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can's ship. We maintained a moft but we observed two fips making obftinate action with these two for the Texel: upon coming near thips, and continued fighting until them, we found they were English; three o'clock, — While we were they made sail, and we were not in constantly repeating broadGde after a condition to chace them. I then broadfide, a fire broke out in our continued to steer towards the fern and between decks; b'it it Texel, and I observed the hulls of was foon extinguished. All the three vessels floating near the spot fhips were now so much disabled, where the battle was fought. On that they could no longer be ma the 12th, in the evening, I got naged, and drove about in the safely into the Texel with the ships greatest confusion. It was no long. I had collected. er poflible to fire a single gun. “ Health and fraternity. The standing-rigging of each mast

“ S. Story." was carried away: the maits, top- The following is a translation of mafts, and yards were all wound tie detailed official account fent ed: the running-rigging was entire by admiral de Winter to the ly not away, and the fails all torn

Batavian governm:nt. to pieces. I had twenty killed, On the 7 h of O&tober, in the and forty severely wounded. Every year 1797, at 10 o'clock in the brace was shot away; as were also morning, the wind E. by N. blowa the wheel, the tiller-ropes, &c. In ing a light breeze, the Dutch fleet, a word, every thing was carried confifting of four ships of 74, Seven away; we had shot in every part of of 64, four of 50, two of 44, two the bull; and in this wretched state of 32, two of 24, four brigs of 16 we floated about at the mercy of guns, and two advice-boats, under the waves.

the command of vice-ådmiral de " New braces were get up as Winter, cleared the Texel, and soon as poffible; and at four o'clock got fately out to sea. On the night we stood towards the EngliMh fieet, o the same day, and at the dawn But my officers then made a report of the succeeding morning, fx fail to me, that the tip was fillin; taft of the English were discovered, 2 with waier; and I was under the few miles to windward, the wind necessity of shortening fail. The being then S. W. upon which the evening te: in with thick rain, signal for a general chace was which preverted us from feeing made; but there fhips being much any of our fpips, but a few which smaller in number, and better had fornied the rear of the line. I failers than the Dutch, gained fo then collected all the vetiels be- much upon their fleet, as well with longing to my division that I could regard to distance as to the wind, discover. Ai midnight I found I that it would have been highly inhad got together eleven fail. I en- judicious to spread our thips too deavoured, with them, to collect much. We therefore delifted from the remainder of the squadron, and chasing, and continued our course, stood again towards the English standing out more into the ofling, ficet.

towards the flat of the Meuse, with “ At day-! reak we saw them to a view to meet a 64 gun saip, windward of lis, at a short distance which was expected from thence astern. There was then none of to join the fleet, and also to en: our ships of the line a-head of us, counter and give battle to the Eng.

lith fleet, in case we should fall Camperduys, the next day ; proporin with them in our course, while ing to fail thence in quest of the steering to the westward.

English fleet, which we were alla On the 8th, 9th, and 10th, the informed was steering E. by S. wind continuing westerly, and very directing its course towards the variable, the Dutch fleet worked Texel. up a great way, till within eight At break of day, the wind beGerman miles E. by S. of Lowe- ing N. W. with inconstant airs, stoffe, whilft five of the English squalls, and a turbulent high fea, fhips, consisting of the Russel, of the Batavian fleet was about eight 74, the Iris, of 50 guns, the Beau. miles off Schevenningen. Several lieu and Circe frigates, and Martin of our hips being sent to hail fome floop, constantly kept to windward merchant ships, then pailing a-breast of our fleet; whence we conclud- of the feet, and standing to the S. ed, that their object was to observe and S. S. W. a frigate brought adour motions, and that they had vice to the admiral that the Engprobably fent advice to the Eng- glish fleet was steering for the lim ports, in order to collect their Texel. Being perfectly assured of ships, with a view of attacking the this, the admiral made a signal for Dutch fleet with a superior force. all thips to repair to their respecSuppofing that the English fleet tive squadrons, and to form close was not yet out, and this small together, and then put about, unfleet of observation becoming very der easy fail, steering E. by N. and troublesome to us, we resolved to E. N. Ę. to afford time for those avail ourselves of the darkness of thips now to leeward the speedier the night, in order to detach' the to join the fleet, and then to stand best failing thi's of the fleet, un in thore. He also made the lige der a press of fail, in hope of get- nal to prepare for battle; the beting to windward of them by break fore-mentioned Engli squadron of day, and thus enabling our- continued steering about N. N E. selves to attack, or at least chace under a press of fail, and making away, those unwelcome observers : fignals, whence we concluded that but on the joth in the evening, they had got sight of the English we received information by some fleet. merchant thips, that the English At half an hour past eight, we ficet, conlisting of 15 sail of the got sight of the land, which we difline, frigates, floops, &c. making covered to be the Wykerdyns, 25 in the whole, was at sea, at the bearing cast at the distance of four distance of about ten German miles to five German miles from us. At from us, to the N. N. E. In con- this time the fleet had again hauled lequence of this intelligence, the the wind. At nine o'clock we disorder for detaching some of our covered the English feet, confiftMhips was recalled, and in the ing of about twenty fail, in the course of the same night our fleet N. N. W. towards Kimmen, at the was collected so as to be in close distance of four to five German and compact order at the break of miles, and coming down before the day. The wind being then N. W. wind; asignal for which being immethe Dutch ficet edged away to the diately made by vice-admiral ReyntN. N. E. for the purpose of reach- jes, admiral de Winter threw out ing our place of rendezvous, of the signal to form the line of bat



