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serve as cfficers in the supplemen- had proved to be serviceable to tary militia, but was thrown out by guard against the designs of the va. the house of lords upon the second rious sectaries and disseaters from reading, on the inth of July, the established church of England,

On that day lord Kenyon rose The duke of Norfolk spoke in and wilhed their lord ships not to favour of the bill; but, upon a pass a bill which tended in a great division of the house, it was remeasure to alter the common laws jected by 23 against 6. of the land, and trench upon On the 2d of June a bill was the teft a&t: he moved, that the introduced into the house of combill Mould be read that day three mons by Mr. fecretary Dundas, for months.

railing and embodying a milicia in The bishop of Rochester con- Scotland, which was soon aftertended for the motion, and ex- wards passed into a law; a law pressed his surprize that a bill should which was found afterwards by the be introduced during the dog-days magistrates to be exceedingly obwhich affected the bulwarks of the noxious to the people of Scotland, conftitution, and which the expe- and which they were compelled to rience of above one hundred years enforce by the musket and bayonet.

CHAP. II.

The Financial Proceedings of the Sellion. Army and Navy Eftimates. De

bates upon the le. Subjects. Sums voted. Extraordinaries of the Army. The forft Builget. Supplies, and Ways and Mtans. LOYALTY LOAN. The Sums for which Interest was to be provided. New Taxes. Money fint to the Emperor. Debates upon that Suhjret. Diclared to be uriconftitutional when fent without the Consent of Parliament. The Members for the City of London instructed by their Contiitzents to oprose ike Minifer spon this Subječi. A Vote of Cenfure proposed and negatived Account of the second Budget. Supplies, and IV ays and Nicans, according to the two Aadgets, for the Year 1797. Terms of the second Loan of Eighteen Nļil. lions. Summary of the New Taxes. Debates upon the second Buriget. Subfintes for fome proposed Taxes. Sums propofid to be sent 10 Ireland and to the Emperor. Debates upon that Subject. The House informed tha: 110 further Sums were to be sent to the Emperor on account of the Preliminaries of Peace, &c. Loan Bill read a second Time in the Houle of Lards. Portion giren with the Princess Royal. Relief proposed to the Subfcribers to the LOYALTY Loan. Navy and Exchequer Bills. india Buuzet. FTER providing for the de. motion of the secretary at war, re

fence of the nation, the sub- ferred to the house of commons in ject which of necessity next occu a committee of fupply. The ho. pied the attention of ministers was nourable secretary observed, that the railing of the fupplies.

the papers on the table contained On the 21st of O&tober, 1796, all that was necesary to enable the the army estimates were, upon the committee to judge of the army

expences

A

expences for this year. He ob- stated for these troops at 5 millions ferved, that as it would be recol- and upwards. Confidering the dif lected that a diminution in the proportion between thele statenumber of troops on the efi ablilli- ments, a house of coinmons ought ment had taken place last year, to be watchful over the acts of mifrom which a saving of soo,oool. nisters, but especially a new parliaarose, it would not be expected ment. He thould add the result of that any conGderable diminution the articles omitted, amounting to would take place in the amount 580,0ool. to the sum of the estiof the present estimates.

