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The coldness which bas for some three months longer, in four, oats, tine past been manifested from va. hay, and straw, for the Prullian, rious quarters respecting the main- Hanoverian, and Brunswick troops, tenance of the troops, has induced at two different periods, viz. - the his majesty to authorize the under 15th instant and the ist of April. figned to make this frank and ex. In order to secure the sublistence of plicit declaration, and to give the the troops in future, the States of well-meant warning ; not to suffer Northern Germany are to meet in themselves to be deceived by the convention at Hildesheim on the hope of a speedy peace, but rather 20th instant, dr to send plenipoto rely upon the sufficiently public- tentiaries to regulate the quotas of spirited and patriotic sentiments of supplies, in necellaries or in money, the king, and his majesty's know- for as long as the war may last.] ledge of the general situation of As thote deliberations (in conpublic affairs, and to entertain the vention at Hildeshein) will prefirm confidence that his majefty clude all the subjects not effentially . would certainly, and with great and directly relating to the maintepleasure to his co-ftates, save the nance of the troops, the underburdens required by the mainte- signed will lose no time to terminance of the troops, if there were nate them with the utmost speed, the least possibility of securing to and not to detain the plenipotentitheir territories the benefits of the aries a moment loner than shall be neutrality, and all the advantages neceflary from following their other which have hitherto accrued from affairs. The flattering confidence it, without such a measure. with which the underligned has

That, however (the saving of the hitherto been honoured in the late burdens occasioned by the main negotiations, makes him equally tenance of the troops), accord. confident that his zeal and activity ing to the general situation of af- will be entirely depended upon in fairs, being impoflible, and his ma. that business. He has only most jesty deeming it absolutely neces. urgently to request, that, for the sary to preserve the corps of ob- fake of dispatch, the States may servation till the conclufion of furnith their plenipotentiaries with peace. If the tranquillity and neu- full instructions for the purpose, trality of Northern Germany are to which has been thus plainly notic be maintained, his majesty doubts fied, in order not to waste time not but all his associated co- in sending for new ones, but that states will thew their readiness for the neceilary resolutions may be that purpose, in the maintenance of taken, not only for the farther sub. the tidops, display proper zeal in stantial regulation of the maintea measure so closely connected with nance, but for the obligatory affent self-preservation, and render prac- to the fame to the end of the war. cicable the farther execution of the The underligned has it likewise beneficent designs of his majesty. in coinmand to request, that their

With this confidence, the under- excellencies the plenipotentiaries jigned, by supreme command, has may arrange matters in such a manthe honour to make known to you, ner, as not to quit the convention, &c. &c.

till the state of affairs shall permit [Here follow two articles speci- its suspension or conclusion, tince fying the fupplies to be granted, for the gradual departure of many ple


nipotentiaries has formerly occa- flrall appear, and the duty on French fioned a precipitate suspension of brandy shall be regulated agreeably the first convention, which has been to the Ukasa of November 25, highly prejudical to the dispatching 1793, of business. His majesty will also 4. The Ukasa of the 8th of A. consider the fulfilment of this with, pril, 1793, Mall be striály observand the infallible meeting of the ed, as far as it forbids the importaconvention, according as it is ex tion of various French goods, and pected to meet, as a gratifying proof of others which are mere objects that his ferene co-states wili to do of luxury; as likewise all coniniujustice to his efforts and sacrifices. nication with the French, until a And the underligned also looks for- lawful government and order of ward for the desired answer, re- things shall have been introduced fpecting the fourth sending of sup- in that country; the certificates of plies, before the expiration of the conful or government ordained by present month, and hopes to have the said Ukafa fhall also no longer the honour and pleasure to fee be demanded in the future importaagain their excellencies the pleni- tion of French goods, except for potentiaries at the second opening such articles for which some duties of the convention, on the 20th of are to be remitted. February.

Done at St. Petersburgh, Jan. 22, (Signec.)

Dohm. 1797 Halberfiaut, Jan. 4th, 1797.


