20 Years since the Fall of the Berlin Wall: Transitions, State Break-Up and Democratic Politics in Central Europe and Germany
HauptbeschreibungOn 9 November 1989, the Berlin Wall was opened, signalling the beginning of the end of the communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe. By 1990, free elections had been held in most countries in the region. Forty - in some cases fifty - years of communism had come to an end. However, the 'revolutions' of 1989 were not uniform processes: the starting points were different, the trajectories were different - and outside Central Europe even the outcomes of the transitions from communism were different. The fall of communism also caused the Soviet empire to crumble, and the Soviet Union itself fell apart in December 1991 - as did Czechoslovakia in 1993, and Yugoslavia in a gradual process that was to last from 1991 to 2008. This book originated in a conference held in Oslo 11-13 November 2009, arranged by the E.ON Ruhrgas scholarship programme for political science, and commemorating the 20th anniversary of the 'revolutions' in Central and Eastern Europe. The 16 chapters take stock of developments after 1989, with special emphasis on the causes and effects of the transitions, including the processes of state unification and separation that followed in the wake of the 'revolutions'. The book is divided into four main parts: regime transitions from communism; state unification and separation; party system continuity and change since 1989 (in Germany, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland); and on the effects of German unification on external and internal German relations. The geographical scope thus varies from chapter to chapter, but the main emphasis is on Germany and its closest Central European neighbours.Elisabeth Bakke is Associate Professor at Department of Political Science, University of Oslo. Ingo Peters is Associate Professor at Department of Political and Social Sciences, Otto Suhr Institute of Political Science, Freie Universitnt Berlin."
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List of Tables Figures and Maps
The 1989 Revolutions and their Effects 20 Years down the Road Elisabeth Bakke and Ingo Peters
The Politics and Economics of PostSocialist Capitalism in Central East Europe Claus Offe
Different Pathways Different End Stations?
Part 2 The BreakUp and Unifi cation of States in the Wake of the 1989 Revolutions
Part 3 Party System Stability and Change in Germany and Central Europe since 1989
Part 4 Reunited Germany EastWest Relations and the German Question
List of Contributors
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20 Years Since the Fall of the Berlin Wall: Transitions, State Break-up and ...
Elisabeth Bakke,Ingo Peters
Vista previa limitada - 2011
actors authoritarian bloc Bulgaria Bundesländer Bundestag cent Central and Eastern centre-right Christian Democrats Civic Civic Forum coalition communism communist Communist Party communist regime constitutional corruption countries Croatia ČSSD Czech party Czech Republic Czechoslovakia democracy democratic consolidation dictatorship dissolution East Germans Eastern Europe economic elections electoral threshold elites European Federal Republic Fidesz Freedom House Germany’s Gorbachev Hungarian Hungary hybrid regimes HZDS institutions KDU-ČSL Länder Latvia leaders legitimacy liberal majority Mečiar membership Merkel minister movement MSzP negotiations nist November opposition parliament party system People’s Poland Polish political parties political system population populist post-communist Post-Socialist problems reform regime change regional rule Russia seats Serbia Slovak National Slovak National Council Slovakia Slovene Slovenia Social Democrats socialist society Solidarity Soviet Union stability tion Tito transformation transition treaty Ukraine unification University Press USSR Velvet Revolution voters votes West Yugoslav Yugoslavia