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Or rosy pillows, he reposed his head,
But given to useful arts, his ardent mind
Has fought the general welfare of mankind;
To mitigate their ills his greateft blits,
While studying them, has taught him what he is;
He, when the human tempeft rages worst,
And the earth shudders as the thunders burst,
Firm, as thy northern branch, is rooted fast,
And if he can't avert, endures the blast.

SonNet to the Insect of the GOSSAMER,

[From the same Work.]

MALL, viewless aeronaut, that by the line

Of Gofiamer suspended, in mid air

Float'st on a sun beam - Living atom, where
Ends thy breeze-guidcd voyage; - with what design
In æther doft thou launch thy form minute,

Mocking the eye! - Alas! before the veil
Of denser clouds shall hide thee, the pursuit
· Of the keen swift may end thy fairy fail ! -
Thus on the golden thread that fancy weaves

Buoyant, as hope's illusive flattery breathes,
The young and visionary poet leaves

Life's dull realities, while sevenfold wreaths
Of rainbow-light around his head revolve.
Ah! soon at Sorrow's touch the radiant dreams diffolve!


Of the Year 1797.

HE biblical and theological affords striking evidence of his li

bours for the year 1793, commenc- fpirit with which he can dare the ed with the ist volume of “ The censure and obloquy of bigots of all Holy Bible, or the Books account. persuasions. His observations on ed facred by Jews and Christians, the difficulties infeparable from the &c. faithfully translated from cor common hypothesis, and on the rected Texts of the Original; with advantages which would result to various Readings, explanatory the caule of revelation from adNotes, and critical Remarks, by opting the doctrine of partial and the Rev. Alexander Geddes, LL.D.” putative, in preference to that of In the opinion which we then ex- absolute and plenary inspiration, pressed of the general merits of the are highly important, and deserve new version, our readers may per- the serious attention of believers ceive the high estimation in which and unbelievers. What he says, it led us to hold the erudition, indeed, at present, is only applicaabilities, and industry of the trans- ble to the Hebrew writers confilator; and the ample tribute of 'dered as historians: his opinion gratitude to which we considered concerning the inspiration of their him entitled from the biblical legislator and prophets, he reserves student. The appearance, during for his volume of critical remarks. the year 1797, of the 2d volume That volume we hope to have it in of that work, comprising the books our power to notice in our next of Judges, Samuel, Kings, Chroni- year's Register. cles, Ruth, and the Prayer of Ma During the year 1797, likewise, nasleh, has in no respect tended to we have been enabled to renew our lefsen Dr. Geddes's claims to com- acquaintance with another eminent mendation, and encouragement. scholar and critic, whose labours The text, like that of the former bave deservedly classed him among volume, contains numerous im our most valuable scripture comprovements of the conmon mentators. Dr. Blayney, regius fion ; and is accompanied with va- professor of Hebrew, and canon of luable, although brief, notes, and Christ-Church, Oxford, has preimportant various readings. In the sented the public with “ ZechaPreface to the volume, when treat. riah ; a new Translation : with ing of the generally received opi- Notes, critical, philological, and exnion respecting the inspiration of planatory, &c.” In his preliminary the Hebrew scriptures, Dr. Geddes dulcourte our author, with fingu



