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fusely inlaid with filver in a groter- oars, and in dexterity or civility no que iafte, which, with pouches for watermen exceed the Turks. ammunition and tobacco, are ex “ Coaches are not in use, excepttremely incommodious and several ing that the clumsy, nondefcript vepounds weight. With these wea hicles, which convey the ladies of pons they frequently do mischief, great harems, can be so called. la often from childishness, sometimes his pipe.an opulent man is extremefrom intention. Such are seen in ly sumptuous; the head must be of every town in the empire, except- pale amber, the stick of jatimine ing the capital, who glory in their wood, with the bark preserved, and privilege, as no rayah is permitted the bowl of a delicate red clay, to carry arms.

manufactured at Burgàs, in Romc“ By the laws of Islamism the lia, and highly ornamented. AcTurks are forbidden' vefsels and cording to the dignity of the smokutenfils of gold or filver, and are er is the length of his pipe, oftea directed to great finplicity in eve fix or seven feet, when it is carried ry habit of life. This injunction by two of his servants from place does not extend to women, whose to place with much ceremony; and pride consists in the number and the bowl is lupported by wheels, as coftliness of their trinkets. The an aid to supreme indolence. In chief luxury of the men is display- the summer, for greater coolness, the ed in the number of their attendants, stem of the pipe is covered with And their horses with fuperb capa

or mutlin, and moistened risons, often of einbroidered velvet, with water.

This fovereign reand plates of filver embotled and creation is not contined to the men; gilt No rich man appears in pub- the ladies, especially those advduced lic, but on horseback with a.irain in life, partake of it largely, and, as of footmen, in any part of Con a delicacy, they mix the tobacco ftantinople, the number of whom is with frankincente, mulk, or aloes unneceffarily great, and much of wood. The sultan alone abitains his incoine is expended in their from etiquette ; as !:alife, or repredaily maintenance, and new clothes fintative of the prophet, he deat the featt of Bayràm. Their clines deciding, by his own pracwages are incontiderable. No do- tice, upon the propriety of any cuimestic performs more than one of tom, about which the law is not fice; this serves the cottee, and specific and declaratory. that hands the napkin, but no e Notwithstanding their grave mergency can command any other exterior, which might prepoile's service.

foreigners with an idea of conceal “ The horses of the Arab, or ing as much ftupidity as tenie, and Tourcoman breed, are entinently apparently to ungenial with mirth beautiful, and are taught to prance or vivacity, the Turks, in fuperior under the perfect manège of the life, of both sexes, indulge a vein rider however infirm. Great ex of sarcastic humour, and are not pence likewise is lavished on the behind more polithed nations in boats, which are elegant in a high the delicacy or feverity of their re. degree, carved, gilded, and lined partecs. Moft gentlemen of the with rich cushions. They cott feraglio, or capital, have been edufrom a hundred to a thoutand pi- cated in their feininaries of learnaftres each. The rank of the own- ing, and are conversant with orier is ascertained by the number of ental literature. Many of thein

quote

quote the Persian poets as happily, “ A man of rank, remarkably and refer to the Arabic philofo- unpleating in his countenance and phers with as complete erudition, figure, wis married, according to as we can do to the Greek or Ro- custom, without having first leen man. The · Leilat u alf leilah,' her unveiled, to a lady whose preor Arabian Nights, first introduced tensions to personal attration did into Europe by Monsieur Petit de not exceed his own. On the mornla Croix, are familiarly known by ing after their marriage the dethem, as well as the fables and al- manded of him, to whom of his legories of Pilpay and Lokman, friends she might thew her face from which sources they store their with freedom. Shew it,' said be, minds as well with sentiment as 'to all the world, but hide it from expreflion. To excel in colloquial me.' " Patience,' rejoined the facility and elegance, is the first lady. I have none,' returned the ambition of every cheliby, or man bridegroom. • Ah !' said the, I of breeding.

'think you must have had a good “ I repeat a specimen of Turk. Thare ; for you have carried that ish wit, related to me as having abominable great nore about with been occafioned by a recent cir- “you all your life-time.' cumstance.

PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS at BUDE.

[From Townson's Travels in HUNGARY, &c.]

