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ment; for the preservation of all doctrine that honour and reward is its ancient fundamental rights and to attend on crime and folly; and liberties; for the protection of its that men are to be entrutied with commerce, of its credit, and the va- power in proportion to their ditporious sources of its prosperity and lition to abuse it. Such perverted wealth; for the observance of or maxims of policy take from go. der, discipline, and obedience in vernment all the support it derives all the deparıments of the public from opinion. The opinion of its force; for the honour and fuccess consistency is loft by ministers adof our arms (if unfortunately en- opting and rej Eting, as it luits the gaged in war); for the preponde- purpose of their power, fytiems rance of the British power, and for which they alternaiery recommend the glory and splendour of the Bri- and revile. The opinion of its tim name. Instead of recognizing justice is destroyed from seeing that in his majesty's ministers that abil power depends on a principle ty, forelight, and integrity, by which confounds the first distincwhich there, its dearest interests, tions of right and wrong. All are preserved, we have seen opinion of its vigour and citiciency throughout a course of years, the is lost in the daily insults to its auaffairs of the nation conducted thority to which they are compellwith that incapacity, perfidy, and ed to submit.
ed to submit. Every species of corruption, by which all great em- disorder is hence introduced. The pires,' from the beginning of the example of those who govern is world, have found their ruin ; and followed by those who obey. No, which, in the particular state and thing regular or orderly is found ftuation of Great Britain, have in the intercourse between subject nearly exhaufted its resources and and sovereign. State necessity, inits credit, an / annihilated its con- stead of being reserved for occaItitution, whi h have brought fions of the lift emergency, is rea fhame upon its character in the forted to as the contiant, and every eyes of foreign nations, and diffut day practice of executive adivinied largely among its fubje£ts :nis- it ation. In such a fyft:m there is trust in the intentions of their yo. neither order nor freedom ; and it is vernors, hatred of the r power, and the energy of freedom alone that: contenpt for their debility. can refilt with effe&t the zeal or
2. Because eacouraged by the fancied 'fuperiority of military uniform, implicit, and fatal confi
Where no power is left dence of this house in the conduct to correct the vices of an ill-adini of ministers, a syitem of govern- nifered commonwealth, nothing ment has arisen, which, if it be fur. will remaid to opp. se to the eno ther persevered in, will render the terprises of a foreign enemy. fortunes of these realms utterly ir 3d. Becaute to suffer ourselves retrievabie, even thould wisdom to be found by a foreign enemy in and virtue succeed in the minds of this distracted condition, when we thofe minifters to ignorance and have the means of avoiding it, wickedness. That lyftem is go- seems to us highly impolitic, and verned by principles the very re. wantonly to call down deitrucverse of those by which states and tion upon the state. We see nosocieties have hitherto been kept thing in the present minifters so together. It is grounded on the valuable as to induće us to risque,
for their prefervation; any part of our fhores and our altars can, in the common interest. They have the last extremity, be defended. already kindled, by their odious 4th. Because such a fyftem is persecution of the catholics in Ire. dangerous to our present fafety and land, the flames of civil discord existence as an independent state, in that country. We believe that and the support uniformly given to an immediate change of men and it, tends to degrade and vilify this of measures would yet preserve the house in the opinion of the peocommon ties by which the two ple. For the first time in our hiscountries are united. If, unhap- tory the continuance of a minister pily, measures of intolerance are in office seems to be made a condito be sustained by the sword, and tion of the constitution. If that if that oppressed country be torn minifter, after having reduced his from the British crown, as America country to the lowest ebb of shame was severed from our empire, ra- and misery, shall continue to rether than that these ministers Mould ceive and no dispense all trusts, hoincur the loss of their offices, we nours, and cmoluments, and to be are u rible to see in wiat Great supported in his abandoned courses
