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when it did appear, be such a one gaged to each other, whenever their as would lead to a speedy and fa- common interests may require it; tisfactory conclusion of the negoti, consequently, the propofition ation.
made to the king of a general and Right Hor. Lord Grenville. gratuitous reftitution as an indif
pensable preliminary, would necel(No. 26.)– Nate from Lord Malmef. farily impute to his Catholic mabury to the French Plenipotentiaries. jesty, and to the Batavian republic,
dispositions far less pacifie than The minister plenipotentiary of those which animate the Freach his Britannic majesty has transmit- republic. ted to his court the note which was That moreover, in confequence d livered to him the 15th of this of what pated in the first confermonth, by the ministers plenipo- ences, lord Malmesbury has always tentiary of the French republic; thought himself entitled to expect and having received the orders of that the king his master would find the king his master, on this subject, a compensation for the facrifices he he haftens to repeat to them, in was ready to make for peace, by writing, conformably to the desire retaining a part of his conquests; which they have expressed to him, and he was the less able to fore. the following reflections, which he fee any obstacle, on account of the had already ftated to ihem verbally, secret articles of the treaties which in consequence of his most positive bind the French republic, as the instructions.
principle of compensation was ac. He observes, in the first place, knowledged by a formal and polithat to require “ As an indispen- tive declaration, made in the name
fable preliminary of negotiation of the executive directory, and com. * for peace with England, the con- municated in an official note, dated “ fent of his Britannic majesty to the 27th of November, 1796; a " the formal restitution of all the declaration pofterior to the comple« possessions which he occupies, as tion of those treaties. 6 well those of the French repub It was, therefore, in order to re“ lic, as further and formally those move, as much as possible, every o of Spain and the Batavian re- dificulty, that, iu the projet of 1
public,” is to wish to establish a treaty, which lord Malmesbury has previous condition, which excludes delivered to the ministers plenipoall reciprocity, refuses to the king tentiary of the French republic
, the all coinpenfation, and leaves no alternative was left to France to object of ulterior negotiation. settle this compensation on its own
That the French republic, for- possessions, or on those of its allies mally authorized by its allies to ne but the absolute refusal of this algotiate the articles of peace in their ternative appears to do away the name, cannot fairly set up its par- Only pollible means of conciliating tial treaties with them, in oppo- every interest, and of arriving at fition to reasonable proposals of an honourable, juli, and permanent peace, since it is universally under. peace. stood that the contracting parties Lord Malmefury, perfuaded that always preserve the power to modi- such cannot be the intention of the fy, by mutual consent, the con- French government, hopes, that in ditions by which they may be en- consequence of the reasons herein
ftated, a condition will not be in- other words to leave it in doubt whe
Gifted upon, to which his Britannic ther the directory fincerely meant majesty can by no means confent. peace or not : -- and that, althougla
He again requests the ministers I was very far from withing for any plenipotentiary of the French re. iinproper hafte, or not to move in public to accept the affurances of a matter of such magnitude with his high confideration.
becoming prudence and delibera(Signed) MALMESBURY, tion, yet I could not forbear, laLife, 24th Fuly, 1797. menting that more than a month
had now elapsed without our having (No. 27.)-Extrait of a Dispatch advanced a single ftep, notwith
from Lord Malmesbury 10 Lord standing his majelty had, in the very Grenville, dated Lisic, Sunday, Au- outset of the negotiation, manifested gut 6th, 1797
a moderation and forbearance un
precedented under fimilar circumMy Lord,
Itances : -- that anxious as I was I fully expected, when I receive not to prejudice it by any represened the inclosed note on Friday, that tations of mine, I must say, this the conference proposed was to ac- delay placed me in a very aukward quaint me with the instructions the position, as I really did not per. French plenipotentiaries had receive how I could account for it is ceived from the directory, on the a way at all satisfactory, at the same note I had given in pear a fortnight time that it was quite impoflible for ago, as an answer to that in which me to suffer a longer space of time the reftitution of the whole of his to pass over without writing to my majesty's conquests from each of court. his enemies is required as an indif One of the French plenipotenpensable preliminary to all negotia- tiaries expressed his earnest with that tion.
