, and plaints alleged against two marines, therefore thould order her to be who had been brought in by a party carried as near to the Sandwich as of the military, the prisoner, and pollible, as a place of security: he a man named Davies, with three cr gave orders to the pilot accordingly; four others, came abruptly into the and the Hound came to on the Sandcommiñoners' house at Sheerness, wich's quarter. In obeying thefe and demanded, “Why thosc men orders of the prifoner, the pilot (the marines) were in custody?” in- displeased him in fome of the proforming him, at the same time, ceedings; upon which he faid to that “ his flag was ftruck; that he the pilot, in threatining language, had no longer any authority; and 6 You have committed one niltake that the power was in their hands !" - take care you do not conimit anoThey then (Parker being their ther; if you do, I will make a beefas spokesman) took the men away, as steak of you at the yard-arın." On they said, “ to try them for being on the fourth day of his trial, Parker fhore." About the 4th of June the was put upon his defence. In this admiral received a letter from the arduous undertaking he displayed a priioner Parker, in which he styled clear judgment and a sound underhimself president of the committee of standing. He recapitulated, in a delegates, itating, that the admini- plain but perspicuous manner, the

H2 evidence

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