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tity is finished every twenty four of the skin, and for all the train et hours, taking about a Madeira glais- mifery that is attendant on lues. I ful only at a time.

have the pleasure to see, that seves “ I have sometimes removed sy. ral of my friends have begun to use philitic symptoms with the acid in the nitric acid in fyphilis, and in a five days; more commonly, I think, ther diseases. An acrount of their they give way in a fortnight; büt experience, which every body will sometimes, though seldom, they con- efteem the most respectable author tinue for twenty days without any rity, will make the subject of a fus apparent relief. I must confess, that ture paper. in some cases I have failed altoge " I hope this flight account will ther; but in those cases, mercury induce medical practitioners to try had long been given to little pur- the effeở of the nitric acid in fyphipore; the bones were highly dif- lis, a difease which, in this climate, eated, and the habit probably of a is so frequently the difgrace of their peculiar kind. I have cured fyphi- art. Too often the miserable lis with the acid, under a variety of wretch is but worn down fooner forms, where no other remedy had by the very remedies that are called ever been employed, and for above in for his relief, two years I have seen no relapse in those cases. I have administered it " Quælitæ que nocent artes ; cetere ma. against the primary symptoms of the

giari, disease, and I have given it for ex

« Phulirides Chiron, Amythaonialnie

Melainpus. ostoses, for carious bones, for noc

“ VIRG. GEORG. III.** turnal pains, for eruptions and ulcers

LETTER describing the good EFFECTS of inspiring VITRIOLIC ÆTHER

in Cases of PHTHISIS PULMONALIS.

[From the same Work.)

R. Richard Pearson, of Bir- lay before the public a report of thą many of his friends the following accompanied with remarks on some circular letter, dated July 1, 1790, other remedies that may be emrespecting a particular practice in ployed with advantage in the cure phthifis pulmonalis, which, he of consumptions. Being desirous, thinks, he has employed with great in the recommendation of a new benefit.

medicine, to have my own eviHaving, for the last two years, dence supported by the concurrent prescribed the vapour of vitriolic & testimonies of other practitioners, I ther to patients labouring under take the liberty of calling your at: phthisis pulmonalis, and having, tention to this subject, and of fub: both in hofpital and private prac- nitting to your notice my method tice, experienced the best effects of using this application, which is from its ute in this frequent and for- fimply this: I direct the patient to midable dileate, I am preparing to pour one or two tea-spoonfuls o

purę vitriolic æther, or of æther im- pays, or at most a week; and occafipregnated with cicuta in the man- .onally fhal ing them together, a vener hereafter described, into a tea- ry faturated tincture is obtained, eup or wine-glass, and afterwards to which may be inhaled in the same hold the same up to the mouth, and manner, and in the same doses, as draw in the vapour that arises from the pure æther. My proportions it with the breath, until the æther are a scruple or half a dram of the is evaporated. This is repeated powdered leaves to every ounce of three, four, or five times, in the æther. The narcotic particles of course of a day, for a month or fix the cicuta, conveyed in this manweeks, more or lets according to cir- ner, along with the æther, to the cumstances. The first effects of disealed lungs, act as a topical ap. this application are, an agreeable plication with the best effect : hence sensation of coolness in the chest, an æther, thus impregnated, fucceeds abatement of the dyspnea and in most instances better than when cough, and, after ten ininutes or a it is enoployed alone. The only quarter of an hour, calier expecto- unpleasant circumstance attending ration. The ultimate effects, pro- the inhalation of this æthereal tincvided other proper measures de not ture of cicuta, is a flight degree of neglected, for this is not to super- sickness and giddiness which, lowsede the use of other medicines, but ever, foon go