, Britain would be the gainer. If by this house, no motive will rean invasion of these realms should main to love and reverence a conbe the result of delaying to open a ftitution exhibited in these colours fincere negotiation for peace, fully to the people, through the meas we rely upon the zeal and diuni of this house. Feeling no bravery of our countrymen for the interest in our proceedings, they event, we do not conceive that the will lose all respect for our chamischief of such an attempt would racter and all belief in our hoin any degree be compensated by nour. finding, at the clofe of it, those mi 5th. Because we believe the pre. nisters still in their offices. Above sent ministers to be utterly incomall things we deem it highly inex- petent to the cure of the evils they pedient that any numerous or im. have produced. As the principles portant a class of the people should, on which they made the war offer in fo perilous a moment, conceive no profpe&t for its success, those themselves to be piaced in the al on which they have hitherto nego. ternative between foreign conquest, tiated for peace afford nc hope for and domestic ufurpation. We its attainment. As the improvithink that in this crisis no excuse dence and incapacity with which is left for not calling forth the they have conducted the war have whole wisdom, and all that remains contributed fo largely to produce of the energy of the British nation; the calamitous Gtuation of Europe, that it is among the crimes of these and to build up the prodigions ministers that they have exhausted power of the French republic, we iv idle alarms for factious purposes, conceive that they poffefs not the those resources which ought to means of obtaining fafe or honour. have been preserved whole and un- able terins of peace for this cous. broken, to meet the disasters which try. We cannot expect that they are impending over 18; and for will hereafter cherilla or encourage having let up a cry of lovalty a. tl at spirit of liberty, under which, gainst liberty, to the destruction of in former times, our greatness has that real strength by which alcne grown and been matured. We are
rather impressed with the fear, that ness which you have manifested in Under the fame pretences which have the new and difficult emergencies caufed all our present disasters, for which you have had to prolarge military establithments will vide. continue to be kept up, with a I must particularly express the view of crushing all its efforts, and just sense I entertain of the falurivetting still clofer the fetters of tary and effe&ual provifions which the people; that, released from the you made for strengthening the pressure of foreign hoftility, they means of national defence, and the will have recourse to coercive mea. measures adopted for obviaring the fares in that unhappy country inconveniences which were to be where their oppreffions have al. apprehended to credit from the ready provoked the people to re temporary fufpenfion of payments fifiance. We can hope for no eco in cath by the bank; as well as of nomy from men whose extrava. the promptitude, vigour, and efgance and waste exceeds whatever feet, with which you afforded me has been heard of the mad prodiga- your aslistance and support in fuplity of former periods. We can pressing the daring and treasonable expect no falutary reformations mutiny which broke out in a part from those who have endeavoured of my Aett, and in counteracting to engraft upon and blend with the so dangerous and pernicious au ex fubitance of the conftitution itself, ample. those abuses by which their rapa
I have the satisfaction to acquaint sity is supported. Finally, we can you, that, fince the accession of the expect, from such men and such a present emperor of Ruflia, the com, fyftem, no other issue but the exta-mercial engagements between the blishment of a dominion of mini- two countries have been renewed fterial terrorism, fupported by par- in such a manner as will, I doubt liamentary corruption, instead of not, materially conduce to their the ancient conftitution of this mutual interests. country, conducted according to the Gentleinen of the house of principles of the revolution.
I must return you my particular BEDFORD. thanks for the liberal and extensive CHEDWORTH. provision which you have made
for the various exigencies of the
public service; and, while I lament His Majesty's Speech to both Houses the necessity which increafed them of Parliament, Tuesday, July 20, folation to me to observe the at
to so large an amount, it is a con1797
tention you employed in distributMy lords, and gentlemen, ing the heavy burdens which they I cannot put an end to this fes- occafioned in such a manner as to fion of parliament without return- render their pressure as lürle severe ing you my most fincere and cor as possible to my people. dial thanks for the assiduity and My lords, and gentlemen, zeal with which you have applied
The ifrue of the important negoyourselves to the important objects tiation in which I am engaged is which have required your atten. yet uncertain: but, whatever may sion, and for the wisdoin and firm. be the event, nothing will have
P E RS. been wanting, on my part, to bring ed to the evasive condu&, the un. it to a successful termination, on warrantable pretenfions, and the fuch conditions as may be coo. inordinate ambition of those with fisient with the security, honour, whom we have to contend, and, and effential interests, of my doini- above all, to their inveterate ani. nions. In the mean time, nothing molity againft these kingdoms. can so niuch tend to forward the I have the fullest reliance, under attainment of peace as the conti- the blefling of providence, on the vie nuance of that zeal, exertion, and gour aud wisdom of your counsels, public firit, of wbich my f bjects and on the zeal, magnanimity, and have given fich conspicuous and courage, of a great and free people, honourable proofs, and of which fenable that they are contending the perseverance and firmness of for their dearest interests, and deparliament has afforded them so termined to show themselves wor. Itriking an example.
