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mitted some equivalent might be a conquered country into an integiren.

gral part of our territories." The Lord Malmeibury had requested only question to be considered was 2 contre-projet, whilft he refuted to now, whether, by relinquishing the enter upon any treaty, by which the war, we would give up every thing French were to retain the poffeffion valuable to the interest of this counof the Netherlands. From these try, every principle of good faith circumstances, as well as that of his with its allies, and all which had hibeing left without a discretionary therto been esteemed the public law power in any matter of importance, of Europe. his grace inferred, that ministers The lord chancellor objected to were not sincere in tho proposed ne- the assumption of the amendment, gotiation for peace. They had acted that the negotiation was not broken on a principle of augmenting the ott' by the directory. He expressed power of great states, at the ex his furprise; he doubted whether pence of those which were weaker. any similarinstance could be producSuch were their ideas of remunera- ed of a negotiation with an enemy tive juftice! By consenting to such being broken off, no matter how, a principle, Europe would link into and that circumstance being coma iniserable labyrinth of despotic ar-municated from the throne to the rogance; “.a principle on which," parliament; that the two houses of faid his grace, “ I shall make no parliament, inttead of supporting the conment; but leave it to your coa- king, when he threw himself upon science to decide.”

them for fupport, had put a negative Lord Auckland denied having on fuch an application. The inferused the word “ experiment” in the ence to be drawn was, that this sente his grace had thought fit to country must submit to whatever apply it.

terms the enemy chose to impofc; Er Spencer aflerted, that the to humble the nation before the dicharge of infincerity in the conduct rectory; and to invite them to put of minifiers was unjust : they had their feet upon their necks. perfevered, he said, in their attempts He affirmed, that the memorial to restore peace, notwithstanding the presented to the directory was not obstacles thrown by the enemy in of a fophistical nature; that nothing

could be more ingenuous than the From the commencement of his declaration of what England was acting with minifters, his lord thip willing to surrender, and what the declared, that he had acted upon would demand in behalf of her alone uniform principle. He confi- lies. But whatever might be the dered that the objects for which the value of the compensations propof. war had been begun and carried on, ed, they had never been brought unwere to secure the important inter- der discussion. The proposals on ests of this country ; to refiore, and our part had been generous and lito secure tranquillity throughout beral, and the government of Europe. He denied, that lord France bad barred the door of negoMalmesbury had proposed any ulti- tiation against us. His lordihip promatum : the directory, he said, had; ceeded to remark, that a noble earl and what was their proposal? “ You had spoken of the encreasing number thall accept the basis of our new of bankruptcies; he took upon himformed conftitution, which engrafts self to contradict the statement : un

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til the beginning of December, this moved, that the lords be summoned
year, the number was 724, and for that day.
there might be 40 or 50 more since; Lord Grenville did not object to
in all, not more than 800; whereas, the the inquiry, but to the time propof-
average number of the last twelve ed. The motion was put, and ne-
years was about 1040. His lordship gatived.
observed, the wealth of this coun On Dec. the 30th, Mr. chancel-
try was also increasing. The sur- Jor Pitt moved the taking into con-
plus of monies brought into chan- fideration his majesty's message in
cery amounted to 960,000l. of the house of commons: it being
which, he computed about a clear read, he address-d the house, he
surplus of 800,0001. saved during said, with the deepest regret, ou
the current year. At no period were viewing the sudden liop which bad
the manufactories more flourishing, been put to the negotiation. He
nor there was any year in which the had fondly hoped we thould have
quantity of English goods exported been relieved from the conteft into
was greater than in the present. which we had been forced againft
Subscriptions to the loan of eighteen our will; a contest produced by the
millions were sent up to a large repeated aggressions of an imperious
amount, from various country towns, enemy; a contest undertaken from
even after the loan was filled up. motives of inevitable necessity; un-
His lordship wished this statement dertaken to preserve our conftitu-
contrafied with that of France, astion, to defend the general security
given by the directory themselves, of Europe, and from a sacred re-
and concluded, by infifting that at gard to that good faith which we
no period of Englith hifiory, when had pledged to our allies: from
negotiations were broken off, did these causes we were forced into a
those who then opposed the ministry state of warfare; and whilft they
ever think of bringing forward a continued to operate, we were also
motion like “ that thing" which he determined to persevere. Whilft
then held in his hand.

