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while the bell was ringing for di Your majesty's faithful citizens vine service.

of London sincerely lament that 9. The London Gazetté an- your majesty's endeavours to pre. nounces the capture of the L'Espe- serve peace with Spain, and to ad. rance French brig, by sir R. Stra- just all matters in discussion with chan, of the Dianiond; of L'Hirone that court by amicable negotiation, delle French privateer, of 12 gun's have been rendered ineffeétual, and and 70 men, by vice admiral Ñurthe calamities of war thus unavoida ray of the Cleopatra ; and La Tor- ably extended. tue, of 44 guns, 725 men, includ Nevertheless, relying on the jui. ing troops, by capt. Lumfdaine of tice of your majesty's cause, the rethe Polyphemus.

sources of the country, the wisdom 11. About noon, a melancholy of your majesty's councils, and the accident happened in Liverpool har. bravery of your majesty's fleets and bour. As Mr. Slack, deputy con- armies, we doubt not that, under stable, was conveying a party of the protection of Divine Provjvolunteers, raised in Manchester dence, your majesty will be able to and the adjacent parishes, for the repel this unprovoked aggreffion, navy, the boat in which they were to subdue all your enemies, and fi. proceeding to the tender overset, by nally to obtain the blessi ngs of which fatal accident 25 persons loft peace, to secure the diguity of your their lives.

majesty's crown, and to advance the The following address of the ci- prosperity of these kingdoms. ty of London was presented to his Signed, by order of Court, majesty by the lord mayor, accom

WILLIAM Rix panied by the aldermen Clark, Boy- His Majesty was pleased to make dell, Le Mesurier, Sanderson, Cur. the following most gracious Antis, Eamer, Newman, Anderson, Herne, Williams, and a few com I receive with great satisfaction mon council.

this loyal address from my city of To the King's Moft Excellent Ma- London. jesty.

I fincerely lament the failure of The Humble Address of the Lord my endeavours to preserve peace

Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons with Spain ; but, from the justice of the City of London, in Come of my cause, the experienced vamon Council assembled.

lour of my fects and armies, and Most Gracious Sovereign, the spirited and generous exertions We, your majesty's most dutiful of the nation at large, I trust, under and loyal subjeéts, the lord mayor, the protection of the Divine Provi. aldermen, and commons of the city dence, that this aggreslion will be of London, in common council al- effcctually repelled, and that the sembled, beg leave to approach the blessings of peace will be restored throne most humbly to thank your upon terins consistent with the ho. majesty for your gracious commu- nour of my crown, and with the nication to both houses of parlia- security and interests of my peoment, of the measures adopted by ple. your majesty on the recent mani. Alderman Herne, of Castle Bayfetto of the court of Madrid, ab- nard Ward, received the honour of ruptly declaratory of an unprovok- knighthood, now fir W. Herne, ed war with Great Britain.


swer :

12. At the Old Bailey feffions meanour. It had been thought by thisday, the following fingular cause those who filled the highest departwas tried :

ments in the administration of pub· Launcelot Knowles was indieted lic affairs, that it was their duty to for obtaining money under false lay this case before the jury, which pretences, and the indictment stated, involved in it the case of unfortua that a person of the name of John nate individuals who were unable Sanders was under judgment for a to protect themselves, and who had felony, and that the prisoner, in. been the objects of the most rapa. tending to cheat and defraud one cious and profligate plunder of the Ano Keys of a sum of money, prisoner who now stood at the bar. knowingly and designedly did falle The charge which was exhibited ly pretend and affirm that he had against the prisoner was, what progreat influence, credit, and interest bably the jury would agree withi with the duke of Portland, fir Wat. him in thinking, came belore them kin Lewes, and Mr. Baldwin, and in a shape which the best men must that by such influence, credit, and lament to see, for the prisoner was interest, he could procure pardon only indicted for a misdemeanour. for the said John Sanders, and that He really wished it had been an he would procure such pardon, but higher denomination of offence, and that he must for that purpose have that to affect the prisoner's life. The the sum of five guineas entrusted to charge, however, was only a misdehim, for that he was to procuremeanour, that of having obtained, {uch pardon on paying one guinea at three several times, upon falle through one channel, and another pretences, the sum of fix guineas guinea through another channel, of Ann Keys, by pretending to have but that no part of that money was

interest with three most respectable to be kept by himself. That the perfons, namely, his grace the duke said Ann Keys gave in the sum of Portland, fir Watkin Lewes, and of fix guineas, and be said he would Mr. Baldwin, as the jury has alprocure such pardon by exerting his ready collected from the opening influence, credit, and interest with of the indictment by his learned the duke of Portland, fir Watkin friend; and this was done under Lewes, and Mr. Baldwin, whereas pretence, on the part of the prisonin truth he had no such influence, er, of procuring his majesty's par. credit, or interest with such per- don for a person of the name of Sons, or with either of them, nor joht Sanders, who was convicted of bad he any reason to think that he a capital offence. Ann Keys was had any such influence, credit, or the mother of the unfortunate coninterest.