PAUL I. &c. IMPERIAL UKASA, OR EDICT, We do hereby moft graciously Ilud at Petersburgh, repeting ibe permit the free importation, in all

Importation of French and Duich our harbours, of such Dutch goods Mori handize.

not prohibited in the Tariff

or the Ukafa, provided such im. PAUL I.

portation takes place in thips beBy the grace of God emperor and longing to nentral powers. Those

role governor of all the Ruflias, goods are to pay the duties pre. &c.

fcribed by the Tariff of September We do most graciously ordain, 27, 1782, till a new Tariff shall be

1. The importation of all French publiibed. wines, without exception, also fal Done at St. Petersburgh, Jan. lad oils of Provence, olives, capers, 22, 1797. anchovies, to be freely permitted in all our harbours in neutral bottoms.

Treaty of offenfive and defenfite Al2. French and Spanish brandy is liance betavcen the French Repubonly permitted to be imported by lic and the King of Sardinia. neutral fhips, in those harbours Ratified by the Council of Five which are specified in the Ukása of Hundred on the ift Brumaire the uth of December, 1784, and (Oct. 21), and in the Council of to which we add the ports of Lie. Ancients on the 4th of the same bau and Windau.

month (Oa. 24th). 3. The duties on wine, oils, &c. Dall be taken from the Tariff of The executive diretory of the September 27, 1782, till a new one Frech republic, and his majesty


as ai

the king of Sardinia, being deli- Sardinian majesty guarantee recirous, by every means in their power, procally, by all the means in their and by the inott intimate union of power, their respective poffeflions their respective interests, to contri- which they now hold in Europe bure as speedily as poffible to the during the existence of the present restoration of that peace which is alliance. The two powers thall the object of their wishes, and write their forces againít the comwhich will secure the repose and mon enemy externally, and shall the tranquillity of Italy, have de- give no aid directly or indirectly, termined to enter into a treaty of to the internal enemies of either.' offensive and defensive ailiance ; 4. The contingent of troops and have charged with full powers' which his majesty the king of Sarto that effect, viz. on the part of the dinia fiall turniih immediately in executive directory of the French consequence of the prefent treaty, republic, citizen Henry James Wil- shall be 8000 infantry and 1000 caliam Clarke, general of division in valry, and 10 pieces of cannon. In the armies of the republic; and on case the two powers Mall think it the part of his majesty the king of necellary to augment this conticSardinia, the chevalier D. Clenient gent, such augmentation shall be Damian de l'riocia, knight of the concerted and regulated by comgrand cross of the order of Saint missioners invested with full powers Maurice and Lazarus, first fecretary to that effect by the executive diof state in his majesty's deparıment rectory, and bis majesty the king of for foreign affairs, and president of Sardinia. the home department; who, after 5. The contingent of troops exchanging their respective powers, and artillery thall be ready and concluded as follows:

asembled at Novara, viz 500 ca1. There fall be an offensive valry, 4000 infantry, and twelve and defensive alliance between the field pieces, by the 30th of GerFrench republic and the king of minal current (April 19), and the reSardinia, until the period of con mainder in a fortnight after. tinental peace. This alliance shall This contingent i all be mainthen become purely defensive, and tained at the expence of his maBall be established upon a basis jelty the king of Sardinia, and shall agreeable to the reciprocal interests receive orders from the commander of both powers.

in chief of the French army in 2. The present alliance having Italy. for its object to haften the restora. A separate convention, fettled in tion of peace, and to secure the fu- concert with the commander in fure tranquillity of Italy, its execu chief of the French army, Mall retion durirg the present war shall be gulate the nature of the service of directed solely against the emperor this cortingent. of Germany, he being the only 6. The troops which form this continental power that presents ob- contingent shall participate, in profacles to wishes fo falutary. His portion to the number which may majesty the king of Sardinia shall be under arms, in the contributions remain neuter with regard to Eng, which mall be levied from the conland and to the other powers still at quered countries; ret koning from war with the French republic. the day of the unions of the contin

3. The French republic and his gent, to the army of the republic.

7. The French republic pro- changed at Paris in the fortest dc. mises to procure to his majesty the lay posible. king of Sardinia, at the period of a Done and signed at Turin on the general or continental peace, all the 16th of Germinal (April 5), 5th advantages which circumítances year of the French republic may permit him to obtain.

(Signed) H. CLARKE. 8. Neither of the contracting

CLEMENT DAMIAN. powers fall conclude a separate The executive directory rarity peace with the common enemy, and sign the present treaty of alliand ng armistice Mall be agreed to ance with his majesty the king of by the French republic, in which Sardinia, negotiated in the name of his Sardinian majesty is not in the French republic, by Henry cluded.