he exprefled much ditappointment The earl of Abingdon condemn- and regret at the failure of the need minifters for not having sooner gotiation, he acknowledged, it was consulted the assembly of the nation; regret without despondency, and avowed his own predilection for mo- disappointment withont despair. narchy; and declarcd himself an an We had not (he faid) ourselves tigall.can; but thought the answer to blame for the misfortune; it arose of the directory manly, and voted from the exorbitant pretensions of for the amendment. — A divifion our eneinies. Nothing had been took place-Majority against the wanting on the part of this conntry amendment, 78.

to rettore peace, on the grounds on The duke of Bedford then rore, which alone it was desirable ; for and declared his convi&tion, that this when we withed for peace, it was country could neither enjoy peace nor for a secure and permanent peace. prosperity without a change of men We had proved to all Europe to and measures. His intention was to whatparty ambitious and unmeasurmake a motion to this effect; but able pretentions ought to be ascribprevious to it, he should move for ed; and we might expect, from such an inquiry into the state of the na- .conduct, to fee England united and tion, on Monday fortnight, and France divided. It would not be


Deceffary to state particularly the made this application in the name of fteps which had been taken by bis his Britannic majetty, merely 10 majefty and his ally, the emperor, know if they would lend puports at an early period of the contest. for a plenipotentiary to be sent by

In March, 1796, an offer had been his majesty to Paris.—How was this made to treat in that way which had application received ?-For some been sanctioned by usage, and the time no answer was made. At lait, general experience of nations The the Danish minister was informed, offer was met on the part of the ene- not by a written answer to a written my, by advancing a preliminary of note, but verbally, that if a minisuch a nature that no man could le- fter arrived, they might send him tioaily justify and support it. The pafsports when he arrived at their aniver to Mr. Wickham was found frontiers. If there had been the ed upon what France chose to call most remote desire on the part of his the law by which he was bound.— majesty and his ministers to retard What law? A law of their own the negotiation, was not this (taid making, a mere internal regulation! Mr. Pitt) enough to justify them in a principle, anpulling all treaties, in abandoning their attempt? But so open defiance of the rights of Eu- anxious were they to obtain the rope, and the received maxims of blessing of peace, that they resolved Datious!

to surmount these difficulties, and a It is stated (continued Mr. Pitt) flag of truce was sent over, charged that his majesty the emperor, in with a commitlion fimilar to what spite of that antwer, Thewed him- had been given to the Danish miself ready to co-operate with his Bri- nister. After a time, the request tannic majefty in the same desira- was granted by the French govern ble pursuit. This offer was made ment, not willingly, but of vecesimmed-ately after the armistice in fity. The first object of the pleni. the beginning of this eventful year. potentiary was, to do what was con-How was this offer received? formable to common sense and In the fame manner as our own was established usage; to fix fome actreated; and the result was, that the knowledged basis, upon which each directory gave no credit to his fin. party might come forward with some cerity; but ftated, that if he was fe- degree of certainty of obtaining the rious, he might send a plenipoten- defired object: the basis proposed tiary to Paris, to treat with them in was,—“ That compensation thould a manner confiftent with the laws be made to France for proportionin France.

able reftitutions from his majesty's His majesty has told the world, conquests on that power, for those that notwithitanding these discou- arrangements to which the thould be raging circumstances, yet, in hopes called upon to consent, in order to that the calamities of war right at fatisfy the just pretentions of allies, laft create a disposition in the ene- and to preserve the political balance my which might lead to peace, he in Europe.”—Was there any thing to again renewed his proposal for open- be found (laid Mr. Pitt) of low foring a negotiation in another form. did interest in this ? _We proposed The next mode which was adopted, to give up what the valour of Eng. was an application through the me- land had acquired; not to aggrandium of a neutral minister :- the dife ourselves in any other manner, minister of the court of Denmark but to preserve our good faith to



who had a right to rely upon it. confidential notes, one figned and Here an additional proof was given the other not, but enclosed in that of the inveterate disposition of the which was figned; the first, relating enemy: before it could be under to the terms of peace betwee! this ftood that this was meant to be re- country and France; the other, jected, they make a call on his ma- comprehending the interests of jesty's plenipotentiary for his ultima. his majesty's allies. In the first tum in twenty-four hours; this, paper, mutual ceffions were prohowever, from some unknown pru- posed and demanded. By a tide dential reason, was not infifted on; - of adverse fortune on the contie still this basis was not agreed to. nent, which afterwards indeed was His majesty's ministers nevertheless in a confiderable degree reverfpersevered : at last the French un- ed, a great part of the emperor's equivocally acknowledged and re- dominions, and some German princeived it, and thus afforded the cipalities, remained in the poffeffion strongest proof of the basis being of the French. On the other hand, fair and reasonable. It being ac- by a fimilar run of success on the cepted, the next question was, what part of thiscountry, the valour of his fhould be the particular terras ? Ac- majesty's forces' gave us almost all cording to the establithed usage of the colonial pofleilions of the enenegotiation, particular terms my, a success of which there are never inintioned by either party at but two instances in the history the oniet: yet, notwithstanding, all of this country. In such circumthe advantages that had been given itances what was this country to up, and all the concessions that do? The ministers, fensible of had been made, what