HERE are two theatres. bulls would have disputed the “ T in to originally a church, and was applied vantage : an Hungarian ox, and a by the emperor Jofeph to this pur- Bos ferris, are very unequally matchpose, is a very good one; that in Pest ed. Then came a Raube biar; this is small, and with wretched scenery is a bear that has been kept withand wretched decorations. The out food for several days, and ren. pieces are generally played in Ger- dered savage by hunger : on anman, but within these few years other bear being let out a battle fome have been given in the Hun- ensued: the latter was so much garian language.

inferior in size that the conteft did “ On Sundays and great festi- not last long : the Raube bear kept vals, the public is entertained as the other, which seemed no way at Vienna with the Hetze. The ferocious, down with his paws, and proprietors have two very fine wild- strangled him, by seifing him by. bulls. The day I was a spectator the throat, and then carried hiin of this polite and bumane amuse- into his deo. The great disparity ment one was turned out on the in fize and strength rendered this a arena, and at the same time molt disagreeable light. The white an Hungarian ox: this attacked Greenland bear afforded more ens the former, but was immediately tertainment. In the middle of the thrown down : but our English arena there was a small pool of

water,

an

OX.

Water, with a duck in it. As soon nent; but he was brought out onas the bear came to the edge of the ly for thow. From the hole in the pool, the duck laid itself fat and upper part of the gate of the arena, motionless on the surface of the a handkerchief was put out, and water: the bear leaped in, the instantly drawn back: he flew at duck dived, and the bear dived af- this in an instant. Some other ani. ter it; but the duck escaped, mals were turned out, and were through its superior diving. The glad to get into their dens again. next piece was a bold attempt of One of the keepers Thewed his adone of the keepers to wrestle with dress in spearing a wild boar, which

As soon as the keeper ran at him as soon as he came on came upon the arena, the ox ran at the arena. I found few other him. The man, who was not a- public amusements. Being sumbove the middle size, seized his an mer, most of the grand men.le was tagonist by the horns, who pushed out of town; for the Hungarians him indeed from one side of the are like the English, they live a arena to the other, but could not great deal upon their eftates. In toss him. After the battle had winter no doubt I thould have lasted sonic time, and the ox had found the usual amusements, as got the keeper near the side of the concerts, balls, card parties, conarena, and might have hurt him, versaziones, &c. The citizens have fome atlistants came out, disen- a ball fometimes on the Sunday gaged him from the wall, and gave evenings, and in the neighbourhim his dagger, which he immedi- hood there are several inns pleaately firuck between the cervical 1antly situated in retired fituations, vertebræ of his antagonist, which where the great and small often go instantly fell lifeless to the ground; for recreation. Coffee-houses are but finall convulsive motions con little known in the northern part tinued for a minute or two. In this of the continent; but in the southmanner the oxen are killed by the ern they are places of resort ime. butchers at Gibraltar, who, I am killing places at least, if not places told, have learned it from their A of amusement. This town has sefrican neighbours. Might not the veral good ones; but that facing magistrates of towns recommend the bridge is, I think, not to be ethis method to their butchers, and, qualled in Europe. Befides a very if found better than the usual man large handsome roonu elegantly fit. ner of knocking them down, even ted up, and with two or three bil. compel them to adopt ii ? Every liard-tables, there is a private bilmeans of diminishing the suffer liard room for thofe who do not ing; of the brute creation fhould Imohy; and two or three oiber be recommended, not only from rooms for giving entertainments huma:ity towards them, but for in ; and very comfortable dinners the fake of our own society. Men may be had. And here, accord. accustomed to be crucl towards ani ing to the continental custom, all mals, will require but a small in ranks and both fuses may come ; ducement to be so to their own al hair-dretlers in their powd red species. A lion came next upon coats, and old inarket women, come the stage, and one with all his na here and take their coffee or drink tive majefty; conscious of his their roolio as well as counts and 'ftrength, he looked undauntedly barous." about, to see if he had any oppo1797.

PARTI.

PARTICULARS concerning the present Pops, the Roman NOBILITY, and

the MANNERS of MODERN ROME.

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(From the first Volume of TRAVELS through GrRMANY, SWITZERLAND,

Italy, and Sicily, translated from the Germax of FRzDERIC LeoFOLD, COUNT STOLBERG, by Thomas HOLCROFT.)

"O-day and yesterday, I have “ Cardinal Borgia is a man of

been in company with mo- great ardour, intelligence, and dern Ronians. This morning, I knowledge. He loves the learnwas presented to the pope. This ed; and is glad to see them afsemold man, who exercises his office ble round him, at his table. with so much folemn dignity, is “ A translation of the poem of exceedingly piealant, and familiar, the Argonauts, by Apollonius Rhoin perfonal intercourfe. I found dius, is now preparing, by cardinal him fitting at his writing desk: Frangini. His knowledge of the he desired me to fit by him, and modern Greek, which he speaks conversed with me, with anima- with facility, was serviceable to tion and intelligence, on different him, by rendering the ancient subjects.

