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It must not be permitted to be as did also the members of the fedoubted whether the people of the nate: and the speaker having reUnited States will support the go- fumed his chair, he read the speech: vernment established by their vo. after which, on motion, it was orluntary consent, and appointed by dered to be committed to a comtheir free choice; or whether by mittee of the whole to-morrow.. surrendering themselves to the di- Adjourned. rection of foreign and domestic factions, in opposition to their own government, they will forfeit the Treaty of Definitive Peace concluded honourable station they have hi
between the French Republic and therto maintained.
the Emperor, King of Hungary and For myself, having never beep in
'Bohemia, different to what concerned the interests of my country; having devot- His majesty, the emperor of the Roed the best part of my life to obtain
mans, king of Hungary and Boand support its independence, and hemia, and the French republic, constantly witnefled the patriotism,
withing to consolidate the peace, fidelity, and perseverance of my fel the bases of which were laid down low-citizens on the most trying oc by the preliminaries signed at the casions, it is not for me to helitate castle of Eckenwald, near Leoben, or abandon a cause in which my in Styria, on 18th of April, 1797, heart has been so long engaged. have named for their plenipotenConvinced that the conduct of
tiaries, to wit:-his majesty (the the government has been just and
emperor and king), the marquis impartial to foreign nations; that
di Gallo, count de Cobenzel, those internal regulations which count de Meerfeldt, and baron have been established by law for.
de Degelmann; and the French the preservation of peace, are in republic, Buonaparte, commandtheir nature proper, and that they er in chief of the French army have been fairly executed; nothing in Italy; who, after exchanging will ever be done by ine to impair their full and refpective powers, the national engagements, to inno have agreed to the following arvate upon principles which have ticles : been to deliberately and uprightly established; or to surrender in any I. There shall be for the future inanner the rights of the govern- and for ever a folid and inviolable ment: to enable me to maintain peace between his majesty the emthis declaration I rely under God peror of the Romans, and king of with entire confidence on the firm Hungary and Bohemias his heirs and and enlightened support of the na- successors, and the French republic. tional legislature, and upon the vir- The contracting parties thall enque and patriotism of my fellow- gage their utmost attention to maincitizens.
tain between them and their poflef
John ADAMS. lions a perfect good understanding, Having concluded his speech, af- without permitting henceforth on ter presenting a copy of it to the either side, that any act of hoftility prelident of the fenate, and another be committed, by land or fea, to the speaker of the house of re- through any caute, or under any presentatives, the president retired, pretext whatever ; and every thing
fhall be carefully avoided, that them in as speedy a manner as porti: might impair for the future, the ble to the plenipotentiaries of the union happily established between French republic, and that before the them. No afliftance or protection exchange of the ratifications, that thall be given, directly or indirectly, when the exchange takes place, the to those who might desire to do any plenipotentiaries of both powers prejudice to either of the contract may be enabled to agree with reing parties.
spect to all the articles explanatory II. Immediately after the ex- of, and additional to, the present archange of the ratifications of the ticle, and sign them. prefent treaty, the contracting par V. His majesty the emperor, ties thall cause all the sequestrations king of Hungary and Bohemia, conwhich have been placed on the pro- sents that the French republic polperty, rights, and revenues of the less in full forereignty, the former individuals residing in the respective Venetian islands of the Levant, to territories which are united to them, wit,-- Corfu, Zante, Cephalonia, as well as of the public establish- Santa Maura, Cerigo, and other ments which are situated in those islands depending on them, as well territories, to be taken off. They as Butrinto, Larta, Voniffa, and in bind themselves to discharge all general all the former Venetian they may owe which has been lent establishments in Albania, which to thein, as funds, by the said indi are situate lower than the gulf of viduals or public establishments, Londrino. and to pay or reimburse all engage: VI. The French republic conments entered into for their advan- sents that his majesty the emperor, tage by each of them.
king of Hungary and Bohemia, [The present article is declared thall possess in full sovereignty and common to the Cisalpine republic.] propriety the country hereafter es
III. His majesty the emperor, preiled, to wit, Istria, Dalmatia, king of Hungary and Bohemia, re the former Venetian islands of the linquishes, on his own part, and on Adriatic, the mouths of the Cattaro, that of his fucceffors, in favour of the city of Venice, the canals, and the French republic, all his rights the countries comprehended be and titles on the ci-devant Belgic tween the hereditary states of his provinces, known by the name of majetty the emperor and king, the the Austrian Low Countries. The Adriatic sea, and a line wbich thall French republic Niall potless thiese be drawn from the county of Ty. countries for ever, in full sovereign-, rol Mall follow the torrent forward ty and propriety, and with all the to Gardola, and cross the lake of territorial perleifions which depend Garda as far as Lacisa; from thence on them.
