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thom he placed most confidence, 2d weakness, increased rapidly; was confulted; but Zimmerman, he took scarcely any nourishment, who, though fo ofien uneasy on ac either on account of insurmountable count of health, had, not withitand- avèrsion, or because it was painful ing, had the wisdom to take few to him ; or perhaps, as M. Wichmedicines, and who did not like man believed, because he imagined them, always had a crowd of objec he had not a farthing left. Intense tions to make against the best ad- application, the troubles of his vice, and did nothing. Arrived at mind, his pairis, wanit of fleep, and Eutin, an old acquaintance and his lastly, (as I have just said), want of family lavillied on him

all the ca- fufficient nourishment, had on him refles of friendihip. This recep- all the effects of time, and haftened tion highly pleased him, and he old age : at fixty-lix he was in a grew rather better. M. Henfler state of complete decrepitude, and came from Kiel to see him, and his body was become a perfect skegave him his advice, which was leton. He clearly foresaw the issue probably very good, but became of his disorder and above fix useless, as it was very irregularly weeks before his death he said to followed. At last, after a refidence this fame physician, "I thall die of three months, he desired to re- " Nowly, but very painfully; and turn to Hanover, where he entered fourteen fiours before he expired, his house with the same idea with he said, “ Leave me alone, I am which he had left it; he thought dying. This must have been a it plundered, and imagined himself sweet sensation for a man in the totally ruined. I wrote to intreat midst of so many incurable evils, him to go to Carlibad; but he was and who had lived as he had done. no longer capable of bearing the This excellent man died on the 7th journey. Disgust, want of Neep, of October 1795."

Sketch of the Life and CHARACTER of WILLIAM, EARL of MANSFIELD.

(Extracted from the Life of that NobleMAN, by John HOLLIDAY, of

LIncoLN'S INN, Esq. &c.]

“ T Murray, afterwards earl of according to the computation of


Mansfield, was a younger son and time in Scotland, but in 1704 acthe eleventh child of David vif- cording to the legal computation of count Stormont, who was the fifth time in Eugland, William, the tiscount of the noble and illustrious fourth son of lord Stormont, was family of Murray.

born at Perth in North Britain. Sir William Murray of Tallibard, About the tender age of three in the thire of Perth, by Catharine years, he was removed to, and eduhis wife, daughter of Andrew Jord cated in, London; and consequentGray, had four fons; and fir An- ly he had not, when an infant, imdrew Murray, the third son, was bibed any peculiarity of dialect, the progenitor of viscount Stor- which could tend to decide that mont, the father of lord Mansfield. Perth liad'a fairer claim than Bath

to the honour of his birth. The swered, " that poffibly the broad year of his adiniflion, as a king's pronunciation of the perfon, who fcholar at Westminster, appears to gave in the description, was the bc 1719.

origin of the mistake. " When he was a Westminster Bifhop Newton, who was one scholar, lady Kindoul, in one of of his cotemporaries at Westminthe vacations, invited him to her fter, bears this honourable teftimo. home, where, observing him with ny to his school-fellow's early fame. a pen in his hand, and seemingly During the time of his being thoughtful, she alked him if he was at school, he gave early proofs of writing his theme, and what in his uncommon abilities, not so plain English the theme was. The much in his poetry, as in his other Ichool-boy's fmart answer rather exercises, and particularly in his surprised her lady thip, . What is declamations, which were sure tothat to you ! She replied, “How kens and prognostics of that elocan you be so rude? I asked you quence which grew up to such mavery civilly a plain question : and turity and perfection at the bar,

did not expect from a 1chool-boy and in both houses of parliament. • such a pert antwer.' The reply “ At the election in May, 1723, was, “ Indeed, my lady, I can only when he was in the 19th year of ' answer once more, What is that his age, he had the honour of ' to you !' In reality the theme was standing first on the lift of those - Quid ad te-pertinet ?

gentlemen who were sent to Ox" Whether the atfinity in Scotch ford, and was accordingly entered enunciation between Perth and of Christ's Church on the 18th of Bath, or whether the instructions June following. Sent with the honourable Mr. Mur “ About four years afterwards, ray for matriculation at Oxford he was admitted to the degree of were not written in a fair hand, B.A.; and, on the death of George the mistake of Bath for Perth was the first, an elegant copy of La. aitually made; and, however fin- tin verses, written by Mr. Murray, gular it may appear, candour must as one of the members of the Uniallow, that such a mistake might versity, was honoured with the eafity bappen.

first prize; and will probably be “ Be that as it may, the entry of convincing to every clafhical readhis admittion as a student of Chrift er, that the great declaimer, or the church, Oxford, of which a correct younger Tully at Westminster, bad copy is fubjoined, is contrary to either courted the muses with unthe real fact, respecting the place common success at Oxford, or that of bis birth.

the learned prelate has depreciated Trin. Term. 1723, June 18. the worth of Mr. Murray's Latin Æd. Xti. Gul. Murray 18. poetry.” David f. Civ. Bath.