vict, Johi. Sanders, and the prison. Mr. Abbot opened the pleadings er now at the bar was introduced to for the prosecution.

her as a person who could procure Mr. "Garrow opened the case. his majesty's pardon to her son. The The prosecution, he faid, which the prisoner, without the least difficulty jury were now called upon to de. on his part, stated to this unhappy cide, appeared to him, from the facts woman that he had such interest on which it was founded, to be of with the duke of Porland, fir Watthe highest importance that could kin Lewes, and Mr. Baldwin, as pollibly occur to a court, or come would enable him immediately to before it in the shape of a misde. procure a remission of the capital

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part of the punishment of her son, use of a sentence that disgraced the and that it might be followed, very character of a man. He damned soon, by a free pardon. But this, her blood, and said he would do no he said, was not to be done without more for her son; in that state be money, for there was to be a guinea fhould leave her, and that he would paid in one way, and a guinea in use his influence to Itop the pardon another, so that he was to have no from going any further. In this thing of it himself. If the money distracted state this poor woman could be procured, the pardon was left by the prisoner. However, would follow as of course. The ihe had afterwards an opportunity jury would easily conceive that'a of stating her condition to those mother, believing that a pardon who, for the purposes of public could be thus obtained for her fon, justice, instituted this profecution. would strain every nerve to procure The prisoner's pretence was that he the money. At first she could only had interest with the duke of Portraise three guineas, part of the sum land. That noble duke was at the which the prisoner required for this head of that department of the state, purpose : part of this the borrowed from whence, on just occasions, the and gave to the prisoner. He then royal mercy flowed. It was the said, he must have more money. He most valuable, the most important, appointed the next day to see her and, he believed he might add, the for that purpose. He afterwards most pleasant prerogative of his magave the mother hopes that pardon jesty, to fhew his royal mercy; but would soon arrive;- in the mean he was confident that the noble time he had two guinea. more of duke would never suffer an appeal her. She saw no more of him for to be made to it, in his name, but in a month, during which time the the most delicate manier, and on was in the most anxious suspence, the 'molt proper occasion. It was dreading the execution of her son, not to be obtained for money nor but still waiting for the hopeful ef- by any influence whatever, except fect of this man's interest with these in cases where it was jutt and progreat characters. On a subsequent per that appeal should be made to application from the prisoner to the fountain of mercy. He shou'ui obtain another guinea from this therefore be under the neceflity of poor woman, he had it, and that calling upon the noble duke to dewas all ihe could raise; she then clare whether the prisoner had any faid the hoped the pardon would influence with him : not that any soon arrive. He said it was actually man of sense in the kingdoni could accomplished, and only waited for fufpect such a thing, but merele certain matters of form that were out of form, to support one of the abfolutely neceffary in such cases. allegations of this indi&tment. He He then asked her, in case the par- thould put the fame queition, for don came, how much more the the same reason, to fir Watkin would give him? She said, the Lewes and Mr. Baldwin. He should would make it ten guineas. He call the other witnetles to prove the asked how that was to be paid? She case, and then, he believe, the jusaid the would give him her note of ry would congratulate themselves hand. No! a note of hand would on the opportunity they had of donot do; and finding he could not ing justice to the public in this most get any thing else from her, he made important case.


The conviction and sentence of fhould clear him, so that in a very John Sanders, the person for whom little time he should go and serve the prisoner pretended he would his majesty. I agreed to give him obtain a pardon, was proved, as a five guineas. He told me if he necessary point of form.

could not get him to serve his ma · Ann Keys, the mother, was then jesty on board a man of war, he called. She gave her evidence as would return me my money again. follows:

