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of the British had broken the ene A more bloody confier than this my's line, and cut them off from is not to be found in the naval getting into the Texel, the land be- bistory of this country. The loss ing then distant about seven miles. in killed and wounded on board While the rear was attacked by the nine fhips only of admiral Duncan's larboard division under vice-adiniral fleet was upwards of 700. The Ondow, the commander in chief loss of the Dutch must have been directed all his attention to the ene in mense. The carnage on board my's van; and his own thip the the two lips that bore the admirals Venerable was in clofe a&tion for flags was (in the words of lord near two hours and a half, when he Duncan) “ beyond all descripobserved all the mails of the Dutch tion;" there were not less than 259 admiral's ship go by the board; Mie men killed and wounded on board was, however, defended for foine each of them, and none of the sime after in a mott gallant man- Dutch thips that surrendered, it is ner, but being overpowered by faid, loft less than 100 men. The numbers her colours were ftruck to British loft in che a Etion capt. Duis the Venerable; admiral de Winter gefs, of the Ardent, and several himself being, it is said, the only other oficers were killed and man left on the quarter-deck who wounded. The Dutch vice-admtwas not either killed or wounded. ral Reventjies, cied foon after his
About the fame time the vice- arrival in England. The ba tle was admiral's fhip appeared dismafted, fought so near the shore that everu and surrendered to adiniral Onflow. inanceuvre might be distinctly teen, Several others of the Datch (ace and the whole coait for many miles cording to some reports, not less was crowded with thousands of than 13 in all) bad struck before spectators, who had the mortificabalf past three o'clock; but the tion of oblerving the entire deBritish admiral finding himself in struction of their own fieet, withonly nine fathoms water, and but out the poflibility of atfording them five miles from the land, had his relief. attention so much occupied in get The great merit of admiral Dunting the heads of the dif:bled flips can in this action was the running off the shore, that be was not able his feet between the enemy and a to distinguish the number which lee-Hore; a ltep which none of his were captured; and the wind blow'- predecellors had ever dared to take ing constantly on the land, the in similar circumstances, and which British ships were avoidaly dj was considered as too hazardous to (persed. Some of the veifels which be attempted even by admiral Kupa had struck therefore took advantage pel, who was not deticient either iis of the night to escape, and two or judg.nent or fpirit. This, it is ob. three of toem were ten going into vious, and this alale, rendered tlie the Texel the following morning. victory of admiral Duncan fo deciThe prizes, however, which were five as it prover; and he showed secured, were eight dhips of the line, that his judgment in clofir.g the two of 56 guns, one of 44, and a conteit in proper time, and in exfrigate. One of the e, however. fricating his teet and prizes from the Delft of 50 gu?s, foundered to difficult a ftuation, was equal to within figlit of the British coali, his boldness in bazarding fö deciand the frigate also was luft. five a mealure. The gallant admi.
ral immediately on his return was Cruz, of which they were in full created baron Duncan, of Lundie poffeffion for about seven hours, in the shire of Perth (the place of Finding it impracticable, however, his nativity), and viscount Duncan to storm the fort, they prepared for of Camperdown, in allusion to that their retreat, but in this they were part of the coast of Holland where prevented by freth reinforcements the victory was achieved.
