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fanctuary to the pursued culprit. Roman nobility, more than any Foreign ambaisadors, likewise, yield other people of fashion, of a want protection; which extends not on of personal affection : the apathy ly to their palaces but to whole of the great world is every where quarters of the city, into which the same. The absence or the the officers of justice dare not pur- death of any man is in no country sue offenders. The amballadors, it felt in fathionable society : but is true, are obliged to maintain a every where, except in Italy, it arguard : but who is ignorant of the rogates to itself an infupportable mifchief arising from complicated tyranny, over each of its affocijurisdiction ? Many cardinals feck ates. to derive honour, by affording • In the great cities of Germany, protection to pursued criminals. we talk of being social : but what Could we find all theic abuses can be more unlocial than a concollected in any other great city, pany of men, who fit down to a fimany men would be murdered, lent card party? The animation of though not fo many as in Rome; the Italians obviates the degrading but robbery would be dreadfully recetlity of such parties. In comincreased, which here is unknown. pany, they play very little; but

“ Were I to live in a foreign they converse with fire: and, notcountry, and condemoed to spend withstanding their rapidity, many my life in a great city, it is proba- Italians express themselves excelble there is no place I thould pre- lently. fer to Rome. In no place is the "A sense of the ancient gran. fashionable world so free from re deur of Rome is not yet quite loft, straint. You may daily be present to the people. When the queen of at the conversazioni ; and go from Naples was last here, and at the one to another. Numerous focie- theatre, the was received with ties, in spacious apartments, are great applause.

great applause. Self-forbearance continually to be found; and the induced her to make figns to the visitor is alırays received with the people to cease their loud clapping, most prepoleiling politeness. The and their fhouts of welcome. The intercourte of focieiy is no where 10 people took this very ill; and, the free as here: you may neglect your next day, a person of my acquaintvisits for weeks or months, and un ance heard one orange woman fay disturbed indulge your own hu- to another, ' Did you hear how the

You may return again, af- foreign queen despited our people, ter au absence of weeks or months, lait night? She must surely have without being once questioned, con- forgotten that many queens, be. cerning the manner in which you fore now, have been brought in have disposed of your time.

chains to Rome." “ Do not from this accuse the



[From the same Work.]

Great city is a great evil. fuel none, and he can even live

It is pernicious to popula- without a habitation. The class of tion, the fink of morality, and the people called Lazaroni, some of wide dispenser of its own poison. whom you meet with even in Rome, Naples is very large, and extreme are here computed at forty thouly populous: it contains above four fand. Many of these live in the hundred thousand, or probably as open air; and at night, or in bad many as five hundred thousand, in- weather, take shelter under gatehabitants; yet, fo excellent is the ways, porticos, the eaves of houses, soil, that the necessaries of life are or under the rocks. They cannot in great plenty, and very cheap. easily be perfuaded to work, while Among these neceflaries, we must they have the imalleft coin in their include ice: the want, or the dear- pocket. They think not of makness, of which would enrage the ing provision for to-morrow. The people. The common people of serenity of the climate, and the Naples, and indeed of all Italy, are ever generous, ever fruitful lap of very moderate in eating and drink- earth, sympathise with their joyous ing: they would rather suffer all hilarity. Their blood flows lightly the inconveniences of life than re- through their veins : with care move them by their labour. This they are unacquainted. Should appears a very natural inclination any one offer money to a Lazarone, in a hot country. What enjoyment when he is not pretied by neceflity, can be greater than that of repof- la raises the back of his hand to ing in the shade? Those, who re- his chin, and toiles his hold uppeatedly wonder at, and are dif- wards, being too idle to speak, in gufted by, the indolence of this token of refusal : but, if any thing people, thew that their remarks are delights him, I do not speak of his either the consequence of hafte or pasions, which may be kindled and incapacity. That the effects of in- extinguished as easily as a file of dolence are prejudicial is undoubt ftraw, if lie be invited to partake edly true : but that the men, who, any pleature, no man is more talkto satisfy some of their artificial ative, more alert, more full of anwants, labour a few hours more tics, than himself. than others are preferable to the “ These people have wives and last, who prefer the most natural of children. At present, there is one all pleasures, rest, and shelter from among them whose influence is so the heat, is what I cannot disco- great that they call bim Cipo de gli ver.