off. to be employed in conjunction with “ It cannot be expected that I thein, are, a removal of the local in- fhould here point out every tympa flammation, a cleansing and healing tom, or set of symptoms, which inof the ulcerated lungs, and a sup- dicate or forbid the use of this appreslion of the hectic fever. • To plication : I thall only remark, that assert that all these beneficial conse- it appears to be beit suited to ihe quences will flow from its applica- florid, or what is commonly termtion in every species and degree of ed the scrophulous confumption. phthisis pulmonalis, would be ads Where the pulmonic affection is opting the language of quacks, and complicated with the mesenteric insulting the understanding of every obstruction, or discales of the other one experienced in the profellion : viscera, or a dropsical condition, it but to say that some of these good affords but transitory relief: and in effects ari* likely to result from its the very last itage of the disorder, use in most instances, and most of the proper time of ufing it is paft. them in a great number of instances, Should you be induced, fir, is afferting only what an experi- by this addrets to make trial of the ence of two years, in a fituation vapour of vitriolic ather, impreg. where the opportunities of making nated with cicuta, in phthifical trial of it have been very frequent, calės, I shall be glad to be favourhas fully coutirmed.

ed with your remarks and observa“ The falutary operation of the tions upon it, whether in its favour æther applied to the lungs in the or not. All communications on this form of vapour, I have found to be subject are requested to be fent bogreatly promoted by several volatile fore the 1st of January next, as aí. substances that are soluble in it but, ter that time the treatise will be by none more to than the cicuta. printed, By macerating a fufficient quantity “ (Signed) of the dried leaves of this plant in " RICHARD PEARSON, M. D. æther, for the space of three or four Birming bam, 14 July 1790."

CURIOUS

Curious Fact in the History of the common MOLE, by ARTHUR

BRUCE, Esq. &c.

From the third volume of the TRANSACTIONS of thc LINNEAN SOCIETY.)

"TH

THAT the mole does, in com- the 4th or 5th of June, 10 o'clock

mon with other quadrupeds P. M. he and another respectable and man, pofsefs that spirit of curio- person, lord Airly's butler, law at a fity which prompts to emigration Imall distance upon the smooth wa. and even to transmarine expeditions, ter some animal paddling to, and I found out lait summer from the net far distant from the island. best authenticated facts.

They soon, too soon! closed with this " In visiting the Loch of Clunie, feeble passenger, and found it to be which I often did, I observed in ita our common mole, led by a most small island at the distance of 180 aftonishing instinct from the nearest yards from the nearest land, measur- point of land (the castle hill) to take ed to be so upon the ice. Upon the poffeffion of this desert ifland. It island, lord Airly, the proprietor, was at this time for about the space has a castle and a ‘mall Thrubbery. of two years quite free from any I observed frequently the appear- subterraneous inhabitant; but the ance of fresh mole-casts, or hills. I mole has for more than a year paft for some time took it to be the wa- made its appearance again, and its ter-mouse, and one day asked the operations I was witness to. gardener if it was so? No, he said, " In the history of this animal I it was the mole; and that he had do not at present recollect any fact caught one or two lately. But that so striking; especially when we five or fix years ago he had caught consider the great depth of the wativo in traps ; and for two years af- ter, both in summer and winterter this he had observed none. But from fix to ten, fifteen, and some about four years ago, coming afhore places as deep as thirty or forty in a summer's evening in the dulk, feet, all round the island.”

ANTIQUITIES.

Remarks on the Opinions entertained by different COMMENTATORS,

with respect to the SITUATION of the Hell of HOMER.
[From the first Volume of Count STOLBERG's Travels.]

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E it granted that Virgil was were at the lake of Avernus; and

right in following anticnt the narrow shore was what was tradition, and profiting by the na • called the dam of Hercules: that tural gloom of the places, and the leads from the Tyrrhene sea to the dismal ideas of the religion of the "Lucrine lake." people concerning these places, the “ In his treatise on the wanderreligio loci, as he elsewhere terins it: ings of Ulyfies, he says, “ By the let it be prored, and nothing more ocean, Homer here understand, can be proved, that the entrance to the Lucrine lake and that of Ac his hell was at Avernus : it yet ap- 'vernus.' pears to me, however great che au “ Various circumstances are thus. thorities may be to the contrary, brought together ; and, in a certain that the opinions of those are un- sense, it would give me great pleafounded who suppose the hell of fure now to be personally present on Homer to have the same situation. the places where there scenes have There is scarcely any hypothefis pailed. How interesting would it which acuteness may not render be, for a passionate admirer and loprobable: as this seems to have been ver of Homer, to visit those counrendered. Cluverius himselt, a very tries that have been honoured by his intelligent reader and commentator boldest flights ! But the most intcof the antients, encourages this resting of all things is truth. dream.

