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he came to-have any thing to do antecedent to that time. Subsequent with these matters, for he then be to that time he had employed him gan to fufpect him, and doubted on various occasions, in going about Whether he was not improperly em- business relative to the regiment, ployed in that sort of bufívefs; but on nothing else; and that he use and therefore told him, that any derstood to be the principal empetition which he thould bring af- ployment. He had not the least ier that would not be attended to, influence with him. On the conbecause he had great reason to think trary, the prisoner desired him to the prisoner was acting improperly. give a letter to the duke of Portland He iberefore forbade his coming to or Mr. Baldwin relative to some the office on any businefs what- pardon, but he positively refused, ever : notwithstanding which, he and told him he never did write believed that in a day or two after- a letter to the fecretary of state, or wards he met the prifoner coming make any recommendation in fafrom the office. He alked him, how vour of any prisoner, unless upon he could have the assurance of com- petition presented and recommending there after what had passed be- ed by persons of respectability and tween them? and he would venture whom he knew, stating the proto affirm that the prisoner never priety of the application, and corcould have any influence, or any tifying the general good character chance of succeeding in any appli- and conduct of the person on whoit cation that he Nould make at the behalf the pardon was solicited. office for pardon or any other fa Mr. Knapp addressed the jury, on vour.
behalf of the prisoner, in a speech This was in the fummer, but of considerable length, in which die whether in the month of July or contended, that, although it was 20t, he could not tell. Mr. Bald. clear from the evidence of the nowin added, he thought it was fit ble duke, of fir Watkin Lewes, and that the court should know, he was' of his learned friend, Mr. Baldwin, fure it was fit that the public should that the prisoner had no influence Anow, that there was not one far- with either, yet from all the circinnthing of expence attending applica- ftances of the case it was not unreations for pardons. No fees what- fonable to suppose that the prisoner ever are paid, nor any required that might have thought he could have he knew of, upon these applications. fucceeded in this case as he did in That whenever a pardon was obs the case of the fmugglers, and therea mined it was without one farthing fore there was no intent to defraud of expence in the granting it. the person of whom the money was
Sir Watkin Lewes was then ex- obtained for foliciting this pardon. amined. He said he knew the pri- He maintained that the parties had foner at the bar. He was recom- agreed in this case, that the prisoner inended to him as a serjeant in the should try what he could do; and London militia. He told him he although he failed, yet as he had appeared to be too old for that of- used his endeavours, he had not obfice, but afterwards he told him he tained the money under false press would make him a temporary ser- tences, but was entitled to take is jeant, and that was the way he came upon the general maxim that every to make use of the name of fir Wat- labourer is worthy of his bire, kin Lewes. He did not know him The prisoner faid a few words in
his own defence, but which had but abuse that prerogative, and at the little bearing upon the case. same time imposed on the minds of
The chief baron, in an able men who were overwhelmed with charge, stated to the jury the fub- terrør, when their lives were in ftance of the indictment, the whole jeopardy. And further, that the of the evidence, and commented public opinion thould be confirmed upon the points which were most that the royal mercy flows in fo material for their confideration.' pure a channel that nothing can
This indi&tment, he said, was corrupt or injure it. The price founded on an act of parliament paff- which we paid in this country for ed in the 30th year of the late king. the due administration of justice and The necessary ingredients to prove the settled rules of law, applied to this charge were, That the party the prerogative of mercy, as well accused should be proved to have as every other branch of distribu. represented himself to be in a fitua- tive justice; because it was impofition in which he was not; or ftat- ble to settle any precise rule of law ing a thing to have happened which which might not become too severe, he knows has not happened; or if applied to every particular case that stating that such a thing is likely to came under the descrip:ion of that happen which he has no reason to precise rule. Let precise rules be believe will happen. These were ever so wisely formed, some partithe three ingredients which were cular cases would fall under them, necessary to fubftantiate the charge which, if judged of rigidly, would exhibited against the prisoner at the be hurtful to the feelings of the bar.
most humane and the molt confide. In considering this case, he thought rate; and therefore it was that the it necessary to caution the jury in prerogative of pardon was given to this stage of the business to repress the king, in order that those cases all species of resentment against the which could not be difpofed of by act with which the prisoner was these rules without great distress to charged; to keep their minds per- . our feelings, might be foftened down fectly cool upon the matter; and to, by the exercise of royal mercy. leave out of the case entirely, for the Without such a prerogative, positive present, all feelings of resentment rules might sometimes occaton subagainst the detestable nature of the stantial injustice, and on this acoffence. This was, important in count his majesty's power to pardon many views of the subject. It was became one of the great advantages highly important to the individual of the subject. With respect to pewho stood charged, and highly im- titions for mercy, it was not to be portant also to the public adinini- considered that the leave to present ftration of justice. It was impoffi- a petition was matter of favour. It ble that any thing should be more was the right of the subiect in this important to this country than this; country to petition for mercy as that the royal mercy fiould not be well as for any other object. When obstructed, or interrupted by the these petitions were prefented, they artifice of individuals making anim- were lifted as much as possible at pretiion against the propriety of ap- the office of the secretary of state, piving for mercy, by the effect and the result of the whole was which their conduét might have in laid before his majetty, who, with cases where they had atienpted to the advice of his council, dis,
posed of them as should seem SIR, meer.
