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for their prefervation; any part of our shores and our altars can, in the common interest. They have the last extremity, be defended. already kindled, by their odious 4th. Because such a fyftem is persecution of the catholics in Ire- dangerous to our present fafety and land, the flames of civil discord existence as an independent state, in that country. We believe that and the support uniformly given to an immediate change of men and it, tends to degrade and vilify this of measures would yet preserve the house in the opinion of the peocommon ties by which the two ple. For the first time in our his. countries are united. If, unhap- tory the continuance of a minifter pily, measures of intolerance are in office seems to be made a condi. to be sustained by the sword, and tion of the constitution. If that if that oppressed country be torn minister, after having reduced his from the British crown, as America country to the lowest ebb of shame was severed from our empire, ra- and misery, shall continue to rether than that these ministers Mould ceive and no dispense all trusts, hoincur the loss of their offices, we nours, and cmoluments, and to be are u rible to see in what Great supported in his abandoned courses, Britain would be the gainer. If by this house, no motive will rean invasion of these realms should main to love and reverence a conbe the result of delaying to open a ftitution exhibited in these colours fincere negotiation for peace, fully to the people, through the meas we rely upon the zeal and diuni of this house. Feeling so bravery of our countrymen for the interest in our proceedings, they event, we do not conceive that the will lose all respect for our chamischief of such an attempt would racter and all belief in our boin any degree be compensated by nour. finding, at the clofe of it, those mi 5th. Because we believe the prenisters still in their offices. Above sent ministers to be utterly incomall things we deem it highly inex. petent to the cure of the evils they pedient that any numerous or im. have produced. As the principles portant a class of the people Mould, on which they made the war offer in so perilous a moment, conceive no prospect for its success, those themselves to be piaced in the al- on which they have hitherto nego. ternative between foreign conquest, tiated for peace afford no hope for and domestic usurpation. We its attainment. As the improvithink that in this crisis no excuse dence and incapacity with which is left for not calling forth the they have conducted the war have whole wisdom, and all that remains contributed so largely to produce of the energy of the British nation; the calamitous lituation of Europe, that it is among the criines of these and to build up the prodigious ministers that they have exhausted power of the French republic, we in idle alarms for factious purposes, conceive that they possess not the those resources which ought to means of obtaining fafe or honourhave been preserved whole and un- able terins of peace for this cous. broken, to meet the disasters which try. We cannot expect that they are impending over 1s; and for will hereafter cherifi or encourage having let up a cry of loyalty a. t! at spirit of liberty, under whick, gainst liberty, to the destruction of in former times, our greatoess has that real ftrengılı by which alcne grows and been matured. We are
rather impressed with the fear, thatness which you have manifested in under the same pretences which have the new and difficult emergencies caufed all our present disasters, for which you have had to prolarge military establithments will vide. continue to be kept up, with a I must particularly express the view of crushing all its efforts, and juft fenfe I entertain of the falurivetting still closer the fetters of tary and effe&ual provifions which the people; that, released from the you made for strengthening the preffure of foreign hoftility, they means of national defence, and the will have recourse to coercive mean measures adopted for obviaing the fures in that unhappy country inconveniences which were to be where their oppreffions have al. apprehended to credit from the ready provoked the people to re- temporary fufpenfion of payments fiftance. We can hope for no eco in cath by the bank; as well as of nomy from men whose extrava. the promptitude, vigour, and efgance and waste exceeds whatever feet, with which you afforded me has been heard of the mad prodiga- your afGstance and support in fuplity of former periods. We can pressing the daring and treasonable expe&t no falutary reformations mutiny which broke out in a part frum those who have endeavoured of my feet, and in counteracting to engraft upon and blend with the so dangerous and pernicious au exsubstance of the conftitution itself, ample. those abuses by which their rapa I have the satisfaction to acquaint city is supported. Finally, we can you, that, fince the accession of tbe expect, from such men and such a present emperor of Ruflia, the come fyftem, no other issue but the esta- mercial engagements between the blidhment of a dominion of mini- two countries have been renewed fterial terrorism, fupported by par. in such a manner as will, I doubt liamentary corruption, instead of not, materially conduce to their the ancient constitution of this mutual interests. country, conducted according to the Gentlemen of the house of principles of the revolution.