Lazaroni: the chief of the Lazaro“ The principal wants of the ni. He goes barefoot, and in tatNeapolitan are supplied by benevo- ters, like the rest. He is the oralent nature; without requiring him tor for the whole body, when they scarcely to stretch out his hand. have any thing to deinand of the Abstemious in eating and drinking, government. He then generally the clothing he needs is trifling, the applies to the Eletto del Popolo : the


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representative of the people: a 'in the dress of a pilgrim, in the kind of tribune, as far as such an great square, who is distributing office can exist in an unlimited mo . French hand-bills; the meaning narchy, like that of Naples. He of which neither I por any of us likewise appeals to the king in per- ' yet understand ; and he is kiising fon. The demands of the Lazaro a stone, which he has brought ni are moderate : they have a sense ' from the ruins of the Baftille. He of right and wrong: which the ' will certainly excite an insurrecpeople seldom want, when they ' tion. We would have thrown are not misled. To disregard any him into the sea, but I wished first just remonftrance of this people, or to hear your opinion: though not to comply without ftating the ' I think we ought to have throwa grounds of refusal, would be dan- him into the sea.' gerous. They love the present “ The minister had much diffiking; and I am assured that, in culty to make him conceive that a case of necessity, he might depend preliminary enquiry was necessary. upon their afiiitance: of this, how. He continually returned to the neever, he is in no need.

cessity of throwing the orator into “ Before the king last year made the sea; and, when the minister a journey to Germany, Nicola Sab- told him he would lend soldiers to bato, for so is the present chief of put the man in prison, Nicola rethe Lazaroni called, made him a plied, " There is no occafion for speech. He lamented that the soldiers; I will ndertake that king should be absent so long from business.' his people: yet rejoiced in a jour “ The man accordingly was ney that should atford pleasure to a taken to prison, by the Lazaroni. prince, who took so much fatisfac. The contents of the hand-bill were tion in the good of his subjects. entirely feditious. The insurgent • We are,' said he, “thirty thou- was one of those emiffaries that ' fand strong; and, in your ab- were sent, by the too provident • sence, we will preserve the peace care of the French clubs, over Eu• of the country. You certainly rope; to enlighten, improve, and • have nothing to fear from any make the people happy. He had • man: but, thould any one have disguised himself like a pilgrim, • the infolence to spread inflamına- and was subject to the gallows, ac• tory opinions, we will tear him cording to the common rights of • into as many pieces as we are nations; but the government only

men ; and each of us will have a thought proper to banith him to • morsel of him to smoke in our the island of Maritima; one of the pipes.'

Ægades, on the weâ fide of SiDuring the absence of the cily. king, this Nicola Sabbato visited in The Lazaroni are devoted to the prince is and princeffes ; that, the present king. A body of many as he said, he might give the peo- thousand men, who have nothing ple an account of their welfare. to lose, may reasonably be dreadHe likewise visited the prime mi- ed; and may keep a tyrannical nifter, Mr. Acron; and, on one oc- king in very wholesome awe. A cation, came to him breathless, de- despotic constitution may perhaps nanding to speak to him. I need a remedy like this: the ter. ! have just scen a man,' said he, ror of which thall preserve a ba.


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lance between itself and a power of the throng. The object of en. that is equally blind, and unwise. quiry was a fishing boat, the peoA free conftitution requires order; ple of which were dragging up a for order is the foundation of free- large net; and the fpectators were dom. Bodies of people, like the in eager expectation to know how numberless Lazaroni of Naples, or many tish had been taken. Had a the hags of the halls, the fithwives man of war, after a fea fight, reof Paris, could not exist an ong. a turned to harbour, and had the people that should be truly free. mothers, wives, brothers, and his