lar modesty, apologises for attempt- the latter chapters in particular, ing the illustration of this part of rising to a degree of elevation and holy writ, after archbishop New- grandeur, scarcely inferior to the come's learned comments, whose Tublimest of the inspired writings." candour and humility urged hiin The notes which accompany this strongly to recommend the publi- verfion are copious and valuable. cation of a'work which, if it In an Appendix our author com1hould tend to “ clear up one dif- pletely refutes the fense given by ficult passage, would more than Dr. Eveleigh to fome pallages in compensate to him for the detec. Zechariah, which, in opposition to tion of a hundred mistakes.” Dr. the primate of Ireland's explanaBlayney afterwards gives such a tion of them in his tranflation of view of the situation and circum- the minor prophets, he wishes to stances of Zechariah, as is well adduce in support of the doctrine calculated to throw light on his of the trinity: and to the whole sentiments, and to remove a con. hc has added a new edition, with siderable part of the difficulties important alterations, of bis verwhich have been charged upon his fion of Daniel's celebrated prophewritings. When acknowledging cy of seventy wecks. the affiftance which he has received " Jonah, a faithful Translation from different authors, be ably from the Original, &c. by George vindicates the valuable collations Benjoin, of Jefus College, Canr of the various readings of the He. bridge," is the production of an aubrew writings made by Dr. Kenni- thor; whose chief qualifications for cot and others, against the illiberal the undertaking appear to have and contemptuous mention of them been his proficiency in rabinnical in the discourse by way of general lore, and a veneration, not much preface to the 4to. edition of War- unlike fuperftitition, for the conburton's works; and he upanswer ceits and extravagancies of Jewably explodes ihe absurd and un- ifh tradition. Hence, Keonicott, accountable idea of the perfect in- Lowth, Blaynes, and others, whose tegrity of the text, to which some merit as tranflators is to be appreinjudicious friends of revelation are ciated on very different grounds, willing to look as the ground of are, as might be expected, the ob fcriptural authority. Dr. Blayney jects of his repeated cenfure; and in his version divides the poetical that not always the moft modest ports from the prole, after the ex. and unaffuming. In his prolego amples of Lowth and Newcome, mena Mr. Benjoin undertakes to and his own pra&ice in his tranfla- prove, that “ The Sacred Writings tion of Jeremialı; and, in our of the Old Testament have not fuf. opinion, has happily succeeded in fered either any corruption or al. conveying the fenfe and beauties teration wbatever fince the time of a composition of which the dic- of Ezra :" but his authorities will tion is remarkably pure, the con have little weight out of the synastruction natural and perspicuous, gogue. He is also a zealous advoand the style judiciouliy varied ac cate for the maforetic points, by cording to the nature of the sub- which he considers the found and jects; fimple and plain in the nar- meaning of each word to be so ex. rative and historical parts ; but in actly marked, that any scholar may those that are whilly prophetical, pow read and speak with the fame


found with which Moses read and ter of Zechariah, by Thomas Winfpake. What he had said on this tle, B. D.” is the production of a subject, however, has by no means gentleman of confiderable learning accomplished the removal of the and critical skill, of wbich he has numerous difficulties involved in given abundant evidence in ' his that hypothesis. To this succeeds version of Daniel, and in his fera copious defcription of such He mons preached at the Bampton brew manuscripts as were written lecture. But in the work before according to the rules of Ezra: us, he has not been so fuccefsful in rules which Jewish writers have the application of his talents as he been pleased to afcribe to him, but was in those publications. Dilapwhich are often too futile, and proving of the sense given to the fometimes too absurd to have been language of the vision by Drs. dietated by such a “ ready fcribe Newcome and Blayney, and ima of the law of the God of heaven." gining that it contains a prediction After a differtation on the book of of Christ, the eternal Logos and Jonah, which follows, comprifing incarnate Son of God, Mr. Wintle a design for a translation to which has given a new version of the 4th translators should adhere, and an and nine following verses, and en(wers to some questions and ob- deavoured to support his rendering jections that have been stated con- of the passages which he considers cerning that book, the reader is to be favourable to his hypothelis, presented, in one view, with Mr. by similar ones in the book of Benjoin's new translation, the old Psalms, and the prophet Haggai. version, and the arrangement and We have not, however, been able Niteral sense of the Hebrew words. to discover his fuperiority in point The rest of the volume consists of of accuracy, or perfpicuity to the notes, accounting for every render- archbishop and regius professor, or ing in the tranllation that differs the conclufiveness of his reatoning from the old version ; of the verbs in confirmation of his sense of the occurring in the book of Jonah, in prophetic idiom. And although we their original formation, with an readily subscribe to what he says explanation of their roots; and of respecting the illustrious series of a chronological abstract of the Jew- extraordinary contingencies from ith history. Of Mr. Benjoin's the beginning of time to the full translation it is but justice to say, establishment of Christianity, forethat in some instances it is more told in the sacred records, that faithful to the sense and spirit of new light is continually breakthe original, than the common ing in upon us, not only in a clearversion ; but, on the whole, we er discernment of the meaning of conceive that few competent judges the predictions, but also in a growwill give it the preference. For ing display of the scenes of their the frequent inaccuracies which accomplifhment,” we cannot prooccur in point of style and Jan- mise the biblical scholar much ilguage, the candid reader will be lumination from this production of led to make many allowances from our author. From the list of Mr. the confideration that the translator Wintle's publications at the end of is not a native of this country. this dissertation it appears, that he is