I must return you my particular BEDFORD. thanks for the liberal and extensive CHEDWORTH. provision which you have made
for the various exigencies of the
public service ; and, while I lament His Majesty's Speech to both Houfes the necessity which increafed them of Parliament, Tuesday, July 20, folation to me to observe the at
to so large an amount, it is a con1797.
tention you employed in distributMy lords, and gentlemen, ing the heavy burdens which they I cannot put an end to this fef- occafioned in such a manner as to fion of parliament without return- render their pressure as lürle severe ing you my most sincere and cor as possible to my people. dial thanks for the affiduity and My lords, and gentlemen, zeal with which you have applied The issue of the important negoyourselves to the important objects tiation in which I am engaged is which have required your atten- yet uncertain: but, whatever may sion, and for the wisdoin and.firm. be the event, nothing will have
been wanting, on my part, to bring ed to the evafise condu&, the unit to a succeístul termination, on warrantable pretendons, and the such condicions as may be coo. inordinate ambition of those with fifient with the security, honour, whom we have to contend, and, and ellential interetis, of my doini- above all, to their inveterate ani. nions. In the mean time, nothing motity againft these kingdoms. can so much tons to torward the I have the fullest reliance, under attainment of peace as the conti- the bletting of providence, oa the vinuance of that zeal, exertion, and gour and wisdom of your counsels, public hirit, of which my i bjects and on the zeal, magnanimity, and have given fuc's conspicuous and courage, of a great and free people, honourable proofs, and of which fengible that they are contending the perseverance and firmoels of for their dearest interests, and de parlament has afforded them so termined to show themselves wor. Itriking an example,
thy of the bleings which they are Then the lord chancellor, by bis struggling to p eferve. majelty's con mand, said:
Compelled as we are, by the most My lords, and gentlemen, evident necessity, to persevere in It is his o ajesty's royal will and the defence of ali that is dear to us, pleasure, that this parliament be till a more just and pacific spirit prorogued to Tuesday tue fifth day mall prevail on the part of the eneof September next, to be then here rny, we have the satisfaction of holden; and this parliament is ac. knowing that we poffefs means and cordingly.prorogued to the fifth resources proportioned to the obday of September next.
jects which are at stake.
During the period of hoftilities,
and under the unavoidable preliure His Majelly's Speech 10 both Houses of of accumula ed burthens, our reveParliament, Nov. 2, 1797.
nue las continued ni, hly produce
tive, our national industry has My lords, and gentlemen, been extended, and our commerce It is matter of great coocern to has tur, alled its former lin its. me, that the earnest endeavours The pu lic spirit of my people which I have continued to em- has been eminently displayed ; my ploy, since I last met you in parlia- troops, of every description, have ment, to restore to my subjects the acquired fresh claims to the tsteem blessings of peace, on secure and and admiration of their country; honourable terms, have unhappily and the repeated successes of my been rendered ineffectual.
navy over all our different ene. The declaration which I have mies, have been recently crowned caufed to be published, and the by the signal and decisive victory other papers which I have di- with which providence has reward. rected to be laid before you, will, ed the exertions of my fleet under I am confident, abundantly prove the command of admiral lord Duuto you, and to the world, that every can. step has been taken ou my part, No event could be attended with which could tend to accelerate the more important and beneficial conconclusion of peace; and that the sequences, or form a more brilliant long delay and final rupture of the addition to the numerous and henegotiation are solely to be ascrib- roic exploits which, in the course
of the present war, have raised to a long distinguished us among all the pitch hitherto unequalled the naval nations of Europe. These blessings glory of the country.
