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mutually assist one another; and each of the said Powers shall promote the interest and advantage of the rest, as if it were his own.

XV. The personal privileges and freedom of trade which the subjects of Great Britain, and the States of the United Provinces, at present enjoy in Portugal, the Portugueze shall, in their turn, enjoy in the Dominions of Great Britain and the States of the United Provinces.

XVI. If from the copies of the Treaty, in which an agreement was made concerning Bombay, between the Crowns of Portugal and Britain, it should appear, that either Party has transgressed, or not fulfilled the terms of that Convention, every thing shall be regulated according to the spirit of the said Treaty.

XVII. Portugueze ships shall not be obliged to pay any thing for casting anchor in the Port of Mallacca, unless the other nations of Europe are obliged to do the same.

XVIII. Piratical ships of whatever nation, shall not only not be permitted or received into the ports which their Portugueze and Britannic Majesties, and the States General of the United Provinces, possess in the East Indies, but shall be deemed the common enemies of the Portugueze, the English, and the Dutch.

XIX. In time of Peace, there shall be admitted into the greater ports of the Kingdom of Portugal, six ships of war of each of the nations of Great Britain and the United Provinces, besides other six ships, which were permitted by virtue of former Treaties; so that in the whole twelve ships may be admitted, and all in the same manner as the former six were permitted. And into the lesser ports, there shall be admitted such a number of ships as they can conveniently receive.

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TREATY between Great Britain and Portugal. Signed at Lisbon, 27th December, 1703.*

(Translation from the Latin.) Whereas the league and strict friendship which is between the Most Serene and Most Potent Princess Anne, Queen of Great, Britain, and the Most Serene and Most Potent Peter, King of Portugal, requires that the Commerce of both the British and the Portugal nations should be promoted as much as possible; and Her Sacred Royal Majesty of Great Britain hath signified to His Sacred Royal Majesty of Portugal, by the Most Excellent John Methuen, Esq. Member of the English Parliament, and Ambassador Extraordinary in Portugal, that it would be very acceptable to Her, if the woollen cloths, and the rest of the woollen manufactures of Britain, might be admitted into Portugal, the prohi*bition of them being taken off; that this matter may be treated and transacted, they have given their full Powers and commands; that is to say, Her Sacred Majesty of Great Britain, to the abovesaid Most Excellent John Methuen, and His Sacred Majesty of Portugal, to the Most Excellent Don Emanuel Telles Silvius, Marquis of Alegrete, Conde de Villa Majore, in the Society of the Knights of Christ, Commendador of St. John d'Alegrete, and of de Soure, and also in the College of Com

mendador of St. John d'Moura, and of St. Mary de Albuveira, one of the three Directors of the Treasury, and of the first Gentlemen of the Bedchamber, and Counsellor of State to His Sacred Royal Portugueze Majesty; who, by virtue of the full Powers to them respectively granted, having maturely and dili-r gently considered the matter, have agreed upon the following Articles:

I, His Sacred Royal Majesty of Portugal promises, both in His own name and that of His successors, to admit, for ever hereafter, into Portugal, the woollen cloths and the rest of the woollen manufactures of the Britons, as was accustomed till they were prohibited by the laws: nevertheless, upon this condition, H. That is to say, that Her Sacred Royal Majesty of Great Britain shall, in Her own name and that of Her successors, be obliged for ever hereafter to admit the wines of the growth of Portugal into Britain; so that at no time, whether there shall be peace or war between the Kingdoms of Britain and France, any thing more shall be demanded for these wines, by the name of custom or duty, or by whatsoever other title, directly or indirectly, whether they shall be imported into Great Britain in pipes or hogsheads, or other casks, than what shall be demanded from the like quantity or measure of French wine, deducting or abating a third part of the custom or duty: but if at any time this deduction or abatement of customs, which is to be made as aforesaid, shall in any manner be attempted and prejudiced, it shall be just and lawful for His Sacred Royal Majesty of Portugal again to prohibit the woollen cloths, and the rest of the British woollen manufactures.

* Renewed by Article XXVI of the Treaty of 1810.

III. The most excellent Lords the Plenipotentiaries promise, and take upon themselves, that their above-named masters shall ratify this Treaty, and that within the space of two months the ratifications shall be exchanged.