tle, and one after the other to close stance, the signal for closing a3 to the wind, with the larboard tack much as possible was repeated. down; whereby the rear, under Whilst so doing, the English rear-admiral Bloys, became of fileet having put itself in order, bore course the The Vryheid down upon us before the wind. braced her top-fails a-back, to ena- The division of vice-admiral Onble the other ships more conveni- now, who was in the Monarch, ently and speedily to reach their being somewhat a-head, that divi. respective stations; the Jupiter, fion, consisting of four ships of 74, vice-admiral Reyntjes, alío' fell three of 64, and one of 50 guns, back, whilit some other thips were made for the rear of the Batavian endeavouring to get into their sta. line. At the same moment 'the rions; but rear-admiral Bloys re Haarlem got too close to the Jupimained lying to windward with his ter, which flip filling her maintop-sail a-back ; although a signal top-fail, and the Haarlem backing was cut for his squadron to make all her sails, a couGderable distance more fail, and to repair to its sta- was thereby occafioned between tion; which signal was duly an- these two ships; and the Haarlem, fwered by all the tips of his squa- being a very indifferent failer, could dron, except his own. In the not so speedily regain her station in mean time, the Englinh fleet ap- the line. proached within three quarters of Vice-admiral Onflow, profiting a German mile, and then brought by this circumstance, forthwith led to, in order to arrange itself, the with his ship, the Monarch, through wind being very incontiant, vary- the line; while admiral de Winter ing some times one or two points. made the signal to dire& the fire The Vryheid had the misfortune of against the advancing ships of the having her main-top-fail-yard car- enemy; expecting that by forming ried away by a squall, which ob- in close order, the Englith fleet liged her to set the fore-fail and would be also obliged to form a some stay-sails, that she might keep regular and parallel line a-breast of her distance. In the mean time the Batavian feet. The Monarch admiral de Winter made the signal thus running through the line, for the Nips to close as much as gave her starboard broadside to the poflible, as also for the foremost Haarlem, and the larboard to the fhip of the line to shorten sail. Jupiter ; and per contra a broadside

The line of the Batavian fleet was given her by the Munnikken. was now formed; but the Brutus, dam frigate, which had ftationed rear-admiral Bloys Van Treslong, herself fomewhat behind, yet withnot being in her station, laid her- out the line, to the leeward of the felf in the line a-head of the Leyde, Jupiter; and so well was the Mothe Delft having fallen back be- narch also received by the Jupiter, low the line (and not being able that the wheel of her helm was thot properly to attain her station and away, and the whole flip considerdistance in any other manner), was ably shattered. ordered by vice-admiral Reyntjes to In the interim, three English thips place herself the hindmosi nip of got along-fide of the Haarlem, the line, by which means the Bata. Alkmaar, a.d Delfi, whilft ivo vian line became completely form- others, together with a frigate, ed; but being irregular as to die passed altern, and severely battered


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the Delft; in this manner these themselves to pass the Hercules and
hindmost fhip: became engaged on de Vries, but were prevented by
both sides, an i were thereby very the close situation of our lips.
ill-trcated, and thrown into confu The battle now became general,
fion in a short space of time; to and one half of the English flect
such a degree indeed, that the Alk. being to leeward, and the other
maar ran a ainst the stern of the half to windward of the Batavian
Munnikker.Jam, which frigate be- line, the conflict was vigorous and
ing already conäiderably ihattered, obftinate on both sides; and, con-
used her utmoft efforts to bear fidering the separation of the Eng-
away, and for a short time quit lith line, and tliat the part of their
her station, that she might have the fleet iplich was lying to leeward
better opportunity of repairing her fuffered confiderally by the tre-
damage ; but being almost unma mendous fire they received from
nageable from the injury she had our ships opposed to them, and the
sustained, and being pursued by repeating frigates and brigs, the
the Beaulieu and a thip of the line Batavian admiral de Winter enter-
(fupposed the Agincourt), she was tained great hopes that victory
reduced to the sad necellity of sub- would (as has often happened) de
mitting to her more powerful oppo- 'clare in favour of the Batavian flag.
nents; and, after a valiant defence, In these expectations he was, how-
the Delft, the Haarlem, and the ever, much disappointed, when,
Alkmaar, being not only much dir after being overwhelmed with clouds
abled, but in a finking condition, of smoke and flames, for the space
were also obliged to strike to the of an hour and a half, and after
superior force of their assailants, as having considerably damaged his
well as the Jupiter, which was at adverlary, the state of the Dutch
once attacked by the Ruffel, and feet was no sooner clear to his
forsaken by the Cerberus.

