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soldiers ; nor is it very credible, ed of 27 fail of the line, one of that if the sole object was to quarter which was a four-decker, and cara set of banditti upon England, ried 136, guns; fix were threethey would have sent with them deckers of 112 guns each ; two of such ample supplies. There are 84 guns, and eighteen of 74. other causes, which to us appear The Spanish admiral, Don Josef niore probable for mis undersak. de Cordova, had failed from Car. ing.-It was, in the first place, of thagena on the 4th of February, fome importance to demonstrate to and passed Gibraltar on the follow. France, that the invasion of Eng. ing day, having left in that bay land, in the face of her powerful three line of battle thi; s, fupposed marine, was practicable in anv cir- to be laden with military stores, cumstances; and secondly, it is well for the Spanili troops before that known that the French have always garriton. On the night of the rith, been egregiously deceived with re- this feet had been discovered by spect to the temper and sentiments the Minerva frigate, which carried of the British nation; we have lit- the broad pendant of cominodore tle doubt, therefore, but the French Nelson, then on his way from the ministry flattered themselves that Mediterranean to join admiral Jerthese troops would have been jain- vis. Captain Foote, of the Niger, ed on their landing by considerable also kept company with them for numbers of the lover classes of the fome days previous to the 13th, people, and that at least a con- and that night they approached fo liderable alarm uould be excited near the British feet, that their figthroughout the kingdom. It was, nal guns were diftin&tly heard. The therefore, 'an experiment to try at fignals were, therefore, made that once the timper of the people, and night to the British fleet to prepare the practicability of a descent. for battle; and at day-break on

The marine of France, if we ex the 14 h, they were in complete cept this feeble and ill-concerted order. The morning was dark and enterprise, lay, during the whole of hazy; but about half past six, the the year, ignominiously confined Culloden made the fignal for five within their own ports; but their fail in the south-west quarter; at allies the Spaniards and the Dutch eight o'clock, the squadron was orwire grievous sufferers in tu'o na- dered to form in close order, and 'val en ageinents, which, conhder- in a few minutes after the signal ing every circunstance, were was repeated to prepare for bat: qually glorious to the British arms. tle.

The first of these inemorable ac At a little after ten, the Minerva tions took place on the 14th of frigate made the signal for 20 fail in February, off Cape S!. Vincent. the south-west quarter, and in about The Britis titet, or, to speak more half an hour after the enemy's fleet correctly, the Britill, squadron un) were visible to all the British squader the command of admiral fir drops. The thips first discovered John Jervis, amounted to no more by the Culloden, were at this period than fifteen lail of the live, four fri- feparated from their main body, gites, a llooji of war, and a culter. which was bearing down in some of these fix were three-deckers, contusion to join the separated eight were of 77 guns, and one thips. It appeared to have been 01 6.7. The Spanisl ficet conft- the British admiral's inteotion at


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the first, to cut off these vessels ward, which was reduced at this from the enemy's fleet, before the time by the separation of the thips main body could arrive to their ad- to leeward, to 18 fail of the line. fiftance, and with this view, the At a little after 12 o'clock, the higfait failing ships were ordered to nal was made for the British feet to chace; but observing the near po- tack in succession, and soon after fition of their main body, he after the fignal for again palling the enewards formed his fleet into a line my's line; while the Spanish adof battle a-head and a-ftern, as most miral's design appeared to be to convenient.

join his thips to leeward, by wear. At about 26 minutes past 11, the ing round the rear of the British admiral communicated his inten.. line. The intention of the enemy tion to pass through the enemy's was, however, foon perceived by line, and immediately after the lig- commodore Nelson, whose station nal was made to engage. At about in the rear afforded him an opporhalf past 11, the action commenced tunity of observing the maneuvre. by the van fip, the Culloden, In order to frustrate the design, commanded by captain Trow. therefore, his ship, the Captain, bad bridge, firing against the enemy's no sooner passed the Spanish rear, head-moit ships to the windward; than be ordered her to wear and as the squadron advanced, how- stand on the other tack towards ever, the action became more ge- the enemy. In executing this bold neral, and it was soon apparent that manæuvre, the commodore found the British admiral had accoin-himself along-fde of the Spanish plined his design of passing through admiral, the Santissima Trinidad, the enemy's line. In the inean' of 136 guns, which is said to be time, the regular and animated fire the largest fhip at prefent in exiftof the Britirh fleet was but feebly ence. Notwithstanding this im. returned by the enemy's lips tò mense disparity (the Captain being windward, which were also com- only a 7+), this brave officer did pletely prevented from joining their not shrink from the contest, though companions to leeward, and oblig-' the Spaniard was also warmly fuped to haul their wind on the lar. ported by ber two seconds a-head board rack. Thus, a part of the and a-ttern, which were each of Spania fleet was effectually cut off them three-deckers. While he suffrom the main body, and they were tained, however, this unequal con. reduced to the neceffity of allo liet, his friends were eagerly prest. forming on their larboard tack, ap- ing to his afli stance; the enemy's parently with the intention of pait. attention, therefore, was soon die ing through, or to the leeward of rected to the Culloden, captain the British line, but such was the Trowbridge, and the Blenheim, reception they experienced from captain Frederick; and the abie tre centre of the British , that they support afforded by these vessels to were obliged to put about, and did commodore Nelson, and the apnot appear again in the a&tion till proach of rear-a'lmiral Parker, with the close of the day.