thy of the blessings which they are . Then the lord chancellor, by his struggling to preserve. majelly's con mand, said:
Compelled as we are, by the most My lords, and gentlemen, evident necessity, to persevere in It is his majesty's royal uill and the defence of all that is dear to us, pleasure, that this parliament be till a more just and pacific spirit prorogued to Tuesday the fifth day mall prevail on the part of the ene. of September next, to be then here my, we have the satisfaction of holden ; and this parliament is ac. knowing that we possess means and cordingly.prorogued to the fifth resources proportioned to the ob day of September next.
jects which ari at stake.
During the pericd of hoftilities,
and under the unavoidable pressure His Majelly's Speech 10 both Houses of of accumula ed burthens, our reve. Parliament, Nov. 2, 1797. nue las continued ni, bly produc.
tive, our national industry has My lords, and gentlemen, been extended, and our commerce It is matter of great concern to has tur, affed iis former lin its. me, that the earnest endeavours The pu lic spirit of my people which I have con:inued to em- has been eminently displayed; my ploy, fince I last met you in parlia- troops, of every description, have ment, to restore to my subjects the acquired fresh claims to the esteem bleflings of peace, on secure and and adiniration of their country; honourable terms, have unhappily and the repeated successes of my been rendered ineffectual.
navy over all our different ene. · The declaration which I have mies, have been recently crowned caused to be published, and the by the signal and decisive victory other papers which I have di- with which providence has reward. rected to be laid before you, will, ed the exertions of my fleet under I am confident, abundantly prove the command of admiral lord Dunto you, and to the world, that every step has been taken ou my part, No event could be attended with which could tend to accelerate the more important and beneficial conconclusion of peace; and that the sequences, or form a more brilliant long delay and final rupture of the addition to the numerous and he negotiation are solely to be ascrib- roic exploits which, in the course
of the present war, have raised to a long distinguished us among all the pitch hitherto unequalled the naval nations of Europe. These blesings glory of the country.
can only be preferved by inculcatGentlemen of the house of ing and enforcing a due reverence commons,
and obedience to the laws, by reI have directed the estimates for pressing with promptitude every atthe ensuing year to be laid before tempt to disturb our internal tranyou. The state of the war, joined quillity, and by maintaining invioto the happy consequences of our late that happy constitution which recent fuccefs, will, I trust, admit we inherit from our ancefors, on of fome diminution of expense, which the security and happiness confiftently with the vigorous ef- of every class of my subjects ellenforts which our fituation indispen- tially depend. fibly requires. In considering what may be the best mode of defraying the heavy expense which will fill Address of the House of Peers to the be unavoidable, you will, I am
King perfuaded, bear in mind that the present crisis presents every motive Most gracious sovereign, to animate you to the most effectual We, your majesty's molt dutiful and spirited exertions; the true value and loyal subjects the lords spirituof any temporary facrifices which al and temporal, in parliament afyou may find necessary for this pur- sembled, beg leave to return your pose, can only be effimated by majefiy our humble thanks for comparing them with the import- your majesty's most gracious speech ance of supporting effectually our from the throne; and to express to public credit, and convincing the your majesty the just fenfe which enemy that, while we retain an ar we entertain of your majesty's dent desire for the conclusion of paternal anxiety for the welfare peace on safe and honourable terms, of your subjects, manifested in the we possess the means, as well as the earnest defire expreiled by your determination, to support with vi- majesty for the restoration of peace gour this arduous contest, as long on secure and honourable terms, as it may be neceffary for main We return your majesty our taining the safety, honour, and in- humble thanks for the communicadependence of these kingdoms. tions which you have directed to My lords, and gentlemen,
be laid before us; and we allure After the experience I have had your majesty, that we all proof your loyalty and attachment to cred, without delay, to the conme, and of your anxious regard forsideration of those measures which the interests of my subjects, I have the circustances of the present crisis only to recommend to you a per- require ; and that, while we partiseverance in the same principles cipate with your majefiy in the and conduct.
concern which your majelly feels at The events of every day must the failure of your earneit endea. more and more impress you with a vours to procure for your people just sense of the bleslings which we the blessings of peace, we are fully derive from our civil and religious confident, from the uniform tenour establishments, and which have lo of your majesty's conduct, that