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previous to that, and during the frystrated by the winds, and the time that admiral Colpoys was with safety of Ireland entirely abandon. his squadron lying of Brest, ad- ed to the chance of the elements. miral Richery, with fix French Another reason afligned for the fhips of the line, passed our squad- return of admiral Colpoys' squadron ron and got safe into Breft; so that into port was, that it was fhort the enemy were at fea, and on the of provisions; but, continued Mr. coast of Ireland, from the 18th of Whirbread, is it possible to conDecember to the 6th of January. ceive that, in all the time it lay On the 20th of December news are off Brest, either frel ships could rived in England that the French not have been sent to relieve him, fleet had quitted Breft, and on the properly vi&tualled, or transports zist that it was off the coast of Ire. have been forwarded to re-vi&tual land. On the same day exactly the feet? When information nad admiral Colpoys with the feet un. been received of the active and exder his command arrived at Portf. tensive preparations going forward mouth : the reasons given for his at Brest, after the large lums conreturn with his squadron are va- sumed in secret service money, and rious and contradi&tory; one was, with the immense navy in our porthat his force was insufficient to en- feffion, shall we be told they ought counter that of the enemy. If this not to have sent out fresh fhips be the real cause (said Mr. Whit- to have reinforced that squadron? bread), it furnishes additional reason He concluded by moving' " that it for inquiring into the conduct of might be referred to a committee to ministers, and of the first lord of inquire into the conduct of ministers the admiralty in particular. respecting the late attempt of the

There was another circumstance French to invade Ireland.” which had occurred very remarka Mr. Dundas replied to Mr. ble: admiral Elphinstone arrived in Whitbread in a speech of some Ireland in the Monarch of 74 guns, length. He exonerated the admiaccompanied by a frigate. He gave ralty from any want of foresight, or notice to the castle of Dublin that failure of duty; said it was imporhe, with the flip under his com- fible to decide whether Portugal or mand, and with the frigate, was Ireland was the object of the French ready to join any other force that fleet; asserted that it was the wisest migh: be allotted for the purpose of meafure our government could adgoing in search of the enemy. Ad- opt to divide our fleets, fationing miral Kingsmill also issued orders one off Brest (to watch the enemy for several frigates to fail on the and intercept the failing of the exsame errand ; yet on the 3d of Ja- pedition) and the other at home, to nuary admiral Elphioftone arrived relieve it if necesary, or join it at Spithead with the Monarch, with. if expedient. He contradicted a out having seen any of the enemy's statement that had gone abroad, that fleet. Lord Bridport, who failed no frigate or fquadron had been apthe same day from thence, and went pointed by the admiralty to watch first to Brest

, and then ihaped his over the enemy in Brest harbour, course to Ireland, returned to Spit. and give an account to admiral head equally unsuccessful; and Colpoys as circumstances should rethe defigns of the enemy were only quire. Sir Edward Pellew was ap

M 3 pointed,

pointed, and did a&tually cruise sail of the line, and was to have there. But notwithstanding the di- been sent to the relief of the feet ligence and skill of the admiral, off Breft; but the wind was so adand the experience and courage verfe as to render it impoflible for of fir Edward, their exertions were them to come to Spithead before in vain: for the state of the weather the 18th of November. As to the was such that it was impossible forthe interval which took place between adiniral to keep his own fleet under the arrival of admiral Colpoys and his observation, and the air was so the failing of lord Bridport, the hazy that the fog guns were conti- instructions of fr Edward Pellew nually fired. Could any man doubt reached the admiraly on the 20th of sir Edward's inclination to have December; and on the 2ift he regiven; if possible, the intelligence ceived information of the failing to the admiral that the enemy had of the French feet from Brest, and put to sea; or that admiral Colpoys immediately returned for answer, was not desirous to see it? was it that all the fleet would be ready likely he should be unwilling, when four days after, namely, the 25th, he had a fleet under his com- (Here Mr. Dundas read the orders mand so fuperior to that of the e. of the admiralty, issued on the 21tt, nemy? It was the wiseft resolution and another order issued after, counhe could take, not to follow them teracting some part of them, and to Portugal or Ireland till he knew defiring him to proceed off Cape their certain destination; and he clear immediately.) He wished it kept his station for the chance of to be observed, that, although the intercepting all or part of the fleet French fleet arrived off the coast of in case of dispersion by a storm; Ireland on the 21st of December, he recollected also, that the circum- no intelligence of them was receive ftance of their having sailed would ed in this country till the 31st ; tbc he known to the admiralty, and by admiralty had taken the chance of remaining where he was, he should finding admiral Colpays on the sta. receive such authentic intelligence tion where they expected bim 10

as he could not otherwise expect have been, off the Lizard in case to obtain.

