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--it had been once done before, but circumstances, it appears to me had caused great dissatisfaction. highly proper first, to consult the Mr. Dixon ftated his objections court of common council
. They to such a proceeding.
will meet on Friday the 17th in Mr. Waithman desired his lord- ftant, when your requiGtion thall fiip co state what communication be brought under their confiderahe had had with the gentlemen who tion. figned the requisition.
I am, gentlemen, His lord fhip then read the fol Your most humble servang, lowing papers :
BROOK Watson, Mayor. To Br ok Watson, Esq. Lord May- Addressed to Joseph Jackson,
or of the City of London. apothecary, and 42 otber
liverymen who signed the We, the undersigned liverymen, requisition. in behalf of ourselves and the livery To the Right Honourable the Lord at large, request your lord ship to Mayor of the City of London. convene a common hall, within My Lord, eight days from the date hereof, to We the livery men who figaed consider a motion then to be made, the requisition to your lordship, re“ That an humble address and per questing a common hall to be contition be presented to his majesty vened for the purpose of confiderupon the present alarming state of ing a motion, “That an humble public affairs, and praying him to address and petition be presented to dismiss his present ministers from his majefty upon the present alarmhis councils for ever, as the first ing state of public affairs, &c." step towards a speedy, honourable, have received your lord thip's anand permanent peace.
Swer thereto, whereby you decline (Signed by 43 liverymen.] to call a common hall. until you have He then read the answer, and the submitted the propriety of calling protest of the livery, which are as the same. to a court of common follow :
council, which will be holden on Manfion' Huufe, March 13, 1797. Friday next. Gentlemen,
Having taken the same into conI duly received on the evening fideration, beg leave to suggest to of the roth instthe requisition your lordfhip, that we conceive orhereby you desire me to convene any interference of the court of a common hall, and within eight common council with our rights days from that date, to take into and franchises as livery men, will be consideration a motion then to be unconstitutional, and that it will be made, “ That an humble address highly derogatory to the character and petition be presented to his of a chief magistrate of this city, majesty upon the present alarming (elected by the liverymen at large) ftate of public affairs, and praying to submit a requisition of his conhim to dismiss his present mini- ftituents for a common ball to the fters from his councils for ever, as opinion or controul of a court of the first step towards obtaining a common council, elected by citi. speedy, honourable, and permanent zens, freemen, and householders.) peace.” In answer to this your re We do therefore, on behalf of ourqueft, I think it my duty to say, selves and the livery at large, fothat, under a tull consideration of all lemnly proteit against any such in.
terference of the court of common rest contrary tendency to those council.
passed by the livery, the more efpeFirst
, Because a cominon hall is cially when such of their delibera. conftitutał by the lord mayor, al- tions and resolves have taken place dermen, and livery of London, in subsequent to the resolutions at common hall affembled, the liv common hall, thereby intending to being the fole known constituents counteract the opinion of the livery of the chief magiftrate, theriffs, and at large. other great officers of the city. Lastly, For the above and many
Second, Because the court of other forcible reasons, we again recommon council are not known to quest your lordship to convene a us as liverymen, but are merely re- common hall without having representatives of the citizens free- course to the opinion of the court men householders, several of whom of common council, protesting, as are not in themselves of the livery, we have before and still do proteft, therefore cannot, according to the against any such interference. But if known laws and custom of the ci- your lordship shall still perlift in takty, interfere with the livery without ing the opinion of that court upon i grofs and manifest violation of this occalion (which we hope and their rights and privileges.
