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any one of the most eminent coun- dellor of the univerfity of Camfel at the bar, thofe great lumina- bridge, on the appointment of a ries Talbot and Yorké not except: fucceffor; and lamented that at ed ; so rapid, fo extensive, and so Oxford the civil law-lectures, and unparalleled was the success of Mr. the opportunities of gaining legal Murray! And when it is confider- knowledge by that channel, were, ed, that ten years only intervened when contralted with thofe of the between the commencement of his fifter university, in the most depractice at the chancery bar in 1732, graded and unworthy fituation. He and his appointment to the office then expreffed an anxious with, of solicitor-general in 1742, a very than an able professor of civil law Aattering and fair conclufion may night be sought for and invited to be drawn, that his legal fame and fill the vacant feat. Dr. Jenner his extensive practice were not con was the person thought of by the fined to the house of lords." duke of Newcastle; yet he paid
" Mr. Murray, having previoufly Mr. Murray the compliment of and prudently determined to efta- asking him, if he could recommend blish his fame in the line of his any gentleman who would fill it profesion, before he commenced with greater ability. Antecedent his political career, did not take to the establishment of the Vinerian his feat in parliament as member profefforship, the late Mr. Justice for Boroughbridge till the year Blackstone, who was then at the 1742, soon after he had been ap. bar, and had given proofs that he pointed his majesty's folicitor-ge- poffeffed those qualifications which neral. The reason he assigned for early pointed him out as the most Tehifting the folicitation of his worthy to be promoted on this ocfriends to fit in pariiament, some casion, was by Mr. Murray introyears antecedent to that period, duced and warmly recommended to was, that he found many very re
the duke of Newcastle, who con. fpectable friends on both fides of fidered it as part of his duty to the house. His own forcible and probe a little the political principles favourite question could not eafily of the new candidate, by addressing be answered: Why should he be Mr. Blackstone, “Sir, I can rely on hafty in forming his attachment to your friend Mr. Murray's judgeone party, while he enjoyed the ment as to your giving law-lectures patronage of all parties?"
in a good style, fo as to benefit the “ In the year 1747, a fair occa students; and I dare Tay, that I fion offered for Mr. Murray to ma- * may safely rely on you, whenever nifest his love of his profeffion, and to any thing in the political hemian ardent desire to lay a better 'sphere is agitated in that univers foundation in one of our universi fity, yon will, fir, exert yourself ties for initiating and training ítur in our behalf.'. The answer was, dents in legal knowledge by the Your grace may be allured that I fostering hand of an able law-pro-vill ditcharge my duty in giving feffor. The first duke of Newcastle - law.lectures to the best of my poor
the wart friend and patron of - abrlities.' " Aye! aye!' replied his Mr. Murray. The civil law pro- grace haftily, i and yoar duty in fefforship in the university of Ox: the other branch too. Unforford being then vacant, Mr. Mur- tunately for the new candidate, he ray took the liberty of expoftulating only bowed affent; and a few days with his grace, wlio was then chan- afterwards he had the mortification
to hear that Dr. Jenner was ap- folicitor-general, Mr. Murray, was pointed the civil law professor. promoted to fill the high station of Nothing less than the love of fci- the king's attorney-general. This ence could, ander these circum- promotion did not alienate him ftances, have induced Mr. Murray from the honourable society of Linand fome other friends of Mr. coln's Inn, whose chief ornament he Blackstone strongly to recommend had many years been ; but the inand persuade him to sit down at terval was not long before he .ceased Oxford, and to read law-lectures to to be a member of that society. such ftadents as were disposed to " In 1756, the death of lord attend him. The plan was not only chief justice Ryder gave rise to a attended with profit and pleafure second fucceffion, and the king's in the first instance, but soon after- attorney-general was appointed to wards happily suggested the idea to that high office. the mind of Mr. Viner to establith “ Previous to his taking his feat a real law-profefforthip in the uni as lord chief justice, the usual cereversity of Oxford ; and who fo pro- mony of taking leave of alma maper to fill it with éclat, and add luftre ter, or the law-society of which he to the institution, as Mr. Blackstone, was a member, was to be respecte whose Commentaries on the Laws fully observed. Whether the origin of England, on their first appear of this laudable custom is to be ance in the world, drew this high claffed among those good old fostertribute of respect and approbation fathers who have contributed to from lord Mansfield? On a brother- raile emulation in the students of peer's having asked him, as a friend, the society, or whether it was de. what books he would advise his son signed to manifest the gratitude of to read, who was determined to be the latter, for the honour which a lawyer, the chief justice replied, every high character confers on the • My good lord, till of late I could fociety; whatever laudable motive
never, with any satisfaction to introduced the ceremey, no man * myself, answer that question; but, of fenfibility could be present in • fince the publication of Mr. Lincoln's Inn Hall, when the ho. • Blackstone's Commentaries, I can nourable Mr. Yorke, on whom de• never be at a loss. There your volved the honour of making the • son will find analytical reasoning complimentary speech to the new
diffufed in a plealing and perspi- Jord chief justice, and of presenting 'cuous style. There he may im- him with a votive offering of it • bibe imperceptibly the firft prin- purse of gold, in the name of the • ciples on which our excellent laws focietywithout being forcibly • are founded, and there he may struck with the favourable impref• become acquainted with an un- fion, that he was the worthy son of 'couth crabbed author, Coke upon the great lord Hardwicke. A fair • Littleton, who has disappointed occasion this for Mr. Murray to re
and disheartened many a tyro, taliate, who elegantly admitted and • but who eannot fail to please in a avowed, that Laudatus à laudato 'modern dress.”.