By the ocean of Homer, we 46 Homer,' says he,

c makes now generally understand the ocean Ulysses fail from the country of properly so called. Our learned Circe, to that of Cimmeria in one Vols has taught us that Homer, and

day; and likewise with a north other poets, who lived long after • wind. Put these circumstances Homer, by the word oceanus, un

together, and he could only fail derstood the great stream: which, "to these parts. The grove of Pro. according to their opinion, flowed

serpine and the gloomy palace of round the earth. Now, in which• Pluto, as mentioned by Homer, ever lense we understand it, we

Thall

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shall find how imposible it was that were over the ruins of nature, the the poet, in the above pallage, frequent earthquakes, and add to could describe the Lucrine lake and these the vicinity of all the delights the lake of Avernus by the term of nature contrafted with all her OCE anus.

horrors, these circumstances, taken “ He was unacquainted with the colle&ively, gave rise to, and food Avernus, for he did not go up the for, the imaginary fables and terrors country; and before Agrippa had of the empire of death: an empire levelled the high fhore of this. lake, in which, according to the relation on the fide next the sea, and had of Homer, the abodes of the bleifed united it with the Lucrine lake, it border on the confines of the damnwas not visible from the sea.

ed. “ And even if Homer had ascend “ As an attentive reading of the ed this high fhore, he would have Æneid has long vindicated Virgil been convinced of the small circum- from the absurdity of having placed ference of the lake, and certainly his entire hell in regions well known would not have called it the ocean. upon earth; fo likewise, had the

“ That in later ages, though travels of Ulyffes been attended to long before the time of Virgil, the in the same spirit

, they would not residence of the dead was sought for have led the reader to discover the in this country, I very well know. It shades of death in this place. Withwas later ages that dedicated to out having recourse to the strange Proserpine her grove, and to Pluto confusion of the lake of Avemus his gloomy palace. Livy tells us with the ocean, this hypothesis is that Hannibal led a part of his army self-destructive. to Avernus, under the pretext of What reason could Ulyffes have facrificing there; but in reality to to return from the thades of hell to make an attempt upon Puteoli, and Circe? Had he passed the Avemus, the Roman garrison that it contain- his navigating back to the goddess ed.

was unneceísary. His route led him " I believe it is a very ancient o- southward, to the island of the Sipinion that Homer led his Ulysses rens: Why did he fail back to the to this place. The idea was flatter; north, when he must a second time ing to the Greeks, who inhabited hare necessarily failed past the Athese coafts; and very flight grounds vernus? Why did Circe tell him, would make it credited, by the peo- when he entreated her to send him ple of Cumæ, Puteoli, Baiæ, and back to Ithaca, that he muft preriParthenope: the prefent Naples.- ously go another way, äanty 02, They were likewise interested in a to the abode of Pluto, Aidaes; and political view: it made them re- to the terrible Proferpine, Perle ipected. Beside, offerings no doubt phoneia ; to question the soul of the were brought to their temples; and prophet Tirelias? Ulyffes inform the nature of the country favoured ed his companions of this other

The inundating, voyage. The intelligence grieved noxious, vapour-exhaling, water of them to the heart; so that they the sea and the rivers, the at that wept and tore their hair. And time fiery Epoineus of the itland of why? The danger of the defcent Ischia, the caverns exhaling sulphur, nto hell was the task only of Ulyithe volcanic traces of the country, fes: but this unknown voyage, over where the inhabitants fiuiabled as it feas which none of them had yet

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