fight, than he had the melancholy
At the fame time the conflict prospect before his eyes of the Her-
commenced between the division of cules on fire, which obliged her to
admiral Duncan, confting of three quit the line; whilft the Beschermer
Thips of 74, four of 64, and one also got before the wind, out of the
of 50 guns, whereof the Venerable action, as well as the States-Gene-
was the foremost, which endeavour- ral, which set her fore-fail, and
ed to penetrate between rear-admi- got on the lee fide, a-head of the
ral Story, and admiral de Winter; Vryheid, probably to ihelter her-
but was at first frustrated in her in- seif froin the flames of the Hercua'
tention by the closing of these di. les. By this movement the Vry-
vifions : unfortunately, however, heid became engaged with three
the Wassenaar, being a very heavy English fhips; namely, the Vene-
and bad failing ship, could not close rable; the tip by which the Her-
with fufficient speed, and being at cules was battered; and her own
the same time attacked by the Pow- opponent: this was also the case
erful, of 74 guns, the Venerable with the Gelykheid and Admiral de
succeeded in getting a-stern of the Vries, who were attacked by foue
States General, without sustaining mips of the enemy. They, never-
much injury; whilft the Ardeni theless, continued all to fight with
attacked ihe Vryheid, and attempt. great vigour and bravery.
ed to pass in like manner: the o-

The Waffenaar, being very crank ilrer English Mhips likewise exerted and not able to ute her lower tier on


the starboard fide, (and the Bata- ing them any other affistance, or vier not coming up, but having, up- putting about towards us. on the first fire, run before the At this critical juncture, the Vry. wind to leeward of the feet,) the heid was again driven to leeward, Powerful, which was lying a-fern within the reach of the English of the former, battered her in such thips; these having now somewhat a manner that she was no longer recovered themselves, immediately governable. Being thus, from the surrounded, and battered her with retreat of the Batavier, exposed to incredible fury; this was also the the attack of two ships, she was case with the Gelykheid, then ly. also seen to strike to the superior ing to windward. The Mars made force of the enemy. The Power- fome attempts to lend them affift· ful then came up to the assistance of ance; but for want of her being

admiral Duncan's ship, which being supported by the others, she also in a very shattered condition, might adopted the most prudential cog. still have been successfully attacked duct, by following the Brutus unby three Batavian fhips the Brutus, der eafy fail. Thus we found ouro Leyden, and the Mars at that time selves forsaken on all sides, and formed in a line under single top- furrounded by the Englith fleet. fails, and in good order, and having · The Venerable having put abous, apparently discomfited and repulsed together with all the rest of the their opponents.

English fhips, ran a-head of the The battle ftill continued in the Vryheid, already engaged with two year of the Batavian line. The other thips, and so vigorously atVryheid, though quite surrounded, tacked her, that in a few minutes had the good fortune to damage the all her masts went overboard at fore-rigging of the Powerful so once ; but, notwithstanding every much, that the latter could not ad- thing being shot away, many guns vance, or perform any maneuvre dismounted, and about 200 of her to facilitate the renewal of her at men killed and wou ded, she netack. The Vryheid being also vertheless continued her defence much shatteret, her helm ungovern- upwards of half an hour; vainly able, and having no longer an op- hoping that such of the Batavian portunity of making any fignals, thips as had not suffered very much tell off herself

, and was thereby for- in the engagement, would haften tunately liberated from the Hercu- to the relief and liberation of their les, then in flames, as also from the admiral; or that by a wind ariang joint attack of the Powerful and from the north-west, we might be Venerable. The Brutus, Leyden, driven towards the fore, and the and Mars, coming up, engaged in English thereby be obliged to delift paffing by some of the English from further attack; but these hopes Thips, which were much Mattered, were soon evinced to be momenta. and endeavouring to recover them- ry illusions. The wind, on the felves: they also exchanged fome contrary, thifted to the N. and broadsides with the Venerable ; N. E. and the greatest part of the but, nevertheless, remained on the Batavian feet itood away on the starboard tack, and failed by the other tack from the English ; and disabled fhips Vryheid, Gelykheid, from the disastrous effects of these and Admiral de Vries, without giv- combined causes the admiral de

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