“ His oration in praise of DeC. Som. V. Com. fil.

mosthenes presented another early T. WENMAN, C. A. presage of his rifing fame; a va. 6 Sir William Blackstone is laid luable fragment of which bas been to have mentioned this curious cir- preserved." cumstance to the lord chief justice " Lord Monboddo, in his excel. of the king's bench, while he had lent treatise of the Origin and Prethe honour to fit with him in that gress of Language, has paid fo juit court; when lord Mansfield an a tribute of respect to this fragment


of his friend and patron's juvenile Italy, and returned to England in declamation, as to make it the sub- 1733." ject of an entire chapter, where “ To give a new cast to Mr. with the fixth volume concludes, Murray's extent of thought, and to with a beautiful apostrophe or ad- evince, that, however pleasing and dreis from the author in his 77th bewitching the flowery fields of liyear to lord Mansfield, then on the terature were to his well-stored verge of 89."

mind, he wisely determined not to “ In April, 1724, Mr. Murray be bewildered therein, and early was admitted a student of Lin- discovered a great veneration for coln's Ion.

the advice of Horace, « On the 24th of June, 1730, he Omne tulit punctum qui miscuit utile took the degree of M. A. and left dulci. the University foon afterwards, full “ He was called to the bar in of vigor, and determined to travel Michaelmas term, 1730. In his into foreign parts, before he fat career in the pursuit of legal knowdown to the serious protecution of ledge his afliduity foon co-operated his legal studies, to which his ge- with his shining abilities. Two nius and his flender fortune, as a supporters like these, in perfect younger son, forcibly and happi- unison, not only exempted him ly prompted him. He trayelled from all pecuniary embarrassments, through France, and in Italy, at an which fender fortune in fome, and age fitted for improvement and use- juvenile indiscretion in others, too ful obfervation; not between 19 frequently occasion, but also conand 21, a period which his great ciliated the esteem, the friendship, patron lord Hardwicke, in one of and patronage, of the great oracles the numbers in the Spectator, un of the law, who adorned that peder the modest signature of Philipriod, amongst wliom lord Talbot Homebred, evinces to be too early and lord chancellor Hardwicke an age for our British youths to were looked up to as the foster-fatravel to any real advantage. At thers of the science. Rome Mr. Murray was probably “ Instead of submitting to the inspired, and animated with the usual drudgery, as some are pleased love of Ciceronian eloquence; at to deem it, of labouring in the Rome he was prompted to make chambers of a special pleader, Mr. Cicero his great example, and his Murray's motto seems to have been theme! At Tufculum, and in his per • Aut Cicero aut nullus.' ambulations over classical ground, 6 Early in his legal career he why might he not be emulous to studied the graces of elocution un- lay the foundation of that noble der one of the greatest masters of luperstructure of bright fame, the age wherein he lived. which he foon raised after he be “ Doctor Johnson, in his life of came a member of Lincoln's Inn !". Pope, says, ' his voice when he was

“ The letters, intended for the young was fo pleasing, that Pope ufc of a young nobleman, must (was called in fondness the little have been written about the year nightingale.' Under this melodi-1739, when Mr. Murray was a very ous and great master Mr. Murray young man, inasmuch as the fact praktised elocution, and may truly can eafily be ascertained, that the be faid to have brought the moduyoung duke of Portland spent threg Jation of an harmonious voice to years in his travels in France and the highest degree of perfection.

C 3

• One

“ One day he was surprized by in his legal character, were fcon a gentleman of Lincoln's Inn, who laid afide, by his having been early could take the liberty of entering employed in business of serious im. his rooms without the ceremonious portance, which fully engaged not introduction of a servant, in the only his attention, but also his af. fingular act of practising the graces fections, fince human nature would of a speaker at a glass, while Pope have revolted at the trials in which fat by in the character of a friendly he perfevered early in life, if he preceptor. Mr. Murray on this oc- had not really loved his profesion. cafion paid him the handsome com “ In 1732, we find our tyro in pliment of, · Tu es mihi Mæcenas.' the law associated with the two

“ The great benefit resulting fhining lights in the court of chanfrom an early friendship between cery, as they were emphatically Murray and Pope, was, that the styled, lord Talbot and lord Hardyoung and graceful jurisprudentwicke, then his majesty's attorney could not be more fedulous to ac and folicitor general, in a cause of quire éclat in his profession than appeal heard at the bar of the houle the poet was to proclaim in be- of lords on the 12th of March, witching verse the reputation of 1732-3, relating to the purchase of his friend.