four others of the British line, de. The British admiral having thus termined the Spanish commander fortunately obtained his firit object, to relinquish his delign of rejoining now directed his whole attention his thips to leeward, and to make to the enemy's main body to wind- the signal for his main body to haul


their wird, and make fail on the ordered the Victory to be placed on larboard tack.

the lee quarter of the rear-most : The advantage was now evi- fhip of the enemy, the Salvador dently on the fide of the British; del Mundo; and threw in fo efand while the advanced divison fectual a difcharge, that her comwarmly pressed the centre and rear mander, seeing the Barfleur, carryof the enemy, the admiral meditat. ing vice-admiral Waldegrave's flag, ed with his division a co-operation, bearing down to fecond the Victowhich must effe&tually compel fome ry, thought proper to strike. of them to furrender. In the con, Thus four of the enemy's fuips fusion of their retreat, several of the were in possession of the Britif : Spanish fhips had doubled on each while the van fhips continued to other. It was, therefore, admiral prefs hard on the Santissima TriniJervis's plan, to reach the weather. dad, tłre Spanish adıniral's hip, and most of those thips, then to bear up the others which composed the rear and rake them all in fucceffion, of the flying feet. The career of with the seven thips comofing his victory was, however, flopped by I division. The casual position of circumstances, not in the power of the rear ships in his own division, the British commander to controul. however, prevented his executing The ships, which in the morning this design.--He therefore ordered had been separated from the maia the leading fhip, the Excellent; body of the Spanish feet, were now captain Collingwood, to bear up, able to make their approach ; two while, with his own fhip, the Vic- freth fhips also, which had not aptory, he passed to leeward of the peared in the action, bore down rear-most ships of the erremy. Cap- from windward, and two of the tain Collingwood, in obedience to flying thips tacked about to fuppe the admiral's orders, passed between port their chiefs. These circui ithe two rear-most thips of the ene- stances, therefore, with the lateners my, and gave one of them, the San of the hour, and the neceflity of Isidro, fo effectual a broad fide, that, securing the prizes, determir rithe having been much injured before, conquering adiniral t, uning to. She was obliged to submit. The A little after four in the afternoon, Excellent then passed on to the re the signal was made to this effect; lief of the captain, which was en- and a strong line was formed for gaged with a 'three-decker, carry. the protection of the prizes and ing a fag; but before she could disabled vetsels. The enemy's freth arrive this vellel became entangled ships, on approaching, opened a fire with her second, a two decker. on the covering thips, but though In this state they were both board. fuperior in number, and fresh for ed by the captain, and the finaller action, they contented themselves of them, the San Nicholas, war in a with a few irregular broadtides, and Thort time in the poffefsion of her left the British admiral to fail off opponents. The three-decker, the triumphantly with his prizes, which San Josef, followed the fate of her the reader will „member amounted second, and became immediately to four, viz. two, the Salvador del a prize to commodore Nelson, who Mundo, and the San Josef of 112 healed the party which boarded guns, the San Nicholas of 84, and her from the San Nicholas. In the San Isidro of 74 guns. The the mean time, admiral Jervis had Spanish admiral, which was greatly



the object of attention to the Bri- ated a British peer by the title of
til fhips, was rendered a perfect lord St. Vincent, in allusion to the
wreck; her firing had ceased be place where this extraordinary vic-
fore the close of the a&ion, and tory was achieved.
fome even affirm, that the had The Dutch were still more un.
ftruck her colours. . The loss of fortunate than the Spaniards in
the British in this engagement, in their naval operations, though their
killed and wounded, was exactly failure was, it must be confessed,
zoo men; the lofs of the Spaniards, less inglorious. It was known for
in the ships which were captured, a conliderable time in England,
amounted to 693, and the ships that immense preparations were
which escaped must also have fuf- making in the ports of Holland;
fered confiderably.