trust you will not), then we fliall feel Third, Because the right of call. the rights of the livery violated, and ing common halls (other than for they thereby compelled to meet for the express purpose of chusing offi. redress of grievances as warranted cers) is vested in the chief magi. by the existing laws of the coun. ftrate. And when important and try.." alarming circuoistances have occur. Signed by order of the liverymen red to make it necessary or prudent who ügned the requisition. to take into consideration circum. JOSEPH JACKSON, Chairman, kances peculiar to the times, such London, March 14, 1797. right bath not been exercised by the Mr. Waithman then rose. He chief magistrate as an absolute right said the objections ftated in that in him, but when requested by a paper were lo strong against having respectable number of the livery to their requisition fubmitted to the coavene a common hall, it hath decision of that court that little re. been (with very few exceptions) mained for him to state. That court granted as of right and justice. had no right whatever to judge of
Fourth, Because the present times the propriety of convening the li. are as alarming and big with impor- very; they were two diftinét and tant events as any that occur in the separate bodies. The chief magi. history of our country. We there. strate was elected by the livery, and fore deemed it proper to apply to could not, without the grosseft in. your lordfhip in the usual form to fult to the livery, take the opinion convene a common hall; but we of any other body of men. It was can by no means consent to our pretended that they were their rerequisition for that measure being presentatives; it was no such thing; submitted to the opinion of a body they represented the citizens house of mea unknown to us in that cha. holders. Many of the livery did racter, who, in their close delibera- not reside in the city, therefore had tione, have for the last three or four no mare in ele&ting them. He un. years agreed to resolutions of a dia derstood there was a private coun
cil held at the mansion house on who advised bim in secret, would Sunday night, who had advised his not publicly avow their advice and lordship. He did not blame him in maintain it. taking counsel, but it was a little Sir J. Sanderson and alderman fingular that he should have selected Curtis avowed having aslisted at his such persons only who were mem- lordship’s council on Sunday even bers of the court, and who had ing, and advising him to the mea. been all on one side; indeed they fute; as did alderman Lushington, had guided the measures of the court who likewise expressed his disap. for fome years paft. Mr. Waithman probation of having recourse to concluded with moving, “ That it common halls to collect the sense would be highly improper in this of the livery, as he denied that it court to give any opinion respect- could be fairly collected. ing the propriety or expediency of Mr. alderman Skinner defended convening a common hall.” the common halls, and declared be
Which was seconded by Mr. had uniformly observed the greatet Slade.
regularity; and particularly, when Mr. Birch moved au amend- he was chief magiftrate, he had an ment, which not being seconded, opportunity of knowing every prehe afterwards withdrew, tending to caution had been used to keep out censure the proceedings of the com- improper persons. mun hall, and advising his lordship Mr. Hodson said, that they were to refuse convening it.
not then debating whether it was Mr. Combe observed, that as proper to call a common hall; or the general opinion upon the ques- whether their proceeding had been tion was very manifelt, there need- regular; but, whether it was proper ed but little to be said upon the oc- for that court to interfere. The right cafion. The circumstance most of convening a common hall was Atriking was the distance of the vested in the lord mayor; and this date between receiving the requi- court had no power or jurisdi&ion stion and giving the answer, for over their proceedings. it was dated and delivered on the Sir James Sander fon moved anioth, and not replied to till the other amendment; which, after a few 13th; and as every one knew that remarks from Mr. Box and Mr. his lordship was qiiick in concep- Simmonds, was withdrawn. tion, quick in discernment, prompt The motion was then agreed to in action, and flow in nothing but by a great majority: speech, that distance of time, there Mr. Birch moved the two follow. fore, which occurred between the ing resolutions : dates, was most probably occupied That, at this important jun&ture; in consultation; and, by the long it is the duty of every loyal subject amendment moved by the worthy to make himself acquainted, as early deputy, it Nould seem that he was as pollible, with the use of arm.si cf the privy council.
under the operation of the volunThe lord mayor conceived an
teer corps bill, as well to defend his in:imation was made that he had own person and property, as the consulted adıninistration.
invaluable conftitution under whose Mr. Combe said he had no such privileges and protection he lives
; fufpicion; he only deplored that from the open or secret attacks of those when he had consulted, and cneinies, whether foreign or do
mestic, who may avail themselves at first, he imagined to be a defire of the circum fiances of the times to of serving his majesty's mimitiers; invade the fafery of either.
for while they were filling the That the members of this corpo- country with alarms, he was always ration, ever faithful to their profef- starting forward with addresses and frons of duty to their sovereign and resolutions to promote them; inveneration for the constitution of deer, he might be termed the ad. their country, and zealous for the dresser general of that court; bat honour and security of those whom now he brought forward these mothey represent, think it an indispen- tions, and was endeavouring to exfable obligation on their part to cite alarms, at the very time that ftand foremost in so patriotic a his majesty's ministers" (after the work ; and to recommend to the unfortunate direction they had takaldermen and common council ofen) were persuading the country each ward to convene a public the alarms were unfounded; he was meeting of the loyal house-keepers now, however, not promoting their within their faid' wards, to make cause; the impropriety of the meagood their former declarations, and fures proposed were so glaring, to affociate immediately for the and of so mischievous a nature, he above purpose, for the general de-' thought nothing need be said to fence of the city at large, and their excite the indignation of the court, own wards in particular; thereby Upon the division there were for evincing a determination to stand it I (Mr. deputy Birch). or fall by each other, in defence of -Against it 3 aldermen-58 comtheir king and country, and to moners--2 tellers-total 63. Inaintain their liberty and property London Gazette, March 13. against an invading foe or a lawlers Admiralty Office, March 18, 1797, rabble,
Extract of a Letter from Adiniral They were feconded by deputy Lord Bridport, K. B. to Mr Ne. Leeky; upon which Mr. Box mov. pean, dated Royal George at Sea, ed the previous question, and ex
March 10, 1797. pressed his surprize that so pre I am now to acquaint you, for posterous a propofition should be their lordflips' information, that on brought forward, which he pro- 'the 7th inftant fir Harry Neale, in nounced to be the most dangerous the 'St. Fiorenzo, recaptur d the he ever recoilected.
