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material injury from his fpecula- cation of knowledge; cohabitation; tions. The disquisition which he reasoning and contention; decep has introduced on the origin of tion and frankness; manly treatChristianity we include under the ment and behaviour ; the obtainsame centure.
ing of confidence; choice in read* The Principles of Critical Phi- ing; and early indications of chalofophy selected from the Works racter. The efTays on nanners treat of Emanuel Kant, &c. and ex- of riches and poverty; avarice pounded by James Sigismund Beck, and profufion; beggars ; fervants; &c. translated from the German by trades and profeffions; self-denisl ; an Auditor of the latter," will not perfonal reputation; poftburnous afford the English student much fame; difference in opinion ; and atiittance in his endeavours to be- politenets. The literary effays are come acquainted with the Kantean iwo only: the first on learning, tiPhilofophy. For independently of folding the advantages which it the clouds and darkness in which gives to a man over the self-eduto our comprehenfion the fyftem it- cated, and fhewing that it is the alself feems to be involved, the trans- ly not the adversary of genius; the Jator's language is often exceeding- fecond on English style, exhibiting ly obicure and confused, and fome, an historical review of it from the times totally incapable of being de- 'age of queen Elizabeth, and intend. cyphered.
ed to prove that the English lanThe next work which calls for guage was never in fo high a state our notice is “ the Enquirer : Re- of purity and perfection, as in the flections on Education, Manners, preient reign. On these various and Literature, by William God. topics Mr. Godwin has presented win." This volume is divided into his readers with much original and two parts, containing a variety of ingenious matter, the result of aeeluys, “ each intended in a confi- curate observation, and close rederable degree to fraud by itself," flection, which cannot fail of afwhich are preieatsd to the con- fording them weful infiructi00. templative reader net as dica, but They will also find his efsays interas the materials of thinking." The fperied with numerous fir. king and object of the author is declared to beautiful remarks, appotate ilbe the fame as what he had in luftrations, and interesting descrip. view in his treatise on political tions, which will afford then plea. juftice; riz. to force truth from sure and entertainment while they her hiding place, but by a varia- are informed and enlightened. Bat tion in his mode of approach. with all its excellencies the En« An incelant recurrence to ex- quirer is by no means an unexcep. periment and a&ual obiervation, tionable publication. Some of the is the method adopted in the pre- author's pofitions and opinions we fent volume." The fubje&ts dif- confider to be extravagant and fancutled in the eflays that relate to ciful; others at leatt difputable; education are, the awakening the and others illiberal and unwarrant. mind; the utility of talents : the able. Among ibe latter we man feurce ci genius; an early taite for clofs bis too general and indiscrimi. reading; the frudy of the clatics; nate centures on trades and profeja public and private education ; the fions, and his dogmatical and uni fiiceis ci youth; the communi. juft attack on the Cbriftian reli
gion. They disfigure his work, nifh the qualities of the inhabitants and must necessarily lessen its in- of the most considerable nations, fluence on difpaflionate and serious and in pointing ont their ridiculous readers. The style and language or vicious effects. It consists of a of these efi'ays are generally correct variety of anecdotes, arranged under and perspicuous, frequently ener different heads, such as imaginary getic, and sometimes highly clo- advantages, reputation for arts and quent.
science, peculiar conftitution of goThe “ Examination of the lead. vernment, and accompanied with ing Principles of the new System philofophical and ironical remarks ; of Morals, as that Principle is ftat which are well calculated to thame ed and explained in Mr. Godwin's mankind out of their prejudices aEnquiry concerning Political Just- gainst one another, and to promote ice," is a temperate and judicious a spirit of philanthropy and beneperformance, which merits the de- volence. The translation appears to liberate attention of that writer, be executed with fidelity, and is and of the advocates for his theory. preceded by memoirs of the author's The fundamental principle which life and writings, which will be acthe author undertakes to refute isceptable to the English reader. the following: that virtue is that Mr. Gisborne's “ Enquiry into course of conduct which tends to the Duties of the Female Sex,” is a promote the general good, and that proper sequel to his “ Enquiry into to the acquisition of that grand ob the Duties of Men in the higher ject all domestic and local relations and middle Classes of Society in Great ought to be lacrificed. That prin Britain,” which we announced in ciple he contests with great ability our Register for the year 1794. As and force, maintaining that man is the latter was diftinguished by good a creature of sympathy; that from fense, liberal opinions, and uieful his fympathyarite originally all precepts, delivered in a pleasing and his moral feelings; that he cannot impressive style, so the same characsympathise with those unknown . teristics are discoverable in the work to him ; that he cannot fympa- before us; and the female world, at thise with the general good; that leaft the sensible and accomplished a system of local relations is the part of it, will be thankful to the only fyftem adapted to human na author for his acceptable and valuture; and that as virtue takes its able present. If they enter their character from the motive, not the protest against any part, it will protendency of the action, so it should bably be againft the severity of his be defined, that course of conduct cenfures on public and private aof which the motive is benevolence, musements. They will readily subor the good of individuals. We wish fcribe to the general excellence and to see the question more fully dif- importance of his remarks and adcussed by both the combatants. vice on the subjects of education ;
Dr. Zimmermann's “ Eflay on Na- the mode of introducing young wotional Pride, translated from the ori- men into general society ; female ginal German, by Samuel Hull Wil- conversation and epistolary correscocke,” is an interesting and amuf- pondence ; dress; the employment ing publication, in which satire, of time; considerations antecedent tempered by philofophy, is success to marriage; the duties of the matrifully employed in exposing the foi- monial life, with a view to the fitubles and characteristics which tar ation and circumstances of different
individnals; parental duties; the said in defence of our establishduties of middle life; and the du- ment, they mischievoully traduce, ties of old age. What the author and impute to others ill intentions enforces on these several subjects, and absurdities, which have no orihe supports not only by an appeal gin but in their own malevolent to reason, but to revelation.