a military line as far as Sangiacomo, IV. All the mortgages entered holding out an equal advantage tơ into before the war on the land of both parties, which thall be traced by the countries exprefied in the pre- engineers named on each side previ: ceding articles, and the contracts of ous to the exchange of the ratificati
. thich mall be drawn up with the ons of the present treaty. The line ulua! fur:ualities, shall become the to ascertain the limits ihall cross the charge of the French republic. The Adige at San Giacomo, follow the plenipotentiaries of his majesty the left bank of that river as far as the emperor ihall furnith an account of niouth of the White Capal, compre
hending that part of Porto Legnago and the French republic, shall be which is on the right bank of the taken off, without their being exAdige, with a circle drawn of 3,000 posed in that respect to be molefted fathoms. The line shall be carried in their property or persons. Those on by the left bank of the White who for the future may not with to Canal, the left bank of the Tartaro, continue their residence in these the left bank of the canal called the countries, shall be bound to make a Polisella, until it discharges itself declaration to that effect, three into the Po, and the left bank of months after the publication of the the Great Po as far as the sea. treaty of definitive peace. They
VII. His majesty the emperor, shall be allowed the term of three king of Hungary and Bohemia, re years to sell their moveable and ina linquishes for ever, for himself and moveable poffeffions, or to dispose his successors, in favour of the Cif- of them as they think proper. alpine republic, all the rights and X. The countries ceded, acquirtitles arising out of those rights ed, or exchanged by the present which his faid majesty might pre.' treaty, thall incumber those in whose tend to have on the countries which poflession they fhall remain with he pofleffed before the war, and the mortgages that have been incurwhich now constitute a part of the red on the land. Cisalpine republic, which shall por XI. The navigation of the part less them in full fovereignty and pro- of the rivers and canals, serving as priety, with all the territorial poffef- limits between the possessions of his lions that depend on them.
majesty the emperor, and those of VIII. His majesty the emperor, the Cisalpinc republic, shall be free king of Hungary and Bohentia, ac- without elther being able to estaknowledges the Cisalpine republic blith any toll, or to keep any vessels as an independent power. This' re armed for war; which however public comprehends the former Au- does not exclude the necessary prehtrian Lombardy, the countries of cautions for the safety of the fortress * Bergamo, of Brescia, and of Cremo- of Porto Legnago. na, the city and fortress of Mantua, XII. All sales or alienations made, the Mantuan territory, Peschiera, all engagements contracted, wbcther that part of the former Venetian by the towns, or by the government, states to the west and fouth of the or the civil and administrative auline, defcribed in the 6th' article, as thorities of the countries formerly the frontier of the ftates of his ma Venetian, for the maintenance of jesty the emperor in Italy, the coun- the German and French armies, uintry of Modena, the principality of til the date of figning the present Mafsa and Carnira, and the three treaty, thall be confirined and conlegations of Bologna, Ferrara, and fidered as valid. Romagna.
XIII. The title of the domains, ix. In all the countries ceded, ac- and the archives of the different quired, or exchanged by the present countries ceded or exchanged by treaty, the sequestration placed on the present treaty, shall be given up the property, effects, and revenues in the space of three months, to date of all the inhabitants and proper from the exchange of the ratificaties of every description, on account tions to the powers which thall have of the war which has been carried acquired the propriety of therı. on between bis imperial majesty The plans and maps of the for.
tresses, towns, and countries which countries which that prince and his the contra&ting parties acquire by heirs had in Italy, the Brifgan, the present treaty, shall be faithful- which he shall possess on the fame ly given up to them. The military conditions as those in virtue of papers and registers taken in the which he possessed the country of actual war from the staffs of the re- Modena. fpe&tive armies shall be equally re XIX. The real and personal ftored.