mates of this year, arising from the The whole force of this country, articles on the table. He uas hapconsisting of the common distribu- py to find, that, at a period when tion of guards and garrisons, and tears of an invasion were entertaincolonies and plantations, amounted ed, we had such a force as 60,000 to 195,574 men, the expence of men at home, and that the army ia which would amount to 5,190,00ol. the colonies amounied to fo large a so that it would appear that the ex- body. He thought the article of pence of this year would not ex- 360,oooi. ftated as the charge for ced that of the last, but, on the the recruiting service, was supertiucontrary, would fall sort of it by ous, when ministers, upon the alarm the sum of 168,4261. The home of invasion which they held out, army, and the army abroad, were were to abandon the old mode of to be understood by the general di- railing men by beat of drum, and to vision of guards and garrisons, -co- have recourse to the mode of requilonies and plantations. The army fition for the troops which were to at home amounted to 60,765 men, be rais.d. He spoke of the militia from which arose an excefs, above with the highest respect, but thought last year, of 11,546 men. The army that the custom which had been abroad, excepting those in the Eait' adopted by the officers of each corps Indies, which came under a separate employing a man as their servant, description, amounted to 64,276 and engaging of barmen in menial men; of course there was a diminu- capacities, were obstructions to his tion of about 13,641 men on this majesty's service, and ought to be head fince last year, which upon the abolished. He contended, that if whole force was but a trilling dimi- the extraordinaries, such as bar. nution. There was a small aug- racks, &c. were added, the whole mentation of the invalids, from the expence of the army this year would circumstance of calling upon, and not fall thort of that of last year, drafting the out-pensioners who which amounted to as much as the were capable of serving. He then whole revenue of this country did proceeded to move his first refolu-' in the year previous to the war. tion “ That there be employed for This was a fact which ought to be ibe land service of this year the attended to, especially by a new number of 195,000 men.

parliament. If the army coft fo General Tarleton said, he had exe' much, how were the other expences pected that the honourable secreta- to be paid. With these facts bery at war would have gone more

fore them, surely the representainto detail. Last year the troops tives of the people ought to abanin pay amounted to 119,000. The don the idea of raising fuch an adexpences of the present year were dicional force as 103,000 men, with

out

out the existence of any danger be- furrendered to the English in 1655, ing even remotely proved. General took to the woods. In the account Tarleton then made fome observa- which general Venables transmitted tions relative to the achievements, to government of these people, they mentioned in his majesty's speech, were represented as wild and lawless by our troops in different parts savages, who had no moral sense; on of the world. Considering the ex whom neither perfuafions nor genpence with which the arinament tleness could make any impression, for the West Indies had been at and with whom it was impoflible to tended, and also the present state come to any treaty. They were of our illands there, he saw no great 'therefore left in pofTeffion of the cause for exultation; we had rather interior country, and continued borrowed from our allies than con- maiters of it for near a century, quered from the enemy.

murdering, without mercy, all such Mr. Fox having made some re white persons as attempted to make marks ri lative to the treaty with the any feitlements near them. Maroons, Mr. Bryan Eduards rose, He then entered into a history of and gave to the house an historical the late war with these people, nearaccount of the late war between ly as it was stated in our preceding those people and the inhabitants of volume. Jamaica. The Maroon negroes, he After this digresion, the house fiid, were descendants of the Spa- voted the following fums : nish negioes, who, when the island

£

d. Tor the charge of 60,765 effective men for guards and gartriions

1,503,905 Tor forces in the plantations, &c.

1,111,231 19 5 for diíference between British and Irish •ay of fories for service abroad

40,096 9,9 For recruiting regiments in India

13,335

18 Tor contingencies for land forces

360,000 For charge of general and staff officers

94,195 14 For charge of embodied inilitia and fencible infantry 950,441 3 For contingencies for ditto

210,000 For clothing for ditto

112,811 For charge of fencible cavairy

397,734 For allowance to ditto ,

95,000 The house being resume the those of last year, that he did not report was ordered to be received conceive it was necessary for him on the Monday following. On to say more than to inove the that day the report was brought up different resoiutions meant to be accordingly, and agreed to. founded upon them. The first of

On the ad of December the house which was, that the sum of 70,00ol. refolved itself into a committee of begranted for horses' furniture, &c. supply, when the secretary at war for the year 1797. observed, that the estimate; upon General Tarleton said, that, when the table were so much matter of the arnyestimates were first brought course, and so little different from forward, he had remarked that the

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articles which had been omitted to observe, that they amounted to would amount to $80,000l. but, in 707,050l. justice to his own moderation in The whole fuins granted this day that statement, he was bound now were as follows:

s. . For horfes' furniture and clothing for the augmentation 70,000 For allowance to reduced Ainerican officers

7,500 Upon account of ditto

52,500 For Scotch roads -

4500 For allowance to reduced horse-guards

125 3
For reduced officers of land forces and marines 118,874 16
For increased rates of fubfiftence for quarteriøg soldiers 180,000
For full pay to supernumerary officers

136,675
For officers late in the service of the States-General
For allowance to paymafter-general, secretary at
war, &c.

