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delenbourg and Zinn), he went to “ Shortly after his marriage, the país fome months in Holland, poft of physician to the town of where he became extremely at- Brug, the salary of which is very tached to M. Gaubius ; and from moderate considering the extent thence to Paris, where he spent of the place, its revenue, and the much of his time with M. Senac, duties attached to the situation, bein whom he found a great resem- came vacant, and the principal ciblance to his forn:er instructor M. tizens requcfted M. Zimmerman to Brendel.

undertake it. It is natural to love In 1752, M. Zimmerman return- the places where we have paffed ed to Berne, where he almost im

our youth; and he had there relamediately enjoyed great confidence tions, friends, and an excellent in his practice, and had the plea- house, which, notwithstanding his sure of again finding his early ac- agreeable situation at Berne, deterquaintance, who received him with mined hiin to return to his natal the utmost cordiality. It was then toil. that he published in the Neuchatel " It was at this time that an acJournal, without his name, a Let- ' quaintance commenced between M. ter to M. ****, a celebrated Phy. Zimmerman and myself; an acsician, concerning M. Haller." quaintance which has been endear

" While he resided at Berne, ed by reciprocal affection." Haller came there to see his friends, “ His reputation in practice was and to re-establith his health. At establithed when he arrived at the end of several weeks he deter- Brug, and he became immediately mined to return no more to Goet- the phylician not only of the town, tingen, but' to tix his abode at but of all the country round, in Berne; in consequence of which which the patients were very nahe exprefled a wish that his pupil merous. But this was still not suffiand friend would go to Goettingen cient wholly to occupy his ardent to bring his family to him. Zim- mind or satisfy his thirst for knownjerman undertook this journey ledge; each fresh acquifition only with the more pleasure, as he, in served to increase the desire for common with all who had the hap- more. M. Zimmerman read much, piness of that lady's acquaintance, not only in phyfic, but in morality, had the most perfect esteem for ma- philosophy, literature, history, tradaine Haller.

vels, and periodical publications. Zimmerman's heart was suf- Even novels he did noi despise. It ceptible of firong attachments, and is indeed difficult to discover why he formed one for a lady in all re- good works of that fort should be spects worthy of him. She was re- lightly esteemed. There are no lie Jaica 1o Baller, and widow of a terary productions in which men is Mr. Stek. Her maiden name was to well drawn, the resources of his Meley. She poflefled good sense, mind fo well disclofed, and the fea cultivated mind, clegant tafte; cret receffes of his heart so clearly and what is till more valuable, that developed. Good novels are the tia. sweetness of manner, that equabi- tural history of moral man, and lity of temper, that soothing charm ought on that account to be read of voice, which fo frequently re with attention.

Englith novels, called his foking fpirits during the and those of M. Wiciand, with time that it plealed heaven to con- whom he was intimately acquainttinue their union.

ed, gave him the greatest pleasure ;


and he amused his mind by com- whenever knowledge is properly mitting to paper the ideas which ettimated. (as with every man who thinks) “ The greater part of these enwere produced by every perusa). joyments M. Zimmerman lost when These he afterwards formed into he went to Brug: I do not mean small pieces, and had them infert to fay that there are no persons of ed in a journal intitled the Moni- good fente, no enlightened or amiateur, which was printed at Zurich, ble people in small towns ; perhaps, and which I have heard commend- : there are even more, proportioncd by very good judges.

ably, than in large ones; and I “ What he wrote to me on this know, by the letters I had from occasion explains the intention him there, that there were such in with which he composed his moft Brug; but in a small town the considerable work, and that to number of such persons can be but which he was most attached, name- few ; they have their profeflions, ly, his · Treatise on Solitude;' ' I their callings, and their family dulove solitude, and I find pleasure ties, to occupy their attention ; sno where but at home; I write to they belong to fociety, and they • procure pytelf amusement. It do not like to separate from it in was natural for him to be happy at order to give themselves up wholly home; beside his wife, his mother- . to one friend. In this there is much in-law, a very sensible woman, liv. to coinmend. Beside, a man of let. ed there with him; and in a twelve- . ters wants a public library, bookmonth after his marriage he had sellers, literary friends, and the become a father. Yet he had not newest publications, which an inalways loved folitude, and he once dividual who is not rich cannot knew how to be happy away from easily procure, and which lose their home. This sudden change was value if there is no one to con. in a great mealure owing to the verse with about them. A perfon place of his abode, and it had the who loves his profession is desirous greatest influence over every mo of associating with others who like ment of his life. Ever fince he it also, with whom he may confult, had first quitted Brug to go to col. and to whom he may impart his lege, he had lived either at Berne discoveries., or at Goettingen, and he had form “ M. Zimmerman felt too deeped at both those places connexi- ly all these wants; he complained ons with fenfible, intelligent, : of them, and his letters frequently and ariable young men, whole recalled to my mind some of those conversation he truly enjoyed, as fpoiled children who, when they they enabled him to acquire have not all the playthings they knowledge, to display his talents, want, will not amuse themselves and exercise his genius; a high with those whici they have; and gratification, no doubt, to those whose enjoyment of what they who are happily lo endowed. He have, is destroyed by reflections on lived with affociates of his own what they have not." age, and he found among his pas " He found no allurements at ticats perfons worthy his regard. Brug, because he thought there He had also within his reach every could be none there ; having alallifiance neceflary for the cultiva- ways had a very tender and delicate tion of letters and the sciences, nervous system, the frequent senwhich is a very strong inducement fation of discontent threw him in