viro 'made unmerited praise itself “ In 1754, fir Dudley Ryder, his pleasing." majefty's attorney-general, was ad “ Thursday, November 11, 1750, vanced to the dignity of lord chief lord Manstield took his place as lord juftice of the court of king's bench; chief justice." and on-that- occafion his majesty's · "Before lord Mansfield had been
fix months in the poffeffion of the risprudence to the growth of our dignity of lord chief justice, he was, commerce and of our empire." on the oth of April, 1757, ap “ In private life, it may truly pointed, pro tempore, chancellor of be said, that lord Mansfield had the the exchequer ; and in this office, facility and happy art of embellishprincipally through his mediation, ing the most trivial circumstances the coalition between Mr. Fox, af- with elegance, of enlivening conterwards Jord Holland, and Mr. versation with ease and pleasantry, Pitt, afterwards earl of Chatham, and of supporting every narration was brought about, the former with striet attention to truth. having been made paymaster of the " In his convivial conversation, forces, and the latter principal fe: he was particularly excellent. His cretary of ftate; a coalition which general and almost universal knowwas of the most fingular service to ledge of men and things presented the country, by uniting all the a constant and copious supply of great leaders of the different par- familiar dialogue and discourse, ties, and thereby giving an energy His fallies of pleasantry were innoto the war we were then engaged cent, and wounded no man ; his in, and which terminated so glori. sentences of observation were judiouily and succesfully to the British cious and folid. His particular arms."
friends could eatly illustrate this “ Lord Mansfield deemed it to part of his character by a thousand be an important part of his duty as familiar instances; the few which a judge to disentangle abftrufe the author begs leave to select oc; cases, which came before him, from casionally, as they serve to illufthe mazes and great intricacy which trate his character for eate and were frequently introduced by the pleasantry, were impromptu's, deli, elaborate arguments of counsel. vered on the spur of the occafion, He seemed to have a particular and some of them are well known pleasure in discriminating between to his surviving friends. ingenious, clear, and convincing ar One of the right reverend gument, and subtle metaphysical di- þench having very charitably eftatinctions, tending to bewilder and blished an alms-houre, at his own mislead the tyros or students in the expence, for twenty-five poor wolaw. As to their making any im- men ; Mr. Murray, in his juvenile preflion on the minds of the judges, days, was applied to for an infcripit the ollution may be pardoned, tion to be placed over the portal of we might as foon expect to see the the house ; upon which he took up hawk, in its passage through the his pencil, and immediately wrote regions of air, leave a print of lis the following: wild and circuitous flight behind him.
Under this roof “ His ideas went to the growing the Lord Bishop of melioration of the law, by making
keeps its liberality keep pace with the no less than 25 women.' demands of justice, and the actual concerns of the world ; not reftriét 6. This witticism probably had ing the infinitely.diversied occasions its rise from a then recent faa which of men, and the rules of natural reflected great honour on the late justice, within artificial circum: fir Walter Blackett, baronet, who fcriptionäbut conforming our ju. was at that time the fast friend of,
and much attached to Mr. Murray, time where fo little pleasantry or and also to Mr. Booth the convey- liveliness prevailed ? · It is enough,' ancer. Sir Walter ftated his case suid he, - if I contribute, by my to them in Lincoln's Inn, and visits, to the entertainment of my pointed out the dilemma into "fast friends ; or if I fail in that, which a friend in the North (Mf. I am sure to contribute, by lasli, Davison) had drawn him, by leav- •tude, to the report of my own ing 15001. to be laid out, under "faculties.' The friendly attention the direction of fir Walter, in of Mr. Foley to Mr. Murray was building a fuite of alms-houses for unquestionably of an important natruelve old women, near Newcastle ture. For the authenticity of a reupom Tvne. Sir Walter added, how port, respecting the precite nature unconfortable these poor creatures of this early friendihip, the author will be placed in a row, without will not pretend to 'vouch; yet any human being to look upon. when it is considered, that, at maWhat thịnk you, niy 'friends and ny diftant periods of time, rumour counsellors, if I run up another has, with little variation, been wing for twelve old batchelors ? brought home to the author, and The learned counsel agreed in opi- from such respectable authority as nion, that the charitable institution strongly to induce the belief of Mr. would thereby be freed from par- Foley's having encouraged his young ti:ality, and be abundantly more friend to take the line of the law comfortable and more complete. preferably to the clerical line, which
“ The superstructures were foon his flender fortune, as one of the raised, according to Mr. Sylvanus numerous younger children of a no Urban's Report of the remark- ble family, firit led him to think "able events in the year 1753 ;' and seriously of-is it now to be wonaccording to common fame, in a dered at that fine links, like these, year or two afterwards, feveral of thould form an inditioluble chain of the ancient maidens and old batche- friendihip between the first lord Folors looked with great complacency ley and the honourable Mr. Murray?" on each other, so as to occasion a « The earl of Mansfield in his mofew marriages to take place, and to ral character was irreproachable, inmake convenient room for other structive, and exemplary. Whoever inmates and inhabitants under these examines this serene part of his cha"hospitáble habitations.