property, not alienated, of their rorXIV. The two contra&ing pow. al highnesses the archduke Charles ers, alike animated with the desire and the archduchess Christina, fitu. of doing away everything that ate in the countries ceded to the might tend to injure the good un- French republic, shall be restored to derstanding which now happily sub- them under the condition of selling fists between them, bind themselves them within the space of three in the most folemn nanner to con- years. tribute with all their power to the The same measure fball be obmaintenance of internal tranquillity served with respect to the real and in their respective states.
personal property of his royal highXV. A treaty of commerce esta- nefs the archduke Ferdinand, in the blished on equitable grounds, and territory of the Cisalpine republic. on such as may give to his majesty XX. A congress ihall be held at the emperor, and to the French re- Rastadt, solely composed of the plepublic, advantages cqual to those nipotentiaries of the Germanic emenjoyed by the most favoured na- pire and the French republic, for tions in their respective dominions, concluding peace between these two Thall be forthwith concluded. În powers. This congress fhall be the mean time, all the communica- opened one month after the signing tions and commercial relations shall
the present treaty, or foolier if be re-established in the ttate in pollible. which they were before the war. XXI. All the prisoners of war
XVI. No inhabitant of all the made on either side, and the holio countries occupied by the Auftrian ages carried off, or given, during and French armics, Niall be liable to the war, who may not have been be proti-cuted or affected, wliether yet restored, thall be fo within forty in his person or property, on ac- days, to date from the signing of the count ct his political opinions, or present treaty. his civil, inilitary, or commercial XXII. The contributions, deliranduet during the war, which has veries, furnithings, and whatever been carried on between the two aflistances of war have taken place povrers.
in the respective states of the coni XVII. His najefly the emperor tracting powers, thall cease from thail not, conformally to the princi- the day of the exchange of the ratiple of neutrality, receive into any of fications of the present treaty. liis ports during the course of the XXIII. His majesty the empepresent war more than six veílels ror, king of Hungary and Bohemia
, armed for war belonging to any and the French republic, ihall preone of the belligerent powers. serve between them the same cere
XVIII. His majesty the emperor' mony, with respect to rank, and binds bimself to code to the duke other etiquettes, which was conof Modena, as an indemnity for the stantly observed before the war.
His laid majefty and the Cifal Louis, Count de Cobenzel ; pine republic shall have between Count de MEERFELDT, Majorthem the same ceremony of eti
General ; quette as that which was customary
Baron de DegelMANN. between his said majesty and the The executive directory ratifies republic of Venice.
and signs the present treaty of peace XXIV. The present treaty shall with his majesty the emperor, king be ratified by his majesty the em- of Hungary and Bohemia, negotiperor, king of Hungary and Bohe. ated in the name of the French remia, and the French republic, with- public by citizen Buonaparte, comin the space of thirty days, to date mander in chief of the army of Itafrom this day, or sooner if possible, ly, invested with powers by the exeand the acts of ratification in due cutive directory, and charged with form thall be exchanged at Raf- its instructions to that effect. tadt.
Done at the national palace of Done and signed at Campo the executive directory the
Formio, near Udine, on the 5th Brumaire (October 26th), 17th of October, 1797.
in the 6th year of the (Signed)
French republic, one and inBUONAPARTE ;
divisible. Marquis di GALLO;
Public Afts paffed in the First Session Act for granting certain duties of
of tbe Eigbteentb Parliament of customs on goods, wares, and merGreat Britain,
chandise imported to, and exported
from, or brought and carried coastNovember 2, 1796.
wife within Great Britain, except
wine and coal when brought or carLand and malt bills.
riad coastwile. Nov. 12.
Act for additional duty on stageA& for granting annuities to fa- coaches. tisfy certain navy, victualling, tranf Act for additional duties on disport, and exchequer bills.
tilleries in Scotland.
Act for altering the rates of postA& for raising the sum of eigh- age for conveyance of letters in teen millions by way of annuities. England and Scotland.
A& to indemnify fuch persons as Ad for the more effc&tually securhave omitted to qualify themselves ing the stamp duties on indentures, for offices and employments.
leares, bonds, and other deeds. Ad to continue fereral acts of Act for extending the time limitthe 3;th and 36th of his presented by an act of this ieflion, for delimajefty, respecting the admiilion of vering in navy, victualling, and certain articles of merchandise in transport and exchequer bills. veutral ships. Dec. 28.
Alt for allowing further time for AA for additional duties on auc the payment of instalments on the tions, bricks, cocoa nuts, British and loan. foreign spirits, and teas.
A&t for the more speedy payment