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to the hypochondria, and the hypo- during that period prelented me,
chondria increased his taste for fo weekly, and sometimes ofiener,
litude, which may also exist with with an exa& account of his occu-
out any trouble of the mind."

pation as a physician, of his stu-
“M. Zimmerman's taste for foli dies, of his plans, of his manner
tude did not, however, render him of living, of his troubles, and of
negle&tful of the functions which his pleasures.
his employment imposed upon him, “Without having ever seen hir,
and which he fulfilled with the I knew him intimately, because no
greatest tenderness and most scru man was ever more open and an.
pulous exaétness. It was a duty, reserved to his friends, and I had
and the discharge of it gave him him always in my mind's eye."
pleasure; besides, he loved phy “. From the time of his going to
fic; an extraordinary, difficult, or Brug, he wrote for the Journal of
dangerous disorder engaged his ex- Zurich. Two of the pieces lie
tremeft attention, and be scarcely published in it, excited much con.
ever quitted his patient."

yerfation in every place where the
Upon leaving his patients M. Journal was read.' «The firft of
Zimmerman usually returned home; there was a dream that he had
and when he went into company it in the night of the 5th of No-
was generally either to please Mad. 'vember 1755, concerning the
Zimmerman, or upon some parti- ftate of the soul after death,
cular occasions, when he was ra ' which he related without addi-
ther compelled by neceffity than "tion or abridgment :' the second
courted by pleasure.”

was a ' plan of a catechism for
“ When the fits of the hypo- · small towns;' a satire upon seve-
chondria had left him, which ral ridiculous cuftoms; and, as the
sometimes happened, his gaiety re same customs are to be found in
turned, and for a few days he towns of great incquality, more
would, from choice, mix in fociety; than one thought itself the object
the true spirit of which, and what of the raillery, and became extreme-
can alone render it interesting, is, ly angry; and one of the authors
that every one brings his share of of the Journal was very near beug
amusemeot according to his means; ill treated while pasiing through
that those who are most able give W******.
moit; that every one carries thi -5 His first effay upon Solitude
ther that good-humour which con- appeared toward the end of 1756. It
fists in the making himself agree-' is a very short work, and has been
able to every body; and, above translated within these few years
all, that nobody can think he has into Italian by M. Antoni, a very
a right to receive more than he able physician of Vicenza."

• He formed also the plan of
" Io this situation Zimmerman his treatise upon 'Experience in
paffed fourteen years of his life, • Pbyfic,' of which he sent me a
dividing his time between the study very detailed sketch; and it was
and the practice of physic, in read- in speaking to me about this work
ing good books on other subjects, that he defined a quack to be, a
in compofing, and in correspond wise man who profits from the
ing with his friends. His letters folly of others; although there

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certainly never was a man who dif- likely to procure it for him. One liked that sort of wisdom more was Haller, with whom he was no than himself.

longer on luch good terms as for“ The first volume did not ap- merly; and the other was the Bapear till the end of 1763, and was ron de KI-, who was here for his not translated before 1774. It is health, and who, having been a - the art of observing, illustrated by long time minister at one of the

some excellent remarks, with the courts of Germany, had a great best rules for drawing advantage deal of interest with the ministers from observations."

of several others. These two gen“ 1n 1758 M. Zimmerman pub- tlemen turned their thougbts tolished his work on 6 National ward the Electorate of Hanover; • Pride, four editions of which and M. Zimmerman was so well were rapidly printed, each under known, that he might have been his own inspection ; it was tranf- presented any where with confilated into French at Paris in 1769, dence. The Hanoverian minister and bas just been reprinted there." wrote to the Baron de Kl, to in