of any adverse winds removing him Refpecting the charge of the want from the French coast. Lord Bridof provisions, Mr. Dundas could port had always been got only not but admit the squadron had re a gallant but a successful admiral; mained longer on its station than yet it so happened, that, although was at first supposed necessary, and admiral Colpoy's had been hovering not relieved as foon as the admiralty with his squadron off Brest to interhad intended; the reason was, fic cept the enemy upon their leaving Roger Curtis Mhould have been in that harbour, although lord Bridport the beginning of November, port afterwards proceeded off Cape and did not come till the 18th. He Clear and the Iridi coali with the had been appointed to cruise off fame design, and although the Duke Rochfort, where he remained a and the Majestic, with two other fortnigiit longer than was expected, tips of war, were sent in search of to intercept the return of Richery's them, they were fo covered by the squadron from Newfoundland. Sir fog, and protected by fortue, as to Roger's Squadron consisted of seven escape them all. The honourable

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gentleman, Mr. Whitbread, had the right honourable gentleman
faid, that Ireland was saved by the well enough; but when it was such
elements; but lie should have re as to make his adherents think it
membered that the same wind proper to inquire into the conduct
which dispersed the enemy prevent of administration, it became effen-
ed our fleets from meeting them. tial to do it away as soon as pollible.

Mr. Dundas considered invasion as But to pursue the idea of the
nothiog but a bugbear; yet did not “ bug'car," invasion, Mr. Grey ob-
with us to relax in our precautions serveri, that in the place where an
on the one hand, or to defpond on attack of the enemy was appre-
the other. Exclusive of our naval hended, and where it was actually,
forces in the East and West Indies, made, there was neither a cavalry
the North Seas, and the Meditterra- nor a supplementary militia bill;
niean, we had fifty fail of the line in the place where there was no
for the defence of Britain and Ire- apprehension of attack, there were
land, and upwards of two hundred both; the place against which it
thousand men under arms. Hicber- was not expected to be made, was
to both the government and force to be defended in an extraordinary
of this country had been calumni. mamver, and the place where it was
ated; he hoped he had proved fa- likely to be made, left perfectly de-
tisfactorily that no blame was impu- fenceless! And he would say, that
table to the admiralty or to the of. the enemy's not succeeding in Ire-
ficers, though he by no means land was rot owing to the wisdom
wished to prevent inquiry ; their of his majesty's ministers, bui to
condu&t he thought could well fuf- the interpofition of Providence.
tain the test.

The right honourable secretary Mr. Grey observed, that mini- had lated, that on the 21st of De fers had for a long time labeured to cember instructions had been sent create an alarm in that house and in to lord Bridport to put to sea immethis country; they had so far fuc- diately. Why did he not do so, ceeded as to secure the confidence when the wind was fair, on the of a majority of parliament, who 22d, 23d, and 24th It was no exupon ail occasions during this war cu fe to say that bis squadron was had uniformly voted against any in- not ready, or that admiral Curtis quiry into their conduct; but they had not returned from his cruize: had abused that confidence so much, the admiralty ought to be impeacliand had brought the country into fo ed for not having a fleet ready deplorable a state, that even their to sail on the 22d. Mr. Grey amot confidential friends and addie. scribed it wholly to the vegleit of rents began at last to speak of the administration, that the enemy's neceffits of inquiry: how far they feet had remained fourteen days were fincere would be {ven by their unnolested off the coast of Ireland; votes. But minister's now began to there was no adequate force in that be alarmed for themselves; that part of it to oppose ther. The was, for their own safety; and, to expedition had been considered as a rettore confidence, they found it fortunate event, as it had proved necessary to do away the alarm the loyalty of the Irith in that themselves had created : whilft it quarter. Their loyalty, indeed, he continued it suited the purpose of laid, was meritorious in proportion

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to the few obligations which they partook of the nature of a twowere under to their government; edged sword: they might happen he condemned the reftriations on the to convey information to the enecatholics, and insisted that nothing my what place "miglit be most succould add more to the discontents cessfully attacked, as well as exof Ireland than the neglect wbich pofe the negligence of ministers. the people of that country had met Mr. Fox took up this part of the with at different periods frou. admi- fpeech first. It was, he said, a stale nistration.