having arrived to the garrison, and We have often had occafion to by the circumstance of the boats remark, that while the English na- having been stoven by the violence Lion is invincible at sea, they should of the surge upon the beach. Thus nerer engage without the most ure circumstanced, the Spanish general gent necellity in military opera- fummoned the Britith commander tions on the land. In the month of to surrender ; but received for an July the Spaniards received some fwer that he would not capitulate consolation for their ignominious as long as a man remained alive. defeat off cape St. Vincent's, by The conduct of the Spaniard on the total failure of an attempt on this occafion reflects the highest the inand of Teneriffe by a part of honour on his character, and on the fame Squadron which had de- the military profesyon. On receive feated their grand fieet on the four- ing the reply of the British com. teenth of February. From a va- mander, he immediately, it is said, riety of intelligence which lord St. dispatched a polite meilage to adVincent had received *, he was led miral Nelson, informing him, that, to consider the town of Santa Cruz, to fpare the effusion of human in the island of Teneriffe, as an as- blood, he and the reinains of his failable object. On the 15th of forces were at liberty to return in July therefore the commander in peace to their thips; and that he chief dispatched fir Horatio Nel- would even provide them with son, now advanced to the rank of boats, as their own were unfit for rear-admiral, with four ships of the the service. With a generosity line, three frigates, and two cutters, worthy of a great man, it is added, to make an attack upon that place. he furnislied the retreating invaders On his arrival before the town the with a ratio of biscuit and wine, rear-admiral, finding it impoflible and conveyed them on board their for the ships to approach fuficiently respective veilels not as enemies but near the town, ordered, from the as friends. If there be any truth different ships under his command, in this representation, which we one thousand men to be landed un have copied from the daily papers, der the direction of capt. Trow. it would have been becoming in bridge, of the Culloden, and cap- the publither of the gazette to have tains Hood, Thompson, Freemantle, spoken of this magnanimity in the Bowen, Miller, and Waller. The terms it deserved. boats of the fleet were accordingly gazette, however, is filent both as manned, and the landing was ef. to these facts, and as to the resist. fected in the course of the night. ance which the British forces met The party with little or no oppof- with from the garrison, the loss in tion entered the town of Santa killed and wounded in this unfor
* Thus it was fated in the gazette; but some of the opposition papers have asserted that the expedition was forced upon him by the ministers,
tunate expedition was yet confi- ' In the West Indies but little rederadle. Rear-admiral Nelson loft markable occurred in the course of kis right arm by a cannon-hot. the campaign, except the reduction Csp. Bowen, of the Terpsichore, of Trinidad, which was taken from an excellent and respectable of the Spaniards in the month of Feficer, with his first lieutenant and bruary, by the British forces under the whole of his boat's crew, went the command of fir Ralph Aberto the bottom by a thell falling in crombie and rear-admiral Harvey. the boat in which they were row- On the 12th of that month the ing to the shore. The captain of forces destined for the expedition marines of the Emerald frigate was were embarked at Fort Royal in also killed, and capt. Freemantle Martinique. On the 16th the wounded. The total loss in killed British squadron came within fight and wounded was something short of Trinidad, and food towards the of 300 men-a slaughter almost as gulph of Paria. At half past three numerous as in the memorable vic- in the afternoon the Spanish fqua. tory of the 14th of February. dron was discovered at anchor in
It would exceed our limits, and Shagramus bay, consisting of four render our narrative tedious io the fail of the line, and one frigate, unreader, to enumerate the various der a rear-admiral's Aag. As the captures which have been made in day was far advanced before he the course of the campaign by de- approached the bay, and the enemy tached cruizers and fingle frigates. appeared in force on Gafparaux As connected with the general illand, the ad riral ordered three of events of the war, it may be proper the ships of war to proceed a little to mention, that on the i6th of July farther up the gulph, and anchor hr John Borlafe Warren, with the with all the transports, while three squadron under his command, dis- others were directed to keep under covered in Hodierne bay a French fail during the night, to prevent frigate, with fourteen traniporis any vessel dailing fro n port Espagne. laden with stores for the French At two o'clock the initsing navy under her convoy. Of thele, morning the Spanih Tyuadron was eight became prizes to the British discovered to be on tre, and every commodore, two were destroyed, one of them but one ha coníumed. and the Calliope frigate, which was This unexpect d change of affairs the convoy, was driven on shore, and directed the whole attention of the supposed to be scuttled by her crew. general to the atack of the town, On the inth of the following month of which he potreiled himself with a corvette was driven on shore, and Estle or no reuitance. Soon after a gun-boat lunk at the entrance of a capitulation was entered into the river Sable d'Olonne by the with the governor, and the whole fame gallant commander; and on colonv fubmitted to his britannic the 27th he was so fortunate as majeity. to make prizes of a convoy of five An attempt which proved not more near the mouth of the Gå- fo successful was foun'atier side ronne, which were laden witii naval by the same forces winch bad re. and military stores for the Mhips of duced Trinid, izrainst Porto Rico. war and privateers in the adjacent On Monday, 17th of April, the fiect ports.