can only be preserved by inculcatGentlemen of the house of ing and enforcing a due reverence commons,
and obedience to the laws, by reI have directed the estimates for presling with promptitude every atthe ensuing year to be laid before tempt to disturb our internal tranyou. The state of the war, joined quillity, and by maintaining invioto the happy consequences of our late that happy conftitution which recent success, will, I trust, admit we inherit from our ancestors, on of fome diminution of expense, which the security and happiness confiftently with the vigorous ef- of every class of my subjects effenforts which our situation indispen- tially depend. fbly requires. In confidering what may be the best mode of defraying the heavy expense which will fill Address of the House of Peers to the be unavoidable, you will, I am
King persuaded, bear in mind that the present crisis presents every motive Most gracious sovereign, io animate you to the most effectual We, your majesty's most dutiful and spirited exertions; the true value and loyal subjects the lords spirituof any temporary facrifices which al and temporal, in parliament afyou may find necessary for this pur- sembled, beg leave to return your pose, can only be eftimated by majesty our humble thanks for comparing them with the import your majesty's most gracious speech ance of supporting effectually' our from the throne; and to express to public credit, and convincing the your majesty the just sense' which enemy that, while we retain an ar. we entertain of your majesty's dent desire for the conclusion of paternal anxiety for the welfare peace on safe and honourable terms, of your subjects, manifested in the we poffefs the means, as well as the earnest desire espreiled by your determination, to support with vi- majesty for the restoration of peace gour this arduous contest, as long on fecure and honourable terins, as it may be necessary for main We return your majesty our taining the safety, honour, and in- humble thanks for the communicadependence of these kingdoms. tions which you have directed to My lords, and gentlemen,
be laid before us; and we assure After the experience I have had your majesty, that we fall proof your loyalty and attachment to ceed, without delay, to the conme, and of your anxious regard for fideration of those measures which the interests of my subjects, I have the circustances of the present crifis only to recommend to you a per- require; and that, while we partiseverance in the same principles cipate with your majefiy in the and conduct.'
concern which your majelly feels at The events of every day must the failure of your earneit endea. more and more impress you
vours to procure for your people just sense of the blessings which we the blessings of peace, we are fully derive from our civil and religious confident, from the uniform tenour establishments, and which have so of your majesty's conduct, that
every step has been taken by your manner in which your majesty is majestv which could tend to acce. pleased to express your gracious lerate that object; and that it is to acceptance of our best endeavours the unwarrantable pretensions and to testify by our conduct our anx. inordinate ambition of the enemy, ious regard for the interests of our and, above all, to their inveterate country, and our invariable attach. animosity against these kingdoms, ment to your majesty's person and that the long delay and final rup- government. ture of the negotiation are to be Sensible of the bleffings which, ascribed.
under your majesty's paternal care, We intreat your majesty to be. are derived to us from our civil lieve that, impressed as we are with and religious establishments, and the necessity and the magnitude of which distinguish us from among the contest in which we are engag. all the nations of Europe; and ed, as well as of the value of the persuaded that these blelings can interests, which we have at stake, only be preserved by inculcating no exertions will be wanting on our and enforcing a due reverence and part to enable your majesty to pro- obedience to the laws, and by resecute the war with vigour, until a pressing with promptitude every atmore just and pacific fpirit mall tempt to disturb our internal tran. prevail on the part of the enemy; quillity, -- it shall be the first object and to employ, in the defence of of our attention to contribute, by every thing that is dearest to us, every means in our power, to the those means and resources which maintenance of that happy constithe present fituation of our country tution which we inherit from our holds out.
ancestors, and on which the secuWe assuse your majesty that we rity and happiness of every class reflect with peculiar fatisfa&tion on of your majesty's subjects essentially the public spirit which has been depend. displayed By your majesty's fub. jects, and on the cooduct by which
ANSWER. your majesty's troops, of every description, have aequired fresh My Lords, claims to our esteem and admira. I thank you for this loyal, dutition.
ful, and affectionate address. We are particularly defirous of In a crisis of so much import, embracing the earliest opportunity ance to the security and happiness to offer to your majesty our warm of every class of my subjects
, it is and heartfelt congratulations on a great satisfaction to me to know that Gignal and decisive victory that you entertain a just seose of which has crowned the series of the nature, magnitude, and necefsplendid successes obtained by your sity of the content in which we are majesty's fleets over all our different engaged ; and that I may rely with enemies in the course of the present confidence on your support in my war; a victory no less important in fixed and unalterable determination its consequences, than glorious in to maintain to the utmost the laws, the circumstances by which it is liberties, and religion of my peodiftinguished.
ple, and the dignity, honour, and We are deeply fengible of the independence of my kingdoms.