and profligate argument always used Mr. Wyndham, in reply to the against thofe who had opposed the last speaker, stated, that general measures of administration; and presumptions of neglect were fuf- when ministers were charged with ficient causes for inquiry, but those neglecting the defence of the counprt sumptions ought first to be sub- try, the real patriots were confidered Itantiated. He vindicated the con as holding out an invitation to the duet of the admiralty; affirmed it eremy to invade us. If this were was impoflible to keep a' fleet for true, we had better at once put an any length of time in such a state end to the forins, as we had done to of preparation as to be ready to fail the substance, of the constitution ; at a moment's warning, and that it and, instead of making members vould have been rashness to have take the oath against tranfubftantiasent lord Bridport out with an infe tion, let no man enter the house rior fleet when government did not who would not previously declare know but ibat the French were out that he would never in any way say with axteen fail of the line. He any thing against the conduct of denied the potability of Cork fall the executive government. ing into their hands, even had the In a state of war every complaint enemy landed; complimented the must be of the nature of a twoinhabitants of the southern parts of edged instrument. If we point out Ireland on their loyalty, and ob. that one part of the country is served, that it was fingular those weak, we may be told, it is comvery men who were supposed the municating to the enemy which is moit oppretted in that kingdom, the least defensible fide of the emhad manifested the most firm at- pire. But to whom is this complaint qachment to government; while to be made ? Are ministers the only those in the North, who were not persons permitted to give advice in faid to have any cause of com such exigencies? plaint, had fhown a disposition to Ireland, Mr. Fox said, was di. insurrection. He thought this went vided into two parties; the contenta good way towards proving that ed, and the discontented: the cait was possible for men to make tholics were in a state of unjust groundless complaints against those exclufion, but he was far from afhv whom they were governed. He fir.ring, that the protestants had no did not absolutely charge the oppo reason for complaint, or that they stop uith evil intentions, when were not fout out from the eilence they talked of those parts of his and the substance of the British majesty's dominions most liable to conftitution. He conceived the attack, but he willed them to re north, the fouth, and the eastera coileet, observations of this kind part of Ireland to be in such a state,


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that, if a speedy remedy were not when the subject of inquiry was, applied, the minister would not do how came the eneiny actually to injutrice to the British empire. vade us? Without exprefling dis

The grievances of Ireland were satisfaction at the conduct of admireal, deep, well founded : but ral Colpoys, he faid, we ought to whether they were so, or not, we

have had a second fleet at home, heard the people in the South were ready to sail from Portsmouth as soon loyal; yet all the reward they ob- as the news reached England. Mr. tained for their loyalty was not Fox ended his speech with ftrenu. a redress of grievances, not a cel- ously maintaining that it was the fation of exclusions. No! it is duty of that house not to take the empty praise, and barren testimony! words of one set of ministers in deHe admired the conduct which they fence of another. It might be inhad manifefted upon the late occa- jurious to the reputation of lord fion, and he should have expected Spencer, as it had been to his preit would have been deemed an un. decessor, lord Chatham ; for the answerable reason for giving the former had a majority of the compeople without delay those privi- mons in his favour, when an inquiry leges to which they were entitled was moved to examine his conduct, by juftice. No such project, how- and yet Mortly after he was como ever, had yet been adopted, and pelled to resign his office of first that country remained in the same lord of the admiralty. fate in which it was at the recal of Mr. Sturt complained of the relord Fitzwilliam. He left them af- peated insults offered to our coasts, ter baving had the authority of go- which he infifted fully justified invernment for their tantalizing ex- quiry. Admiral Colpoys' ship pectations, and the cup of happi- came into port Mort of provisions. ness was on a sudden dashed He was astonished at nothing which from their lips. Would the right Mr. Dundas allerted, well knowing honourable gentleman affert, that his boldness, confidence, and als those who supported lord Fitzwil- furance; his whole statement of the liam were inclined to jacobinism, security of Ireland was a mis-itateof which the true patriots of Eng- ment; he read a letter to prove it; land had been so often accused? and he hoped that the present miLook, continued Mr. Fox, to men nisters would not much longer of as great respectability and of as have the direction of affairs. fplendid talents in that country as Mr. chancellor Pitt re-echoed all any in this : look to the name of that his friend Mr. Dundas had Grattan, and say whether Ireland said - affirming, that nothing more has no grievances ! But perhaps I could have been done than to have Mall be told I am holding out an in- one fleet on the French coast, and viration to the French ; far from it: another ready for sea. The French he was inviting, he said, his ma- admiral and general Hoche (he jesty's ministers to remove that dif- faid) who were in the fecret, and

content, and to redress those evils failed in the same expedition, as • of which the Irish had so much well as other captains of the rleet, reason to complain. Mr. Fox ri- had never been able to join it from diculed the secretary of war, who the same causes of weather. Не had asked how we possibly could be expatiated on the prodigies of valour invaded having a superior force, which might have been expected, had

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