I would write immediately; he was I was therefore surprised and dif- confident this delay would be seen appointed, when I had taken my in its true light ; and added, “ Si place at the conference, to hear nous n'avançons pas à pas de géant, from the French plenipotentiaries j'espere que nous marchons d'un that the letters they had received pas sur." And another of thein that morning from Paris did not repeated this phrase. bring any specific reply to my last I exprefled my fincere hope this note, but only went to inform them might be the case, but it would that the directory had taken the have been much better proved by subject into their most serious con- the communication of the counter fideration, and yould acquaint them proje&t they had in a manner pledgas foon as possible with the result.
ed themselves to procure, than by · I could not avaid expressing my any vague and indeterminate affia concern and surprise that there ex. rances of what might possibly he isted any hesitation whatever in the the result of the present suspension mind of the directory on a point, of all bufness. They observed to which, although a very important, me, that the counter project would was certainly a very fimple one : - of course be (virtually) contained that to allow it to remain in doubt in their next instructions, and that whether his majesty was to have their only motive for wishing to ány compensation or not, was in fee me was, to convince me that
this delay had neither originated rate indicates beyond a doubt that with them, nor been occasioned at they are looking for son.e temperaParis by any want of attention to ment, and it scarce can be doubted this important business, or from that one will be found.-I said any cause not immediately and I was well pleased to hear him say closely connected with it.
this; but that still he must be aware I delired to know front them that it would not be an easy task when they thought it probable they for me to make my dispatches toshould receive positive and explicit day either interesting or fatisfactory. instructions, whether in three, four, Another of the French ministers or five days? — They said, it would faid, that he really believed that this be probably eight or ten. - And would be the only great impedione of thein observed, that as our ment we should have to encounter, not meeting more frequently gave that every thing would go on quickrise to many idle rumours and false ly and smoothly, and that I must reports, he would propose to me, admit the present to be a very imit I had no objection, to meet every portant and difficult point in the other day at two o'clock : that it negotiation. I agreed with him was very possible that in our next entirely as to its importance, but two or three meetings we might could not acquiesce as to its difihave nothing material to say, but culty. that we should get better acquainted I am very sorry, my lord, that with each other, and in our conver- in such a moment, and after waitsations mutually suggest ideas which ing so long, I should not be able to might be of use. — I readily con- send you more explicit and decisive sented to this.
assurances ; but it is not in any · I had a conference again this power to compel the French nego: morning. As I was very desirous tiators to move on fafter. All I of being able to transmit to your can do is by my conduct and lanlordship some more satisfactory ac- guage to take care that no part count as to the motives of this de- whatever of the imputation of delay lay, I again pressed the French ple- should attach to me. I have, at nipotentiaries on this point. They every conference I have held, aleach of them repeated what they ways declared my readiness 10 pro. had said before ; and on my en- ceed, and I shall not fail to repeat deavouring to make them feel how this every time we mett. impoflible it was that his majesty Right Hon. Lord Grenville. Mould not be hurt at this demuron so very fimple a point, one of them (No. 28.)- Note from the French Ple said, You ought to augur favoura ni potentiaries to Lord Malmesbury. ably from it ; your note was a refnsal to agree to what was stated by The minifters plenipotentiary of the directory in their instructions to the French republic will be happy us as a fine qua non : -- if the direc- to have an opportunity of converftory were determined to perfift in ing for a few minutes with lord this fine quá non, they would have Malmesbury; and they have in consaid fo at once --« Je vous assure sequence the honour of proposing qu'ils nous auroient promptement to him to meet them at two o'clock renvoyé le courrier," were his words: to-day, or at any other hour which
The time they take to delibe. may be more convenient to him;
and which he will have the good- ral points, and not to enter into nels to appoint.
negotiation till the whole can be They renew, with pleasure, to brought under deliberation at once. lord Malmesbury, the allurances of What passed on the 12th was their high confideration.
rather more interesting. The re(Signed)
turn of Mr. We'ley afforded me a LE TOURNEUR. very natural opportunity of exHugues B. Maret. preiling the impatience with which Colchen, Sec. Gen. of an answer to my last note was ex.
the Legation of the pected by my court; that three Republic, August 4, weeks had now elapsed Gnce its 1797
transmission, and that, although I Lille, 17 Thermidor,
by no means wished to infinuate 5th year of the Republic.