For the faith and testimony of all which things, I, the Plenipotentiary of Her Sacred Royal Majesty of Great Britain, have confirmed this Treaty, by the subscription of my hand, and by the seal of my coat of arms. And the most excellent Lord the Plenipotentiary of His Sacred Royal Majesty of Portugal, for avoiding the controversy about precedence between the two Crowns of Britain and Portugal, hath subscribed another instrument of the same tenor, changing only what ought to be changed for that reason.

Given at Lisbon, the 27th of December, 1703.

Signed John Methuen, (LS.) Marchis Alegretensis,(l.s.)

TRATADO DE COMMERCIO E NAVEGAÇÃO entre

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Grande Bretanha e Portugal. Assignado em Rio de
Janeiro dos 19 de Fevereiro de J810.

Em Nome da Santíssima e Indivisível Trindade.

Sua Magestade El Rey do Reino Unido da Grande Bretanha e Irlanda, e Sua Alteza Real O Principe Regente de Portugal, estando igualmente animados com o desejo não sómente de consolidar, e estreitar a antiga amizade e Ma intelligencia, que tão felizmente subsiste, e tem subsistido por tantos seculos entre as duas Coroas, mas tambem de augmentar, e extender os beneficos effeitos della em mutua vantagem dos Seus respectivos vassallos, julgárão que os mais efficaces meios para conseguir estes fins serião os de adoptar hum systema liberal de Commercio fundado sobre as bases de reciprocidade, e mutua conveniencia, que pela discontinuação de certas prohibiçoes, e Direitos prohibitivos, pudesse procurar as mais solidas vantagens, de Ambas as Partes, ás Producções e Industria Nacionaes, e dar ao mesmo tempo a devida protecção tanto á Renda Publica, como aos interesses do Commercio justo, e legal. Para este fim Sua Magestade El Rey do Reino Unido da Grande Bretanha e Irlanda, e Sua Alteza Real O Principe Regente de Portugal nomeárão para Seus respecivos Commissarios, e Plenipotenciarios, a saber, Sua Magestade Britannica ao Muito Illustre e Muito Excellente Senhor Percy Clinton Sydney, Lord Visconde e Barão de Strangford, Conselheiro do Muito Honroso Conselho Privado de Sua Magestade, Cavalleiro da Ordem Militar do Banho, Gram Cruz da Ordem Portugueza da Torre e Espada, e Enviado Extraordinario, e Ministro Plenipotenciaro de Sua Magestade na Côrte de Portugal: e Sua Alteza Real O Principe Regente de Portugal ao Muito Illustre, e Muito Excellente Senhor Dom Rodrigo de Sousa Co-uttinho, Conde de Linhares, Senhor de Payalvo, Commendador da Ordem de Christo, Gram Cruz das Ordens de São Bento, e da Torre e Espada, Conselheiro do Conselho de Estado de Sua Alteza Real, e Seu Principal Secretario de Estado da Repartição dos Negocios Estrangeiros, e da Guerra. Os quaes depois de haverem devidamente trocado os

TREATY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION between Great Britain and Portugal. Signed at Rio de Janeiro, the IQth February, 1810.

In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity.

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, being equally animated with the desire not only of consolidating and strengthening the ancient friendship and good understanding which so happily subsist, and have during so many ages subsisted between the two Crowns, but also of improving and extending the beneficial effects thereof to the mutual advantage of Their respective subjects, have thought that the most efficacious means for obtaining these objects would be, to adopt a liberal system of Commerce, founded upon the basis of reciprocity and mutual convenience, which by discontinuing certain prohibitions and prohibitory Duties might procure the most solid advantages, on both sides, to the National Productions and Industry, and give due protection at the same time to the Public Revenue, and to the interests of fair and legal trade. For this end, His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, have named for Their respective Commissioners and Plenipotentiaries, to wit, His Britannic Majesty the Most Illustrious and Most Excellent Lord Percy Clinton Sydney, Lord Viscount and Baron of Strangford, one of His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Knight of the Military Order of the Bath, Grand Cross of the Portugueze Order of the Tower and Sword, and His Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of Portugal; and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, the Most Illustrious and Most Excellent Lord Dom Rodrigo de Sousa Couttinho, Count of Linhares, Lord of Payalvo, Commander of the Order of Christ, Grand Cross of the Orders of Saint Bento and of the Tower and Sword, one of His Royal Highness' Council of State, and His Principal Secretary of State for the Departments

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