under the comrand of a'iniral
Harvey made the island of Porto in command to raise immediately Rico, and came to anchor at Con- and embody some regiments of grejos point. The next morning the negroes, to be procured chiefly by troops under fir Ralph Abercrom- purchase in the different British bie were disembarked in a small islands. The general assembly of bay on the north side of the island Barbadoes, in a conimittee of the with little opposition from about whole house, took the subject onder roo of the enemy. On approach, consideration in the latter end of ing the town, however, it was found January. The speaker, fir Joha to be too strongly fortified, and too Gay Alleyne, role and stated his actively defended by gun-boats and reasons for proposing resolutions other, craft to admit of any hope of adverse to government; and after Success. After bombarding the fome deliberation the assembly retown for some days on the south solved, that the proposed nieasure fide near a large magazine, but would be more likely to prove dewithout efect, the general reim- structive than advantageous to the barked his troops on the 30th of defence of the island. A fimilar April, and retired with the loss of resolution, we have been informed, about 200 men.
was entered into by the affembly of Soon after his arrival in Barba. Jamaica—so litle confidence have does, fir Ralph Abercrombie ac the traffickers in man in the fidelity quainted the council that he had it of those whom they hola in chains.
CHA P. IX.
Campaign in Italy-Vasi Preparations of the Emperor-Fir! Movement of
The Auforian Army- Advanced Guaid of the french defeated--Buonaparte takes the Field- Auffrians defcated near Verona--French driven from Corans–Battle of Sc. Marco, where the Auftrians were completely routed dérances of General Provera— French Ritreat from Rouco - Battle of Rveli—Rear-guard of General Provera cut off by Augerrat--Battle of St. Geerze and La Favourite --Prorera raken with his whoe Army-Auftrians difpe red and defeated in different Parts - Frenchenter Roveredo--Trent taken by the French-Surrender of Mantua--Invasion of the Papal Territ rics French lake Pollefion of I. retto-Pope / licits a Negotiation-Treaty with she Pope, Austrian Army again recruited--The Archduke Charics affumes the Command--Auftrians fall back on the Approach of Majenan-Rear guard of the Aufiriani rakin by Mahina-Aafirians difrat d on the Banks of the Tagliamento-Village of Grarii;ła taken--Palma-nuova and Town of Grcikaraker--Goritz taken quish all the Anstrian Magazines~French enter Trejto-Ba'tle of Tarvis La Chinle takın and all she Auftr ar Raga page-Bat:le of Ladis-Boizen and Brixen takin=-Battle of Clagen fort
- Letter of Buonapare in the Arch-duke-French driven from Borzen and BrixesBaile of exmark-Battle of Hunsmark-Movements co the Rhine-Armiflic -- Treaty--- Preliminaries figned between the Emperor and France-Government of Venice overthrown by the French-Government of Genoa changed.
V the lively but fomewhat in- 'from his Italian dominions. The
Eated language which has lat- young men of Vienna, not exceptterly been characteristic of the ing those of the highest families, Freach historians, the combats of were embodied into military corps, Buonaparte with the power of Au- and sent poft (a method which was ftria, in Italy, have been compared firft adopted by the French in the :0 that of Hercules with the Ler- Vendean war) to recruit the army nean Hyelra. One vat army was of Alvinzi. The grand object was no fooier defiroyed. than another still the same, to penetrate at some fill more formidable was fecn to point or other the line of defence aflume its place, and threaten anety Buonaparte had eltablished; destruction to the victorious - af. márch down a strong colum! uron sailant. Voi discouraged by the Mantı12, to raise the blockade, to calamitous defeat at Arcole, and bring once more the experienced the consequent deftru&tion of his Wurmfer into the open f.eld, and bravest troops, the emperor, during by one effort to render nuga ory all the short respite which the dead of the preceding successes of the winter afforded, redoubled his ef- French commander. It required forts, and depopulated his most the active genius of Buonaparte to Aouriling provinces, to raise fresh ward off a blow rv judiciously levies for the relief of Mantua, and ained-it required that good forthe expullion of the Gallic arınies tune, which was his invariable at