“ The streets are uncommonly ters, all crowded together on the crowded : yet the crowd is much ftrand, to enquire how many of leis inconvenient here than in other their dearest relations were cities. The coachmen too are less board, or how many were cut off, infolent than such gentlemen ulit- the emotion in their countenances ally are; when, mounted upon could not have assumed a more ani

their thrope, they look down with mated appearance. The draught · contempt on the multitude be- of fish was found not to be very

neath. However, the number of great; and the people retired in coaches is so great that the foot a disconfolate manner, with very passenger must be continually on evident tokens of disappointment. his guard: which it is difficult to “ In general, the city is well be, stunned as the ear is by the built : you feel, however, ihe want rolling of the carriage wheels. Yet of the better style of the Romans; the coaches are much less danger- and ftill more of the more noble ous than the little one horse cabri- palaces of Florence. The houses oles; which are driven through are most of thein flat-roofed. The the city by the young gentlement

, pavement contists, as in most of the who imagine that the foot paiiin- cities of Italy, of square flag Itones gers thouid vanish before them, as of lava. The royal palace is capaeasily, and as instantly, as the cious, and has a noble appearance. yielding air before the breath of The ftuation of the city is inextheir snorting horfes.

preisibly beautiful. No great city “ There is great ofientation here in Europe, Contantinople alone of carriages and horses : which lait excepted, can, in this relpect, be are juilly famous. They are finall, compared with Naples. but beautiful, full of fire, and are There is a long extensive walk treated with cruelly. Nothing is on the tea thore; from which the to highly displeating, in the Itali- whole high mountainous coast is ans, as the manner in which they seen on the left, and opposite to the treat their animals.

city the promontory of Sorento. “ Horace called this city oriola Mount Vesuvius likewise rises to Ncapolis : the indolent Naples. I, the leii; and Portici lies at its feet. and my fellow travellers, were On the right of the city, the hill lately taking a walk ou the 1a Pojilipo extends itself far into the thore; when a great crowd of lea. men and women made us imagine " The fortress of Ciftsll del Uovo there was fomething extraordinary is built on an island, which is conin agitation. All preiled forward nected with the city by a bridge. to the fame place ; for curiosity is On this rock, which the ancients catching, and we got into the midst called algaris, and Nugalia, Lu


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cullus had his garden. From the “ This walk is called Villa Reale; walk, the prospect of the haven is and, between this and the rocky concealed by this fortress. On the shore at the foot of the Pofilipo, right of the promontory of Sorento there is a large place which is de: ftands the high island of Capri; ftined for the exercise of arms. like a rocky mountain in the open What a delightful walk would this fea.

be, were it thaded by the spreading “ This walk on the sea fhore plane tree! The way is open as far would be fill more pleasant, were as the beautiful haven, and the it planted with lofiy trees. Two coast of Portici, on te left. On long alleys of the Yprensis-Ul- the right, I amused myself among 92.245, with its branches cut to the rocks; which I now climbed form a trillis, and hung round and now stood waiting till the with vine plants, afford it a ne waves thould retreat. The nymphs ceilary thue in fummer. Small of this bay are a little malicious Orante quioleander trees are plant. They suffer you peaceably to aped on eich fide. In the centre of proach the edge of the iea, and th- pace is the celebrated group of suddenly send a rolling wave that white inarbie, known by the name dashes over your feot. You ftep of the Farnelian bull, which is back, and the fea aflumes its for one of tbe' moit beautiful of the mer repose." antiques.


Saint's Day.

[From the second volume of the fame Work.]

ESTERDAY, being the take no less delight in their holiY

jotb, the Tarantines kept days than did their anceftors, as theftival of their patron, St. Ca- Pagans. They will ride miles, taldus; who was an Irishman, from all parts, to be present at the aru. according to the legend, ar. festivals of other towns : for which rived here in the second century; reaion many persons had arrived though I doubt whether, at that from the neighbouring places, on time, Christianity had travelled as the present occation : the number far as Ireland. The love of anti- of which visitors was estimated at quity m. y eafily have thrown back ten thousand. the æra when this bithop lived a “ The magiftracy of the town few centuries. During the eighth, intended me the honour of making ninth, and ten centuries, when me bear a tiar betore the folemn the Italians were fuok into barba- proceflion of the saint: from which ritmn, fome Hibernians came there project they were with difficulty who taught the sciences, nay more, diverted, by the archbithop. His the Latin language, in Italy; and authority, and not ny herely, was principuity in Pavia, and Bologna. my protection. - The Tarentines, as Chriftians, « The lower orders are extreme


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