was the de- the temporary evils arising from mand of the eneny? That the ple- the war, the occasional stagnation nipotentiary should specifically bring of commerce, and the embarrailforward the terms of the British ca ments attending public and pribinet. It was needless to state how vate credit, fill felt that there great the difficulties in bringing for- diftreffes did not proceed from ward terms were in all cases; and in the cause to which they had been all times it had been usual to di- so often attributed: they were vide them, and each party had of- sensible also of the truth of what fered them as nearly at the time as tome gentlemen had been pleased to poflible. There was in any other etieein a paradox, that accidental mode a material advantage conceded, embarraffnents produced no perefpecially when one party was thus manent distress, and perceived that called upon to give the value at when these were removed, the situI which he estimated the conquests heation of the country gave us some had made ; and how much more well-grounded intination of the real Wasthisadvantageaugmented, when source, and that a fpirit had been no real individual benefit was to be thewn which never had been exderived to the party making ihe pro- ceeded. Mr. Pitt assured the house, position, and when he had to strug- that he did not state these circumgle against a rooted animofity on the stances to give any one an idea that part of the enemy. Notwithstand he did not wish for peace, but to ing all thete discouragements, the thew that we were not fallen into fo plenipotentiary, in conformity to the deplorable a state of wretchedness as established batis, delivered in two to be compelled to make any ditho.


nourable compromise. What, on the struck with the effe&ts of the gloriother hand, laid he, was the fitua- ous success with which the imperial tion of the enemy? at first they arms had lately been attended on the were enabled to employ gigantic Rhine, when the exertions in Italy means, which from their nature might have been expected to comcould not be permanent: they found municate to the affairs of Austria, alio the expedient of diffeminating in that quarter, the same tide of ricDew and deftructive principles. It tory by which the frontiers of Gerkas unneceffary to recur to the sub- many were distinguished ? By the jert of French finance: he might, terms proposed, all the territory behowever, suppole that the admis- tween the Rhine and the Moselle fions of the executive directory were was to be ceded by France, subject true, when officially conveyed in to future modification. When the the form of a metlage to one of their French conquests in Italy were stated coun'ils. We were told by them- as objects of restitution, it was not feltos vhat the only pay of their inferred that Savoy and Nice were troopsere the horrors of naked- included, for in no geographical nel alk. famine ; that their state-con- view could they be considered as tractors, their judges, and all other component parts of that country. public functi naric received no part All the propositions underwent dirof their salaries; that the roads were çussion between the plenipotentiary impattable, and the hospitals neg- and the minifor. Only as to the Ne. lected; and nuching in short remain- therlands, his majelty could on no ed in a state of organization but account retract any part of his promurder and affastination. Was positions! but every thing else was this a true picture drawn by them- subject to modification. As to the felves, and could this be a time for value of the French pofleffions which Europe to prostrate itself at the we offered to give up, it must be foot of France?

confeíitd that the same evils with He then proceeded to consider which France had been afficted exwhat we hid demanded under the tended to the colonial potlessions; above circumstances;- not the re but after all they were of infinite tum of ancient poftillions, not for importance to France: the most liberty to maintain our indepen- valuable part of St. Domingo, the dobe, to reject the fraternal em- military and commercial advantages brite, and prevent the organization of Martinique, the favorable fituaof irealn; these did not reft upon the tion of St. Lucia, the importance of pertuition of the enemy, they de- Tobago to this country, when we pended upon the patriotism of the combined them together, it might people of Engiand: we only defired be doubted, whether there was not to preserve our good faith in violate, some degree of boldness on the part and were ready to facrifice all our of ministers to make such overtures; own advantages to obtain what we we might suspect the wildom of the could not honourably giveaway with- measure rather than cavil at the inont the content of the emperor. sincerity of the offer. Whatever migat have been his dif Mr. Pitt requested the further atposition to peace, would he have tention of the house on the subject been content to agree to inferior of Holland : it had been (he said) terms when the campaign was not our ally, and its protection was one yet closed, when the enemy was of the causes of our entering into


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