and the fleet of admiral Duncan So important a victory with so had blocked up the Texel, during deciGive a disparity of force, is, a great part of the summer. The perhaps, unparalleled in our naval Dutch fleet was ready for sea some annals. The ability displayed by time before it left the Texel, and the commander, was only to be és the command of it was entrusted to qualled by the valour and adroit. admiral de Winter, a brave and pess of the feamen ; indeed we have judicious officer, who had been been informed by an eye witness, lieutenant in the famous action 0.3 that the fire of the British was fu- the Dogger Bank in the last war, perior to that of their opponents, and was afterwards advanced to the in the proportion of five or fix to rank of captain ; but having taken one, during the whole of the ac- part again it the Stadtholder in the tion: and the expenditure of am- memorable struggle of 1786, he munition was consequently beyond was obliged to take refuge in example.- The Culloden, it is said, France, where he was promoted to expended 170 barrels of powder; the rank of a major-general, and the Captain 146; and the Blenheim, returned to his country with the 180. The Spaniards fought brave- army of Pichegru. When the or. ly, but with little skill; and it is . der to put to sea was first issued but fair to remark, that their feet by the Dutch convention, the adwas ill-equipped and very indiffer- miral, conscious of his inferi rity ently manned, and in no respect fit to the Britis force, remonstrated for action; their flag-lip had not strongly (it is asserted) against the more than fixty or eighty seamen order, but having received a feon board, ihe raft confiited of im- cond positive order to that effect, prefied landmen, or soldiers of their he determined, whatever the force new levies.

of the British might be, not to As he port of Cadiz had been lhrink from the contest, but to their original destination, and as maintain the honour of his flag in many of their thips were disabled, every circumstance, however adthe Spaniards manifested no incli- verse to his wishes. nation to renew the action, but The destination of the Dutch took Thelter in Cadiz, where they feet was never openly avowed; have ever fince remained blocked but it has since appeared that the up by the victorious admiral. Soon invasion of Ireland was the object, after the news arrived of the en- and that a large body of troops ungagement, fir John Jervis was cre- der general Daendaels had been ac


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tually embarked for that purpose, seven of 64 guns; and two of ço: but were afterwards put on shore in all 16, belides frigates. The suwhen the peremptory order was periority in men and guns was, issued to admiral de Winter, to therefore, evidently on the fide of hazard an engagement with the the British, though, had it been o. British feet, in opposition to his therwise, fuch is the skill and alertpreffing remonftrances. The Bri: ness of the En lifh feamen, that with admiral had, at this period of there is little doubt but that viétory which we are now treating (the would still have attended their exbeginning of October), quitted his ertions. ftation of the Texel, and retired to As the Britifh admiral approach. Yarmouth roads to refit: a circum- ed near, he made the signal for the fance which might weigh with the feet to shorten sail in order to con· Dutch ministry, in pressing the de- neft them; soon after he saw the parture of their fieet. A small íqua-- iand between Camperdown and dron only, under the command of Eginout, about nine miles to lee. captain Trollope, in the Ruffel of 74 ward of the enemy, and finding guns, was left as a squadron of obser- there was no time to be loft in vation ; and on the morning of the making the attack, at half past 10 oth of Oktober, a fignal was inade by he made the signal to bear up, á vefsel at the back of Yarmouthsands break the enemy's line, and engage to admiral Duncan, intiinating that them to leeward, each fhip her opthe Dutch feet was at sea. The ponent; and by these means he got whole of the British fieet, confift- between then and the land whither ing of 16 fail of the line and three they were fast approaching. The frigates, got under weigh with su“. Dutch admiral, perceiving the de priling alacrity, and were out of fun of his opponent, made at the fight in the afternoon. At nine in same tine the signal to close; he the morning of the uth, the aimi. was, in this instance, alertly obeyed ral got fight of captain Troliope's by the vice admiral Reventjies; but squadron, with fignals fiving for rear admiral Story, with three other an enemy to lecward. The admi. thips of the centre division, ran off ral immediately bore up, and made in the very commencement of the the final for a general chace, and action, and entered the Texel the in less than an hour came within foilowing day. fight of the enemy, forming in a The signals of the British admilive on the larboard tack to receive ral, on the contrary, were obeyed him.

with great promptitude by the The Durch fleet confificiof four whole tieet. Vice-admiral Ondow, Mhips of 74 goas; five of 68; two in ibe Monarch, bore down on the of 64; four of 55, and two of 44; enemy's rear in a moft gallant manin all 15 mips of a' ove 50 guns, ner, and was followed by his whole and 17 Mhips of force, belides a few divilion *. The action commenced smaller frigates. The Bri il fleet at about 40 minutes after Twelve consistent of leven thips 17+ guns; o'clock, at which time every thip

* The British feet was in two divisions, the farboard or weather divifiop under admiral Duncan; ant the lurboard or lue divine an, under vier-admirai Ontani The Dotch was in three divany, tie van coinnanded by vice-admiral Reventjies and rcarad al Veures, the centre com.uanded by admiral de Winter, and ibe rear by rearid niral Bloys.

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