fome south-sea stock in the memo“ Bishop Warburton, in his an- rable year 1720. notations on Pope's imitation of the

“ The counsel


P. Yorke. Sixth Epistle of the First Book of for the appel

Will. Hamilton, Horace, addrested to Mr. Murray, lant were elegantly defines the friendship “ For the re C, Talbot. fubfifting between them in a single fpondent. (W. Murray. sentence : - Mr. Pope had all the “ A fine and fertile field this for * warmth of affection for this great our tyro to travel over, to explore,

lawyer, and indeed no man ever and, by exploring, to exercile bis . more deserved to have a poet for dawning genius and opening ta- his friend; in the obtaining of lents. A year pregnant with cre

which, as neither vanity, party, dulity, circumvention, and fraud, nor fear, had a share, fo he fup- could not fail, under the auspices of ported his title to it by all the offi. a Talbot, to be singularly fortunate ces of a generous and true friend and favourable to this young friend fhip."

and colleague. "Young and gay, and seduced A relpite of four days only in. as he was, by seeing how despoti. tervened before Mr. Murray apcally Pope reigned in the regions of peared again at the same bar, and Literature, is it matter of wonder, was claffed with the same great that several of the friends of Mr. colleagues as counsel for the young Murray, op his entrance into life, , marquis of Annandale. From so should be not a little apprehensive splendid and fo early an introdocof his baving manifested too great tion into businefs; from his being an attention to the belles lettres affociated in his maiden quses with and to the regions of pleafure ?" the two greatest luminaries of the

“ The fears, however, of Mr. law, we may conclude, with HoMurray's friends, that the gaiety of race, « Noscitur ex sociis.' May ļis heart would militate against that we not expect to find him frequentpatient asliduity, fo absolutely pe- ly in the fame good company cellary to improvement and success “ Accordingly, in the following


year, 1733, we find him engaged into full business. Mr. Dunning as counsel in three appeals; and in (afterwards lord Ashburton) had 1734 in a ftill greater number." persevered in going the Western

“ The natural and acquired ad- circuit fix or seven years, without vantages, which charaAcrised the any great emolument, until one of eloquence of Mr. Murray, were to the leading counsel on the circuit, conspicuous, even on the lpur of who was afflicted with the gout, occafion, and his perception was 1o and who having discovered abiliquick, as to enable him to thine țies in, had engaged, our tyro to upon any emergency. A circuni- read aud make, observations on his ftance of this kind occurred, in the briefs; on briefs, which Mr. Ser year 1737, in the celebrated cause jeant Glynn's feeble hands could between Theophilus Cibber and not support. He handed them over Mr. Şloper, wherein Mr. Murray to his young friend, who shone so was the junior counsel for the de- much in his new sphere, as from fendant. The leading counfel be- that day, and from the business of ing suddenly feised with a fit in the general warrants, which trod on court, the duty of the fenior de- the heels of it, his fame, like anyolved on the junior counsel, who other Murray's, was recorded.” at first modestly declined it, for .“ On the 20th of November, want of time to study the case, 1758, he married lady Elizabeth The court, to indulge him, poft- Finch, one of the six daughters of poned the cause for about an hour; Daniel carl of Winchelsea; a marand, only with this preparation, he riage, which added fortune and made to able and eloquent a de- splendid family-connections to the fence, as not only to reduce the de- advantages of noble birth, and great fendant's damages to a mere trifle, fame, which Mr. Murray previously but to gain for himself the reputa: poffeffed. tion, which he highly deferved, of is With this lady, he lived in a mott prompt, perfpicuous, and great harmony and domestic hapeloquent pleader."

pinets almost half a century. Lady “ The familiar friends of lord Mansfield, who was exemplary Mansfield have frequently heard through life in diligent, uniform, him recur with fingular pleasure to and unrcipitted attention to the his fuccets in this caute, and the discharge of her domestic concerns, confequences which flowed from it. and of every religious duty, died the His own perspicuous manner of in- loth of April, 1794. troducing, it cannot fail to pleate, " In the same year, 1738, there and raise, emulation in young men were fifteen.or fixteen appeals heard of genius.

and determined in the house of “ From this trivial accident,' he was lords, and in no less than eloven of accustomed to say: 'butinels pour- that number was Mr. Murray emed in upon me on all sides; and, ployed as counsel, either, for the from a few hundred pounds a appellants or respondents."

year, I fortunately found myself " In the years 1739 and. 17-10, • in every subsequent year, in pof- we find Mr. Murray engaged in • feflion of thoulands. ;

thirty cases of appeal to the house " It may be deemed somewhat of lords; a greater number, we precurious to oblerve, that a timilar sume, than in the course of the preaccident, however trivial, brought sent century has, in any two sucanother great luminary in the law ceeding years, fallen to the lot of

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