136,779 17 For ordinary of the navy

633,573 7 For building and re-building thips of war

768,100 For ordnance land service not provided for in 1795 114,553 19 9 For ordnance fea service not provided in 1795

74,830 For ordnance land service not provided for in 1796 425,366 6 For the civil establishment of the province of Upper? Canada

7000 For the civil establishment of Nova Scotia

5,915 For the civil establishment of New Brunswick

4,550 For the civil establiflıment of the island of St. John in America

1,900 For the civil establishment of Cape Breton

1,810 For ditto of the Bahama islands

4,100 For ditto of Newfoundland

1,232 For ditto of New South Wales

5,523 For the falary of the chief justice of Bermudas

580 For ditto of Dominica

600

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In order to give our readers the General Tarleton said, that he whole of this subject at one view, was under a neceflity of noticing we dhall trespass a little on the chro- two particular objects of expence; nological order, and mention the the advances to the emperor, and the whole of the extraordinaries of the campaign in the West Indies. He army previous to the account of the blamed the conduct of administrabudget.

tion in both these points, and inThe secretary at war, on the 5th fiited, that the emperor had contiof April, 1797, moved a resolu- nually lost ground, and that the tion “ That a sum, not exceeding war in the West Indies, particularly 3,280,5131. 135. 2d. be granted for in St. Domingo, was to be conthe purpose of defraying the extra- sidered as the bane and destruction ordinaries of the army, from the of the British military, who perill. 6th of December, 1795, to the 6th ed ignobly, and who were sent to of December, 1796, voted, and not a grave in that charnel-house, as it provided for by parliainent.” had proved to them; and though

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the iflari had cost so much money forf, for in the June following he and the lives of 14,000 gallant men, brought up a f-cond). He proceeded to this country, there was not a to state the resources upon whichi fingle post in our poffefiion that the people might confidently rely couid not be taken by three liun- to defray the expences which they dred frein troops : on these grounds had to incur. He premised that, he o posed the motion. The rtso- great as the demand was, the nation lation, however, was agreed to by was fully equal to the emergency, the louse,

and prepared to meet it. The chancellor of the exchequer, The ainount of the supply which on the 7th of December, introduced had been then voted, and which it into the house of commons his first might be necessary to vote during budget for the year 1797 (we say the sefiion, was as follows:

SUPPLIES FOR THE YEAR 1797.

NA VY.

£ For the ordinary of the navy for 120,000 seamen and marines 6,240,000 Extraordinaries for the same

1,420,000 To which might be added for this favourite service the further sum of

2,500,000

Total for the service of the navy

10,60,coo

ARM Y.

6,613,000

The amount of the sums which had been then voted for the

army was The account of the extraordinaries was not then completc,

but Mr. Pitt estimated them at

4,300,000

Total for the army

£. 10,913,000 Sum for the diminution of the national debt

200,000 The amount of the ordnance

1,623,000 Miscellaneous services, including the relief to emigrant priefts, &c.

} 378,000 Deficiency of land and malt

350,000 The deficiency of taxes, after deducting the furplus of grants for 1796, which amounted to 420,cool. was

1,023,000 Total of the supply

- 6. 27,647,000

* Mr. Pitt, in his statement, omi fractions, and computed the navy expences ! the round fum of 19,160,000l, whereas the real suna was 10,161,000l. for the navy.

For

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