A packet leaving this place toThe jury would now consider day for England, I embrace the op, wbether the allegations in the in- portunity, for the satisfaction of di&tment were or were not proved; their lordships, to acquaint them and that was their exclusive province that I anchored at St. Kitt's on the to determine. (Here his lordship 25th ultimo, when an express boat recited the evidence.
had been sent from the island of The question for the jury would Anguilla, to inform the admiral that be, Whether the prisoner did or the island was attacked by two did not pretend to an influence French men of war, and several which he did not poffefs, in order small vefsels, containing four hunto obtain the money of this poor dred troops. I feit it my duty (as the woman. In judging of this case, .express-boat returned here with the the jury wonld iake the whole of lots of her main-mart) to leave the it into consideration. The main service I was ordered on, to endeapoints were three : Whether he didvour to relieve that place. The wind, or did not misrepresent himself as to being to the northward, prevented his own fituation? 'whether he did my getting up there in time to stop or did not do what he did with in- them from burning the town; but tent to defraud; and, whether he I have the pleasure to say, after an did not a&tually obtain this money action of near two hours, I effecin consequence of false representa- tually relieved that island, by taktions? If the jury found these facts ing the flip and finking the brig. in the affirmative, it would be their 'The fhip proved to be Le Decius, duty to tind the prisoner guilty; if mounting twenty-four fix-poundthey doubred either of these points, ers, two twelve-pound carronades, they thould acquit him.
and two brass field-pieces, with one The jury withdrew, and remained hundred and thirty-three men of out of court for above half an hour, her own complement, and two hunand returned their verdi&-Guilty. dred and three troops, commanded This, although only a mildemeanor, by citoyen André Senis, and the subjects the prisoner to transporta- brig La Vaillante, mouoting four tion for seven years.
twenty-four pounders, with fortyThere is anoi her charge of the five men and ninety troops comsame kind againit him at the in- manded by çitoyen Laboutique. stance of another person.
The particulars of the action Shave 14. The London Gazette an- transmitted to rear-admiral Harvey, nounces the capture of La Musette, for the information of their lordof 22 guns and 150 men, by his flips. majetty's floop the Hazard; and of
I am, &c. the Deux Amis, oi 14 guns, and 18
R. BARTON. men, by the Polyphemus and Apol N. B. I am informed that they lo. These prizes were brought into were picked troops from Victor Cork.
Hugues, for the sole purpose of Admiralty Office, Jan. 14. plundering and destroying the island. Copy of a Letter from Capt. Bar.
R. B. ton, of his Majesty's Ship Lap Parliament-fireet, Jan. 16. Di. wing, to Evan Nepean, Esq.dated spatches, of which the following are in Balleterre Roads, Dec. 3,1796. an extract and copy, have been this
day received by the right honoura- by the cartel; when the business is ble Henry Dundas, one of his ma- finally settled, I shall have the pleajesty's principal secretaries of state, fure of acquainting you with the from major-general Charles Gra: particulars. ham, commanding his majesty's
Hend-Quarters, Martinile, troops in the Leeward islands in the SIR,
Nov. 13, 1796. absence of lieutenant-general fir It affords me great fatisfa&tion to Ralph Abercromby, K. B. have an opportunity of informing Extract of a Letter from Major-Ge you of the entire reduction of the
neral Charles Graham to the Brigands and Charibs in St. VinRight Honourable Henry Duna - cent's, which was communicated to das, dated Head Quarters, Mar me by major general Hunter shortly tinico, O&tober 16, 1796. after I had the honour of addrefimg
Our affairs in Grenada wear the you on the 16th ultimo ; a copy of most favourable afpect. I may say, whose letter I herewith tranfmit
, indeed, tranquillity is completely together with the return of killed restored, as they enjoy it in the and wounded. moft comprehensive fenfe: the com I have the honour to be, &c. munication throughout the itland is
CHARLES GRAHAM perfectly open; there are some few
Major-General. Tiragglers, no doubt, in the woods, St. Vincent's, Of, 18, 1796. but they never moleft even single SIR, passengers, and their number is so When I had the honour of writ; inconsiderable, and their state so ing to your excellency on the 22d wretched, that they rather deserve of August, I inclosed a copy of the our contempt than merit our re terms offered to the Charibs by gofentment. Fedon has not yet been vernor Seton and myself, in consetaken, and opinions are various quence of fir Ralph Abercromby's with refpect to his death or escape: orders and instructions to me upon the former, however, I think most that subject. At the same time ! probable, as it is reported a canoe, acquainted you with the plan I had that had been overset, was found adopted in order to reduce the reby a vessel fome distance from the maining brigands, and to compel coast, with a compass nailed to the the Charibs to surrender. bottom, which was known to be one I have now the satisfaction to ins that he had had in his possession; it form you of the total reduction of is therefore likely he may have been the Brigands and Charibs on this loft, in endeavouring to make his ifland. escape.