that due attention had not been (Aug 4, 1797.)
paid to so very important a subject as that on which we were treating,
yet I could not but greatly lament, (No. 29.) Extract of a Dispatch that day after day fhould be allowed
from Lard Malmesbury to Lord to pass away without our proceeding Grenville, dated Lifli, August 14th, at all in the great businefs for 1797.
which we were met. One of the
French ministers said, that it was My Lord,
impoffible I could lament this deIn consequence of the resolution lay more than they did ; that they we had come to, to meet on the had already declared to me that it days of the arrival of the post from was occasioned by a will not to Paris, our conserenices for this last create but remove difficulties; and week have taken place regularly they could affure me positively, every other morning, except on that the French government had no Thursday the 10th of August, other object in view, and that I which, being the anniversary of one fhould find, when once we began of their national festivals, the French fairly to negotiate, we Nould prolegation could not atiend.
ceed very rapidly. I have in mine, No. 17, given I replied, it was indeed very mayour lorddhip an account of every terial to make good the time we thing which pafled in these con had lost. The French minister an.; ferences, up to that of the oth. swered, You would not call it time On the 8th nothing was said at all lost if you knew how it was emworth transmitting, except an inti- 'ployed. On my expresling, by my ination Aung out by one of the inanner, a wish to be informed, lie. French plenipotentiaries, that it went on, by saying, We will not would be necessary to take into fcruple to tell you, though we feel confideration the rights of neutral we onght not yet to do it officially, nations on this occasion.
that we are consulting with our albe spoke very vaguely, and in ge- lies; that we have communicated, neral terms, I did not choose to to them all that has palled here ;, press him for an explanation, as I we have' stated that, unless they conlider it more judicious to avoid to continue the war, they discussions on separate and collate. must release us from our engage
ments, and enable us, to certain unalterable resolution on this
point, degree, to meet your proposals. not to admit of any proposal for
The conference of to-day is this treating with his enemies on the moment over. One of the French fubject of the rights or claims of plenipotentiaries informed me, that neutral powers. he had received this morning a let. The only other remark with
ter from the president of the di- which I have to trouble your lord: rectory, alluring him that in four ship by this messenger, relates to an
or five days they would receive expression in the late message of the their final instructions; and he directory to the council of five added of himself, that he trusted hundred, which, if literally taken, these would be such as would ena- conveys an accusation against his ble us to continue our work with- majesty's government, that some out any further interruption. I delay has arisen on the part of this faid, I hoped these intructions country in the negotiations at Life, would be in substance a counter. This is so avowedly contrary to project, as I did not see how any the fact, that it must be considered ihing Mort of one could enable us as impossible that such a charge
proceed so rapidly as he defcrib- could be intended to be made by 2 ed. He agreed with me entirely, government which had at that moand assured me, that both he and ment delayed for three weeks makhis colleagues had repeatedly stated ing any answer to his majesty's the neceflity of a counter project distinct and liberal proposals of being sent then); and he observed, peace, and whose plenipotentiaries that he really thought the French were daily apologising to your lordgovernment might have foreseen ship for this unbecoming, and, as every thing which had passed, and they almost confess, unaccountable been prepared with one ; and that delay; but as the point is too imIbis would have saved a great deal portant to be left unnoticed, it is of valuable time. As I could not the king's pleasure that your lordmyself bave said more, I readily ship Mouid present a note, remarkgave a full afsent to what I heard.
ing upon the sense to which these
words are liable, expressing your (No. 30.)— Extract of a Dispatch persuasion that such cannot be the
from Lord Grenville 10 Lord intention with which they were Malmesbury, dated Downing-Street, used, but alking on the part of August 19, 1797
your court an explanation to that
effect, which cannot be refused An expresfion mentioned in one without a violation of every thing of your lordship's last dispatches which truth and justice require on to have fallen from one of the such an occalion. French plenipotentiaries, leads to the presumption that it is intended, (No. 31.) Extraël from the Mefon the part of France, to bring for Jage of the French Directory to iko ward some proposal about the na Council of Five Hundred, Ang. vigation of neutral powers in time Stk, 1797 of war. Your lord Arip will best judge of the proper opportunity of In short, this cause is in the expresing his majesty's decided and fame despondency in which all