James Clarke, general of divilinn, 9. All the contributions imposed appoinied by an order of the exeon the states of his Sardinian ma cutive directory on the 13th Venjelty which are not yet paid up, tose laft, and charged with inftruc. shall cease to be demanded immedi- tions to the above effect. ately after the exchange of the rati Done at the national palace on fications of the present treaty. the 22d Germinal, ;th year of the

10. The furnishings, which from French republic. the same period fall be made in the states of his majesty the king of Sardinia' to the French troops, or to Mefage from the President of the prisoners of war, and also those

United States to Congress. which may have already been made in virtue of private con Gentlemen of the Senate and tracts, and which have not yet been House of Representatives, paid for by the French republic, I have received information mall be returned in kind to the from the conmislioner appointed troops forming the contingent of on the part of the United States, his Sardinian majesty: and if the pursuant to the third article of our amount of the furnishings fhould treaty with Spain, that the running exceed the wants of the contin- and marking of the boundary line gent, the overplus Mall be repaid between the colonies of East and in specie.

West Florida, and the territory of ii. The two contracting parties the United States, have been deshall immediately appoint commif- laved by the officers of his catholic fioners charged to negotiate in their majesty, and that they have declarname a treaty of commerce agreea. ed their intention to maintain his bly to the basis ftipulated in article jurisdiction, and to suspend the 7, of the treaty of peace concluded withdrawing his troops from the at Paris between the French repub- military posts they occupy with lic and the king of Sardinia. - the territory of the United States, Meanwhile the posts and all other until the two governments hall, commercial relations shall be re- by neg.: iation, have settled the cftablithed without delay in the meaning of the second article refame inanner as they were before specting the withdrawing the troops, the war.

ftores, or settlements of either party 12. The ratifications of the pre- in the territory of the other; that sent treaty of alliance shall be ex is, whether when the Spanish gir

risons withdraw, they are to leave the United States and Spain, on the the works fianding or to demolish 25th April, 1796. them; and until, by an additional This country is rendered pecuarticle to the treaty, the real pro. liarly valuable by its inhabitants, perty of the inhabitants thall be se. who are represented to amount to cured, and likewise until the Spa- nearly four thousand, generally nidhe officers are sure the Indians well affected and much attached to will be pacific.

the United States, and zealous for The two first questions, if to be the establishment of a government determined by negotiation, might under their authority. be made subjects of discussion for I therefore recommend to your years; and as no limitation of time confideration, the expediency of can be prescrib d to the other, a erecting a government in the dicertainty in the opinion of the strict of the Natchez, fimilar to Spanish officers, that the Indians that established for the territory will be pacific, it will be impotlble north-west of the river Onio, but to suffer it to remain an obstacle to wiih certain modifications relative the fulfilment of the treaty on the to titles or claims of lands, whether part of Spain.

of individuals or companies, or to To remove che firft difficulty, I claims of jurisdiction of any indihave deterinined to leave it to the vidual state. discretion of the officers of his ca

JOHN ADAMS. tholic majesty, when they withdraw United States, Fune 12, 1796. his troops from the forts within the territory of the United States, cither to leave the works standing or Speech of the President of the United to deniolith them. And to remove Stairs in opening the Sefjiun of the the second, I fall cause an aflu

Legislature. rance to be published, and to be particularly communicated to the Gentlemen of the Senate, and minister of his catholic majeity, Gentlemen of the House of and to the governor of Louisiana, Representatives, that the settlers or occupants of the The personal inconveniencies to lands in question thall not be dis the members of the senate and of turbed in their poflessions by the the house of representatives, in troops of the United States; but, leaving their families and private on the contrary, that they shall be affairs, at this season of the year, protected in all their lawful claims; are so obvious, that I the more reand to prevent or remove every

extraordinary occasion doubt on this point, it merits the which had rendered the convenconfideration of cougress, whether tion of congress indispensable. it will not be expedient immediate It would have afforded me the ly to pass a law, giving positive highest satisfaction to have been assurances to those inhabitants who able to congratulate you on a by fair and regular grants, or by reitoratich of peace to the nations occupancy, have obtained legal of Europe, whole animofities have titles, or equitable claims to lands endangered our tranquillity.--But in that country, prior to the final we have still abundant cause of ratification of the treaty between gratitude to the supreme dispenser


gret the

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