Marin Padre, (a Negre of St. I embrace with satisfaction the Lucia) who has commanded the opportunity this affords me of hav. Brigands and Charibs fince the cap: ing the honour to inform you, that ture of the Vigie, and who had a negotiation has been opened, for great influence and authority over a general exchange of prisoners, both, surrendered on the 2d in. with the commissioners if the stant. French republic at Guadaloupe; the The number of Brigands who cominisfary sent here to treat on have surrendered or have been taken that bufiness has in consequence fince the 4th of July amounts to returned with two hundred; an 725, the number of Charibs to 4633, equal number of ours are to be sent including women and children.
I have much pleasure in making 6 serjeants, 16 rank and file, wounds known to you, for his majesty's in- ed. formation, the zeal, activity, and Major Trench's St. Vincent's bumanity which have actuated eve- rangers.—2 rank and file killed; 3 ry description of officers and fol- ferjeants, 8 rank and file, wounded. diers employed under my command Total.—3 serjeants, 31 rank and during the whole of the Charib war; file, killed ; 1 lieutenant-colonel, 4 and I am happy to say, chat, not, lieutenants, i ensign, 12 serjeants, : withitanding the feason of the year gunner, 66 rank and file, wounded. and the fatigue the troops have un
Officers wounded, dergone, they are in general very Lieutenant-colonel Graham and healthy.
enlign Towes, of the ed West India Inclosed you will receive a re- regiment. turn of the killed and wounded of Lieutenant Millar of the 40th rehis majesty's troops fince the com giment. pencement of the Charib war. Lieutenants Beaufire and Ros I have the honour to be, &c. quier, of Lewenstein's chafleurs.
P. Hunter, Maj. Gen. Lieutenant M.Kenzie, of lieus To his excellency
tenant-colonel Haffey's St. Vins Maj. Gen. Graham.
cent's rangers. Return of the Killed and Wounded
(Signed) of His Majesty's Forces in the W. J. CURREY, Aid-de-campIsland of St. Vincent between the Whitehall, Jan. 16. A letter, of zoth of July and 15th of O&to- which the following is an extract, ber, 1796.
has been received from governor 26th light dragoons, --1 serjeant, Seton by his grace the duke of > rank and file, killed; i rank and Portland, his majesty's principal se. file wounded.
cretary of state for the home deRoyal artillery, — I gunner partment, dated St. Vincent's, Oc. wounded.
tober 12, 1796. 3d foot, (or buffs.)-4 rank and I have the satisfaction to inform file killed ; 2 ferjeants, 19 rank and your grace, that tranquillity is on file wounded.
the eve of being restored to this co40th foot.-4 rank and file kill- lony, owing in a very great measure ed; lieutenant, 2 rank and file, to the unremitted exertions of mawounded.
jor-general Hunter, and to his hu420 fout.- 1 rank and file killed ; mane conduct towards the enemy 3 rank and file wounded:
of every defcription. All the Cha63d foot.—3 rank and file killed; rib chiefs have surrendered, their I serjeant, 6 rank and file, wounded people are coming in daily, and we
2d West India regiment.- 1 ser- have at this moment about three, jeant, 4 rank and file, killed; I thoufand five hundred in our poflieutenant-colonel, i enlign, 3 rank feflion. Nearly all the Brigands, and file, wounded.
with their leader, have also surs Lewenstein's chasseurs.—4 rank rendered. and file killed; 2 lieutenants, i fer By a subsequent letter, from the jeant, 8 rank and file, wounded.
governor to his grace, dated St. Lieutenant-colonel Haffey's St. Vincent's, the 16th of November Vincent's rangers.—1 serjeant, 8 last, it appears, that the remainder rank and file, killed; 1 lieutenant, of the Charibs and Brigands had