He said he had an influence with I had a son of the name of John Mr. Baldwin, and if he knocked at Sanders, he was convicted and con the door of the duke of Portland's fined in Newgate. I know the pri- house, he was introduced to his soner very well. He became ac- grace when noblemen in their carquainted with me by means of a riages were obliged to wait. He woman of the name of Sells. He told me he ihould not ask for any had done something for some smug- more money; but if he got my ton glers that were confined. On the on board a man of war, he fhould Ift or 2d of July, I do not know leave it to my generosity. He said which, he canie to me from Sells. he had an influence with his grace He came to my house on a Saturday, the duke of Poriland's groom of the but as I was not at home then, he bed-chamber, and that he had been came again on the Sunday after with him a great many times. I noon. The first thing he alked me told him I had but three guineas was, if I had a son in trouble? I then, but that I would the next day told him I had. He told me he give him the remaining two guicould be of great service to him, neas. I gave him the three guineas, but it would be attended with a and the next day he came for the very great expence. I told him I other two. He said he had no was a poor woman, but I would do doubt but that he thould get the all that was in iny power. He said pardon, and that very soon, to go he was sometimes a rich man him on board of a man of war, but if his felf, sometimes a poor man, some- free pardon came down he mould times a house-keeper, and sometimes not be surprise.l. All I wanted was a room-keeper. He told me he was a pardon on condition of his ferving a ferjeant under fir Watkin Lewes his majelly. He said that Mr. Bildin the city militia. He asked me will was a great friend of his; that what I would agree to give him for he was a serjeant in the city milicia. getting my son on board a man of Nothing further past dehen. Abouta war? I told him my son had served fortnight afterwards lie came to me his majesty, and was wounded on and hook hands with me; he the ist of June, and that I wished wished me joy, and told me all was him to serve his majesty again. He finished, but wanted to know if I told me he could do it with a great could let him have a coume more deal of ease; that he had cleared guineas. I toid him it was not in smugglers, and that it was a great my power. He asked me if I would deal easier to clear a criminal than meet himn in Newgate on the next a smuggler, because smugglers were Sunday, and let him have one guiagainst government. He said, if I nea more? I agreed to meet tiim in would put five guineas down, he Newgate, and I met his there in would make no doubt but that he the condemned room, where my


fon was, and there I gave him one should not have a halfpenny of it guinea. He shook hands with my left for himself. From that time I fon's friend, and wished him joy of saw no more of him, until I saw his friend's pardon, which was come him at Bow-street. down, he said. I did not see him Sarah Hackett corroborated the afterwards for å fortnight or three last witness, and swore Ne saw some weeks, at which period he called at of the money paid to the prisoner, my house, and told me that all was who came to the mother's house in settled, but atked me to let him have consequence of an application that two more guineas. I told him it the understood to have been made was not in my power to let him to him by the wife of Sanders, and have it. I told him the agreement who made that application to the was for five guineas; and that I prisoner after having heard that he would give him more when my son had procured the pardon of some was pardoned on condition of serv- smugglers. ing his majesty; upon which he The duke of Portland was then put himself in a great pasion, and examined to prove the matter of faid --- Damn his blood, he would form stated by Mr. Garrow. The not do any more for him; and he noble duke said, that the prisoner would stop what he had done for had no influence whatever with him." He told me he had saved his him. life. "No," says I; “ you have Mr. Baldwin said, that certainly not saved his life. Mr. Nieriff Lip- the prisoner had no influence with trap has saved his life, if it is saved; him, but on the contrary. That he for he had presented a petition for held a confidential office under his

The prisoner said, it was grace the duke of Portland, through the same sort of business as the which the letters of pardon come. smugglers': he had been promised He had seen the prisoner, Knowles; zol. for that, but had only 131. He before. He did not know whether asked me what money I would give it was for the purpose of foliciting him of my own generosity, if his pardon that he cane to his office. pardon Mould come down. I told He believed he might have come to him he had had fix, and that I would his office to folicito pardon for Gee give him four more, to make it 10. and Richards, two fmugglers. The He said, “ Ten! - what is 10 prisoner presented a petition at his “A great deal," said I, “ for such a office, and he thought he said he poor woman ; I am." He asked came froin sir Watkin Lewes, Gec me how he was to come at that mo. and Richards were pardoned, but ney? I told him I would give him they were pardoned on condition of my note of hand. He said, that serving in his mrajesty's navy, and would not do. I said, “ I would they were very gooi seameni

, and sell the bed from under me, when therefore it was thought proper un. his pardon comes, to give you the der these circumstances to pardon money." He said, that would not them. Some time after this the do: it was not enough. At this prisoner, he thought, brought anotime I began to suspect him. I ther petition to the office; whether thought he was a bad man. He it was for Sanders, or for a person said the money went through fo of the name of Hill, he did not many different channels, that he know. He alked the prisoner how



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