racter with an impartial, discerning 6. The grateful attachment of eye,' with a view to profit by the Mr. Marray to those friends who various admonitory bints, which he had been kind to him in his juve- took every fair occasion to inculcate, pile day's was exemplified in many even in his judicial capacity, caniuftauces, and particularly by his not fail to view this illustrious chacontinuing, even when in a digni- racter in a very pleasing light. fied fituation, and in full career of “ To manifest his opinion of the business, to visit the first lord Fo- falutary effects of the new gaols in ley in the country on a Saturday, Suflex, Glouceiter, Oxford, Staf
main with frim till the ford, and other counties, where Monday morning following, when useful reform has been promoted by business called him back to town. folitary confinement, he was accufOn à brother barrister's interrogat- tomed to relate the following anecing him, how he could spend his dote or little dialogue between him
felf and the governor of Horsham 'I can solemnly declare before your new gaol in Sullex.
• lordthip, that only one fingle pri“ Lord Mansfield.—A few hours foner has been twice within these only have flitted or palled away,
6 walls !' fice, in the discharge of my duty “ Good God!' replied the noble
as a judge, I delivered your new earl, this language of experience gaol. I was very much pleased at " is very forcible, and the fi&t ought
the sight of a calendar where the 'to be more generally known. • number of prisoners, which for “ If a digreifion of a few lines 'merly have fallen to my lot to try may be pardonable in the author,
for offences at Horsham, was re he can, with pleasure, add, that, dueed more than one half; I am on his relation of this plain fad at now very
niuch astonished to a county-meeting, when the confi• find, that the few prisoners I have deration of the plan for a new gaol • tried at this period would not oc and moderate solitary confinement cupy one fourth part of the new were the subjects to be discussed, goal. How can your lord lieute- the lord lieutenant of the county nant satisfy the county of Sussex, of Stafford was pleased to express that there has not been prodiga- his entire approbation of Mr. Howlity and waste of the county-mo- ard's plan of prisons, and particuney, in raising so large and stately Jarly of separate or folitary confine• an edifice, three-fourths of which ment, and to request that any maappear to be untenanted?'
gistrate then present, who had any The answer was; My lord, objections to make thereto, would • I maft leave his grace of Rich- answer the author of these sheets,
mond to answer for himself: I who had told the plain tale respecthare very little doubt of our lord ing Horsham new gaol, and would lieutenant acquitting himself of refute, if pollible, the governor of * your lordship's heavy charge of Horsham new prison and the lanprodigality. This, my lord, I can guage of experience. truls say, that I was twelve years
" An interval of silence prerail• keeper of the old gaol, and have ed; no objector role to attempt a • been near twelve years governor refutation, or to militate agaiuft the . or keeper of the present county- proposition for a new gaol, princi
prison. I can say farther, that pally founded on the model of Glou• the new gaol was built upon a cester gaol. The work was begun * plan lo contain the average num in 1789; in 1792 it was completed. «ber of criminals and debtors which In the year 1793 it was inhabited the old prison was accustomed very thinly indeed; the number of . to hold in durance vile. But, my prisoners in the calendar of this • lord, although in days of yore my year being reduced nearly one half • visitors were very troublerone, below that of the year 1791. .4 and very frequent in their visits to “ Thus one more suffrage is add. e me, discharged at one aflizes, and `ed to the system of useful reform, * in prison again within the old which, as experience has evinced, + walls long before the next; yet may be wisely promote ' by well. • ruch, noy lord, is the effect of our timed and moderate fontary con. folitary confinement, and of making finement.
a rogue think a little, and become “ The yirtyes which were moft * acquainted with bimself, that, in confpicuous in lord Mansfeld's pri" the course of the lait twelve years vate character, and which gained