hearts." Dr. Croft's “ Short Commentary, with Strictures on certain Parts of Among the publications of the the Moral Writings of Dr. Paley year, that relate to government, law, and Mr. Gisborne," embraces a va or political economy, we meet with riety of subjects, on some of which a new edition of the Principles of his remarks are trivial and unim- Government, in a Dialogue beportant, but on others they merit tween a Gentleman and a Farmer, the attention of those authors. But by the late Sir William Jones, it thould seem that the principal which we mention in this place objects of his work are, to convey on account of the numerous notes to the public his protests against the which accompany it by T. S. Norunlimited right of private judg. gate. This annotator is a fenfibie ment, and the least innovation on and spirited writer, who ably supthe established religious system; ports the principles laid down in to caution diffenters against the ihat celebrated treatise, both by ardeep rooted malignity of Dr. Priest- gument, and an appeal to incontroley, and to thew with what zeal, vertible historical facts. And he had he but the power, he would in- has done service to the cause of flict awful punishment on those freedom, by the manly, yet tempebold and prefumptuous men who rate manner, in which he has enspeak with indecent liberty of the deavoured to revive the public ai. mysteries of religion; to announce tention to them in these days of pohis own political orthodoxy, and his litical torpor and delinquency. detestation of modern reformers; Mr. Ely Bates, in his “ Curfory and to applogize for the flave trade, View of Civil Government, chiefly and for the strict discipline under in Relation to Virtue and Happiwhich Naves are kept. These to- ness," undertakes the office of mopics occur in the body of Dr. Croft's derator to discontented politicians commentary, in two sermons which and speculative reformers, and enare added to it on purity of princi- deavours to check that frenzy ple, and the penal laws, and in an which would lead them “ to fin extensive preface. We flatter our- crifice real bleflings to fanciful selves, that a part of the compli- hopes," by teaching them what goment conveyed in the following re vernment can, and what it cannot mark on those who hold different do, and by pointing out the real opinions from the author was in- causes of those vexations and mile. tended for us. “ We have at least ries, which they are too ready to attwo Reviews, and one of the Annu tribute to its radical defects, or al Registers, under the conduct and mal - administration. From the inspection of these liberally minded doctrines which he inculcates it men, for such they delight to be would follow, that our happiness as called. Whatever can low disaf- a body politic has but a flight confection and discontent they induftri- nection with the nature of our gos oully collect. Whatever is done or vernment and laws; that in ihe
improper indulgence of our own Of the contents of the next work palions or resentments, we fhall whiclt calls for our notice, our readfind the causes of most of our mis- ers will be able to form fome idea fortunes ; and that “ a quiet fub- from its ample title. “ History of sniflion to the powers that are," is the original Constitution of Parliathe duty of every member of the ments, from the Time of the Britons community; particularly of those to the prefent Day; fhewing their “ who stand excluded from its public Duration and Mode of Election, honour and emoluments, merely for the various Ionovations and Altewhat they deem a purer faith or rations which have taken Place in worship, left the genuineness of the State of the Representation of their profeffion thould be called in the People in the Reigns of the fevequestion.” This work is written ral Kings and Queens of England, with great calmness of temper, and the Period at which Cities and Boin correct ealy language; but the roughs first fent Members, the author's affumptions will not stand Times of their discontinuing to exdiscussion, and the tendency of his ercise that Privilege, their Restorareasoning is degradation and ser- ration, &c. To which is added, the vility.