Cynthia brig, from Litbon to loole, Mr. Slade opposed them in an laden with fruit, which iad been able speech; the deputy, he ob: taken eight days before by a privaserved, had libelled the livery of teer brig. On the 8th inít. the InLondon, he had libelled the people pereux captured La Vatour, a fmail of this country, and he had even cutter privateer, armed with muflibelled huinan nature, for he would quets, having twenty-eight men on gever believe nature had erected board, and only one day from Fuch a monster as our natural ene. Breft.' In the afternoon of that my; he would never allow Tuch a day, the wind coming to the northa
ward, I bore up for Umant, and deMr. Waithman had endeavour tached the St. Fiorenzo and Nymphe td, but in vain, to conjecture the to look into Breft; and I have the gentleman's motive for bringing satisfaction to inform their lordthem forward; the most probable, thips; that on the St. Fiorenzo and 1797.
Nymphe's returning to join the colours about nine o'clock A. M.
. I hope their ikilful and spirited Cooke, for his judicions and active conduct will meet their lord fhips' conduct during the time we jointly approbation, as I warmly feel they engaged the enemy. I have long have merited my particular thanks. known his abilities and zeal for the Here with you will also receive a service, and am happy to have ibis copy of fir Harry Neale's letter to opportunity of testifying is both as me on this occasion.
an act grateful to myself, and as a St. Fiorenzo, at Sea, March 9, 1797. duty I owe to his majesty's service. My LORD,
I should be wanting in gratitude I have the fatisfaction to acquaint to all my officers and ihip’s compayou, that after having, (agreeable to ny if I did not acknowledge myself your direction) with the asistance much indebted to them for their of Capt. Cooke, of his majesty's iteady zeal, and the aslistance I reArip La Nymphe, under my orders, ceived from them during the action. reconnoitered the enemy's force in Lieutenants Durell, Farnell
, and the outer-road of Breit harbour, Renwick, Mr. Kitcart the master
, Capt. Cooke informed me he saw and lieutenant Caruthers, the offitwo mips to the westward, standing cer of marines, are particularly enin for 'Brest; in consequence of titled to my thanks for their activity which we tacked, and made fail at their different stations. Mr. Du clofe on a wind, for the purpose of rell, my first lieutenant, who has gaining the weather gage, which been an officer eighteen years, mebeing with ease accomplifhed, we rits my warmest recommendation. bore down upon the thips together, And it is with equal pleafure 1 exhaving ascertained them to be two press myself obliged to the officers French frigates; and as we were not and ship's company of La Nymphe; more than two or three leagues Capt. Cooke fpeaks of the alliance froin Point St. Matthew's, with a he received from them in terms leading wind out of Brest, and the highly to their honour; and in par. French fleet in fight from our cops, ticular of lieutenants Irvive, Larit was an object of great importance rence, and Masters, and Mr. Dyer, to be as decisive as possible in our the master, and lieutenant Carpa niode of attack. As the largeit thip bell, the marioe oficer. In niewas the headmost, we both en- tioning them to your lord ship! gaged her very warmly, at the di- comply with their captain's wish. I fance of about forty yards, and beg your lordship will mention lieucompelled her to surrender after a tenant Durell and lieutenant Irvine thort refifiance. By this time the to my lords commillioners of the fraller trigate had arrived up, and admiralty, as officers deserving of being ininediately attacked by both the highest commendation. Mins in the faine manner as the The ships taken are La Relift. former, ber resistance, though better ance, commanded by monsieur made, was not long; die struck her Montagne, mounting 48 guns, 18