The “ Dissertation on the Vic the author of the matterly “ Let. Son contained in the second Chap- ter to the Lord Bihop of Wor.


cester, occasioned by his Strictures English translation; the Syriae on Archbishop Secker and Bishop verlion from the Vienna edition of Lowth, &c.” which was noticed in 1555, in Hebrew charaâers, and our last volume.

with the deficiencies in the Peshito The “ Prospectus, with Speci- supplied from the editions of Pomens of a new Polyglott Bible, in cocke and De Dieu ; and the LaQuarto, for the use of English Stu- tin Vulgate. Under these columns dents, by Jofiah Pratt, M. A.” will be collected a vast body of va. gives us the expectation of an un- rious readings from Mill, Bengedertaking which promises to be of lius, Wetstein, Birch, Mathæi, great importance in biblical litera- Griesbach, &c.; references to the ture. The very commendable ob- Coptic, Sahidic, Arabic, Ethiopic, ject of the author is, to furnish the Armenian, Perfic, Gothic, Sclavostudent with the combined advan- nian, and Anglo-Saxon versions; tages resulting from a comparative and quotations from the fathers view of the original and the most and ecclefiaftical writers. It apancient and best versions of the pears that Mr. Pratt has been emfacred books, as well as the Eng. ployed for a confiderable time on lith, and the labours of Kennicott, this work; and that a part of it De Rofli, Holmes, Mill, Grier- may soon be expected from the bach, &c. in order that he may fa- press, if he meets with encouragecilitate his acquaintance with the ment from a competent number of seriptures, and enable him to de- subscribers. We heartily with him velope the whole system of truth that support which thall prove an which they contain from the study abundant compensation for his ar. of the scriptures themselves, and duous labours. not from fystematic interpretations. In our Register for the year His plan is, to give the Old Testa- 1793, we introduced to our readment in five columns, contain- ers - Differtations on the Pro. ing the Hebrew text of Vander phecies of the Old Testament, in Hooght, from the Amsterdam edi. 2 Parts, Vol. I. by David Levi.” tion of 1705; the Englith from W: have since met a second vothe Oxford edition of 1769; the lume of that work, which is a conSeptuagiot from the edition of tinuation of the 1st part of the apSixtus V.; the Vulgate from the thor's plan, in which he has underedition of Clement VIII.; and the taken the elucidation of such proChaldee paraphrate, consisting of phecies as are applicable to the the Targuns of Onkelos, and Jo- coming of the Mefliah, the restonathan, on the Pentateuch, and the ra of the Jews, and the refur. prophets, the anonymous one in rection of the dead, whether lo apWalton on the Hagiographa, and plied by Jews or Christians. In that on Chronicles from the Er- the volume now before us, with penian manuscript. Under these commendable diligence, and ingecolums will be given the Sama- nuity whetted by polemical pracritan Pentateuch, in Hebrew cha- tice, he pursues his original plan, saiters, and a copious collection of and, as may be expected, deduces various readings. The New Tefta- the same general conclufion. Our ment will be given in four co- opinion, however, remains the same Jumas, containing the Greek text as formerly respecting the imporfrem Mill's ed, ion; the common tance of his labours in biblical criti

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