present State of the Representation: The author of “ Vindiciæ Regiæ, containing an impartial Account of or a Defence of the Kingly Office, the several Contests which took in two Letters to Earl Stanhope,” place at the last Election, Names of writes in the cbaracter of a clergy Proprietors and Patrons of Boroughs, man, who is defirous of reclaiming contradictory Rights of Electors, from the errors of democracy one Charters, and local Privileges, Numof his parishioners, whom the noble ber of Voters, State of Factions in lord's inferences, in one of his Cities and Boroughs, &c. by T. H. speeches in parliament, from the B. Oldfield, Author of the History narrative in l. Sam. 8, had con- of Boroughs." The last mentioned vinced, that the kingly office is for work was announced in our Register bidden in fcripture. As far as his for the year 1792. The volume bearguments go to prove the nullity fore us abounds in valuable and inof his lordihip’s conclusion, they teresting information, which is peare ingenious, and successful. But culiarly feasonable at a period when when he proceeds to found on the the enemies to parliamentary reform sacred books the claims of kingly inlist so much on the dangers of inright, his reasonings are equally in- novation, and, without any precise valid with those of his opponent knowledge of the fubject of their The scriptures neither prescribe any panegyric, are lavish in their praises particular form of government, nor, of the system transmitted to us by by fair implication, countenance our ancestors. For he shews that any one mode in preference to an- the charge of innovation "reverts other. The author's sketch of the to thote who have caused, and to history of republics, his comparison those who support the present abufes of the condu& of the French rea of the conftitution.” In the syster publicans with that of the Romans, of our anceftors he finds the fundaand his general inferences, are writ- mental principles of annual parliaten with spirit and eloquence, but ments, and equal representation arifwill not materially benefit the cause ing from universal fuffrage, or at which he has embraced.
leait the extension of the right of
voting to every householder. The many important and liberal obferrafirst partial representation of the tions, on the general subject of PT”) people he traces to the reign of Ed- perty, and much ingenuity in the ward I. ; the mode of choosing author's speculative application of county members by freeholders, in- them. But they may probably conftead of housekeepers, to that of cur with us in thinking, that he Henry Vi.; and the first pra&ice ascribes too much to property when of electing members for cities and he contends, in oppofition to the boroughs by exclufive bodies, or speculations of some modern thecorporations, to the reign of Ed- orifts on government, that “ it is ward IV. These deviations from the knowledge of property alone, the system of our ancestors were acquired in society, that unfolds the followed, as the author fhews, in energies of the mind," and that these. succeeding reigns, by other changes “ neceffarily remain inert, until equally hostile to its true spirit, till routed by the stimulus of property." by degrees the present state of things They may alto be apprehentive that obtained; under which, out of 558 his scheme of legislation, taken in members of the house of commons, connexion with his deductions from 424 are returned by the influence the doctrine above mentioned, inof peers, great commoners, and the stead of answering his benevolent treatury, and 134 only by the free intentions, would lead to invidou and fair election of the people. For and dangerous party distinctions ; the correction of such flagrant ab- that it would give rise to endi fs uses, and the restoration of the jealousies and contentions between people to their rights, Mr. Oldfield the clailes of the rich and the poor. pleads with a degree of ability and Mr. Robert Patton's historical Remanly freedom that will give plea- view of Rome, intended to illursure to every real friend of the trate the principles of the preceding British constitution, who wishes to difquifitions, is the production of a preserve it by restoring it to its well-informed and reflecting mind; native beauty and splendour. but the conclufions which we tho 113
Captain Charles Patton's treatise, draw from it would by no means entitled “ the Effects of Property correlpond with those of the author. * upon Society and Government inver. The treatise entitled “ Agrariaz
tigated, &c.'' is a republication, with Justice, opposed to Agrarian Law, considerable additions, of his “ At- and Agrarian Monopoly, &c. by tempt to establish the Basis of Frce- Thomas Paine," offers to every coundon on simple and unerring Princi- try a project for a national fund, to ples," which we announced in our be applied in advancing to every Register for the year 1794. These perfon, when arrived at the age of additions consist of a copious illus- twenty-one years, the sum of fifteen tration of the influence of property pounds fterling, to enable him or her on mental energy, national charac- to begin the word; and an annuity ter, manners, government, and ci- of ten pounds sterling to every pervilization; and an hiftorical review fon of the age of fifty years and of the monarchy and republic of lipwards. This fund is to originate Kome, upon the principles derived in a tax on landed, and on personal from the effects of property, by property, at their del cent by death Mr. Robert Patton. In the for- to new pofleffors : on the former, mer his readers will mcet with under the denomination of a ground