Greek more familiar. - Pius the sixth occupies himself “ The fenator, priuce Rezonico, in the cabinet, gets up in winter and a count of the same family, before day-light, and performs the underfad and love German liteweighty duties of the papal chair rature. I have made an acquaintwith a knowledge of present cir- ance with the Marchese Rangone, cumstances, and with a firm mind. formerly the first minifter of the

“ The disputes, between himself duke of Modena. He likewise and the king of Naples, have been reads the German authors with deadjusted by him with great prulight; and, to a noble character, dence; he having preferved, in- adds extensive learning and real stead of renouncing the left of, genius. his rights. He has conducted bim “ You perceive that interesting self in the affairs of France with men are still to be found, among equal wildom and dignity; and the great. I grant indeed tbey has escaped all the snares that are rari nanti's in gurgita vas. have been laid for him, openly Most of the Principi, Marchesi

, and and in fecret, by the national af- titied nobility, here, are ignorant ; sembly, which might have led him and have that arrogance which to takü steps that would have given seeps in barren iguorance, like an appearance of justice to their ra- earth unbroken by the plough. pacious views.

But are there no such men among “ The secretary of fate, cardinal us? Zelada, is properly the prime mi “ I am well aware that, in Gernifier. He is a man of inuch many, there is a certain degree of understanding, and unconmon af- information greater than in Italy; fiduity. He rises, at this scaton of but would it not be increased, were the year, at four in the morning; we, who perhaps are more ioclined and he feldom leaves the volls of to do justice to foreigners than any the Vatican.

other nation, to overcome our pre

judices

judices against the Italians ?--Pre- ed. I do not believe that, in all judices, of which many are only Germany, fifty men perith, by grounded on our folly. There are murder, within the same period. subjects enough to blame : serious But could this have been laid of subjects; demanding ferious confi- the middle ages? And yet our naderation : and such the love of tion has alwys maintained the truth will not suffer me to over beft reputation among nations. look.

“ The people of Rome cannot “. The education of the daugh- be juftly accuted of robbery. A ters of the nobility is wretched. stranger is no where safer; but is Hence, domestic happiness is rare. more frequently plundered in most Domestic happiness is a source of of the great cities of Europe. The tranquillity, of joy, and a preferva- Roman ftabs his enemy, but does ti e against vice; and I think it rot rob. Anger is his stimulus ; probable that this kind of happi- and this anger frequently lingers ness is better understood, in Ger. for months, and fomerimnes for many, than in any other country years, till it finds an opportunity on earth. With respect to myself, of revenge. This paflion, which I can with inward peace and de- is inconceivable to those who do light affirm, with the good old po. not feel it, this most hateful of et, Walter,

all the passions, the antients fre.

quently supposed to be a virtur ; Und das ift meiner reifen frucht, and it' ftill rages among many of Dass mir gefällt die deuts:be zucht*! the nations of the south. The pal

sions of the people of Rome are ." From the bad education of frequently roured, by playing at the women, domestic virtues, and mora; though the law has severewith them the domestic happinets ly prohibited this game; and, if of the higher ranks, are injured; they are disappointed at the mo and the poison of their vices Dieds nient of their revenge, they wait itself among their inferiors : whole for a future occasion. Jealousy is passions, without this concomitant, another frequent cause of murder : are violent to excess. The people it being with them an imaginary of Rome are rather led aftray and duty to revenge the feduction of 'bewildered than, as some would their wife, their daughter, or their persuade us, addicted to vice by lifter, on the feducer. The cathonature. Where the climate in- lic religion, ill underfooi, encoufames the paflions, which are nei- rages the practice: the people be. ther restrained by education noring persuaded that, by the performcurbed by law, they must rise ance of tifling ceremonies, and the higher, and burn with greater ex- inflicting of penance, they can cess, than in other countries. It is wath away the quilt of blood. dreadful to hear that, in Rome, the

6 All the aflidnity of the prepopulation of which is estimated at fent pope is not sufficient to reformi a hundred and fixty eight thou- the police; the faults of which sand persons, there are annually a- originate in the constitution of bout five hundred people murder Rome. Many churches afford a

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