“ From 1758 to 1763 he devoted treat that he would endeavour to to his treatise on · Experience' all procure for M. Zimmerman one of the leisure time which an extensive the first places in the king's gift, practice among not only the people in some of the principal towns of of Brug, but those of the lur- the electorate. Zimmerman, how, rounding country to a great di- ever, would not accopt of a place stance, and even strangers who came any where but at Hanover, in orto consult him, afforded. In 1760 der that he might be near M. Werle he was admitted a member of the hoff, for whom he had the greatest fociety at Berlin; and fince that respect and attachment. He theretime of several other literary bo- fore obtained

fore obtained to appointment. dies, who were eager to receive Haller even advised bim againt it, him. He belonged to the societies and thought he would do much of Zurich, Berne, Bafle, Munich, better to afcend the chair of pracPalermo, Pezaro, Goettingen, and tical Professor of Physic at Goetto those of physic of Paris, Lon- tingen, which he was fure of prodon, Edinburgh, Copenhagen, and curing for bim. Zimmerman neiJastly, in 1786, he was received in ther much affected that sort of octo the academy of St. Petersburgh. cupation, nor the air of Goettin

“ M. Zimmerman had some idea gen, which he was afraid would of writing a treatise on the · Va pot agree either with his own

pours and on Hypochondria,' dif- health, or that of his wife or of orders on which he had made some his mother-in-law; he refused the good observations; but he soon a. place, as did also M. Tredelenbandoned the project. His em- bourg, and it was at last given to M. ployments (as plainly appeared to Schroeder. Some time after this it his friends) did not prevent him was in agitation to send for him to from being extremely discontent- Berne, upon the death of his friend ed with his situation. I was sorry M. Ith; but this, though designed for it, and felt that he was made by the majority of the lords of the for a more conspicuous scene of ac council of health, was overturned

I neglected nothing that by those secret inftigators, who, in might interest in his favour the two republics as in monarchies, have persons who appeared to me most often more influence over affairs

B 4


than the persons publicly appointed refuse this offer ; but in his aniwer to conduct them, who are some he informed them of the great retimes utterly at a loss to conceive gret he should feel in embracing a what it is that impedes the effects profession that would oblige him of their measures..

to give up his own ; the negocia. “ After that time M. Zimmer tion continued for fone months, man had many offers, which, with- and at last, on the first of April out being objects of great import- 1765, he absolutely declined the ance, proved how much confidence engagement. was reposed in him. One of these “ In 1761 be became a member was made him by Count Stadion, of the Patriotic Society of Schintzwho, after having been prime mi- nach, originally projected and arnister to the elector of Mentz, had ranged by M. Hirzel, at that time retired to Varrhzufen, a tine seat a physician, and now counsellor of in Suabia, where he desired to have state at Zurich, and by tis late his advice and his society, and for M. J. Iselin, secretary of state at which he promised him an agree- Bille, two of those men in whole able house and a considerable sa names Switzerland will for ever lary. Zimmerman did not like the glory, and which had for its object idea of leaving a place which be to connect together the distinguish. found too small, for one still small- ed men of each Canton; to proer, and refused the count's Offer. duce a general spirit of patriotism; He was the fame year invited by to form an exact representation of the city of Orbe; and the wisdom Switzerland, according to such deof the members at the head of the signs as the best informed men in municipality made the invitation each province could give; to peras honourable as if it had come suade the whole country that it from some great court ; for courts formed but one family, and that not unfrequently call upon a 'cele- in whatever part of the Captop a brated, in preference to a capable Switzer Tould find himself, it man; but the heads of a town, if should be 10 him as a home ; in a they are men of enlightened un- word,to maintain a perpetual, derstandings, will make ! an indiffoluble friendthip, love, choice of a physician, unless he be ' union, and concord.' Zimmerone to whom the health of the ci man was the common friend of the tizens my be entrusted with two founders, and the first perfon safety.

to whom they communicated the November 1761, the plan. It met with his warmest apcounts of Mnizech, who were at probation ; and he became one of Berne, having received a commif- the nine menībers who met at fion to find out a librarian for the Scbintznach in May 1761, and neking, to which poft very agree. ver failed to attend the meetings Cable and advantageous conditions during the time he remained in were attached, thought, from seve- Switzerland. ral conversations they had had with " The meeting of 1764, when M. Zimmerman, and from his M. Hirzel was president, was the work on National. Pride, which first that was very numerous; he evinced extenfive knowledge, that was extremely well received, and the post would suit him, and they very happy there. The first leiter in consequence made him an offer that he wrote to me after his return of it. Zimmerman did not at first to Brug; wherein he speaks princia



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